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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Ruud van der Helm

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the clarification of three qualifiers “probable”, “possible” and “plausible”, which are often used interchangeably in foresight and

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the clarification of three qualifiers “probable”, “possible” and “plausible”, which are often used interchangeably in foresight and futures studies practice, but which could obtain added value through a careful distinction. In general, it shows the importance of language as the main tool for futures practitioners.

Design/methodology/approach

Employs semantic and conceptual research.

Findings

Distinction of the three qualifiers has not only semantic importance; it also leads to a better conception of what futures practice could work towards.

Practical implications

Futures practitioners should more carefully apply their vocabulary, since it is their main tool. By carefully distinguishing probability, possibility and plausibility, a better focus on the purpose of futures practice becomes attainable.

Originality/value

Very little effort is spent on the working of language in futures studies. Besides glossaries, there is very little work done in sharpening this major tool. The semantic confusion that reigns within the foresight/futures studies community is mainly due to a lack of involvement in this clarification process. Applied semantics is often considered as burdensome, whereas it should be at the core of how the future is being conceptualized.

Details

Foresight, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

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Book part
Publication date: 10 July 2014

To explain how the components of attraction theory work in unison to prompt students to take an initial stimulus and progress through critical thinking processes and into…

Abstract

Purpose

To explain how the components of attraction theory work in unison to prompt students to take an initial stimulus and progress through critical thinking processes and into knowledge acquisition, organization, and synthesis.

Design/methodology/approach

Although schema theory has an important role in understanding knowledge acquisition, it does not provide directives for how to plan instruction so students can build their understandings and comprehension of subject matter. This chapter outlines a pedagogical approach to the implementation of a new theory of learning that builds on cognitive science, affect, and interest.

Findings

Students can become re-attracted to learning through effective teaching inclusive of a jolt, curiosity, retrieving explanations, counterexamples, clarifications, and embedding that information within schemata.

Practical implications

Proactive investigations and continued research on attraction theory can enrich our understanding of teaching and learning, provide answers for what works in the classroom, and equip us with tools from which to select for unique classroom circumstances.

Details

Theoretical Models of Learning and Literacy Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-821-1

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Executive summary
Publication date: 28 April 2020

ISRAEL: US clarification eases the path for annexation

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-ES252256

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Geographic
Topical
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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2017

Marta Andrecka

Provision on framework agreements has been introduced into European Union (EU) Law in 2004. Since then framework agreements have gained popularity and importance on the…

Abstract

Provision on framework agreements has been introduced into European Union (EU) Law in 2004. Since then framework agreements have gained popularity and importance on the European Union (EU) public tender market. Nevertheless, the use of frameworks poses significant legal challenges necessitating the clarification of the governing rules and the introduction of further guidelines. Unfortunately, clarifications were not fully provided in the new Directive 2014/24/EU. This article is a study of legal loopholes and uncertainties that occur during public procurement of framework agreements as a result of current EU rules and national practices in Denmark and the United Kingdom. The article highlights the need for clarification of the existing rules and introduction of transparency to the subsequent call-off stage of framework agreements. To achieve study aims, three methods were applied: a doctrinal analysis, a small scale comparative law research and field research based on qualitative research by the means of semi-structured interviews.

Details

Journal of Public Procurement, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1535-0118

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Article
Publication date: 27 August 2014

Koen van Bommel

The purpose of this paper is to examine the multiplicity of views on integrated reporting and to consider the possibility of, and impediments to, reconciling these…

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4716

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the multiplicity of views on integrated reporting and to consider the possibility of, and impediments to, reconciling these multiple rationales (“orders of worth”) and thus gain legitimacy through a compromise. This sheds light on the understanding of integrated reporting as such, as well as shows how legitimacy struggles are resolved in practice around complex accounting practices in heterogeneous environments.

Design/methodology/approach

This explorative paper empirically applies Boltanski and Thévenot's sociology of worth (SOW) framework to analyse integrated reporting in the Dutch reporting field. Data were collected using multiple methods, including 64 semi-structured in-depth interviews with a wide range of relevant actors, and documentary analysis. Data were coded for the presence of orders of worth and legitimating compromise mechanisms.

Findings

The author's analysis suggests that integrated reporting combines the disparate domains of industrial, market, civic and green order of worth. These different logics of valuation need to be reconciled in a compromise in order for integrated reporting to become a legitimate practice. Such a compromise requires a common interest, avoidance of clarification and maintenance of ambiguity. The author's analysis suggests these mechanisms are violated though, with the risk that integrated reporting gets captured by investors and accountants, leading to local private arrangements rather than durable legitimate compromise.

Research limitations/implications

First, SOW informs the understanding of integrated reporting. It highlights in particular its fragility as fundamentally different rationales need to be reconciled, which is a challenge yet also gives rise to creative frictions. Second, the SOW framework creates the possibility for scholars to look closer at the dynamics of legitimacy and at the possible mechanisms to attain legitimacy in fragmented and heterogeneous environment.

