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Article
Publication date: 14 August 2020

Shiran Geng, Hing-Wah Chau, Se Yan, Wenyu Zhang and Chunyang Zhang

Spatial arrangement of hospital environments has been proven to have impacts on hospital users such as wayfinding, privacy and operational efficiency. Many studies…

Abstract

Purpose

Spatial arrangement of hospital environments has been proven to have impacts on hospital users such as wayfinding, privacy and operational efficiency. Many studies examined the spatial quality of hospitals, but there is a lack of comparative research between Chinese and Australian hospitals. Hospitals in both countries have salient features that are worth to learn and can inform hospital stakeholders internationally on design decisions. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and compare the spatial quality of hospitals from both countries using space syntax approach and field observation.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses space syntax analysis and observation to provide qualitative and quantitative data. Illustrative case studies from both countries are selected for comparison. The main benchmarks involved in measuring the spatial qualities, such as step depth and visual connectivity, are analysed using Depthmap X before comparing with the results from observation.

Findings

For Chinese hospitals to be more human-centred, public space design and facility management need additional attention. Australian hospitals could learn from Hospital D on how to design highly centralised nursing stations that cope with a high patient flow. Global policy and decision-makers should consider the potential inconsistency between initial design intention and practical use.

Originality/value

Practical implications were made based on the results for bettering hospital environments. It is hoped that the methodology presented in this research is of significance to the enhancement of global healthcare environment research.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. 39 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2019

Min Li, Wenyuan Huang, Chunyang Zhang and Zhengxi Yang

The purpose of this paper is to draw on triadic reciprocal determinism and social exchange theory to examine how “induced-type” and “compulsory-type” union participation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to draw on triadic reciprocal determinism and social exchange theory to examine how “induced-type” and “compulsory-type” union participation influence union commitment and job involvement, and how union participation in the west differs from that in China. It also examines whether the role of both organizational justice and employee participation climate (EPC) functions in the Chinese context.

Design/methodology/approach

Cross-sectional data are collected from 694 employees in 46 non-publicly owned enterprises, both Chinese and foreign, in the Pearl River Delta region of China. A multi-level moderated mediation test is used to examine the model of this research.

Findings

Union participation is positively related to organizational justice, union commitment and job involvement. In addition, organizational justice acts as the mediator among union participation, union commitment and job involvement. Specifically, the mediating role of organizational justice between union participation and union commitment, and between union participation and job involvement, is stronger in high-EPC contexts than low-EPC contexts.

Originality/value

Instead of examining the impacts of attitudes on union participation, as per most studies in the western context, this research examines the impacts of union participation in the Chinese context on attitudes, including union commitment and job involvement. It also reveals the role of both organizational justice and EPC in the process through which union participation influences union commitment and job involvement.

Details

Employee Relations: The International Journal, vol. 41 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 August 2018

Haixia Wang, Xiao Lu, Wei Cui, Zhiguo Zhang, Yuxia Li and Chunyang Sheng

Developing general closed-form solutions for six-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) serial robots is a significant challenge. This paper thus aims to present a general solution for…

Abstract

Purpose

Developing general closed-form solutions for six-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) serial robots is a significant challenge. This paper thus aims to present a general solution for six-DOF robots based on the product of exponentials model, which adapts to a class of robots satisfying the Pieper criterion with two parallel or intersecting axes among its first three axes.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed solution can be represented as uniform expressions by using geometrical properties and a modified Paden–Kahan sub-problem, which mainly adopts the screw theory.

Findings

A simulation and experiments validated the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed method (general resolution for six-DOF robots based on the product of exponentials model).

Originality/value

The Rodrigues rotation formula is additionally used to turn the complex problem into a solvable trigonometric function and uniformly express six solutions using two formulas.

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Article
Publication date: 17 June 2021

Muhammad Taimoor, Xiao Lu, Hamid Maqsood and Chunyang Sheng

The objective of this research is to investigate various neural network (NN) observer techniques for sensors fault identification and diagnosis of nonlinear system in…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this research is to investigate various neural network (NN) observer techniques for sensors fault identification and diagnosis of nonlinear system in consideration of numerous faults, failures, uncertainties and disturbances. For the importunity of increasing the faults diagnosis and reconstruction preciseness, a new technique is used for modifying the weight parameters of NNs without enhancement of computational complexities.

