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Article
Publication date: 29 October 2019

Chao Zhen Yang, Zhiwei Guo and Changkun Xu

Frictions in cylinder liner-piston ring often cause an inevitable loss of energy loss in the diesel engine. This study aims at evaluating the effect of depths in the…

102

Abstract

Purpose

Frictions in cylinder liner-piston ring often cause an inevitable loss of energy loss in the diesel engine. This study aims at evaluating the effect of depths in the cylinder liner groove texture on friction, wear and sealing performances.

Design/methodology/approach

Five depths of groove texture cylinder liners (50, 100, 150, 200, 250 µm) were fabricated, and experiments were carried out using a special-purpose diesel engine tester. Comparative analyses of cylinder liner contact resistances, piston ring wear losses and surface appearances were conducted with respect to different surface textures and applied loads.

Findings

Under no-load conditions, the cylinder liner with a 100 deep thread groove can significantly improve sealing and optimize its lubrication performance. On the other hand, the sealing is highly correlated with the depth of groove and the load within the cylinder liner. Under loaded conditions, the thread groove has less effect on the sealing performance.

Originality/value

The findings can provide feasible basis for the tribological design and production of diesel engines.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 March 2017

Feng Zhu, Jiujun Xu, Xiaoguang Han, Yan Shen and Mei Jin

The paper aims to investigate the friction and wear properties of three surface-modified piston rings matched with a chromium-plated cylinder liner.

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to investigate the friction and wear properties of three surface-modified piston rings matched with a chromium-plated cylinder liner.

Design/methodology/approach

Samples were taken from the chromium-plated cylinder liner, Cr-Al2O3 ring, CrN ring and Mo ring. Tribo-tests were conducted on a reciprocating sliding tribometer under fully formulated engine oils. Friction coefficients and wear depths of three friction pairs were tested. Surface morphologies of cylinder liners and piston rings before and after test were analyzed.

Findings

Experimental results show that in the Cr-Al2O3 piston ring, scuffing occurred easily when matched with the chromium-plated cylinder liner; compared with the Mo ring, the CrN ring could decrease the wear depth of the piston ring from 2.7 to 0.2 μm, and the wear depth of cylinder liner remained; however, the friction coefficient increased from 0.113 to 0.123. The tribological performances of three surface-modified piston rings were significantly different when they matched with chromium-plated cylinder liner.

Originality/value

Chromium-plated cylinder liner and the three kinds of surface-modified piston rings have excellent friction and wear properties, respectively. However, according to the systematic characteristics of internal combustion (IC) engine tribology, only the appropriate cylinder liner–piston ring can improve the tribological performance of the IC engine. This paper reports the tribological performance of three surface-modified piston rings matched with a chromium-plated cylinder liner. The results can be used as reference for the design of high-power-density diesel engine.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 69 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Thomas Wopelka, Ulrike Cihak-Bayr, Claudia Lenauer, Ferenc Ditrói, Sándor Takács, Johannes Sequard-Base and Martin Jech

This paper aims to investigate the wear behaviour of different materials for cylinder liners and piston rings in a linear reciprocating tribometer with special focus on…

11554

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the wear behaviour of different materials for cylinder liners and piston rings in a linear reciprocating tribometer with special focus on the wear of the cylinder liner in the boundary lubrication regime.

Design/methodology/approach

Conventional nitrided steel, as well as diamond-like carbon and chromium nitride-coated piston rings, were tested against cast iron, AlSi and Fe-coated AlSi cylinder liners. The experiments were carried out with samples produced from original engine parts to have the original surface topography available. Radioactive tracer isotopes were used to measure cylinder liner wear continuously, enabling separation of running-in and steady-state wear.

Findings

A ranking of the material pairings with respect to wear behaviour of the cylinder liner was found. Post-test inspection of the cylinder samples by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed differences in the wear mechanisms for the different material combinations. The results show that the running-in and steady-state wear of the liners can be reduced by choosing the appropriate material for the piston ring.

