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Article
Publication date: 5 July 2019

Roberto Eduardo Quintal-Palomo, Maciej Gwozdziewicz and Mateusz Dybkowski

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an accurate methodology for modelling and analysis of the permanent magnet synchronous generator connected to power electronic components.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an accurate methodology for modelling and analysis of the permanent magnet synchronous generator connected to power electronic components.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents the methodology of the co-simulation of a permanent magnet synchronous generator. It combines Simulink, Maxwell and Simplorer software to demonstrate the electrical machine behaviour connected with the power electronics’ circuit. The finite element analysis performed on the designed machine exhibit a more accurate behaviour over simplified Simulink models. Results between both simulation and co-simulation are compared to measurements.

Findings

The co-simulation approach offers a more accurate depiction of the machine behaviour and its interaction with the non-linear circuits.

Research limitations/implications

This paper focuses on the interior permanent magnet type of PMSG and its interaction with a passive rectifier (nonlinear circuit).

Practical implications

The advanced capabilities of the co-simulation method allow to analyse more variations (geometry, materials, etc.), and its interaction with non-linear circuits, than previous simulation techniques.

Originality/value

The co-simulation as a tool for analysis and design of systems interconnected with unconventional and conventional electrical machines and prototypes, and the comparison of the obtained results with classical analysis and design methods, against measurements obtained from the prototype.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 38 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Xinxing Huang, Yihua Yao, Qinfen Lu, Xiaoyan Huang and Youtong Fang

In electric system of high-speed trains, neutral sections are set to balance the three-phase load. When passing neutral sections, the train should detach from the power…

Abstract

Purpose

In electric system of high-speed trains, neutral sections are set to balance the three-phase load. When passing neutral sections, the train should detach from the power supply for a short time. To permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) traction system, the voltage of DC link will increase quickly due to the back-EMF of PMSM during this time. Although the energy consumption braking method can be adopted to consume the feedback energy. It not only wastes energy, but also causes more speed drop of the train. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to get better performance when the train is under passing neutral section condition, a suitable control method is proposed, in which the torque command is set to zero and d-axis current order remains unchanged during passing neutral section. Based on a co-simulation model, the influences of this method on the PMSMs traction system are compared with that of traditional method, which is used in induction motors traction system. This model combines both control strategy and finite element model of motor, which can take the effects of magnetic saturation and power loss into consideration.

Findings

In PMSMs traction system, PMSMs work as generators during neutral section, and charge to DC bus, which may cause over-voltage damage. Moreover, there would be strong torque shock at the moment of power cut-off. It is finally found that, with the suitable control method, the high-speed train can pass the neutral section with less speed drop, less torque shock and little DC link voltage rise.

Originality/value

The control method proposed in this paper is easier to achieve and gets a better performance of PMSMs traction system in high-speed train compared with the traditional method. Furthermore, the co-simulation model is much closer to reality than the analytical model.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 31 October 2018

S. Marie Moghadasi, Albert J. de Wit and Fabio Chiacchio

The purpose of this paper is to determine thermal behaviour of wing fuel tank wall via heating by external heat sources.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine thermal behaviour of wing fuel tank wall via heating by external heat sources.

Design/methodology/approach

A 3D finite element model of the structure has been created that takes into account convection, conduction and radiation effects. In addition, a 3D finite volume model of the air inside the leading edge is created. Through a computational fluid dynamics approach, the flow of air and thermal behaviour of the air is modelled. The structure and fluid model are coupled via a co-simulation engine to exchange heat flux and temperature. Different ventilation cases of the leading edge and their impact on the thermal behaviour of the tank wall (corresponding to the front spar) are investigated.

Findings

Results of 3D analysis illustrate good insight into the thermal behaviour of the tank wall. Furthermore, if regions exist in the leading edge that differs significantly from the overall thermal picture of the leading edge, these are visible in a 3D analysis. Finally, the models can be used to support a flammability analysis assessment.

Practical implications

Provided that the bleed pipe is located far enough from the spar and covered with sufficient thermal heat isolation, the composite leading edge structure will not reach extremely high temperatures.

