Search results

1 – 10 of over 2000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

Zhouyang Lian, Lirui Yuan, Wuji Wei, Qing Zhou and Juncheng Jiang

This paper aims to study the controlled release and synergistic effect of water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on phosphate corrosion inhibitor at the interface of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the controlled release and synergistic effect of water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on phosphate corrosion inhibitor at the interface of thermal insulation cotton/carbon steel.

Design/methodology/approach

This study was carried out using a coating method, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and AC impedance.

Findings

The single-phase phosphate particles were coated/adsorbed on the PVA film, which was formed on the fiber surface of corrosion inhibitor/PVA-impregnated rock wool sample. On the surface of Q235 steel, an effective protective film was formed by the corrosion inhibitor with partially dissolved PVA that can significantly increase the polarization resistance of corrosion reaction, and reduce the capacitive reactance of electric double layer. The rock wool impregnated with the phosphate corrosion inhibitor and 1.5 per cent PVA showed obvious controlled release and inhibition synergism.

Originality/value

The rock wool impregnated with the phosphate corrosion inhibitor and 1.5 per cent PVA showed the following advantages: the adsorption and release quantities of the corrosion inhibitor increased by 3.3 and 2.9 times, respectively; the release-adsorption equilibrium time increased from 2 to 6 h; and the corrosion inhibition efficiency increased from 61.55 per cent to 94.6 per cent.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 62 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 2016

Xianghong Lv, Guoxian Zhao, Fuxiang Zhang, Xiang Tong Yang, Dan Ba, Junfeng Xie and Yan Xue

The purpose of this investigation was to study the function mechanisms of a corrosion inhibitor package used for martensitic stainless steel tubulars in acid solution at…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this investigation was to study the function mechanisms of a corrosion inhibitor package used for martensitic stainless steel tubulars in acid solution at high temperatures.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition performance was evaluated by means of an acid corrosion test at high temperature and high pressure, and the functional mechanism of the inhibitor package at different temperatures was investigated using polarization curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements.

Findings

The results showed that the corrosion inhibitor package chosen for high-temperature and high-pressure gas well applications was very suitable for use with 13Cr super martensitic stainless steel. At lower temperatures, the function mechanism of the corrosion inhibitor package was characterized as a type of negative catalytic effect. As the temperature was increased, the effect of the intensifier in the package became more significant and the function mechanism changed to be the geometric covering effect type.

Originality/value

This study has the important practical value for guiding the oil field to conduct reasonable screening and using the acidizing corrosion inhibitor for martensite stainless steel tubulars.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 63 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

R. Kahraman, A.A. Al‐Mathami, H. Saricimen, N. Abbas and S.U. Rahman

The weather in the Arabian Gulf region constitutes an environment that is corrosive to carbon steel. In the Gulf region, atmospheric corrosion is aggravated further by the…

Abstract

The weather in the Arabian Gulf region constitutes an environment that is corrosive to carbon steel. In the Gulf region, atmospheric corrosion is aggravated further by the high salinity of Gulf sea‐water. In addition, sulphur dioxide and deposits from combustion products tend to make the atmosphere in the Gulf region even more corrosive. Various inhibitors are reported in the literature that can help in the prevention of metal corrosion in aqueous environments. Among these, sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate, sodium benzoate, sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate were obtained and the effectiveness of certain corrosion inhibitors on carbon steel specimens was examined in a simulated atmospheric corrosion environment containing 2% NaCl and 1% Na2SO4 with various inhibitor concentrations. Test specimens were prepared from locally produced carbon steel reinforcing bars. It was found as a result of the test programme that treatment of the steel with 10 or 100mM sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate for one day at room temperature resulted in the best inhibition of corrosion. The results also demonstrated that inhibitors such as sodium benzoate and sodium nitrite were only similarly effective, as was sodium nitrate. Plans further study to examine the inhibition performance of sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate under actual atmospheric conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 49 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 July 1968

M.N. Desai, G.H. Thanki and M.H. Gandhi

Organic compounds containing sulphur, nitrogen and oxygen atoms are capable of retarding metallic corrosion. As the thiourea molecule contains one sulphur and two nitrogen…

