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Book part
Publication date: 22 June 2015

Giacomo Del Chiappa and Giuseppe Melis

This study aims to investigate how residents in Cagliari (a port of call in the island of Sardinia, Italy) perceive the economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts…

Abstract

This study aims to investigate how residents in Cagliari (a port of call in the island of Sardinia, Italy) perceive the economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts (both positive and negative) of cruise tourism and to what extent they would like to support the idea of further cruise tourism development within the destination, also making a comparison with other types of tourism. Findings show that residents have overall a positive attitude towards cruise tourism development, and also very little concern when negative impacts are considered. However, cruise tourism is not the most preferred when compared with other types of tourism. Further, they highlight that significant differences based on socio-economic and demographic characteristics exist in residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards cruise tourism development and in their preferences for different types of tourism development. Implications for policymakers are discussed and suggestions for further research are given.

Article
Publication date: 7 June 2019

Sandra Navarro-Ruiz, Ana B. Casado-Díaz and Josep Ivars-Baidal

The purpose of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the relevance of shore excursions in the distribution of cruise passenger flows; an approach which has…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the relevance of shore excursions in the distribution of cruise passenger flows; an approach which has been overlooked by many studies on cruise tourism. Specifically, the paper focuses on two destinations: Barcelona, a mature cruise destination suffering from the impact of overcrowding; and Valencia, an emerging cruise destination facing the risk of future (similar) impacts.

Design/methodology/approach

The method used is multiple-case study with replication logic. First, web content analysis is conducted of shore excursion descriptions of the destinations selected so as to identify the itineraries, as well as the municipalities and the specific tourist attractions included in the tours. Then, word-processing tools are used to create a regional and local data set to arrange the narrative data. Finally, density maps are drawn in order to examine the different visitor flows within the tourist hinterlands from the supply perspective.

Findings

The results indicate that most shore excursions are concentrated in the port cities. Comparing the two destinations, the paper argues that the redistribution within the cities is not equally balanced. Nevertheless, the results also reveal that the excursions offered by local shore tourism operators (TOs) in both destinations have contributed to the expansion of the cruise tourist hinterland over a wider regional area.

Research limitations/implications

This paper evaluates the visitor flow distribution from a supply perspective. Hence, future studies should examine the demand dimension in order to gain a deeper understanding of the concentration intensity. Additionally, it would be worth examining not only visitors taking guided tours but also the independent ones (those who visit the destination on their own).

Originality/value

Despite the growing importance of cruise tourism, research on the role of local shore TOs in this sector is quite limited. One element that deserves more research attention is related to the role of shore excursions in the spatial configuration of the cruise tourist hinterland. Finally, the results obtained could also have significant implications for policy makers developing and promoting effective measures to prevent overcrowding.

Details

International Journal of Tourism Cities, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-5607

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 27 September 2021

Deserie Avila and Michael J. Pisani

Cruise ships visiting Belize is a recent and fast-growing aspect of the nation's largest economic sector, tourism. Many Belizean businesses are very small and informal;…

Abstract

Cruise ships visiting Belize is a recent and fast-growing aspect of the nation's largest economic sector, tourism. Many Belizean businesses are very small and informal; potential access to cruise ship visitors provides an opportunity for growth and income stability. We investigate the challenges and opportunities informal microenterprises face in the cruise tourism marketplace through qualitative interviews at three popular tourist destinations: Xunantunich (Maya ruins), Community Baboon Sanctuary (Howler Monkeys), and Jaguar Paw (cave river tubing). The results indicate that despite robust growth in cruise tourism, local microentrepreneurs are currently disenfranchised, receiving few economic benefits from the cruise trade. We propose several recommendations to allow Belizean microentrepreneurs and the local economy to capture more economic benefits.

Details

Tourism Microentrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-463-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 October 2012

Elizabeth A. Marsh

The purpose of this paper is to explore the introduction of cruise ship tourism into historic urban centers, and the mitigation policies that can be implemented to…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the introduction of cruise ship tourism into historic urban centers, and the mitigation policies that can be implemented to encourage sustainable development of this relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper focuses on the unique aspects of cruise tourism that differentiate it from other forms of mass tourism. Using the specific example of Charleston, South Carolina, it explores the difficulties that cruise tourism present to local residents and policymakers. It looks at different mitigation policies that have previously been implemented in cruise destinations around the world, and analyzes which have been the most effective.

Findings

Cruise ship tourism is the fastest growing segment of the tourism industry, and it is an issue that many coastal heritage destinations will soon face. Uncontrolled tourism from cruise ships is unsustainable, and strong government intervention is needed to maintain heritage cities.

Originality/value

This paper provides compelling evidence that cruise ship tourism presents an immediate threat to sustainable tourism in urban heritage centers, and provides policy recommendations for lawmakers.

Details

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1266

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 April 2017

Alexis Papathanassis

Cruise tourism is a dynamic, growing segment of tourism that has long ceased to represent a mere niche and is slowly but steadily entering the domain of mainstream tourism

3505

Abstract

Purpose

Cruise tourism is a dynamic, growing segment of tourism that has long ceased to represent a mere niche and is slowly but steadily entering the domain of mainstream tourism. Yet, cruise tourism represents a minor fraction of tourism-related literature and research (Papathanassis and Beckmann, 2011). This study aims to examine the main trends and state-of-the-art developments in cruise tourism. The intension is to provide a starting point, a basis for non-specialists in this area, for further interdisciplinary research.

