The detection of H2 concentrations in concentrations undetectable by the conventional detection method of surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors based on frequency shift, by…
The detection of H2 concentrations in concentrations undetectable by the conventional detection method of surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors based on frequency shift, by correlating analyte presence with Fourier spectra components.
Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and autocorrelation analysis of phase noise in a SnO2-coated SAW sensor was performed. Fourier spectra were obtained by FFT from the SAW sensor resonance frequency instability, in the absence of analyte, and for H2 concentrations between 0.08 and 0.4 per cent.
All analyte concentrations are below the sensor limit of detection, which is 0.8 per cent for H2. Although these analyte concentrations caused no significant change in the resonance frequency of the SAW resonator, the FFT spectra presented several modifications, namely, the appearance of a new peak and the decrease of randomness. The authors consider that the effect is because of the chaotic behavior of the temporal dependence of the SAW resonance frequency. This explanation is substantiated by the decrease observed in the SAW oscillator autocorrelation function, which is an indication for a chaotic behavior.
As chaotic systems are extremely sensitive to perturbation, measurement methods based on chaos diagnosis could potentially greatly improve the SAW detection.
Fourier spectra components were correlated with analyte presence in concentrations undetectable by the conventional SAW detection method based on frequency shift.