Abstract

Organic compounds containing sulphur, nitrogen and oxygen atoms are capable of retarding metallic corrosion. As the thiourea molecule contains one sulphur and two nitrogen atoms, thiourea and its derivatives are potential corrosion inhibitors. While extensive investigations have been carried out on inhibitor properties of thiourea, due attention has not yet been paid to a systematic study of inhibitor action of thiourea derivatives. However, several substituted thioureas have been investigated as corrosion inhibitors. The applications of thiourea and its derivatives as corrosion inhibitors reported in literature up to 1967 are narrated in this article.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 15 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 22 May 2009

S. Vishwanatham and P.K. Sinha

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the protective ability of mixtures of aniline and phenol as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in 15 per cent hydrochloric acid…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the protective ability of mixtures of aniline and phenol as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in 15 per cent hydrochloric acid, which may find application as corrosion inhibitors in acidization jobs in the petroleum industry. Owing to scale plugging at well bore there will be a decline in the crude production and acidization operation has to be carried out in the oil wells, normally by using 15 per cent hydrochloric acid to remove the scale plugging and enhance crude production. If the acid alone is poured in the oil wells through tubular and casing, corrosion of the metal (N80 steel) structures takes place for which an inhibitor is also is used along with the acid.

Design/methodology/approach

Different concentration ratios of the inhibitor mixtures of aniline and phenol were added to the test solution (15 per cent HCl) and corrosion inhibition of N80 steel in hydrochloric acid medium containing the inhibitor additives was tested by weight loss and potentiodynamic polarization measurements. Influence of temperature (ambient temperature to 333 K) and exposure period (6‐24 h) on the inhibition behaviour was also studied. Corrosion products on the metal surface were analyzed by fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and a possible mechanism of inhibition by the compounds is suggested.

Findings

Provides information about the protective ability of inhibitor mixtures containing aniline and phenol against corrosion of N80 casing steel in 15 per cent HCl medium. The results in the present study have shown synergistic effect of all the formulations tested. The formulation of the mixture containing 0.1 per cent AL with 0.7 per cent PH has shown a maximum efficiency (75 per cent at ambient temperature) among other tested combinations in the acid medium. The inhibition efficiency exhibited by the inhibitor mixture (0.1 per cent AL with 0.7 per cent PH) in 15 per cent HCl medium at 333 K and after 24 h – test was found to be 43 and 31 per cent, respectively. The inhibitors, in appropriate combinations may find some usefulness at still higher temperatures. Electrochemical measurements indicate that the additives are active towards both sides, i.e. cathodic and anodic. FTIR results of the inhibition product film (formed on the metal surface after the corrosion test) reveal the presence of the inhibitor molecules in the surface film on the metal. Aniline and phenol molecules of the inhibitor mixture undergo condensation after their addition to the acid solution and may result in formation of protective surface film on the metal consisting of diphenylamine (as also revealed by FTIR spectroscopy) which may also contribute to the corrosion inhibition apart from the inhibition offered by aniline and phenol separately.

Research limitations/implications

Normal temperatures of oil wells will be about 363 K. The results presented in this paper refer to temperatures up to 333 K, which perhaps limits its usefulness in actual field conditions. However, further research work to test the inhibition potentiality of the compounds at higher temperatures (363 K and above) is in progress, and will be communicated at a later stage.

Practical implications

The tested inhibitor mixtures containing aniline and phenol exhibited synergistic effect and a significant inhibition (75 per cent) at ambient temperature that also shows good inhibitive properties after longer exposure period (24 h) and higher temperature (333 K). Appropriate formulations of the compounds may also be effective at still higher temperatures and that may be worked out for possible application in oil wells as corrosion inhibitors for acidization job.

