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Article
Publication date: 16 November 2021

Krzysztof Posobkiewicz and Krzysztof Górecki

The purpose of this study is to investigate the validation of the usefulness of cooling systems containing Peltier modules for cooling power devices based on measurements…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the validation of the usefulness of cooling systems containing Peltier modules for cooling power devices based on measurements of the influence of selected factors on the value of thermal resistance of such a cooling system.

Design/methodology/approach

A cooling system containing a heat-sink, a Peltier module and a fan was built by the authors and the measurements of temperatures and thermal resistance in various supply conditions of the Peltier module and the fan were carried out and discussed.

Findings

Conclusions from the research carried out answer the question if the use of Peltier modules in active cooling systems provides any benefits comparing with cooling systems containing just passive heat-sinks or conventional active heat-sinks constructed of a heat-sink and a fan.

Research limitations/implications

The research carried out is the preliminary stage to asses if a compact thermal model of the investigated cooling system can be formulated.

Originality/value

In the paper, the original results of measurements and calculations of parameters of a cooling system containing a Peltier module and an active heat-sink are presented and discussed. An influence of power dissipated in the components of the cooling system on its efficiency is investigated.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2022

Felipe Sant'Anna Nunes, Helcio R.B. Orlande and Andrzej J. Nowak

This study deals with the computational simulation and inverse analysis of the cooling treatment of the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates. A reduced-order model…

Abstract

Purpose

This study deals with the computational simulation and inverse analysis of the cooling treatment of the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates. A reduced-order model is implemented for real-time monitoring of the internal body temperatures. The purpose of this study is to sequentially estimate the transient temperatures of the brain and other body regions with reduced uncertainties.

Design/methodology/approach

Pennes’ model was applied in each body element, and Fiala’s blood pool concept was used for the solution of the forward bioheat transfer problem. A state estimation problem was solved with the Sampling Importance Resampling (SIR) algorithm of the particle filter method.

Findings

The particle filter method was stable and accurate for the estimation of the internal body temperatures, even in situations involving large modeling and measurement uncertainties.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed reduced-order model was verified with the results of a high-fidelity model available in the literature. Validation of the proposed model and of the solution of the state estimation problem shall be pursued in the future.

Practical implications

The solution of the state estimation problem with the reduced-order model presented in this paper has great potential to perform as an observer of the brain temperature of neonates, for the analysis and control of the systemic cooling treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Social implications

The main treatment for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates is the cooling of affected regions. Accurate and fast models might allow the development of individualized protocols, as well as control strategies for the cooling treatment.

Originality/value

This paper presents the application of the SIR algorithm for the solution of a state problem during the systemic cooling of a neonate for the treatment of the hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 May 2010

Qinglong An, Yucan Fu and Jiuhua Xu

Grinding may generate high temperature along the arc of grinding zone, especially during the grinding process of difficult‐to‐machine materials. It can cause thermal…

Abstract

Purpose

Grinding may generate high temperature along the arc of grinding zone, especially during the grinding process of difficult‐to‐machine materials. It can cause thermal damage to the ground surface and poor surface integrity. Conventional cooling methods based on large amounts of water‐oil emulsions can be both ineffective and environmentally unacceptable. The purpose of this paper is to offer a new high efficiency cooling method – cryogenic pneumatic mist jet cooling (CPMJ) to enhance heat transfer in the grinding zone during grinding of difficult‐to‐machine materials.

Design/methodology/approach

CPMJ equipment is a set up, which can produce water mist of −5°C with jet velocity above 150 m/s and mean particle size below 20 μm at the impingement distance of 10‐40 mm on the symmetry axis. To validate the cooling efficiency of CPMJ equipment, heat transfer experiments were carrying out on it. Finally, CPMJ was applied to the grinding of titanium alloy to verify its cooling effects.

Findings

With high penetrative power and water mist of −5°C, CPMJ can greatly improve heat transfer efficiency in the grinding zone. Experimental results, including heat transfer experiments and grinding experiments, indicate that CPMJ has strong cooling ability and can offer better cooling effects compared with cold air jet and traditional flood cooling method. With CPMJ cooling method, grinding zone temperature can be effectively reduced and good surface quality can be achieved during grinding of titanium alloy.

