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Article
Publication date: 10 May 2011

Collins Osei and Ayantunji Gbadamosi

The purpose of this conceptual paper is to explore how Africa has been branded, and to suggest ways the continent could be re‐branded to attract both international and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this conceptual paper is to explore how Africa has been branded, and to suggest ways the continent could be re‐branded to attract both international and domestic investments.

Design/methodology/approach

An extensive review of literature that encapsulates branding, nation branding, place/destination branding, foreign direct investment and issues associated with investment opportunities in Africa was conducted towards exploring how Africa has been branded and could be re‐branded.

Findings

This paper finds that the extant literature is replete with publications that essentially associate Africa, as a brand, to poverty, underdevelopment, corruption, doom, pestilence and several other inauspicious features. Nonetheless, the article also shows that there are several existing virtues especially in the form of business opportunities in several sectors that could be accorded extensive publicity to espouse the continents' brand equity. These range from agriculture, to tourism, to real estate, to sports and several existing foreign direct investments already thriving in several parts of the continent. Hence, the suggestion for re‐branding Africa as a viable continent for global business transactions is strongly emphasised in the article.

Practical implications

This paper has a significant implication for positioning Africa as a relevant business partner in the global marketplace by echoing the extensive business opportunities that await both the indigenous and foreign investors in the continent.

Originality/value

The article espouses the brand equity of Africa as a continent and suggests avenues for constantly communicating the inherent virtues of the content to the world towards maintaining her rightful position in the international business community.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 22 November 2017

Christopher B. Knaus and M. Christopher Brown

The concomitance of black-skinned student-populated colleges and universities on the African continent has created a quiescence regarding whiteness, racism, and disparity…

Abstract

The concomitance of black-skinned student-populated colleges and universities on the African continent has created a quiescence regarding whiteness, racism, and disparity in African higher education. Resultantly, scant attention has been paid to the role and possibilities for Black populated colleges across the African continent to transform the political, social, and economic realities of African nation-states. In fact, the confluence of Western imperialism, slavery, genocide, and the contemporary frame of terrorism is highly correlated with the seeming permanence of war, oppression, and poverty across the African diaspora in general and on the African continent in specific.

Details

Black Colleges Across the Diaspora: Global Perspectives on Race and Stratification in Postsecondary Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-522-5

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Article
Publication date: 19 July 2011

Joseph T. Martelli and Patricia B. Abels

The purpose of this paper is to explore how internationalization has impacted the composition and performance of global companies. Trends among continents, countries and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how internationalization has impacted the composition and performance of global companies. Trends among continents, countries and across industries are shown in order to further understand the effects of internationalization on these prominent organizations in our world economy.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a descriptive study using a cross‐sectional design. The unit of analysis consists of the companies comprising the world's largest 500 companies as reported by Fortune Magazine in 2009. Secondary data covering more than 30 variables and 500 cases were collected pertaining to these large organizations. The “world's largest 500 companies” is further divided by continents and countries in order to provide detailed cross tab analysis.

Findings

Utilizing the Global Industry Standard Classification (GICS), the authors categorized the diversity of firms based upon the type of products or services rendered by the world's largest 500 companies. It was found that these influential global organizations fall under ten broad classifications for industry sectors, with the financial sector being the dominant classification among 101 multinational firms. The results indicated that the USA dominated in all GICS sectors, except for energy. Europe is producing the largest amount of total global revenue at $10 trillion and employs the greatest number of workers, employing some 18,907,256 global employees.

Research limitations/implications

The analysis was not designed to make a generalization for the population of all global organizations.

Originality/value

The authors' research not only identifies and describes these characteristics, but is intended to increase awareness of how internationalization has changed the composition and performance of the world's largest 500 companies over the five‐year period spanning 2005 through 2009.

