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Article
Publication date: 8 October 2018

Fenyi Dong, Bing Qi and Yuyang Jie

The purpose of this paper is to cluster and analyse the level of agricultural science and technology in China’s provinces by using grey clustering model, to have an…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to cluster and analyse the level of agricultural science and technology in China’s provinces by using grey clustering model, to have an overall understanding of the current situation of agricultural science and technology development in these provinces, and to offer a reference for decision-making departments to draw up agricultural science and technology development plans.

Design/methodology/approach

First of all, the grey clustering assessment is used to evaluate the clustering of agricultural science and technology level in China’s provinces in 2011, 2013 and 2015. Also a comparative static analysis is made. Then, based on the prediction data of GM (1,1) model, the provincial agricultural science and technology levels in 2017 and 2019 are analysed by grey clustering. Finally, some suggestions are put forward, such as adjusting the allocation of agricultural science and technology resources and providing policy preferences to backward areas, so as to promote the coordinated development of agricultural science and technology in China.

Findings

The development of agricultural science and technology in various provinces and regions of the authors’ country is unbalanced, with a big gap of agricultural and technology level between different provinces. What’s more, the level of agricultural science and technology in remote areas has been developing slowly, but it has been lagging behind. Through the grey clustering analysis of the provincial agricultural science and technology level in 2017 and 2019, it is concluded that the level of agricultural science and technology will be promoted as a whole, but the gap of agricultural science and technology level between different provinces and cities will be enlarged.

Research limitations/implications

This paper comprehensively studies the current situation and future development trends of agricultural science and technology in China’s provinces in recent years, and preliminarily analyses the reasons for the transformation of agricultural science and technology level, however, with no further inspection. Related research should be made for further study.

Practical implications

This paper will provide overall understanding of the current situation of agricultural science and technology development in China’s provinces and cities, and put forward relevant suggestions for the future development of agricultural science and technology in China’s provinces and cities, and provide references for decision-making departments to draw up agricultural science and technology development plans.

Originality/value

For the first time, the grey clustering method is used to the research of agricultural science and technology level in the province. It analyses and evaluates the past and present situation and predicts the future development trend of provincial agricultural science and technology level by the grey clustering analysis method, which is a complete research.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2011

Ruiqing Miao

The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that affect China's water pollution in the prospective of environmental enforcement using a bargaining approach.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that affect China's water pollution in the prospective of environmental enforcement using a bargaining approach.

Design/methodology/approach

A bargaining model that determines the level of discharge standard and over‐discharge fee is constructed. Comparative static analysis is conducted.

Findings

Comparative static analysis shows that enlarging the economic incentive of firm managers can aggravate water pollution. Moreover, increasing firm managers' bargaining power or reserve utility has the same negative effect. On the other hand, however, restricting the financial supports for environmental protection bureaus or increasing firm manager's fixed income can alleviate the water pollution.

Originality/value

This is the first research that applies bargaining approach to studying the determination of over‐discharge fees and the standard of discharge level.

Details

China Agricultural Economic Review, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-137X

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Article
Publication date: 14 August 2007

Atle Midttun

This paper seeks to explore the interplay between corporate social responsibility and innovation and questions the premise, often underlying EU communications, that the

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to explore the interplay between corporate social responsibility and innovation and questions the premise, often underlying EU communications, that the two agendas are in general mutually supportive. In order to accommodate a closer fit the paper argues for a dynamic reinterpretation of CSR.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a conceptual paper that presents discussions and conclusions at the theoretical level. It provides a brief overview of core parts of the CSR and the innovation literature and then analyses how the perspectives on the firm in these two literatures fit together. The final section raises normative and theoretical issues with respect to innovation and CSR.

Findings

The paper documents the difficulties of assuming that innovation policy and CR policy can easily be mutually supportive. While the assumption of compatibility and synergy may be reasonable for some types of innovation, and some types of CR, it can hardly be argued on a general basis. A core finding is the need to differentiate between complementary static and dynamic views. While much of the innovation literature is dynamic in its nature, much of the CR literature has traditionally been given a static interpretation.

Originality/value

The original value of the paper is that it highlights inconsistencies in the dominant static interpretation of CSR with important sides of the innovation economy. It also shows the way towards a more dynamic interpretation, but then also recognizing some of the important limits of CSR, even in a dynamic mode, calling for engagement from the state in certain types of industrial restructuration.

Details

Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Gary S. Fields

Analyses the effect of a minimum wage on unemployment. Using a modelwith covered and non‐covered sectors, comparative static analysis isperformed with respect to the…

Abstract

Analyses the effect of a minimum wage on unemployment. Using a model with covered and non‐covered sectors, comparative static analysis is performed with respect to the elasticity of demand for labour in the covered sector, the elasticity of the wage in the non‐covered sector with respect to the size of the non‐covered sector labour force, and the size of the minimum wage. It turns out, contrary to the existing literature, that for none of these parameters is the comparative static effect unidirectional.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 15 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 13 December 2013

Bryan S. Graham

I show that the equilibrium distribution of matches associated with the empirical transferable utility one-to-one matching (TUM) model introduced by Choo and Siow (2006a

Abstract

I show that the equilibrium distribution of matches associated with the empirical transferable utility one-to-one matching (TUM) model introduced by Choo and Siow (2006a, 2006b) corresponds to the fixed point of system of K + L nonlinear equations; with K and L respectively equal to the number of discrete types of women and men. I use this representation to derive new comparative static results, showing how the match distribution varies with match surplus and the marginal distributions of agent types.

