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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2018

Ci-Rong Li, Chun-Xuan Li, Chen-Ju Lin and Jing Liu

The purpose of this paper is to explicate the influence of diverse team on team-level ambidexterity and its curvilinear assessment, and test the mediating role of team…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explicate the influence of diverse team on team-level ambidexterity and its curvilinear assessment, and test the mediating role of team reflexivity and the moderating role of shared meta-knowledge in the curvilinear relationship between team diversity and team ambidexterity.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors collected multisource and temporally separated data on 206 R&D teams within 28 high-tech firms in Taiwan.

Findings

This study found a complex, curvilinear, moderated mediation relationship that functional background diversity has with team ambidexterity. Furthermore, consistent with the notion from categorization-elaboration model, the authors found the curvilinear relationship that functional background diversity has with both team ambidexterity and team reflexivity. Finally, the authors also found that the curvilinear relationship between functional background diversity and team reflexivity was moderated by shared meta-knowledge, such that the positive relationship was strengthened and the negative relationship weakened, in higher shared meta-knowledge in teams rather than lower.

Originality/value

The results demonstrate that team diversity-team ambidexterity relationship is much more complicated than previous works have assumed or suggested. Overall, the authors contribute to a novel understanding about the importance of team diversity in ambidextrous teams by opening the black box of how and when functional background diversity and team ambidexterity.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 56 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 5 February 2018

Ci-Rong Li, Chun-Xuan Li and Chen-Ju Lin

The purpose of this paper is to test how team regulatory focus may relate to individual creativity and team innovation; and address the fit/misfit issue of team regulatory…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test how team regulatory focus may relate to individual creativity and team innovation; and address the fit/misfit issue of team regulatory focus and team bureaucracy.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors collected data from 377 members and their leaders within 56 R&D teams in two Taiwanese companies.

Findings

A team promotion focus was positively related, whereas a team prevention focus was negatively related, to both team innovation and member creativity through team perspective taking and employee information elaboration, respectively. Furthermore, team bureaucracy played a moderating role that suppressed the indirect relationship between team regulatory focus and creativity.

Originality/value

This is one of first studies to explore an underlying mechanism linking team regulatory focus and both team innovation and member creativity. The authors provide a more complete view of the creative and innovation implications of team-level self-regulation.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2020

Ci-Rong Li, Yanyu Yang, Chen-Ju Lin and Ying Xu

This research adopts a dynamic self-regulation framework to test whether there is a curvilinear relationship between creative self-efficacy and individual creative…

Abstract

Purpose

This research adopts a dynamic self-regulation framework to test whether there is a curvilinear relationship between creative self-efficacy and individual creative performance at the within-person level. Furthermore, to establish a boundary condition of the predicted relationship, the authors build a cross-level model and examine how approach motivation and avoidance motivation moderate the complex relationship between creative self-efficacy and individual creative performance.

Design/methodology/approach

To obtain results from a within-person analysis, the authors collect multi-source data from 125 technicians who provided monthly reports over an 8-month period.

Findings

The authors find evidence of an inverted U-shaped relationship between creative self-efficacy and individual creative performance at the within-person level and differential moderating effects of approach/avoidance motivations.

Originality/value

This study is one of the first to challenge the assumption that creative self-efficacy always has a positive linear relationship with creativity. It provides a more complete view of the complex pattern between creative self-efficacy and creativity at the within-person level.

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Article
Publication date: 2 May 2017

Bao-Da Xu, Shu-Kuan Zhao, Ci-Rong Li and Chen-Ju Lin

The purpose of this paper is to test a multilevel framework to further explicate how team leaders’ authentic leadership is related to their followers’ individual creativity.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test a multilevel framework to further explicate how team leaders’ authentic leadership is related to their followers’ individual creativity.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a questionnaire survey/analysis of analyses of multisource and lagged data from 63 team leaders and 428 followers in Taiwan.

Findings

The findings demonstrated that leader-member exchange (LMX) and team psychological safe climate mediated the positive relationship of authentic leadership on followers thriving at work. Furthermore, employee thriving at work sequentially mediated the positive relationship between authentic leadership and employee creativity. The author also found that indirect relationship of LMX with employee creativity through thriving at work was stronger when authentic leadership was higher.

Originality/value

The authors contribute to the existing understanding that authentic leadership relates to individual creativity through three multilevel mechanisms: leaders modeling their authenticity to develop and maintain their dyad-level exchange relationships with their followers (LMX), motivating the team, captured by team-level psychological safe climate and its members, reflected by employee-level thriving at work, and facilitating the relationship between LMX and employee thriving at work.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2011

Chih‐Peng Chu, Ci‐Rong Li and Chen‐Ju Lin

The purpose of this paper is to further understand the joint effect of project‐level exploratory and exploitative learning in new product development. It aims to examine…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to further understand the joint effect of project‐level exploratory and exploitative learning in new product development. It aims to examine the complicated relationships among exploratory learning, exploitative learning and new product performance at a single project level. In addition, it seeks to shed light on the contextual effects of a firm's market orientation on the relationship between joint occurrence of both learning activities and new product development performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a questionnaire survey/analysis of a sample of 298 projects from high‐tech firms in Taiwan.

Findings

The findings suggest that the joint occurrence of both learning activities has a positive effect on new product performance and depends upon a high level of one learning activity coupled with a small dose of the other. Drawing on cultural and behavioral perspectives of market orientation, the results also indicate that market orientation may enhance the joint effect of both learning activities on new product performance.