Originality/value

The use of original engine parts in a closely controlled tribometer environment under realistic loading conditions, in conjunction with continuous and highly sensitive wear measurement methods and a detailed SEM analysis of the wear mechanisms, forms an intermediate step between engine testing and laboratory environment testing.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 70 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2019

Jiazhi Miao, Yongqing Li, Xiang Rao, Libao Zhu, Zhiwei Guo and Chengqing Yuan

The emission from marine engines has a crucial effect on energy economy and environment pollution. One of the effective emission reduction schemes is to minimize the…

Abstract

Purpose

The emission from marine engines has a crucial effect on energy economy and environment pollution. One of the effective emission reduction schemes is to minimize the friction loss of main friction pairs such as cylinder liner-piston ring (CLPR). Micro-groove textures were designed to accomplish this aim.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors experimentally investigated the effects of micro-groove textures at different cylinder liner positions. The micro-groove texture was fabricated on samples by chemical etching and cut from the real CLPR pair. Sliding contact tests were conducted by a reciprocation test apparatus.

Findings

The average friction coefficient of grooves at 30° inclination were reduced up to 58.22% and produced better tribological behavior at most conditions. The operating condition was the critical factor that determined the optimum texture pattern. The surface morphology indicated that textures could produce smoother surfaces and less scratches as compared with the untextured surface.

Originality/value

Inclined grooves and V-grooves were designed and applied to real CLPR pairs. The knowledge obtained in this study will lead to practical basis for tribological design and manufacturing of CLPR pair in marine diesel engines.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 April 2014

Jian Zhan and Mingjiang Yang

The purpose of this study was to develop a new approach using a pulse YAG laser with rational power density and pulse width to texture desired discrete distribution…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to develop a new approach using a pulse YAG laser with rational power density and pulse width to texture desired discrete distribution morphology on the cylinder wall.

Design/methodology/approach

Variational rules of the effects of these three parameters were found by calculating the oil film on the cylinder/piston ring system. The experiment results were compared between laser texturing cylinders and conventional honing cylinders.

Findings

It was found that the coefficient of friction and wear rate of laser texturing cylinders were reduced by 50 and 85.7 per cent, respectively, and the piston ring wear rate was decreased by 50 per cent under full lubrication condition. Under starved lubrication condition, the cylinder liner wear was reduced by 34.3 per cent.

Originality/value

The effectiveness of which was determined by three control parameters: depth-to-diameter ratio, area density and distribution angle of the dimples.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 66 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 September 2018

H.K. Trivedi and D.V. Bhatt

The purpose of this paper is to study about tribological parameters of cylinder liner/piston ring under sliding contact in the presence of lubricant.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study about tribological parameters of cylinder liner/piston ring under sliding contact in the presence of lubricant.

Design/methodology/approach

A reciprocating test rig is used for the experimental work. The Taguchi approach has been adopted to optimize the coefficient of friction and minimum weight loss of piston ring and cylinder liner. Three control factors like load, speed and temperature were used for L9 orthogonal array design and ANOVA (analysis of variance). Parameters have been ranked on the basis of experimental outcomes and signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio analysis.

Findings

It is observed that coefficient of friction was greatly influenced by speed, and weight loss of piston ring and cylinder liner was greatly influenced by load. The surface morphology by SEM (scanning electron microscopy) analysis was used to understand the wear mechanism of worn-out surface and comparative evaluation was made with the Taguchi method.

Originality/value

Surface morphology of the worn-out surface is significantly dependent on the load condition which validates the ANOVA results.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 70 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 September 2012

Zhenyuang Zhong, Yongsheng Zhu and Youyung Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of particles on the wear of cylinder liner in internal combustion (IC) engine under some typical weather conditions.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of particles on the wear of cylinder liner in internal combustion (IC) engine under some typical weather conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

Experiments were conducted under some typical dust weather which was simulated by the self‐built test‐bed with an actual diesel engine. Three‐dimensional surface morphology was applied to produce a comprehensive characterization of cylinder liner's wear. Ferrography and oil spectrum analysis were employed for further understanding of the abrasion of the cylinder liner caused by particles.

Findings

The presence of particles destroyed the lubricating condition of piston‐cylinder liner, speeded up the wear of liner, especially on the thrust side, and aggravated the local wear. Wear curves showed that greater wear volume occurred near bottom dead center on the thrust side under the dust condition. However, on the anti‐thrust side, wear volume of top dead center was greater than that of bottom dead center, similar to the wear pattern under the normal condition. Wear rate under dust condition was three to five times of that under normal condition.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is restricted to the experimental findings based on single cylinder engine and theoretical researches are needed in the next step.

