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Article
Publication date: 25 November 2020

Yuanyuan Bai and Yuan Xue

The purpose of this paper is to derive the relationship between color schemes and emotion to serve for designers and consumers.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to derive the relationship between color schemes and emotion to serve for designers and consumers.

Design/methodology/approach

The three attributes of hue, brightness and saturation of the selected sample color are analyzed, and the Semantic Differential (SD) method is used for the emotional evaluation of color schemes, and data obtained from the emotional evaluation of color schemes is analyzed by using Excel software for mean statistics and SPSS software for factor analysis and cluster analysis.

Findings

From the results of the factor analysis, three main factors that affect the feeling of the color scheme can be extracted: “personality”, “gender” and “fashion”. Color emotions can be achieved by changing the level of color saturation and brightness, the cold and warmth of the hue and the way of color combination.

Research limitations/implications

Since it takes a long time to fill out the questionnaire, the number of valid questionnaires collected is a little less and the research data is limited. In addition, some problems are not taken into account such as geography and so on, so the results of the statistical analysis are not very precise and further research is needed.

Practical implications

It can provide information of emotional color schemes for designers and consumers, and based on the SD method, an emotional color matching questionnaire is designed and statistical analysis is conducted to establish the relationship between emotion and color schemes.

Originality/value

Based on the fashion color sample and color harmony theory, the color matching rules and color matching schemes are designed independently.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Ali Shams Nateri, Abbas Hajipour, Saeedeh Balarak and Gholam Khayati

This study aimed to Simultaneous matching of color and antimicrobial properties of silk fabric treated with silver nanoparticle. The antimicrobial finishing using silver…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to Simultaneous matching of color and antimicrobial properties of silk fabric treated with silver nanoparticle. The antimicrobial finishing using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is one of the most important finishing processes in the textile industry. Color matching is widely applied in the textile industry, but there has been a need for the prediction of AgNPs concentration for the matching of dyed silver-treated samples.

Design/methodology/approach

In this research, the silk fabrics were dyed with various concentrations of C.I. Acid Red 359 dye at 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 per cent (w/w). The dyed fabrics were then coated with AgNPs in several concentrations at 0.015, 0.030, 0.050, 0.100 and 0.250 ml/l. The prediction of dye and AgNPs concentrations were evaluated using single constant color matching and artificial neural network techniques.

Findings

The obtained results indicate that the accuracy of dye concentration prediction, as well as AgNPs concentration prediction, was improved by using a neural network method. Also, the correlation between actual and predicted dye and AgNPs concentrations in the best neural networks is more than the single constant color matching method.

Originality/value

Simultaneous antibacterial and color matching of nanosilver-treated fabric is novel. This method achieved acceptable accuracy for antibacterial and color matching.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 46 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1984

R.J. Holman

Computer Colour Matching of printing inks may be introduced by the simple definition:

Abstract

Computer Colour Matching of printing inks may be introduced by the simple definition:

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 13 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Article
Publication date: 22 October 2018

Ali Shams Nateri, Elham Hasanlou and Abbas Hajipour

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods, such as genetic algorithm (GA) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), are capable of providing superior solutions for the…

Abstract

Purpose

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods, such as genetic algorithm (GA) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), are capable of providing superior solutions for the simulation and the modeling of complex problems. The purpose of this study is to estimate the dye and the silver nanoparticle (AgNP) concentrations of silver nanoparticle-treated silk fabrics by the aforementioned methods.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the color and the antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticle-treated silk fabrics were matched by using the GA technique based on spectrophotometric color matching. The ANFIS method was also used; this method is based on the grid partitioning algorithm across four different methods. The first and second methods are provided for dye concentration prediction, and the third and the fourth methods are given for AgNP concentration prediction.

Findings

The mean of absolute error and root mean square (RMS) of the best dye concentration prediction by the ANFIS method based on the second method are 0.087 and 0.103, respectively. In addition, the mean of the absolute error and the RMS of the best results for AgNP concentration prediction by the ANFIS method by using the third method is 0.002 and 0.003, respectively. The obtained results indicate that the performance of the ANFIS method is better than the GA method.