Originality/value

This paper offers preliminary laboratory results of some inhibitor formulations on corrosion prevention of N80 steel casing and tubular in hydrochloric acid that may be of practical help to petroleum engineers for carrying out acidization jobs in oil wells after further investigations of the compounds at higher temperatures and actual field conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 23 May 2008

A. Amadeh, S.R. Allahkaram, S.R. Hosseini, H. Moradi and A. Abdolhosseini

Application of rare earth (RE) salts as a corrosion inhibitor was first proposed by Goldie and McCarrol in 1984. They showed that, with the addition of 0.001 M of Ce(NO3

Abstract

Purpose

Application of rare earth (RE) salts as a corrosion inhibitor was first proposed by Goldie and McCarrol in 1984. They showed that, with the addition of 0.001 M of Ce(NO3) or La(NO3) to 3.5% NaCl solution, the inhibition efficiencies were 91 and 82% for carbon steel, respectively. The aim of this paper is to study the inhibition of a mixture of Ce and La cations on the corrosion prevention of St37 carbon steel in aerated NaCl solutions using weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, open circuit potential and constant potential measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, St37 steel was used as an experimental sample. The applied inhibitor was a powder mixture of Ce and La oxides with the ratio of Ce/La = 2/1. Each gram of this powder was dissolved in 4 cc acetic acid because of their insolubility in water. Steel samples were polished with 120 to 800 grit SiC polishing papers, deoxidized in 15 per cent HCl, and then ultrasonically cleaned in ethanol. They were degreased in acetone and were dried in a flow of hot air.

Findings

It has been shown that a mixture of RE cations (Ce and La) can be used as a corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in NaCl containing solutions. The optimum inhibitor concentration was found to be 500 ppm with a maximum inhibition efficiency of 76%. An increase in Cl ion concentration and a rise in temperature from room temperature to 70°C can have an adverse effect on corrosion inhibition efficiency.

Originality/value

The results obtained from various experiments indicated that the mixture of Ce and La cations could be considered as a suitable inhibitor for carbon steel in low to medium chloride‐containing solutions. Owing to their non‐toxic nature, they may be suitable to use in potable water pipelines.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 55 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 22 May 2009

Huseyin Saricimen

The purpose of this paper is to study the inhibition of carbon steel corrosion under wet/dry conditions using electrochemical techniques.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the inhibition of carbon steel corrosion under wet/dry conditions using electrochemical techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

Sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate, dicyclohexylamine nitrite and sodium benzoate were used as inhibitors in the investigation. Plain carbon steel specimens were treated with three different inhibitors for a set period of time. One group of the specimens was subjected to 60 wet/dry cycles whilst a second group was kept continuously immersed in distilled water during the same period. The corrosion rates of the specimens were determined by electrochemical methods at several intervals during corrosion.

Findings

The three inhibitors showed good performance during the whole 60 days of wet/dry cycling. Sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate was the best of the three, giving the lowest corrosion rates. However, during full immersion tests in distilled water, specimens that had been treated with dicyclohexylamine nitrite and sodium benzoate performed better than did those treated with sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate. Moreover, the corrosion rates were significantly higher in the case of wet/dry cycling due to differential aeration created through partial immersion, which was a consequence of the wet and dry cycling process.

Originality/value

This study showed the beneficial effect of inhibitors in slowing down the corrosion of steel. Furthermore, wet/dry cycling of steel samples in the laboratory produced corrosion rates that were comparable to those measured under actual outdoor conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

Juliusz Orlikowski, Kazimierz Darowicki, Agata Jazdzewska and Magdalena Jarzynka

The purpose of this paper is to implement the corrosion protection method for steel pipes used in a municipal water-pipe network. Results of an inhibitor protection system…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to implement the corrosion protection method for steel pipes used in a municipal water-pipe network. Results of an inhibitor protection system installed on the system are presented. Inhibitor protection was required due to the high corrosivity of the water collected by a surface intake, which had resulted in a large number of failures and low water quality, due to the presence of corrosion products.

Design/methodology/approach

To assess the effectiveness of protection and to control the optimum dose of the inhibitor dispensed, an automatic system of corrosion monitoring was used, together with an assessment of water corrosiveness based on measurements of physical and chemical properties of water.

Findings

Calcium polyphosphate, in the role of a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor, showed significant effectiveness as a anticorrosive and its results were fully noticeable after several years following the commencement of protection. Corrosion monitoring has shown that the effectiveness of inhibitor protection is highest in the summer season, when the water is characterised as being in its most corrosive form.