Practical implications

The SOW framework offers tools for practitioners, in particular those working within a pluralistic context. The various mechanisms of compromise discussed in this paper provide practical guidelines for how to manage this complexity and gain or maintain legitimacy.

Originality/value

This rich empirical study combines a novel theoretical approach (the SOW framework) with an analysis of the relatively unexplored topic of integrated reporting. At the same time it introduces a conceptualisation of legitimacy that highlights communicative and constitutive dialogue and goes beyond fit and compliance.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 27 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

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Executive summary
Publication date: 13 September 2019

CAMBODIA/LAOS: Border clarification would help region

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-ES246441

ISSN: 2633-304X

Keywords

Geographic
Topical
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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2019

Julian E. Hammar

This paper summarizes the requirements of rule amendments promulgated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) in 2018 regarding the duties of Chief Compliance…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper summarizes the requirements of rule amendments promulgated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) in 2018 regarding the duties of Chief Compliance Officers (CCOs) of swap dealers, major swap participants, and futures commission merchants (collectively, Registrants) and the requirements for preparing, certifying and furnishing to the CFTC the CCO’s annual report.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides a close analysis of the CFTC’s final rule amendments that make clarifications regarding the CCO’s duties and seek to harmonize with similar rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) applicable to security-based swap dealers.It also analyzes rule amendments for the CCO’s report that provide clarifications and simplify certain requirements.In each case, it discusses comments from the public and the CFTC’s responses to those comments.

Findings

This paper finds that the rule amendments provide a number of helpful clarifications and simplify certain existing requirements for Registrants and their CCOs subject to the rules.While the rules overall achieve greater harmonization with similar rules of the SEC governing CCOs of security-based swap dealers, this paper notes that care will need to be taken by CFTC Registrants who also become registered with the SEC to be cognizant of remaining differences between the CFTC’s and SEC’s rules in order to ensure compliance with the rules of each agency.

Originality/value

This paper provides valuable information regarding the duties of CCOs of Registrants and CCO annual report requirements from an experienced lawyer focused on commodities, futures, derivatives, energy, corporate, and securities regulatory matters.

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Article
Publication date: 31 July 2007

Ian Ruthven, Mark Baillie and David Elsweiler

The purpose of this paper is to examine how different aspects of an assessor's context, in particular their knowledge of a search topic, their interest in the search topic…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how different aspects of an assessor's context, in particular their knowledge of a search topic, their interest in the search topic and their confidence in assessing relevance for a topic, affect the relevance judgements made and the assessor's ability to predict which documents they will assess as being relevant.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was conducted as part of the Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) HARD track. Using a specially constructed questionnaire information was sought on TREC assessors' personal context and, using the TREC assessments gathered, the responses were correlated to the questionnaire questions and the final relevance decisions.

Findings

This study found that each of the three factors (interest, knowledge and confidence) had an affect on how many documents were assessed as relevant and the balance between how many documents were marked as marginally or highly relevant. Also these factors are shown to affect an assessors' ability to predict what information they will finally mark as being relevant.

Research limitations/implications

The major limitation is that the research is conducted within the TREC initiative. This means that we can report on results but cannot report on discussions with the assessors. The research implications are numerous but mainly on the effect of personal context on the outcomes of a user study.

Practical implications

One major consequence is that we should take more account of how we construct search tasks for IIR evaluation to create tasks that are interesting and relevant to experimental subjects.

Originality/value

Examining different search variables within one study to compare the relative effects on these variables on the search outcomes.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 63 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 July 2018

Kristina Nevstad, Sjur Børve, Anniken Th Karlsen and Wenche Aarseth

The purpose of this paper is to present new findings to organizations that acknowledge difficulties in implementing and succeeding with project partnering.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present new findings to organizations that acknowledge difficulties in implementing and succeeding with project partnering.

Design/methodology/approach

The investigation is based on a case study where empirical evidence has been collected via semi-structured interviews of 54 professionals within the construction industry.

Findings

Based on the research the authors were able to identify three main dimensions vital for project partnering success: 1. who related to participant selection; 2. what related to task clarification; and 3. way related to partnering means. These dimensions give rise to what the authors have termed a 3W (Who, What, Way) model on how to succeed with project partnering in practice. The third dimension, way related to partnering means, was found to consist of the four subdimensions: 3a. partnering attitude; 3b. a collaborative culture; 3c. a holistic perspective; and 3d. an accurate handover.

Originality/value

The authors found 318 papers focusing on partnering, in these only 19 focused on how to succeed with project partnering. The authors have complemented the limited research on how to succeed with project partnering with 54 interviews of professionals. The majority of the existing research has focused on challenges. This paper contributes to the research gap by presenting a 3W model on how to succeed with project partnering.

Details

International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8378

Keywords

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Abstract

Details

Central Bank Policy: Theory and Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-751-6

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