Practical implications

This paper offers insight to project managers with regard to the importance of rationally mixing with exploratory and exploitative learning during new product development. Furthermore, the study argues that market orientation is an alternative of organizational design that fosters the positive joint effect of both learning behaviors.

Originality/value

The results empirically support the theoretical argument that a high‐low matching of exploratory and exploitative learning can enhance performance at the level of a single project. The study provides a multiple‐level framework to understand how the firm‐level MO strengthens the positive effects of joint occurrence of project‐level exploratory and exploitative learning activities during new product development.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 45 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 18 October 2011

Tsau‐Tang Yang and Ci‐Rong Li

This paper aims to extend research on exploration and exploitation by investigating the effects of competence exploration and exploitation on new product development…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to extend research on exploration and exploitation by investigating the effects of competence exploration and exploitation on new product development outcomes in China. Premised from the perspective of environment‐performance relationship and the fit‐as‐moderation view, the authors argue that exploration and exploitation have curvilinear effects on new product development performance due to external environmental factors.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a questionnaire survey/analysis of a sample of 289 firms in China.

Findings

Consistent with the two perspectives mentioned above, the curvilinear link between competence exploration and new product performance was negatively moderated by environmental dynamism but positively moderated by environmental competitiveness. In contrast, the non‐linear effect of competence exploitation on new product performance was positively moderated by environmental dynamism but negatively moderated by environmental competitiveness.

Originality/value

The exploration and exploitation‐performance link emerges as more complex than previous research has shown. The results indicate the need for simultaneous consideration of environmental dynamism and competitiveness as moderators in the discourse on the curvilinear effects of exploration and exploitation on new product performance.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 49 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 November 2014

Yi-Shun Wang, Hsien-Ta Li, Ci-Rong Li and Chian Wang

Based on previous information systems/educational technology success models, the purpose of this paper is to establish a comprehensive, multidimensional model for…

Abstract

Purpose

Based on previous information systems/educational technology success models, the purpose of this paper is to establish a comprehensive, multidimensional model for assessing blog-based learning systems success.

Design/methodology/approach

Data collected from 240 blog-based learning systems users in the context of higher education were tested against the model using the structural equation modelling approach.

Findings

The results indicate the interrelationships between six system success variables: system quality, content quality, context and linkage quality, user satisfaction, system use, and learning performance. In particular, this study confirms that quality attributes positively affect user satisfaction, which in turn positively influences learning performance directly or indirectly through the mediation of system use.

Originality/value

This study is a pioneering effort to develop and validate a blog-based learning systems success model.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 38 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

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Article
Publication date: 23 August 2013

Ci‐Rong Li

Premised on the information‐processing perspective, this paper attempts to examine whether diverse top management team can simultaneously pursue contradictory innovations.

Abstract

Purpose

Premised on the information‐processing perspective, this paper attempts to examine whether diverse top management team can simultaneously pursue contradictory innovations.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a questionnaire survey and analysis of a sample of 113 firms in China.

Findings

Team heterogeneity has an ambiguous nature which may not only facilitate building paradoxical mental models or cognitive frames, but also harm the exchange of information and integration of differential knowledge within top management teams. Therefore, the paper argues that the most important issue in this research field is to address the dilemma and to find the governance mechanism to effectively manage the dual impact of team diversity on attaining organizational ambidexterity. The findings show that the social capital among top executives, including connectedness, trust and shared vision, can moderate the link between team diversity and organizational ambidexterity.

Originality/value

The paper suggests that building social capital among top executives may be a useful way or approach to information sharing and knowledge integrations within senior teams.

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2008

Ci‐Rong Li, Chen‐Ju Lin and Chih‐Peng Chu

This study aims to consider that a proactive‐ and responsive‐market orientated firm is able to align with the development of radical (exploratory) innovations as well as…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to consider that a proactive‐ and responsive‐market orientated firm is able to align with the development of radical (exploratory) innovations as well as incremental (exploitative) innovations to realize its organizational ambidexterity.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a questionnaire survey/analysis of a sample of 227 high‐technology firms in Taiwan.

Findings

The research findings reveal that both types of market orientation provide different managerial efforts to develop and foster different types of innovation competencies; and then, those effects would be moderated through external and organizational factors.

Practical implications

Through the deployment of ambidextrous structures, managers could effectively arrange the portfolio of product‐markets with an array of proactive‐ and responsive‐ market orientation to align the potential conflicts concerning the exploration and the exploitation.

Originality/value

This study is a pioneer in the field that reveals how a proactive‐ and responsive‐ market orientated firm could systematically operate to accomplish its ambidexterity of innovations.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 46 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

Ci-Rong Li, Chen-Ju Lin and Yun-Hsiang Tien

The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of CEO transformational leadership in promoting ambidexterity of top managers. This paper posits that connecting CEO…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of CEO transformational leadership in promoting ambidexterity of top managers. This paper posits that connecting CEO transformational leadership with the CEO-top manager interface offers a better explanation of heterogeneity in top manager ambidextrous behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a questionnaire survey of 388 senior managers in 80 top teams nested in 80 small- to medium-sized Taiwan manufacturing firms.

Findings

The findings indicate that transformational CEOs shape the CEO-top manager interface, characterized by senior team behavioral integration, decentralization of responsibilities, long-term compensation, and individual manager risk propensity, and in turn promote ambidexterity at the individual top manager level.

Originality/value

Hence, the authors contribute to the existing understanding that transformational CEOs may not only have a beneficial influence on firm-level ambidexterity, but also may be particularly effective in enabling individual-level top managers to simultaneously explore and exploit.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 36 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

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