Originality/value

A reduction in the corrosion rate improves the quality of water and its chemical parameters fall within the standard range for water intended for consumption. The corrosion inhibitor action accelerates the formation of a layer limiting the corrosion rate. In this case, stable corrosion rates may be obtained after only the first year. In terms of the designing systems for monitoring corrosion in water systems, this is very important information as reliable results can be obtained for a long period after the launch of the system.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 62 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 27 March 2007

Mobin Salasi, Taghi Shahrabi and Emad Roayaei

To study and compare the inhibition effects of eco‐friendly inhibitors of sodium silicate and 1‐hydroxyethylidene 1,1 diphosphonic acid (HEDP) in corrosion control and…

Abstract

Purpose

To study and compare the inhibition effects of eco‐friendly inhibitors of sodium silicate and 1‐hydroxyethylidene 1,1 diphosphonic acid (HEDP) in corrosion control and prevention of soft water discolouration (red water) in carbon steel pipelines.

Design/methodology/approach

Electrochemical impedance and Tafel polarization measurements were used to study corrosion inhibition properties. The experiments were carried out under different concentration ratios of inhibitors. Different hydrodynamic conditions were applied to simulate pipeline fluid flow. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EDAX analysis were used for surface studies.

Findings

It was observed that corrosion inhibitor combinations under static conditions showed synergistic effects at low concentrations. The inhibition efficiency and synergistic behaviours of inhibitors were enhanced as the electrolyte turbulence was increased. In addition, the inhibitor concentration value required to reach maximum inhibition decreased. It was found that at 20 ppm sodium silicate and 5 ppm HEDP, co‐inhibition efficiencies increased significantly to more than 90 per cent and the corrosion rate decreased far below 1 mpy as the electrode rotational speed was increased. Surface studies using SEM revealed the formation of a compact and uniform film of co‐inhibitors.

Practical implications

The results of this paper can be used for the development of effective, non‐toxic and economically attractive corrosion inhibitor formulations for soft water transmission pipelines.

Originality/value

The observed synergistic behaviour can be due to the incorporation of the silicate gel‐like network through organic phosphorous bonds. The hydrodynamic condition of the electrolyte leads to enhancement of inhibition efficiency, which indicates that the corrosion inhibition was mass transfer controlled.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 54 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 February 2020

Sang Xiong, Jia Si, Jianlin Sun, Hao Wu, Hongchen Dong and Chao Zhang

Corrosion inhibitors for copper immersed in emulsion were investigated by experiments and theoretical calculations, and this study aims to propose a new inhibition…

Abstract

Purpose

Corrosion inhibitors for copper immersed in emulsion were investigated by experiments and theoretical calculations, and this study aims to propose a new inhibition mechanism of the inhibitors having protective effects for copper corrosion.

Design/methodology/approach

Adsorption behavior of penta-heterocycles (thiophene, 1,2,5-oxadiazole, furan, 2 H-1,2,3-triazole, pyrrole and 1,2,5-thiadiazole) as corrosion inhibitors for copper immersed in oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions was investigated by weight loss, electrochemical tests, morphological characterization and theoretical calculations.

Findings

The orders of inhibition effect are furan < pyrrole < thiophene < 1,2,5-oxadiazole < 2H-1,2,3-triazole < 1,2,5-thiadiazole, and 1,2,5-thiadiazole at 0.5 mM has the best inhibition effect for copper immersed in emulsion. The results of scanning probe microscope, scanning electron microscope and electrochemical test show that a protective barrier can be formed on the surface of copper substrate with six corrosion inhibitors, thus effectively inhibiting the corrosion of copper mainly through chemisorption and following Langmuir’s adsorption isotherm.

Originality/value

Quantum chemical and molecular dynamic simulations demonstrate that all these compounds attached to Cu matrix with a flat-adsorption mode to prevent the emulsion corrode copper. Adsorbed inhibitors act as a barrier at Cu matrix to block corrosion and improve hydrophobicity.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 2000