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Article
Publication date: 9 January 2009

Amit K. Chakrabarty and Krishnamay Ghosh

The purpose of this paper is to study the progress of rural development through the performance of a rural co‐operative.

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1048

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the progress of rural development through the performance of a rural co‐operative.

Design/methodology/approach

Random sample of 100 members of the co‐operative have been selected. The opinion of sample members has been collected personally through questionnaire and also direct interview. Secondary data were collected from the published annual reports of the co‐operative. The data, both primary and secondary have been tabulated in a suitable sheet prepared for the purpose. Analyzing and interpreting the collected data, conclusion has been drawn.

Findings

The study reveals that the rural co‐operative has been able to improve the living standard of the rural people of the studied area, thus the rural co‐operative accelerated the process of rural development in remote India.

Research limitations/implications

The study, is totally based on the sample opinion and published data of the co‐operative. The period of study is very short. So, the outcome of the study may not be generalized.

Practical implications

A smooth and active system of loan‐issuance and loan‐recovery of a rural co‐operative may uplift the living standard of the rural populace.

Originality/value

This research could assist in the management of a co‐operative since management‐efficiency regarding the recovery of loan has been proved in this paper.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 36 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1987

John Stirling, Mary Mellor and Janet Hannah

For many, co‐operatives represent a challenge to existing systems of industrial relations and organisation structure. However, many of the co‐operatives which have been…

Abstract

For many, co‐operatives represent a challenge to existing systems of industrial relations and organisation structure. However, many of the co‐operatives which have been formed in recent years do not approximate to this vision, since they have not been set up from an ideological standpoint. Co‐operatives can be divided into three types: small business; participative; ideological. It is also important to evaluate their development against the reasons for their evolution. Indeed, the new co‐operatives are ideologically diverse, organisationally different, and a considerable way off being the job generators of the future.

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Employee Relations, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1981

Philip Modiano and Sharon Dimoldenbery

In this article it is intended to describe aspects of internal working relationships in small co‐operative businesses which distinguish such firms from conventional…

Abstract

In this article it is intended to describe aspects of internal working relationships in small co‐operative businesses which distinguish such firms from conventional companies. Subsequently we go on to assess the effect of such relationships on the work of an outside consultant brought in to advise the co‐operative. The article is based on the work that the authors did with four small co‐operatives in the London Borough of Lambeth during the first half of 1980.

Details

Employee Relations, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1989

Cheng‐chung Lai

How the Chinese Nationalist Government tried to use co‐operativesas a socio‐economic instrument in mainland China (1928‐1949) but metwith little success is discussed. The…

Abstract

How the Chinese Nationalist Government tried to use co‐operatives as a socio‐economic instrument in mainland China (1928‐1949) but met with little success is discussed. The historical background of the Chinese co‐operative movement is presented, the structure and quality of different types of co‐operatives examined, the performance of co‐operatives and the benefits of being a co‐operator evaluated and the characteristics and problems of this system considered.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 30 August 2011

Ed Mayo

The purpose of this paper is to consider the historical basis of development of corporate social responsibility and the impact of this on co‐operative enterprises and…

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1528

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the historical basis of development of corporate social responsibility and the impact of this on co‐operative enterprises and member‐owned businesses.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a viewpoint identified by years of experience dealing with co‐operative organisations.

Findings

The paper finds that the basis of development of corporate social responsibility from the perspective of commercial corporations does not promote an adequate accounting framework for co‐operative enterprises and member‐owned businesses.

Research limitations/implications

Practitioners in different areas of business are trying to make sense of sustainability accounting and reporting in a commercial setting. This piece by one of these, draws on a topical initiative around co‐operative enterprises to raise questions around what is meant by performance in the context of member‐owned enterprises and whether the field of corporate social responsibility has overlooked the relevance of ownership in terms of organisational incentives for action.

Practical implications

The author proposes a series of definitions for co‐operative performance, which are designed to underpin metrics that relate to “member value”. This is offered in contrast to “shareholder value” for companies that, unlike co‐operatives, are owned by external shareholders.

Social implications

The field of corporate social responsibility is a major user and innovator of the tools and techniques for sustainability accounting and reporting. But it tends to be silent on ownership. However, if different models of ownership create different incentives for action on sustainable development, then rather than just accounting for “how” an enterprise operates, however it is owned and led, there may be value in tools to test “whether” an institution is fit for purpose in its fundamental design.

Originality/value

The paper develops a new perspective and future research opportunities in identifying performance measures for co‐operative enterprises.

Details

Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8021

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1981

Martyn Sloman and Rod Barr

The second half of the 1970s witnessed a resurgence of interest in industrial co‐operatives and all the evidence suggests that this interest will gain further momentum in…

Abstract

The second half of the 1970s witnessed a resurgence of interest in industrial co‐operatives and all the evidence suggests that this interest will gain further momentum in the 1980s. An understandable but regrettable tendency to concentrate publicity on a number of celebrated rescue cases should not be allowed to obscure the fact that some 200 new industrial co‐operative ventures have been established over the last decade.

