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Article
Publication date: 19 May 2020

Hongling Guo and Keping Wu

This study aims to investigate how opening high-speed railways affects the cost of debt financing based on China's background.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate how opening high-speed railways affects the cost of debt financing based on China's background.

Design/methodology/approach

Using panel data on Chinese listed firms from 2008 to 2017, this study constructs a quasi-natural experiment and adopts a difference-in-difference model with multiple time periods to empirically examine the relation between the high-speed railway openings and debt financing cost.

Findings

Our results show that opening high-speed railways reduces the cost of debt financing, and this negative correlation is more significant in non-state firms, firms with weaker internal control, and firms that hire non-Big Four auditors. Besides, we explore the impact mechanisms and find that opening high-speed railways improves analyst attention, institutional investor participation, and information disclosure quality, which in turn lowers the cost of debt financing.

Research limitations/implications

The results imply that the opening of high-speed railways helps to alleviate the information asymmetry and adverse selection between firms and creditors and ultimately reduces the cost of corporate debt financing.

Practical implications

This paper can inform firms and stakeholders about the impact of opening high-speed railways on debt financing cost: it improves the information environment, reduces the geographical location restrictions of debt financing, ensures the reasonable pricing of corporate debt, and thus promotes the healthy and sound development of the debt market.

Originality/value

This paper provides theoretical support and empirical evidence for the impact of infrastructure construction on the information environment of the debt market in China, which enriches the research on the “high-speed railway economy.” In addition, as an exogenous event, the opening of high-speed railways instantly shortens the time distance between firms and external stakeholders, which gives us a natural environment to conduct empirical research, thus providing a new perspective for financial research on firms' geographical location.

Details

China Finance Review International, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1398

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 20 May 2019

H. Kiaee and M. Soleimani

In literature, a vast number of researches have tried to analyse the interaction between different financing methods and corporate governance. Some believe that good…

Abstract

In literature, a vast number of researches have tried to analyse the interaction between different financing methods and corporate governance. Some believe that good corporate governance companies are more successful in equity financing whereas others believe in positive relationship between corporate governance and debt finance. In this chapter, the authors analyse the interaction between sukuk financing and corporate governance. The authors first tried to differentiate between the financer and company's point of view in the financing decisions of different corporate governance quality companies, and then showed that, theoretically, there should be a positive relationship between murabahah sukuk and ijarah sukuk issuance and the corporate governance quality of companies in both types of views. The corporate governance characteristics of sukuk issuing companies in Iran are also analysed. The results from model estimation confirmed theoretical conclusion and corporate governance variables had positive and significant effects on the Sukuk issuance among Iranian Sukuk issuer companies.

Details

Research in Corporate and Shari’ah Governance in the Muslim World: Theory and Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-007-4

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2022

Lexis Alexander Tetteh, Amoako Kwarteng, Emmanuel Gyamera, Lazarus Lamptey, Prince Sunu and Paul Muda

The paper aims to investigate the role of corporate governance in the relationship between small businesses financing choice decisions on the business performance.

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to investigate the role of corporate governance in the relationship between small businesses financing choice decisions on the business performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper was situated within the financial growth cycle theory and stewardship theory and survey approach was adopted for data collection. The statistical analysis was conducted by using partial least square structural equation modelling.

Findings

The results indicate that the interaction of corporate governance and financing choice decisions strengthens the performance relationship. Further, corporate governance mediates the positive relationship between financing choice decisions and performance. Thus, suggesting that corporate governance can carry the effect of the financing choice decisions to business performance.

Practical implications

The findings of our research reveal that, small businesses who follow solid corporate governance procedures should expect higher business performance. This is because financing decisions alone will not assure positive business performance unless they are tied to a broader perspective of effective corporate governance practices.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that contributes to the small business financing choice and performance literature by combining the strengths of financial growth cycle theory and stewardship theory to explain the financing choice decisions and, in particular, the role of corporate governance in the relationship. Further, the study is unique in its nature because it presents a successful model for small businesses in emerging economies to concentrate more on the role of corporate governance in enhancing business performance.

Details

International Journal of Ethics and Systems, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9369

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 April 2010

Masaya Ishikawa and Hidetomo Takahashi

This study examines the relationship between managerial overconfidence and corporate financing decisions by constructing proxies for managerial overconfidence based on the…

2021

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between managerial overconfidence and corporate financing decisions by constructing proxies for managerial overconfidence based on the track records of earnings forecasts in Japanese listed firms. We find that managers have the stable tendency to forecast overly upward earnings compared to actual ones and that their upward bias decreases the probability of issuing equity in the public market by about 4.7 percent per one standard error, which economically has the strongest impact on financing decisions. This tendency is observed when we employ alternative measures for managerial overconfidence and other model specifications. However, in private placements, the choice to offer equity is not always avoided by managers. This implies that managers place private equity with the expectation of the certification effect

Details

Review of Behavioural Finance, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1940-5979

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 August 2015

Faizul Haque

– This paper aims to investigate whether firm-level corporate governance has an influence on the equity financing patterns in an emerging economy such as Bangladesh.

3325

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate whether firm-level corporate governance has an influence on the equity financing patterns in an emerging economy such as Bangladesh.

Design/methodology/approach

The regression framework uses a questionnaire survey-based corporate governance index (CGI) comprising five dimensions – ownership structures, shareholder rights, independence and responsibilities of the board and management, financial reporting and disclosures and responsibility towards stakeholders. In addition, a number of semi-structured interviews have been carried out with the relevant stakeholders.

Findings

The results suggest a statistically significant positive relationship between CGI and equity capital and, thus, confirm the prediction of the agency theory.