Originality/value

CPMJ cooling method is an effective and pollution‐free way to solve the thermal problems during grinding of difficult‐to‐machine materials.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 62 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2002

J.E. Ruckman, S.G. Hayes and J.H. Cho

Based upon numerous assertions that a garment should be developed to maximise athletes' muscle performance while maintaining freedom of movement, this paper initially…

Abstract

Based upon numerous assertions that a garment should be developed to maximise athletes' muscle performance while maintaining freedom of movement, this paper initially discusses the development of a perfusion suit that utilises a flexible single layer cooling system, with a view to the development of a cooling garment that does not employ a conventional tubing system which can restrict movement. The stages of the development have been described in detail, and an appropriate evaluation completed for both the initially developed perfusion suit and the subsequently developed cooling garment (modified perfusion suit). From results obtained from experiments conducted using the cooling garment, which incorporates super absorbent sodium polyacrylate pads as the cooling component, the following conclusions were drawn. First, anterior thigh temperature was reduced by 4–5°C at the end of the cooling period confirming that the developed cooling garment provides effective cooling. Second, although the difference between the skin temperature of the anterior thigh when cooling is applied to that when cooling is not applied decreased during the exercise period, the difference is still significant confirming that cooling of the anterior thigh by wearing the developed cooling garment persists throughout the duration of exercise.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1997

S. Chada, A. Herrmann, W. Laub, R. Fournelle, D. Shangguan and A. Achari

Detailed studies to characterise the coarsening behaviour of eutecticSn‐Ag and near‐eutectic Sn‐Pb‐Ag solder joints were carriedout on samples reflow soldered and…

453

Abstract

Detailed studies to characterise the coarsening behaviour of eutectic Sn‐Ag and near‐eutectic Sn‐Pb‐Ag solder joints were carried out on samples reflow soldered and solidified at various cooling rates. Light and scanning electron microscopy as well as EDS were used to study the microstructural evolution, while microhardness measurements were used to monitor the change in the mechanical properties. Samples consisting of copper substrates and solder paste were reflow soldered about 30 °C above their melting points and then solidified at cooling rates ranging from furnace cooling to rates associated with water quenching. Analysis of some of these samples showed that increasing the cooling rate increased the quantity (volume fraction) of primary Sn‐dendrites, decreased the (EQ) intermetallic phase in the bulk solder, and resulted in finer microstructures with higher hardness. The microstructural evaluation involved characterisation of bulk intermetallica and dendrite/eutectic ratios. Subsequent isothermal annealing of these reflow soldered joints at 125 °C for times between 0.25 h and 8 days resulted in an initially fairly rapid decrease in hardness to a given level for each alloy and each cooling rate.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1946

G.E. Lind Walker

THE combined effect of Sections III and IV is a gain of up to 3 per cent t.h.p. at moderate speeds, over the best systems without a blower, in spite of the detrimental…

Abstract

THE combined effect of Sections III and IV is a gain of up to 3 per cent t.h.p. at moderate speeds, over the best systems without a blower, in spite of the detrimental effect of heating of the air due to compression. The blower absorbs about 10 per cent b.h.p. which is additionally recovered as useful thrust. Pressure air cooling does not permit the economical use of materially smaller matrices.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Gregory J. Gibbons and Robert G. Hansell

The aim of this study is to demonstrate the benefit of design flexibility afforded by the Arcam free‐form fabrication process in the direct manufacture of injection mould…

1255

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to demonstrate the benefit of design flexibility afforded by the Arcam free‐form fabrication process in the direct manufacture of injection mould inserts with complex cooling channel configurations and the process efficiency and quality gains achieved through using such inserts.

Design/methodology/approach

The manufacturing process of a flood cooled injection mould insert using the Arcam EBM S12 layered manufacturing process is presented. The insert is then evaluated against two other inserts (one un‐cooled and one traditionally baffle cooled (BC)) in the manufacture of test components, with the temperature of the insert and components recorded. The process conditions were adjusted (reduced cooling time) to increase the core and component temperatures to identify the operational limits of the inserts. Thermal imaging was employed to visualize the thermal distribution within the BC and flood cooled (FC) inserts.

Findings

The cooling efficiency of the FC insert was found to be significantly higher than that of the other two inserts, and the homogeneity of the heat distribution of the FC insert was more even than the BC insert. It was possible to manufacture non‐deformed components using the FC insert with zero cooling time (ejection immediately after removal of holding pressure), this was not possible with the BC insert.

Research limitations/implications

Provides a basis for the development of more efficient and thermally homogeneous inserts through the Arcam EBM process.

Practical implications

Provides a technology/process for the manufacture of highly efficient core inserts for injection moulding, offering the industry a competitive advantage through the potential for time and cost savings and higher quality components.