Details

Employee Relations, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

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Book part
Publication date: 11 September 2012

Sonja Novkovic, Piotr Prokopowicz and Ryszard Stocki

This chapter contributes to the discourse on the impact of employee participation in organisations. Using worker co-operatives as special cases of participatory firms, we…

Abstract

This chapter contributes to the discourse on the impact of employee participation in organisations. Using worker co-operatives as special cases of participatory firms, we discuss the role of values in organisations and their importance in a business context. We devise and apply the CoopIndex diagnostic tool as a method of assessment of the ‘health’ of an organisation whose members aspire to align co-operative management with the application of the co-operative principles and values.

Details

Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-221-9

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Book part
Publication date: 1 June 2017

Stéphane Jaumier, Thibault Daudigeos and Vassili Joannidès de Lautour

The purpose of our article is to contribute to the further understanding of individual responses to pluralism, by studying in particular the role played by critiques and…

Abstract

The purpose of our article is to contribute to the further understanding of individual responses to pluralism, by studying in particular the role played by critiques and compromises in the formulation of such responses. Drawing on theoretical insights from the sociology of conventions, we look at the various modes of justification publicly advanced by French co-operators when engaging with co-operative principles. Our analysis allows us to identify three main instantiations, that is situated and flexible enactments, of these principles: pragmatic, reformist, and political. Our contribution to the understanding of pluralism and its instantiations by organizational members is threefold. First, in contrast with studies drawing on an institutional-logics perspective, our study shows that individual instantiations of pluralism rely not only on positive affirmations of logics but also on critical mobilizations of competing logics. Second, our study shows that pluralism can be understood not only as co-existing multiple logics, but also as different possible instantiations of the same logic, the ambiguity of which allows compromises to be settled with other logics. Third, we suggest that organizational members’ responses to pluralism often involve more than two logics, which are combined into a complex set of interdependent judgments. In addition, in relation to co-operative studies, our proposed typology provides a mapping that usefully extends the range of possibilities found in co-operators’ instantiations of co-operative principles, thus furthering our understanding of the diversity of the co-operative movement.

Details

Justification, Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-379-1

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Book part
Publication date: 5 January 2006

Isabelle Halary

In the last two decades, a new form of organization has progressively become predominant on many global markets: networks. Very few worker co-operatives have adopted such…

Abstract

In the last two decades, a new form of organization has progressively become predominant on many global markets: networks. Very few worker co-operatives have adopted such a pattern though, despite the fact that, as the theoretical literature shows, the advantages of network industrial structures are numerous and networking can be considered a necessity in the context of globalization. After introducing a new framework for analyzing networks, we argue that combining several dimensions of integration has been an important factor of efficiency in three case studies: Mondragon Corporacion Cooperativa, the industrial districts of Emilia-Romagna, and Scop Entreprises.

Details

Participation in the Age of Globalization and Information
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-278-8

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Book part
Publication date: 12 February 2013

Richard Lang, Dietmar Roessl and Daniela Weismeier-Sammer

Purpose – The aim of this study is to examine the impact of co-operative governance structures on citizen participation in public service provision.Methodology – Using a…

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this study is to examine the impact of co-operative governance structures on citizen participation in public service provision.Methodology – Using a multiple case study-approach, we analyse and compare five examples of co-operative public–citizen partnerships in Austria and Germany.Findings – The study clearly shows that co-operatives can be a tool for both, (1) the bottom-up self-organization of citizens (co-operative as ‘contested space’) and (2) the top-down organization to canalize citizen participation (co-operative as ‘invited space’). Co-operative public–citizen partnerships therefore represent a balancing act between dependency through public funding and autonomy through community-based decision making.Research implications and limitations – The chapter underlines the importance of context-sensitive qualitative research. Limitations might stem from the fact that municipal areas might differ in other countries than Germany and Austria, for example, due to legal prerequisites.Practical implications – If regional government representatives are supporting a bottom-up initiative, they are more inclined to provide crucial resources for the public–citizen partnership and tensions between different stakeholders involved are weakened.Social implications – Co-operative public–citizen partnerships might enhance participatory democracy and seem to strengthen solidarity and social cohesion on the neighbourhood level.Originality/value of chapter – In showing that co-operatives are a suitable governance structure for community organizations, which enhance democratic decision making and foster social innovation in public service delivery, we support the findings of other studies. The chapter suggests that in order to enhance our understanding of citizen participation, context-sensitive research that goes beyond merely descriptive governance analysis is needed, taking into account the historical trajectories of public–citizen partnerships.

Details

Conceptualizing and Researching Governance in Public and Non-Profit Organizations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-657-6

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