Research limitations/implications

This study does not address endogeneity and reverse causality issues with respect to the relationship between CGI and equity finance.

Practical implications

Firms should improve their legal compliance and voluntary activism in corporate governance matters to ensure increased access to equity finance.

Originality/value

This study is among the first to examine the relationship between overall corporate governance quality and equity finance of a firm from the perspective of a bank-based emerging economy.

Details

Journal of Financial Economic Policy, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-6385

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 October 2022

Gong-Bing Bi, Wenjing Ye and Yang Xu

Existing literature demonstrates the important role of information transparency in enterprise development and market surveillance. However, little empirical research has…

Abstract

Purpose

Existing literature demonstrates the important role of information transparency in enterprise development and market surveillance. However, little empirical research has examined the information transparency effect in supply chain management. This study aims to fill this gap by exploring the significant role of information transparency on supply chain financing and its mechanism, taking trade credit as the starting point.

Design/methodology/approach

From the data set comprising 3,880 Chinese firms with A-shares listed on the Shenzhen and Shanghai Stock Exchanges from 2011 to 2020, we obtain the basic picture of information transparency and trade credit. Panel fixed effects regression is used to test the hypotheses concerning the antecedents to trade credit.

Findings

The empirical results show that: first, information transparency can significantly support corporate access to trade credit and is found to facilitate financing by mitigating perceived risk. Second, among companies with higher levels of financing constraints, weaker market power and more concentration of suppliers, information transparency promotes trade credit more markedly. Third, the outbreak of COVID-19 causes a substantial increase in uncertainty and risk in external circumstances and then the effect of information transparency is weakened. Fourth, the contribution to trade credit is likely to be stronger for disclosures containing management transparency elements compared to single financial transparency.

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, this study is one of the first to explore the positive role of information transparency to supply chain financing, which to a certain extent makes up for the lack of information transparency research in the supply chain. It provides new ideas for enterprises to obtain trade credit financing and promote the improvement of supervision departments’ disclosure policies.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 September 2022

Mutamimah Mutamimah and Pungky Lela Saputri

This study aims to analyse the role of corporate governance in moderating the effects of murabahah, mudharabah and musyarakah financing on the financing risk and financial…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyse the role of corporate governance in moderating the effects of murabahah, mudharabah and musyarakah financing on the financing risk and financial performance of Islamic banks.

Design/methodology/approach

The population for this study covered Islamic banks in Indonesia. Purposive sampling was performed, and statistical analysis was conducted using moderating regression analysis by selecting among the common, fixed and random effects models.

Findings

The results showed that murabahah financing has a positive effect on financing risk; conversely, mudharabah financing has a negative effect on financing risk. By contrast, musyarakah financing has no effect on financing risk. However, corporate governance weakens the influence of murabahah financing on financing risk and increases that of mudharabah financing on financing risk. Further, corporate governance cannot weaken the effect of musyarakah financing on financing risk. Additionally, financing risk reduces financial performance.

Research limitations/implications

This research focusses only on Indonesian Islamic banks; future research should be extended to Islamic insurance and Islamic micro finance.

Practical implications

The results serve as input for government regulations on corporate governance in Islamic bank financing and encourage Islamic banks to diversify their financing proportionally.

Social implications

This research can be used for optimising Islamic bank financing to empower the realty sector and reduce poverty.

Originality/value

Research on the role of corporate governance as a moderating variable in reducing financing risk in Islamic banks remains limited.

Details

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0817

Keywords

Abstract

Details

The Corporate, Real Estate, Household, Government and Non-Bank Financial Sectors Under Financial Stability
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-837-2

Book part
Publication date: 1 December 2004

Fazilah Abdul Samad

This study outlines some major findings of the impact of ownership concentration on corporate performance, investment and financing decisions in the Malaysian corporate

Abstract

This study outlines some major findings of the impact of ownership concentration on corporate performance, investment and financing decisions in the Malaysian corporate sector. Earlier studies on corporate governance linked very concentrated ownership structure to weak corporate governance, thus leading firms to make poor investment and financing decisions. However, a firm that strives towards maximising shareholder’s wealth would select its investment and financing strategy with care. Thus concentrated ownership has also been found to lead to better corporate performance, and that composition of ownership is an important element to spur better corporate performance.

Details

Corporate Governance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-133-0

Book part
Publication date: 14 December 2018

Syed Munawar Shah and Mariani Abdul-Majid

This study analyses the threshold for debt of corporations under the debt-bias corporate tax system. We adopt a contingent claim model of the corporation to reflect the…

Abstract

This study analyses the threshold for debt of corporations under the debt-bias corporate tax system. We adopt a contingent claim model of the corporation to reflect the incentive effect of the debt-bias corporate tax system. This framework is based on aspiration level theory and the required probability for the successful completion of a project that is identical to decision weight probability in prospect theory. The proposed framework incorporates the debt-bias tax regulations prevailing in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. When the OECD countries’ financial and non-financial corporation data were applied into framework, we observe that the government achieve equilibrium by employing contradictory corporate tax regulations. Moreover, we observe that corporations are intrinsically equity-loving, although the debt-bias corporate tax system stimulates corporations toward debt. This situation makes the government corporate revenue sensitive by placing it at the disposal of corporations’ financing choice instead of corporate profitability. The corporations’ threshold for debt assists in distinguishing between debt and equity-loving corporations. Moreover, corporations’ threshold for debt assists policy makers in deciding the appropriate combination of such reform policies as the Allowance on Corporate Equity and Comprehensive Business Income Tax. A transition from debt-oriented capital structure to equity-oriented capital structure may play an important role in promoting Islamic finance.

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