Practical implications

The results help to understand the wear of the cylinder liner from the presence of particles from outside the engine.

Originality/value

The paper concentrates on the effect of dust particles on the wear of cylinder liner under some dusty weather conditions simulated by a self‐built test‐bed, employing an actual IC engine. The results may bring about better understanding of the wear of cylinder liners.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 64 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 December 2018

Bifeng Yin, Huiqin Zhou, Bo Xu and Hekun Jia

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the coupling mechanism of the roughness distribution characteristic and surface textures on the cylinder liner.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the coupling mechanism of the roughness distribution characteristic and surface textures on the cylinder liner.

Design/methodology/approach

The cylinder liner-piston ring lubrication model with non-Gaussian roughness distribution surface was proposed in this paper to find the optimum cylinder liner surface. The motored engine tests were carried out to verify the simulation results.

Findings

The calculation and experiment results show that the large negative skewness surface has the optimal lubrication performance in the un-textured liner, while in the textured liner, the small negative skewness surface is more appropriate, which means surface textures couple with small negative skewness surface can improve the lubrication performance.

Originality/value

Although there are some works related to liner surface roughness and textures, the combine of roughness distribution and surface textures is not usually taken into account. Therefore, this research is different from others, as the present model considers with real non-Gaussian roughness distribution liners.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 April 2019

Venkateswara Babu P., Ismail Syed and Satish Ben Beera

In an internal combustion engine, piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair is one among the most critical rubbing pairs. Most of the energy produced by an internal combustion…

Abstract

Purpose

In an internal combustion engine, piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair is one among the most critical rubbing pairs. Most of the energy produced by an internal combustion engine is dissipated as frictional losses of which major portion is contributed by the piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair. Hence, proper design of tribological parameters of piston ring-cylinder liner pair is essential and can effectively reduce the friction and wear, thereby improving the tribological performance of the engine. This paper aims to use surface texturing, an effective and feasible method, to improve the tribological performance of piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, influence of positive texturing (protruding) on friction reduction and wear resistance of piston ring surfaces was studied. The square-shaped positive textures were fabricated on piston ring surface by chemical etching method, and the experiments were conducted with textured piston ring surfaces against un-textured cylinder liner surface on pin-on-disc apparatus by continuous supply of lubricant at the inlet of contact zone. The parameters varied in this study are area density and normal load at a constant sliding speed. A comparison was made between the tribological properties of textured and un-textured piston ring surfaces.

Findings

From the experimental results, the tribological performance of the textured piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair was significantly improved over a un-textured tribo pair. A maximum friction reduction of 67.6 per cent and wear resistance of 81.6 per cent were observed with textured ring surfaces as compared to un-textured ring surfaces.

Originality/value

This experimental study is helpful for better understanding of the potency of positive texturing on friction reduction and wear resistance of piston ring-cylinder liner tribo pair under lubricated sliding conditions.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 April 2015

Anastasios Zavos and Pantelis George Nikolakopoulos

The purpose of this paper is to review and to provide a dipper understanding of what happens to piston rings and cylinder surfaces when manufacturing errors depicted, such…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review and to provide a dipper understanding of what happens to piston rings and cylinder surfaces when manufacturing errors depicted, such as waviness and straightness. The mechanism of friction and the piston ring structural integrity, due to the surface irregularities, are analyzed either for smooth ring surface or for artificial textured, while piston ring floats into the piston groove or not.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work two tribological models of a piston ring- cylinder package are presented using CFD analysis. Initially, the piston ring is considered as a secured ring in the groove of piston (secured ring) while in second model, the piston ring floats into the piston groove (free ring).

Findings

Increasing the number of waves across the piston ring thickness, the structural integrity of the ring is strongly influenced. Piston ring with surface texturing reduces the mean friction force, under the consideration of cylinder straightness. The gas leaks due to existence of the ring gap, affects significantly the maximum mechanical stresses.

Originality/value

The novelty of this paper is the analysis of manufacturing errors, such as waviness and straightness either for smooth or for artificial textured piston ring. In particular, the piston ring structural integrity investigated while chamber gas pressure leaks through the ring gap or not. The number of the waves, their amplitude and the fluid velocity are also taken into consideration.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

1 – 10 of 45