Originality/value

These detailed simulations provide accurate results which can be used as reliable input for the fuel tank flammability analysis.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 90 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Quanquan Liu, Chaoyang Shi, Bo Zhang, Chunbao Wang, Lihong Duan, Tongyang Sun, Xin Zhang, Weiguang Li, Zhengzhi Wu and Masakatsu G. Fujie

Paediatric congenital esophageal atresia surgery typically requires delicate and dexterous operations in a narrow and confined workspace. This study aims to develop a…

Abstract

Purpose

Paediatric congenital esophageal atresia surgery typically requires delicate and dexterous operations in a narrow and confined workspace. This study aims to develop a novel robot assisted surgical system to address these challenges.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed surgical robot consists of two symmetrical slave arms with nine degree of freedoms each. Each slave arm uses a rigid-dexterous configuration and consists of a coarse positioning manipulator and a distal fine operation manipulator. A small Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm (SCARA) mechanism was designed to form the main component of the coarse positioning unit, ensuring to endure large forces along the vertical direction and meet the operational demands. The fine positioning manipulator applied the novel design using flexible shafts and universal joints to achieve delicate operations while possessing a high rigidity. The corresponding kinematics has been derived and then was validated by a co-simulation that was performed based on the combined use of Adams and MATLAB with considering the real robot mass information. Experimental evaluations for the tip positioning accuracy and the ring transfer tasks have been performed.

Findings

The simulation was performed to verify the correctness of the derived inverse kinematics and demonstrated the robot’s flexibility. The experimental results illustrated that the end-effector can achieve a positioning accuracy within 1.5 mm in a confined 30 × 30 × 30 mm workspace. The ring transfer task demonstrated that the surgical robot is capable of providing a solution for dexterous tissue intervention in a narrow workspace for paediatric surgery.

Originality/value

A novel and compact surgical assist robot is developed to support delicate operations by using the dexterous slave arm. The slave arm consists of a SCARA mechanism to avoid experiencing overload in the vertical direction and a tool manipulator driven by flexible shafts and universal joints to provide high dexterity for operating in a narrow workspace.

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Article
Publication date: 29 November 2019

Shaomin He, Huan Yang, Guangzhuo Li, Sideng Hu and Xiangning He

This paper aims to analyze the dominant stray parameters of the DC bus bar and focus on weakening the influence of the stray parameters instead of reducing the value of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze the dominant stray parameters of the DC bus bar and focus on weakening the influence of the stray parameters instead of reducing the value of the stray parameters in DC bus bar while switching. By finding the mechanisms to reduce the effects of stray parameters on switching transient, the simple and straightforward optimization methods could be given for the engineering designer.

Design/methodology/approach

The investigations are focused on the equivalent circuit by segmented impedance evaluation in the low-frequency band and the energy propagation by wave impedance evaluation in the high frequency band. This paper proposes an equivalent impedance calculation model to locate the dominant stray parameters in the DC bus bar and takes the energy propagation characteristics using wave impedance into consideration, which can simplify the optimization design of DC bus bar.

Findings

According to the equivalent circuit and electromagnetic field analysis, this paper proves the existence of the dominant stray parameters in DC bus bar that is widely used on high-power converters and certifies that not all the stray parameters in different areas of DC bus bar have the same effects on switching process, which can give a good guidance for the optimization design of DC bus bar.

Originality/value

The positions of DC-link capacitors, resulting in only part of stray parameters in DC bus bar has more impact during switching, are significant to the DC bus bar optimization design. These stray parameters named dominant stray parameters in this paper play a leading role in the switching transient process. The area of DC bus bar, which is close to IGBTs and far from DC-link capacitors, contains the dominant stray parameters in the switching transient process. Therefore, the distance between DC-link capacitors and IGBTs should be shortened as much as possible. Based on the results, the efficiency for the DC bus bar optimization design could be improved by weakening the influence of the stray parameters, such as reducing the dominant stray parameters only. Therefore, it can save the cost and time of DC bus bar optimization design.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 39 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 28 October 2014

Qingqing Ma, Baoming Ge, Daqiang Bi, Fernando J.T.E. Ferreira and Aníbal T. de Almeida

The purpose of this paper is to propose a new three-phase switched reluctance motor (SRM), and achieve high-torque and low-cost. This new SRM's winding configuration uses…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a new three-phase switched reluctance motor (SRM), and achieve high-torque and low-cost. This new SRM's winding configuration uses the double-layer distributed windings, which is different from the conventional SRM's single tooth coils.

