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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Li Yinghui, Chunping Xie and Xinjin Liu

The purpose of this paper is to know airflow field and its distribution of pneumatic compact spinning systems. Complete compact spinning (CCS) and four-line rollers…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to know airflow field and its distribution of pneumatic compact spinning systems. Complete compact spinning (CCS) and four-line rollers compact spinning (FRCS) are both two kinds of pneumatic compact spinning systems, which utilizes airflow in condensing equipment to condense fiber bundle and improve yarn properties.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper opted for an exploratory study using finite element method, the airflow field in the condensing area of CCS and FRCS were simulated. First, a periodic movement of the fibers in bundle in condensing area was detected, and the yarn tracks were described veritably under the high-speed-video-camera and AutoCAD Software. Then the physical models of the condensing zone were constructed according to the physical parameters of the practical system. The simulation of airflow velocities were extracted along the yarn tracks using ANSYS Software. Finally, the numerical results were verified by spinning experiments.

Findings

The results show that the negative velocity component along the Y-axis helps keeping beneficial hairiness. CCS has higher negative velocity value and more abundant beneficial hairiness than FRCS. The velocity component in the X-axis direction has a direct effect on yarn evenness. For the same liner density of CCS and FRCS, the larger the value of the velocity component on X-axis is, the better the yarn evenness is. For 9.7tex, CCS has larger velocity component in the X-axis direction and better yarn evenness than FRCS, showing that CCS is more suitable for spinning fine count yarn. The velocity component in the Z-axis direction has a direct effect on breaking strength. CCS has little velocity component in the Z-axis direction and little breaking strength than FRCS.

Originality/value

To know airflow field and its distribution by finite element method is helpful to investigate the condensing principles of the fiber bundle and improve yarn properties.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 18 January 2016

Jiqing Chen, Shaorong Xie, Jun Luo and Hengyu Li

The purpose of this paper was to solve the shortage of carrying energy in probing robot and make full use of wind resources in the Antarctic expedition by designing a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to solve the shortage of carrying energy in probing robot and make full use of wind resources in the Antarctic expedition by designing a four-wheel land-yacht. Land-yacht is a new kind of mobile robot powered by the wind using a sail. The mathematical model and trajectory of the land-yacht are presented in this paper.

Design/methodology/approach

The mechanism analysis method and experimental modeling method are used to establish a dual-input and dual-output mathematical model for the motion of land-yacht. First, the land-yacht’s model structure is obtained by using mechanism analysis. Then, the models of steering gear, servomotors and force of wing sail are analyzed and validated. Finally, the motion of land-yacht is simulated according to the mathematical model.

Findings

The mathematical model is used to analyze linear motion and steering motion. Compared with the simulation results and the actual experimental tests, the feasibility and reliability of the proposed land-yacht modeling are verified. It can travel according to the given signal.

Practical implications

This land-yacht can be used in the Antarctic, outer planet or for harsh environment exploration.

Originality/value

A land-yacht is designed, and the contribution of this research is the development of a mathematical model for land-yacht robot. It provides a theoretical basis for analysis of the land-yacht’s motion.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

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