Design/methodology/approach

Using the author’s previous research and expertise over the past decade, this paper aims at providing a concise overview of the key perspectives and concepts in cruise tourism, whilst highlighting the current and future challenges faced by the sector and its stakeholders.

Findings

In this context, the potential of information and communication technologies for cruise tourism development and research (e-cruising) is underlined.

Originality/value

Finally, this paper offers a comprehensive systemic definition of cruise tourism and the corresponding Cruise Entities, inter-Relationships and Themes (CruisERT) framework, highlighting relevant areas and questions for further research.

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 72 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 February 2022

Eron Garfield McLean

The purpose of this paper is to explore if Jamaican authorities can improve revenue earnings from cruise tourism in the post Covid-19 period by improving the standards of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore if Jamaican authorities can improve revenue earnings from cruise tourism in the post Covid-19 period by improving the standards of current attractions, adding new ones and allowing more citizens to participate.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review was undertaken, supported by discussions with other authors who have written and published previous work on cruise tourism, and conversations with prominent tourism industry representatives.

Findings

All cruise lines operating in the Caribbean have islands to exclusively entertain their guests and yet, Caribbean islands need more integration. Each island currently negotiates separately with cruise lines to determine the “head tax” payable. Cruise lines could give guests a more authentic experience by employing more workers from the region and tourism workers could improve their earnings by working more closely with cruise lines. Caribbean governments can expand access to more attractions by improving their road network across the islands.

Research limitations/implications

Further investigation could include: ways to integrate more Caribbean islands, negotiations between cruise lines and the Caribbean islands as a group, making Caribbean workers more attractive to the cruise industry and, the cruise lines' appetite for more diversified attractions within the Caribbean region.

Practical implications

This study should raise the consciousness of the Jamaican government and tourism administrators about the fact that Jamaica has far more attractions than that of those present in the market. More Jamaicans could receive training to provide direct or indirect service within the cruise industry. Increased engagement of Jamaican workers would lead to improved economic wellbeing for them and their families and the country as a whole.

Social implications

Jamaicans might take better care of their environment if they stood a chance of benefiting more from cruise tourism. They might see clearly how cruise tourism impacts their communities. Further, citizens might take better care of their environment and keep it healthier and attractive. They might be even more self-disciplined in their behaviour and reduce crime and violence to acceptable levels.

Originality/value

This paper provided a simple perspective on how disconnected Caribbean islands are reflected in the wide variance in head tax charged by each island. Caribbean Governments should examine the various ways in which lack of integration has affected the region as a whole and agree on a framework for wider cooperation. If the Caribbean islands negotiate with cruise lines as one group, they may enhance their negotiating power. Each government within the region can conduct a comprehensive audit of attractions and include them in their development plan. Governments could involve their citizens more as providers of service to the cruise tourism business. Cruise operators could also see that there is wisdom and economic benefit arising from engaging more workers from the Caribbean.

Details

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4217

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Gender and Tourism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-322-3

Book part
Publication date: 5 December 2018

Danying Song, Joseph S. Chen and Ke Dong

Given the rapid growth of the Chinese cruise market, several Chinese cities are attempting to become a hub for cruise ships. The aim of this study is to evaluate the…

Abstract

Given the rapid growth of the Chinese cruise market, several Chinese cities are attempting to become a hub for cruise ships. The aim of this study is to evaluate the competitiveness of those cities with regard to hosting cruises. It employs a cloud model that transforms the qualitative description of competitive indicators into quantitative measurement and assesses the competitive advantage and specialization of the top homeports in China. Questionnaires are delivered to experts from eight cruise ports in China and the cloud model based on 14 evaluation factors is used to analyze the competitiveness of the ports under investigation. The result shows that the city’s scale, population, and development have been the main factors for assessing the competitiveness of port cities. The research provides insight about the Chinese cruise port cities’ competitiveness, which is particularly useful for future development decision and marketing strategies of ports and prospective destinations.

Details

Advances in Hospitality and Leisure
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-303-6

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 May 2019

Alexis Papathanassis

The cruise sector has undergone a significant transformation over the past decades, rendering it amongst the fastest growing tourism segments. Nevertheless, cruise

Abstract

Purpose

The cruise sector has undergone a significant transformation over the past decades, rendering it amongst the fastest growing tourism segments. Nevertheless, cruise holidays represent a relatively small fraction of the entire tourism sector; and so do their economic impacts and externalities. The cruise business has emerged as a result of technological developments in passenger air-transportation and the resulting decline of passenger-shipping. While the increased visibility and over-exposure of its market and product developments may have enabled the re-invention and growth of the cruise sector, they are also amplifiers for its economic and sustainability risks. The purpose of this paper is to relativise both the potential risks and benefits to contribute to more pragmatism in future destination development investments and policies.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a brief historical analysis of cruising and current trends, a realistic future is painted where the passenger and capacity growth rates of cruise tourism gradually level out.

Findings

Moreover, the cruise business becomes increasingly technologically driven to maintain profitability and establish its position in the wider experience portfolio of holiday consumers.

Originality/value

Traditionally, the relevance argument for cruise tourism research is based on the reported sector's growth rates and corresponding impacts, positive and negative, on destinations. Yet, the mere reproduction of growth rates and passenger numbers in isolation may well foster a misconception and even an overstatement of the cruise sector's significance and role within the wider tourism context. Arguably, the historical analysis and the comparative statistics contained in this paper paint a much-needed realistic picture and contribute to a deeper understanding of the sector's current dynamics.

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 75 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

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