Design/methodology/approach

The operating principle of new SRM is analyzed, and the voltage equation and the generated torque are deduced. Finite element method (FEM) and finite element circuit coupled method are utilized to evaluate the new motor's operating performances. The two dimensional (2D) frequency response analysis model is employed in the FEM model. Based on the 2D frequency response analysis model, the magnetic field distribution, self-inductance, and mutual-inductance for the new SRM are analyzed in detail. A co-simulation model using FE analysis package and Matlab-Simulink is proposed to simulate the new SRM drive. The simulated and experimental results verify the new SRM.

Findings

For the new SRM with double-layer distributed windings, a co-simulation method is proposed to analyze its characteristics. The new SRM presents lower torque ripple coefficient and generates larger torque than the conventional SRM, with three-wire and standard full bridge power converter, rather than six-wire and asymmetric half-bridge converter for conventional SRM.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a new SRM with the double-layer distributed windings driven by a standard full bridge inverter. In order to calculate dynamic characteristics of the new SRM, a co-simulation method using FEM and Simulink is proposed to simulate the new SRM drive, where the power inverter and the current chopping control algorithm are implemented.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 33 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 November 2020

Taki Eddine Lechekhab, Stojadin Manojlovic, Momir Stankovic, Rafal Madonski and Slobodan Simic

The control of a quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is a challenging problem because of its highly nonlinear dynamics, under-actuated nature and strong…

Abstract

Purpose

The control of a quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is a challenging problem because of its highly nonlinear dynamics, under-actuated nature and strong cross-couplings. To solve this problem, this paper aims to propose a robust control strategy, based on a concept of active disturbance rejection control (ADRC).

Design/methodology/approach

The altitude/attitude dynamics of a quadrotor is reformulated into the ADRC framework. Three distinct variations of the error-based ADRC algorithms, with different structures of generalized extended state observers (GESO), are derived for the altitude/attitude trajectory-following task. The convergence of the observation part is proved based on the singular perturbation theory. Through a frequency analysis and a quantitative comparison in a simulated environment, each design is shown to have certain advantages and disadvantages in terms of tracking accuracy and robustness. The digital prototypes of the proposed controllers for quadrotor altitude and attitude control channels are designed and validated through real-time hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) co-simulation, with field-programmable gate array (FPGA) hardware.

Findings

The effects of unavailable reference time-derivatives can be estimated by the ESO and rejected through the outer control loop. The higher order ESOs demonstrate better performances, but with reductions of stability margins. Time-domain simulation analysis reveals the benefits of the proposed control structure related to classical control approach. Real-time FPGA-based HIL co-simulations validated the performances of the considered digital controllers in typical quadrotor flight scenarios.

Practical implications

The conducted study forms a set of practical guidelines for end-users for selecting specific ADRC design for quadrotor control depending on the given control objective and work conditions. Furthermore, the paper presents detailed procedure for the design, simulation and validation of the embedded FPGA-based quadrotor control unit.

Originality/value

In light of the currently available literature on error-based ADRC, a comprehensive approach is applied here, which includes the design of error-based ADRC with different GESOs, its frequency-domain and time-domain analyses using different simulation of UAV flight scenarios, as well as its FPGA-based implementation and testing on the real hardware.

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Stef Lommen, Gabriel Lodewijks and Dingena L. Schott

Bulk material-handling equipment development can be accelerated and is less expensive when testing of virtual prototypes can be adopted. However, often the complexity of…

Abstract

Purpose

Bulk material-handling equipment development can be accelerated and is less expensive when testing of virtual prototypes can be adopted. However, often the complexity of the interaction between particulate material and handling equipment cannot be handled by a single computational solver. This paper aims to establish a framework for the development, verification and application of a co-simulation of discrete element method (DEM) and multibody dynamics (MBD).