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Article
Publication date: 31 May 2019

Abdullahi Babatunde Saka and Daniel W.M. Chan

This paper aims to review the status of development of building information modelling (BIM), its trends and themes across the six continents of the world.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review the status of development of building information modelling (BIM), its trends and themes across the six continents of the world.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 914 journal articles sought from the search engine of Web of Science (WOS) based on the country/region option of the WOS to group them into continents. A best-fit approach was then applied in selecting the suitable software programmes for the scientometric analysis and comparisons and deductions were made.

Findings

The findings revealed that there are differences in the development of BIM across the six continents of the world. South America and Africa are lagging in the BIM research and Australia and Asia are growing, whilst Europe and North America are ahead. In addition, there exist differences in the research themes and trends in these continents as against the single view presented in extant studies.

Originality/value

This study introduced a new approach to carry out a comparative and taxonomic review and has provided both academic researchers and industrial practitioners with a clear status of development of BIM research and the trend across the six continents of the world.

Details

Construction Innovation, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-4175

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

L.A. Schuch, V.K. Garg, E. Kuzmann, R. Garg and A.C. de Oliveira

The continent of Antarctica consists of 14 million km2, roughly equivalent to the whole of South America, and is of immense interest to humanity, in particular to the…

Abstract

The continent of Antarctica consists of 14 million km2, roughly equivalent to the whole of South America, and is of immense interest to humanity, in particular to the countries of the Antarctic Treaty. The Antarctic continent is the continent of superlatives: it is almost isolated from the rest of the continents, and is severely cold, windy, and dry. In winter, the Antarctic area increases to nearly 32 million km2, because of formation of a 1,000km wide ice‐belt. The average depth of ice on the continent is in the order of 2,000m, and in the transantarctic region this depth is 4,800 meters. Antarctica is the biggest sweet water reservoir of the planet earth. Icebergs are common and huge ones (190km in length and 130km wide) have also been observed. The minimum temperature recorded (–89.2°C) at Vostok (Russian base) on 21 July 1983 is also the minimum recorded environmental temperature on the planet earth. Because of extreme temperature variations the Antarctic winds have high velocity. The environment is very dry and at the center of the continent the dryness is of the same magnitude as in the driest desert anywhere on the planet. This is the only uninhabited continent of the planet, except for some 50 research bases which cover an insignificant area located on the continent and the Antarctica Peninsula. Because of its economic, strategic, geopolitical, scientific, meteorological, and oceanographic importance and possible exploitation in the future, Antarctica has been attracting greater attention every day. Antarctica is basically concentrated around the South Pole and it touches the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Brazil, in common with many other nations, has geopolitical interests and in untapped mineral deposits (considerable deposits of coal, petroleum, gas). In the south, where the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans meet, the cold water of Antarctica is the habitat housing hundreds of species of sea life. Unrestricted and unbalanced exploitation of Antarctica could cause changes in the meteorological and oceanographic balance. In the present paper, the Brazilian Antarctic Program, and summarized results of studies of Antarctic soil, rocks, and sediments are reported.

Details

Environmental Management and Health, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-6163

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2021

Samuel Ojo Oloruntoba, Christopher Changwe Nshimbi and Dickson Ajisafe

The objective of this chapter is to advocate a relevant and balanced curriculum of European Studies as a discipline that African and European teachers and learners can…

Abstract

The objective of this chapter is to advocate a relevant and balanced curriculum of European Studies as a discipline that African and European teachers and learners can embrace. This will be achieved through critical documentary analysis of existing curricula on the subject as well as critique of relevant literature. Europe and Africa are the two most contiguous continents that share centuries of relations. Despite the existence of many forms of diplomatic relations, knowledge flows and exchange between the continents have been very minimal at best and apparently unidirectional. The troubled history of relations between the two continents continue to affect way knowledge production and curricular are defined. The gap in knowledge fosters mutual suspicion, distrust, and lack of cooperation. European Studies as a distinct academic discipline has recently made its way in the teaching and learning curricula of universities and research centers around the world. Some institutions in Africa are also introducing European Studies. A key aspect of European Studies vis-á-vis Africa is the content and quality of curriculum. The turn in discourses on decolonization and race relations in the world of the early twenty-first century makes this period a unique opportunity for the review of European Studies curricula in Europe and Africa. The authors find that deepening Euro-African relations will require a new curriculum that would reflect changes that have taken place over the years in Africa.