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1996

Vaughan Galt and Carsten Moenning

Discusses the increase in self‐employment in the UK over the past decade. Presents the results of a cross‐sectional, comparative, static analysis of the determinants of…

Abstract

Discusses the increase in self‐employment in the UK over the past decade. Presents the results of a cross‐sectional, comparative, static analysis of the determinants of self‐employment using data on the UK counties. The results suggest that greater attention should be paid to non‐economic factors for self‐employment.

Details

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2554

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Article
Publication date: 30 October 2009

Andreas Löschel and Dirk T.G. Rübbelke

This paper aims to investigate empirically the findings of an analytical impure public good model. The impure public good model described in this study allows for the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate empirically the findings of an analytical impure public good model. The impure public good model described in this study allows for the application of different technologies generating public and private characteristics. The influence of the individual technologies on the total level of (impure) public good provision is of main concern in this study.

Design/methodology/approach

After the illustration of the impure public good model, the analytical results are compared to the results of a numerical approach based on climate policy in Germany.

Findings

The study shows that comparative static analyses do not always generate clear results. Therefore, the numerical approach is helpful to derive unambiguous results. The paper finds that technologies which exclusively generate private characteristics may have significant effects on total impure public good provision, since they may replace the private characteristics of the impure public good.

Originality/value

This paper provides useful information on the influence of the individual technologies on the total level of (impure) public good provision.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 36 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

Michael Ka‐Yiu Fung and Paul R. Flacco

Analyses the influence of export share and domestic contentpolicies on the level of capital investment undertaken by amultinational firm both in its home country and in…

Abstract

Analyses the influence of export share and domestic content policies on the level of capital investment undertaken by a multinational firm both in its home country and in the foreign country in which it operates. These protective policies, in force in both developing and industrialized countries, require the firm to employ a certain proportion of inputs from the foreign country in which it operates and to export a certain proportion of its output abroad. Cases examined in the analysis include those for which the firm faces uncertainty in the production process in the host and home countries; and in neither country. Finds that both of these policies can have spillover effects to the home country as well, i.e. when there is uncertainty in production in the home country, these policies can reduce the optimal level of investment in the home country, too.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 22 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 1 August 2012

Eugenio Avila Pedrozo, Marcelo Fernandes Pacheco Dias and Mônica C.S. de Abreu

Purpose – Agribusiness is crucial for the Brazilian trade balance surplus. Innovation, not only that focused on technology or productivity, is a basic condition for its…

Abstract

Purpose – Agribusiness is crucial for the Brazilian trade balance surplus. Innovation, not only that focused on technology or productivity, is a basic condition for its development. The context of the agribusiness activities in a developing country is dynamic and requires a multilevel and multifaceted view. This suggests that these features need to be incorporated both in the theories and methods. Therefore, we propose a method, from within the perspective of Configurations Theory, of capturing this dynamic multidimensionality. The method was applied in the context of the rice-farming business in Southern Brazil.

Methodology/approach – The proposed method, which we refer to as a Case Study Method with Multiple Units of Analysis and Mixed Methods, was applied in a research organization in an attempt to identify the evolution of innovation while considering a theoretical perspective based on multilevel rules.

Findings – Six different configurations in the temporal organization of research were identified. These six configurations describe the evolution of four emphases given to innovation, the drivers associated with the evolution of these emphases, and the changes that have occurred over time.

Social implications – The results may provide support for new public policies for rice farming and lead to improvements in the organization's strategies for innovation.

Originality/value of chapter – The combination of methods used (Case Study, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Social Network Analysis, Path Dependence, and Patterns of Decision Making) to study configurations, together with the dynamic approach to innovation based on multilevel rule, is unique.

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Article
Publication date: 8 July 2019

Yang Geng and Yulin Zhang

This paper aims to study the pricing strategies of an online trading platform with indirect network externalities by considering heterogeneous trading behavior in the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the pricing strategies of an online trading platform with indirect network externalities by considering heterogeneous trading behavior in the downstream market and the long tail.

Design/methodology/approach

The game theory, optimization and comparative static are used in this research. The equilibria are derived from the game theory, and with them, the authors optimize the platform’s profit function. Comparative static is used to study pricing strategies.

Findings

It is found that with heterogeneous trading behavior, the transaction-based model is more profitable than the subscription-based model by reason of the feasibility of “price discrimination”. However, with certain advantages of subscription fees such as avoiding offline transactions, the subscription-based model is better with a concentrated distribution of sellers’ revenues (the Gini coefficient is small). With a lucrative long tail, the platform should set a low price to attract small sellers in the long tail. Besides, if the Gini coefficient is large, the effects of the market entry barrier of sellers on the optimal price in each model may be opposite.

Research limitations/implications

It implies that the choice of revenue models and pricing strategies are influenced by the Gini coefficient or the long tail. The exogenous setting in which buyers can use the platform for free needs further extension.

Practical implications

The authors provide insights on how to choose revenue models and how to price the sellers with the long tail phenomenon.

Originality/value

This paper emphasizes the role of the long tail on pricing strategies and the effect of heterogeneous trading behavior on model selection.

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