Design/methodology/approach

The two methods have been coupled in two directions, which consists of coupling the load data on the geometry from DEM to MBD and the position data from MBD to DEM. The coupling has been validated thoroughly in several scenarios, and the stability and robustness have been investigated.

Findings

All tests clearly demonstrated that the co-simulation is successful in predicting particle–equipment interaction. Examples are provided describing the effects of a coupling that is too tight, as well as a coupling that is too loose. A guideline has been developed for achieving stable and efficient co-simulations.

Originality/value

This framework shows how to achieve realistic co-simulations of particulate material and equipment interaction of a dynamic nature.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 November 2009

Zhang Ming, Nie Hong, Wei Xiao‐hui, Qian Xiaomei and Zhou Enzhi

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a co‐simulation method to study the ground maneuvers of aircraft anti‐skid braking and steering.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a co‐simulation method to study the ground maneuvers of aircraft anti‐skid braking and steering.

Design/methodology/approach

A virtual prototype of aircraft is established in the multibody system dynamics software MSC.ADAMS/Aircraft. The anti‐skid braking control model, which adopts the multi‐threshold PID control method with a slip‐velocity‐controlled, pressure‐bias‐modulated (PBM) system, is established in MATLAB/Simulink. EASY5 is used to establish the hydraulic system of nose wheel steering. The ADAMS model is connected to block diagrams of the anti‐skid braking control model in MATLAB/Simulink, and is also connected to the block diagrams of nose wheel steering system model in EASY5, so that the ground maneuvers of aircraft anti‐skid braking and steering are simulated separately.

Findings

Results are presented to investigate the performance of anti‐skid braking system in aircraft anti‐skid simulation. In aircraft steering simulation, the influence of two important parameters on the forces acting on the tires is discussed in detail, and the safe area to prevent aircraft sideslip is obtained.

Originality/value

This paper presents an advanced method to study the ground maneuvers of aircraft anti‐skid braking and steering, and establishes an integrated aircraft model of airframe, landing gear, steering system, and anti‐skid braking system to investigate the interaction of each subsystem via simulation.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 28 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 4 June 2018

Francesco De Luca, Hendrik Voll and Martin Thalfeldt

Exterior shading devices and dynamic shading systems constitute an efficient way to improve energy efficiency and occupants’ comfort in buildings through the reduction of…

Abstract

Purpose

Exterior shading devices and dynamic shading systems constitute an efficient way to improve energy efficiency and occupants’ comfort in buildings through the reduction of direct solar heat gains and disturbing glare. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the performance of different types of shading systems, fixed and dynamic, and their influence on the energy consumption and cooling loads for an office building located in Tallinn, Estonia. The scope is to determine the most performative configuration for energy consumption and cooling load reduction for office buildings and to provide designers and developers with the necessary knowledge to increase the performance of their buildings.

Design/methodology/approach

There are many types of fixed shading devices, most of which use rectangular planar elements, the orientation and layout of which depends on the building location and façade orientation. The dynamic shading systems vary on the base of the building occupancy schedules and occupants’ preferences. The paper presents a method to determine the most efficient type and size of fixed shading devices in relation to different windows’ size and orientation, and the quantity of windows panes. At the same time the dynamic shading system using a control algorithm developed by the authors is compared.

Findings

The results show that solar shading is an efficient way to control the energy consumption of office buildings, though with different efficacy by the static systems depending on orientation, window and shading type. Evidence shows that dynamic blind systems have more uniform performance and usually outperform static shading.

Originality/value

The paper compares the performances of different static and dynamic shading devices and systems for the location in Tallinn. The dynamic shading system tested uses a control algorithm developed by the authors. The indications for the energy reduction and cooling loads are a valuable resource for designers and developers to increase the energy efficiency of their buildings.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

Keywords

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