Design/methodology/approach

Various techniques such as adaptive radial basis functions (ARBF), conventional radial basis functions, adaptive multi-layer perceptron, conventional multi-layer perceptron and extended state observer are presented. For increasing the fault detection preciseness, a new technique is used for updating the weight parameters of radial basis functions and multi-layer perceptron (MLP) without enhancement of computational complexities. Lyapunov stability theory and sliding-mode surface concepts are used for the weight-updating parameters. Based on the combination of these two concepts, the weight parameters of NNs are updated adaptively. The key purpose of utilization of adaptive weight is to enhance the detection of faults with high accuracy. Because of the online adaptation, the ARBF can detect various kinds of faults and failures such as simultaneous, incipient, intermittent and abrupt faults effectively. Results depict that the suggested algorithm (ARBF) demonstrates more confrontation to unknown disturbances, faults and system dynamics compared with other investigated techniques and techniques used in the literature. The proposed algorithms are investigated by the utilization of quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle dynamics, which authenticate the efficiency of the suggested algorithm.

Findings

The proposed Lyapunov function theory and sliding-mode surface-based strategy are studied, which shows more efficiency to unknown faults, failures, uncertainties and disturbances compared with conventional approaches as well as techniques used in the literature.

Practical implications

For improvement of the system safety and for avoiding failure and damage, the rapid fault detection and isolation has a great significance; the proposed approaches in this research work guarantee the detection and reconstruction of unknown faults, which has a great significance for practical life.

Originality/value

In this research, two strategies such Lyapunov function theory and sliding-mode surface concept are used in combination for tuning the weight parameters of NNs adaptively. The main purpose of these strategies is the fault diagnosis and reconstruction with high accuracy in terms of shape as well as the magnitude of unknown faults. Results depict that the proposed strategy is more effective compared with techniques used in the literature.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 93 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 August 2019

Chunyang Wang, Moghtada Mobedi and Fujio Kuwahara

The purpose of this study is to validate whether the local thermal equilibrium for unsteady state is an appropriate assumption for the porous media with closed pores. It…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to validate whether the local thermal equilibrium for unsteady state is an appropriate assumption for the porous media with closed pores. It also compares the transient temperatures between the pore scale and volume averaged approaches to prove that the volume averaged method is an appropriate technique for the heat transfer in closed-cell porous media. The interfacial heat transfer coefficient for the closed-cell porous media is also discussed in details.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing equations for the pore scale and continuum domains are given. They are solved numerically for the pore scale and volume-averaged domains. The results are compared and discussion was done. The performed discussions and explanations are supported with figure and graphics.

Findings

A local thermal non-equilibrium exits for the closed-cell porous media in which voids are filled with water during the unsteady heat transfer process. Local thermal non-equilibrium condition exists in the cells under high temperature gradient and it disappears when the heat transfer process becomes steady-state. Although a local thermal equilibrium exists in the porous media in which the voids are filled with air, a finite value for heat transfer coefficient is found. The thermal diffusivity of air and solid phase are close to each other and hence a local thermal equilibrium exists.

Research limitations/implications

The study is done only for the closed-cell porous media and for Rayleigh number till 105. Two common working fluids as water and air are considered.

Practical implications

There are many applications of porous media with closed pores particularly in the industry, such as the closed-cell metal foam or the closed cells in porous materials such as foods and plastic-based insulation material. The obtained results are important for transient heat transfer in closed-cell porous materials.

Social implications

The obtained results are important from the transient application of heat transfer in the closed-cell material existing in nature and industry.

Originality/value

The authors’ literature survey shows that it is the first time the closed-cell porous media is discussed from local thermal non-equilibrium point of view and it is proved that the local thermal non-equilibrium can exist in the closed-cell porous media. Hence, two equations as solid and fluid equations should be used for unsteady heat transfer in a closed-cell porous medium.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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