Originality/value

This is the first direct comparison of an Arcam EBM manufactured insert with complex cooling geometries against traditionally cooled inserts, particularly novel is the thermal imaging analysis of the cooling efficiency and distribution.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 October 2008

Kai Yang, Ming‐Li Jiao, Yi‐Song Chen, Jun Li and Wei‐Yuan Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to explore the heat transfer and establish a heat transfer model of an extravehicular liquid cooling garment based on a thermal manikin…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the heat transfer and establish a heat transfer model of an extravehicular liquid cooling garment based on a thermal manikin covered with soft simulated skin.

Design/methodology/approach

The thermal manikin applied in this study was a copper manikin, typical of which was its soft simulated skin – a newly thermoplastic elastomer material. Based on this novel thermal manikin, the heat transfer analysis of an extravehicular liquid cooling garment was performed. To satisfy the practical engineering application and simplify analysis, the hypotheses were proposed, and then the heat transfer model was established by heat transfer theory, in which the heat exchange equation of the liquid cooling garment with the thermal manikin and with the air layer, and the garment's total heat dissipating capacity were derived.

Findings

The verification experiments performed in a climatic chamber by a thermal manikin wearing a liquid cooling garment at different surface temperatures of the thermal manikin show that the modeling value fits well with the experimental value, and the heat transfer model of the liquid cooling garment has a high accuracy. Meanwhile, the relationship between the heat‐dissipating capacity of the liquid cooling garment and its design parameters – inlet temperature and liquid velocity – is suggested as being based on the heat transfer model.

Originality/value

The paper shows that it is an effective method to control the heat‐dissipating capacity of a liquid cooling garment by changing the inlet temperature to some degree, but not by changing the liquid velocity.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 June 2013

Khurram Altaf, Ahmad Majdi Abdul Rani and Vijay R. Raghavan

The purpose of this paper is to present a technique of fabricating profiled conformal cooling channels (PCCC) in an aluminium filled epoxy mould using rapid prototyping…

1022

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a technique of fabricating profiled conformal cooling channels (PCCC) in an aluminium filled epoxy mould using rapid prototyping (RP) and rapid tooling (RT) techniques and to compare the cooling times for the moulds with circular and profiled channels experimentally. The cooling channels in injection mould tools have a circular cross section. In a PCCC, the cross sectional shape is so designed that the flat face surface of the channel facing the cavity follows the profile of the cavity. These types of channels can be manufactured through RP and RT techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

A part to be moulded was designed and modelled. Two moulds were then designed with the part cavity, one having a circular channel and the second with a profiled channel, both having the same cross sectional area for coolant flow. The channel patterns were designed with supports according to their position regarding height and distance from the cavity as designed earlier. Both channels have the same distance from the cavity wall. RP patterns were produced for both channels and part using the Thermojet 3D printer. The cooling channel and the moulded part patterns were then assembled as designed in the moulds. Moulding frames were fabricated with aluminium plates and the pattern was placed in the frames. Epoxy was poured on the pattern and then cured. The moulded part and the channel patterns embedded inside epoxy were melted out during the final curing cycle, leaving behind the circular‐ and profiled‐cooling channels in the moulds. For the cooling time measurement, injection moulding was done with moulds with circular and profiled channels. Moulded part temperature will be recorded by embedding thermocouples within the mould cavities.

Findings

A technique for the manufacture of cooling channels of different profiles in epoxy moulds was presented. Experimental analysis for temperature measurement for the moulded part with injection moulding process showed that PCCC mould has less cooling time then mould with circular channels.

Research limitations/implications

The technique presented is based on the metal‐filled epoxy materials used in RT and was obtained using a specific test part. Epoxy tooling can be a useful alternative of metallic mould to produce injection mould tools. A limitation for the epoxy moulds is that they have a limited life as compared with metallic moulds.

Originality/value

This is a new technique of manufacturing moulds with cooling channels using RP/RT techniques. Moulds with different channel cross sections can be manufactured using this technique.

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1957

G. A Montgomerie

Parts One and Two (in our March and April issues) dealt respectively with the Theory of Cooling and Oil Coolers in General. Part Three (in May) dealt with Control Valves…

Abstract

Parts One and Two (in our March and April issues) dealt respectively with the Theory of Cooling and Oil Coolers in General. Part Three (in May) dealt with Control Valves and Air Cooled Oil Coolers.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 9 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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