The four sections to this article have distinct but inter‐related objectives. Part I introduces the concepts, problems and tensions central to an understanding of the product liability debate. These issues recur throughout the article. Part II outlines the development of product liability law in Europe and assesses the impact of the European Directive on Product Liability. The “product liability crisis” in the United States is discussed in Part III, which looks at the law's development and proposals for reform. In Part IV the United States and European positions are compared and the case is made out for a global uniform product liability law which recognises the social responsibility of the producer towards those injured by his products.
United Kingdom employers in recently privatized and public sectororganizations are relying heavily on management training as anintervention mechanism to increase employee…
United Kingdom employers in recently privatized and public sector organizations are relying heavily on management training as an intervention mechanism to increase employee productivity. A survey of south‐west organizations confirmed this increase in training activity. Managers, however, did not feel participation in training had contributed towards improving their performance. Respondents felt their organizations should give higher priority to other actions such as increased staff resources and better internal communication systems. Presents an Organizational Performance Policy Matrix which permits employers to determine whether restructuring of managerial roles or training has the potential to increase productivity.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the alignment between product design and the supply chain and to identify how this alignment impacts on a firm's supply chain…
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the alignment between product design and the supply chain and to identify how this alignment impacts on a firm's supply chain responsiveness and resilience.
An in‐depth case study methodology was adopted to uncover the strategies undertaken by one of the UK's fastest growing fashion retailers to create a competitive advantage through its management of the product design/supply chain alignment.
The findings of this case illustrate that not only is the alignment of product design with the supply chain important in improving competitive advantage for the focal company, but it also has a significant impact in improving supply chain resilience and supply chain responsiveness. This case illustrates how fundamental shifts in the organisation, particularly in integrating product design and supply chain have enabled the repositioning of the company from a low priced fashion store to becoming a leading global fast fashion retailer.
The paper provides guidance for companies seeking to improve supply chain costs and performance by a higher alignment of product design and the supply chain.
This case study highlights the importance of the product design/supply chain alignment and highlights the benefits of adopting a “design centric” approach. The findings from this paper also contribute to the growing debate on supply chain risk management.
Library services face many problems at the present time: problems to do with funding and priorities which lead to questions about how we can change and where our future lies. These questions concern the library's relationship with its external environment — its strategy. Such a strategic focus is one which all library managers would do well to develop.
In order to succeed in an action under the Equal Pay Act 1970, should the woman and the man be employed by the same employer on like work at the same time or would the woman still be covered by the Act if she were employed on like work in succession to the man? This is the question which had to be solved in Macarthys Ltd v. Smith. Unfortunately it was not. Their Lordships interpreted the relevant section in different ways and since Article 119 of the Treaty of Rome was also subject to different interpretations, the case has been referred to the European Court of Justice.
Shows how, in researching new brands, it is important for the investigator to assess the existing market, to determine how consumers perceive brands and the nature of consumer preferences. States that because consumers are heterogeneous in their perceptions and preferences a spread of techniques have been proposed to analyse this problem. Posits that multidimensional scaling has some unique advantages and illustrates that there are practical applications of this set of techniques and points out their strengths and limitations in new product planning. Concludes that most brands compete in well‐established markets and suggests that multi‐dimensional scaling offers a useful approach to the brand‐positioning problem.
This article introduces the infoshop movement, a network of independent information centres run by political activists throughout Europe and the USA. The article defines…
This article introduces the infoshop movement, a network of independent information centres run by political activists throughout Europe and the USA. The article defines and describes the nature of the infoshop, the services it provides and the nature of its organisation. It then goes on to present a theoretical model for the infoshop, based in particular on Hakim Bey’s concept of the “temporary autonomous zone”. It examines the significance of the infoshop as a node in the complex networks of information‐exchange and activism that constitute the contemporary “alternative public sphere”. It notes the autonomous, non‐hierarchical nature of infoshops and how they might be thought of as “free spaces” connected by complex, though informal, communications networks. Finally, it proposes that infoshops play a key role in developing autonomy, solidarity and reflexivity in the creative processes of activist politics.
Considers the nature and scope of a competitor in‐formation system (CIS) and the contribution to strategic planning decisions. Investigates the process of operationalizing a CIS as an “intelligence cycle” with discrete organizational activities of identifying needs, collecting, processing, disseminating and using intelligence. Gives a detailed case study of setting up a CIS in a life assurance company, the practical problems met and the solutions adopted. These include the identification of key strategic issues, strategic groupings of competitors, user analysis, and the final collection, evaluation and processing of the data using a hyper‐media software called Guidex. Draws conclusions to guide other system users and designers.