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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Claudiu George Bocean, Miguel Delattre, Rodolphe Ocler and Catalina Soriana Sitnikov

This paper aims to highlight the links among standardization, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and critical management. It also aims at understanding the implication…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to highlight the links among standardization, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and critical management. It also aims at understanding the implication of the normalization process for CSR but also questions the nature of this concept.

Design/methodology/approach

To determine the interest in standardization, we forecasted the trend in issuing ISO certificates based on autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and Holt statistical models. Then a critical approach is used to understand the nature of CSR.

Findings

The paper focuses on a critical approach and challenge the definition of CSR through the lenses of standardization. It shows that the notion of CSR is polysemic and highlights the limits of standardization process.

Research limitations/implications

The research is only based on ISO standards, not other kind of standardization process.

Social implications

The paper questions the notion of CSR and shows the different elements that this notion covers.

Originality/value

The paper questions the role of standardization and its impact on CSR adopting a critical view.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Claudiu Bocean, Miguel Delattre, Rodolphe Ocler and Catalina Sitnikov

Abstract

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Henri Savall, Véronique Zardet, Michel Péron and Marc Bonnet

– The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of an integrative approach to CSR.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show the importance of an integrative approach to CSR.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on the qualimetrics intervention-research methodology. It is an exploratory research project.

Findings

The intervention-research case study shows an example where an integrative approach to CSR was made possible.

Research limitations/implications

The paper only presents an example of a company. Future research should show how the method that has been experimented to integrate CSR might be implemented.

Practical implications

The paper might help company actors debate and propose an innovative approach to CSR.

Social implications

The paper provides scientific methods to better negotiate the creation of norms and standards in the field of CSR, enabling to move one step further as regards ISO 26000.

Originality/value

It shows some of the conditions required to bridge the gap between CSR and financial standards.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 25 May 2021

Anca Băndoi, Claudiu George Bocean, Aurelia Florea, Lucian Mandache, Cătălina Soriana Sitnikov and Anca Antoaneta Vărzaru

Global warming is a process that takes place 11,500 years after the end of the last Ice Age. The main identified reason is the increased emissions of greenhouse gases…

Abstract

Global warming is a process that takes place 11,500 years after the end of the last Ice Age. The main identified reason is the increased emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Since the nineteenth century, GHG evolution has recorded a quantum leap from the previous linear development. Human is the main factor behind this evolution, through industrialization and the exponential increase of population. Based on these, the chapter’s primary goal was to highlight an original method of predicting the future evolution of GHG emissions in the domains of Energy (including Transportation), Industry Processes and Product Use, Agriculture, and Waste Management. The novelty of the research consisted of testing several variants of functions (power, exponential, inverse trigonometric) to identify, from a group of variants. This optimal function would generate those predictions, which are closest to the real values. The causes that create GHG emissions in each of the four domains were the foundation for the analysis. This chapter focuses on two main subjects: first, the identification of a smooth function to predict the evolution of GHG emissions, and second, the function’s use to estimate the projections of GHG emissions in the coming years for the four domains: Energy (including Transportation), Industry Processes and Product Use, Agriculture, and Waste Management. An observation was that the weights of these four domains remain relatively the same despite the reductions in the total GHG emissions.

Details

Contemporary Issues in Social Science
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-931-3

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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Paolo Rossi

– The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the convergence of the social reporting guidelines available in Italy.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the convergence of the social reporting guidelines available in Italy.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is based on a documentary analysis of four selected social reporting guidelines provided by Italian institutions or translated in Italian.

Findings

The results of the analysis point out that it is possible to identify an isomorphic convergence among the guidelines, though differences remain relevant and express peculiar institutional expectations on the behaviours of different typologies of organizations.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited to Italian social reporting guidelines; however, it provides a methodology which could be applied in different contexts.

Practical implications

This study identifies the leading and primary issues in social reporting practices across different sectorial and methodological schemes.

Social implications

The convergence of social reporting guidelines has a twofold implication: on one hand, social accountability is plastic issue, adaptable to different organization sectors and typologies; on the other, a common codification and commodification of social accountability is emerging.