Originality value

The simultaneous prediction of the color and the antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticle-treated silk fabrics was performed by using the GA and the ANFIS. The suggested method led to acceptable accuracy for color and antibacterial matching.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 48 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 June 2019

Xingxing Zou, Wai Keung Wong, Can Gao and Jie Zhou

The deficiency of the mapping between fashion color (FoCo) value and linguistic color expression causes the difficulty of machine-based fashion understanding tasks that…

Abstract

Purpose

The deficiency of the mapping between fashion color (FoCo) value and linguistic color expression causes the difficulty of machine-based fashion understanding tasks that are heavily associated with color matching. The purpose of this paper is to propose the FoCo system and construct it with four steps, in order to bridge this gap.

Design/methodology/approach

The color distribution in HSB color space is analyzed to estimate the rough number of color categories. Similar color values are grouped to obtain the initial HSB value range for each color category. The intra-category color differences are calculated to determine their final HSB value ranges and Pantone color is used for fine-tuning.

Findings

With practical applications in mind, the FoCo system is designed as a hierarchical structure with three layers.

Originality/value

The FoCo system is designed as a hierarchical structure with three layers: color units for color matching-related tasks, color categories for style analysis tasks and color tones for color recognition tasks. Extensive experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the FoCo system.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1986

Colour is that part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is perceived by the human eye to form what we know as ‘light’. Other forms of radiation such as UV and radio waves…

Abstract

Colour is that part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is perceived by the human eye to form what we know as ‘light’. Other forms of radiation such as UV and radio waves do not form part of the visible spectrum and are perceived by other parts of the human sensory system (UV will burn, radio waves can be converted into sound). The full electromagnetic spectrum spans wavelengths from 10−5 to 1013 nanometers, with visible light forming only a small fraction of this between about 400–700 nanometers. The colour of an object as perceived by the human eye depends on the proportion of each wavelength of light reflected, and on the nature of the illumination.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 15 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1993

Precise colour matching, a regular requirement for architects, major retailers, designers and clothes buyers, is now much more convenient with Macbeth's portable viewing…

Abstract

Precise colour matching, a regular requirement for architects, major retailers, designers and clothes buyers, is now much more convenient with Macbeth's portable viewing booth. Easy to carry and quick to erect, the Judge II can be used for matching colours, evaluating colour quality and appraising colour uniformity in almost any environment. The unit's extremely rugged construction also allows it to double as a fixed booth.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 22 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2001

Milind Taskar and Mukund Gadre

Color Maker is a computer simulation of mixing colorants to generate a resultant true colour on screen. It can be described as the infinite shade card. It has obvious…

278

Abstract

Color Maker is a computer simulation of mixing colorants to generate a resultant true colour on screen. It can be described as the infinite shade card. It has obvious advantages to offer the paint coatings and printing ink industries, which are defined. However, applications can be made for Color Maker in all colour‐using industries. An example is given of its development as an accurate tool in determining true colours on pharmaceutical tablet coatings. Here, it evaluates the colour on the tablet in a three‐dimensional rendering of the colour, and produces what can be termed a three‐dimensional shade card.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

The Color‐Eye 2445 compact benchtop spectrophotometer is designed for applications requiring the precision and durability of a laboratory‐grade instrument along with the…

Abstract

The Color‐Eye 2445 compact benchtop spectrophotometer is designed for applications requiring the precision and durability of a laboratory‐grade instrument along with the self‐contained microprocessor and display of a portable instrument, providing an easy‐to‐use solution for colour‐control problems.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2008

Kavita Mathur, Abdel-Fattah M. Seyam, David Hinks and R. Alan Donaldson

Today, Jacquard woven fabric producers are able to digitally control each warp yarn individually, pre-program the variable pick density and speed for each filling yarn…

Abstract

Today, Jacquard woven fabric producers are able to digitally control each warp yarn individually, pre-program the variable pick density and speed for each filling yarn, and automatically change a pattern without stopping the weaving process. Jacquard CAD systems dramatically reduce the time to produce fabric from the artwork or target design The process of weave/color selection for each area of the pattern is, however, still highly dependent on the CAD system operator who works from a particular color gamut. Multiple weaving trials are required to get a sample that matches the original artwork since the process requires the designer‘s subjective evaluation. The lack of automatic selection of weaves/color matching prompts this research.

This paper addresses the development of a geometric model for predicting the color contribution of each warp and filling yarn on the fabric surface in terms of construction parameters. The combination of geometric modeling and existing color mixing equations enables the prediction of the final color of different areas of a Jacquard pattern. The model was verified experimentally and a close agreement was found between a color mixing equation and the experimental measurements.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

Keywords

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