A large earnings gap between men and women has persisted in the USA despite legislation intended to reduce it. One cause of this has been thought to be systematic…
A large earnings gap between men and women has persisted in the USA despite legislation intended to reduce it. One cause of this has been thought to be systematic marketplace undervaluing of tasks performed by women. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission sought to address this perceived inequity by reviving a 1940s concept, “comparable worth”. This article examines litigation that sought to enforce the legal requirement of “equal pay for comparable worth” and the implementation problems and controversies that ensue.
Despite progress made in the USA by the courts and the Equal Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in identifying and clarifying sexual harassment, many problems persist. These…
Despite progress made in the USA by the courts and the Equal Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in identifying and clarifying sexual harassment, many problems persist. These arise from the difficulty in sufficiently defining the term sexual harassment; the fact that, at present, the offended employee must first give notice of instances of harassment to the employer, rather than directly to the EEOC (putting the employee in an untenable position); and the current guidelines do not encourage the employer to adopt preventative policies towards the whole topic. Fundamentally, the EEOC and the courts must provide more specific, congruent policies concerning notice, remedy, and employer liability. However, for any real progress to be made in the area of sexual harassment, employee attitudes concerning appropriate interactions between the sexes in a work environment must be changed.
The article looks at strategies employed in America for dealing with sexual harassment.
THE Fifty‐First Conference of the Library Association takes place in the most modern type of British town. Blackpool is a typical growth of the past fifty years or so, rising from the greater value placed upon the recreations of the people in recent decades. It has the name of the pleasure city of the north, a huge caravansary into which the large industrial cities empty themselves at the holiday seasons. But Blackpool is more than that; it is a town with a vibrating local life of its own; it has its intellectual side even if the casual visitor does not always see it as readily as he does the attractions of the front. A week can be spent profitably there even by the mere intellectualist.