Details

Teaching the EU: Fostering Knowledge and Understanding in the Brexit Age
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-274-1

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Abstract

Details

Strategy and Geopolitics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-568-9

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Article
Publication date: 28 October 2020

Praveen S.V., Rajesh Ittamalla and Dhilip Subramanian

The word “digital contact tracing” is often met with different reactions: the reaction that passionately supports it, the reaction that neither supports nor oppose and the…

Abstract

Purpose

The word “digital contact tracing” is often met with different reactions: the reaction that passionately supports it, the reaction that neither supports nor oppose and the one that vehemently opposes it. Those who support the notion of digital contact tracing vouch for its effectiveness and how the complicated process can be made simpler by implementing digital contact tracing, and those who oppose it often criticize the imminent threats it possesses. However, without earning the support of a large population, it would be difficult for any government to implement digital contact tracing to perfection. The purpose of this paper is to analyze, using machine learning, how different continents have different sentiments over digital contact tracing being used as a measure to curb COVID-19.

Design/methodology/approach

For the analysis, data were collected from Twitter. Tweets that contain the hashtag and the word “digital contact tracing” were crawled using Python library Tweepy. Tweets across countries of four continents were collected from March 2020 to August 2020. In total, 70,212 tweets were used for this study. Using the machine learning algorithm, the authors detected the sentiment of all the tweets belonging to each continent. Structural topic modeling was used to understand the overall significant issues people voice out by global citizens while sharing their opinions on digital contact tracing.

Findings

This study was conducted in two parts. Study one results show that North American and European citizens share more negative sentiments toward “digital contact tracing.” The citizens of the Asian and South American continent mostly share neutral sentiments regarding the digital contact tracing. Overall, only 33% of total tweets were positively related to contact tracing, whereas 52% of the total tweets were neutral. Study two results show that factors such as fear of government using contact tracing to spy on its people, the feeling of being unsafe and contact tracing being used to promote an agenda were the three major issues concerning the overall general public.

Originality/value

Despite numerous studies being conducted about how to implement the contact tracing efficiently, minimal studies were done to explore the possibility and challenges in implementing it. This study fills the gap.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 June 2021

Daniel Katey, Anthony Kwame Morgan, Moses Asori, Solomon Twum Ampofo and Robert Kwame Jumah Mpobi

This paper examines prison services and how they can be managed to uphold COVID-19 prevention etiquettes, in light of the contemporary rise in COVID-19 cases across the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper examines prison services and how they can be managed to uphold COVID-19 prevention etiquettes, in light of the contemporary rise in COVID-19 cases across the sub-Saharan Africa continent and the world at large.

Design/methodology/approach

An extensive review of existing literature on COVID-19 was conducted to ascertain the nature of the pandemic in prisons in sub-Saharan Africa.

Findings

In line with empirical observations, the paper recommends regular disinfection of prisons and correctional facilities on the sub-continent. Again, there is the need for countries to resort to alternative punitive measures other than imprisonment, to curb the issue of overcrowding in prisons. Furthermore, there is the need for national governments to build ultramodern prison facilities, which would make room for emergency situations, as well as make provision for any future rise in the number of inmates while, at the same time, meeting fundamental needs as peculiar to prisoners. Finally, medical units in prisons need to be well-equipped against contemporary rise in COVID-19 cases.

Originality/value

The authors hereby declare that this submission is their handmade which has not been submitted to any other journal outlet.

Details

International Journal of Prisoner Health, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1744-9200

Keywords

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