Originality/value

The article proposes a cross-sectorial analysis of social reporting methodologies, to identify analogies, differences and trends of institutionalization and standardization of this process.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Eric Davoine and Delphine Gendre

The aim of this paper is to identify difficulties and tension fields encountered in a Social Accountability (SA) 8000 certification process. The paper is based on a case…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to identify difficulties and tension fields encountered in a Social Accountability (SA) 8000 certification process. The paper is based on a case study within a multinational small–medium enterprise (SME) during the implementation of a SA8000 standard.

Design/methodology/approach

In the framework of the case study, we adopt a cognitivist approach and use cognitive maps to describe and analyze the corporate social responsibility (CSR) representations of the main actors of the certification process: the owner-manager of the SME and the certification manager. We collected additional information on the case company through document analysis, additional interviews, validation interviews, confrontation interviews and follow-up interviews after one year.

Findings

The analysis of cognitive maps revealed tension fields and difficulties linked to the different representations of social responsibility between the social accountability standard SA8000 and the owner-manager strategic vision. It also underlines the sensemaking role of the certification manager in the certification process.

Research limitations/implications

Limitations of the research are the explorative character of an illustrative case study and the limits of the construction of cognitive maps. The cognitive perspective brings new insights into the certification process and into the interaction between middle and top management.

Practical implications

Implementing a CSR standard necessitates a cognitive change of individual representationsto integrate CSR standardized criteria in the complex, idiosyncratic and systemic representations of the main actors.

Social implications

The case study shows clearly the tensions existing between the CSR representation based on a social standard and the CSR representation of SME owner-managers.

Originality/value

Cognitive mapping has been often used to analyze and to discuss strategic vision of SME owner-managers, but rarely in the field of CSR. The confrontation of two maps and the complementary analysis of the case study context bring additional perspectives on implementation difficulties.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Yoann Bazin

– This paper aims to open a dialogue between academic accounts of the subprime crisis and The Life of Timon of Athens by William Shakespeare.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to open a dialogue between academic accounts of the subprime crisis and The Life of Timon of Athens by William Shakespeare.

Design/methodology/approach

Andre Orlean’s analysis of the crisis published in 2009 is closely examined to trace the ways in which it echoes this seventeenth-century play on issues of debt, gift, trust and belief.

Findings

Shakespeare’s play provides an astonishingly relevant description that can account for and provide a new reading of most of Orlean’s (2009) detailed and in-depth academic analysis.

Originality/value

Following the chronology of a literary piece, this article opens a dialogue with the academic literature to allow for gaining a particular perspective, namely, beyond specific elements, the underlying dynamics of the subprime crisis are sadly classic in terms of trust and beliefs. As we will see, Shakespeare had already seen everything […].

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 25 May 2021

Abstract

Details

Contemporary Issues in Social Science
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-931-3

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Qiang Wu, Qile He and Yanqing Duan

The objective of this paper is to address the question whether and how firms can follow a standard management process to cope with emerging corporate social responsibility…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this paper is to address the question whether and how firms can follow a standard management process to cope with emerging corporate social responsibility (CSR) challenges? Both researchers and practitioners have paid increasing attention to the question because of the rapidly evolving CSR expectations of stakeholders and the limited diffusion of CSR standardization. The question was addressed by developing a theoretical framework to explain how dynamic capabilities can contribute to effective CSR management.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on 64 world-leading companies’ contemporary CSR reports, we carried out a large-scale content analysis to identify and examine the common organizational processes involved in CSR management and the dynamic capabilities underpinning those management processes.

Findings

Drawing on the dynamic capabilities perspective, we demonstrate how the deployment of three dynamic capabilities for CSR management, namely, scanning, sensing and reconfiguration capabilities can help firms to meet emerging CSR requirements by following a set of common management processes. The findings demonstrate that what is more important in CSR standardization is the identification and development of the underlying dynamic capabilities and the related organizational processes and routines, rather than the detailed operational activities.

Originality/value

Our study is an early attempt to examine the fundamental organizational capabilities and processes involved in CSR management from the dynamic capabilities perspective. Our research findings contribute to CSR standardization literature by providing a new theoretical perspective to better understand the capabilities enabling common CSR management processes.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

Keywords

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