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Article
Publication date: 18 August 2021

Chi Kwok and Ngai Keung Chan

This study aims to develop an interdisciplinary political theory of data justice by connecting three major political theories of the public good with empirical studies…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to develop an interdisciplinary political theory of data justice by connecting three major political theories of the public good with empirical studies about the functions of big data and offering normative principles for restricting and guiding the state’s data practices from a public good perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on three major political theories of the public good – the market failure approach, the basic rights approach and the democratic approach – and critical data studies, this study synthesizes existing studies on the promises and perils of big data for public good purposes. The outcome is a conceptual paper that maps philosophical discussions about the conditions under which the state has a legitimate right to collect and use big data for public goods purposes.

Findings

This study argues that market failure, basic rights protection and deepening democracy can be normative grounds for justifying the state’s right to data collection and utilization, from the perspective of political theories of the public good. The state’s data practices, however, should be guided by three political principles, namely, the principle of transparency and accountability; the principle of fairness; and the principle of democratic legitimacy. The paper draws on empirical studies and practical examples to explicate these principles.

Originality/value

Bringing together normative political theory and critical data studies, this study contributes to a more philosophically rigorous understanding of how and why big data should be used for public good purposes while discussing the normative boundaries of such data practices.

Details

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-996X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 November 2018

Shanshan Zhang, Ron Chi-Wai Kwok, Paul Benjamin Lowry and Zhiying Liu

Given the importance of online social network (OSN) media features, many studies have focused on how different types of OSNs with various media features influence users…

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Abstract

Purpose

Given the importance of online social network (OSN) media features, many studies have focused on how different types of OSNs with various media features influence users’ usage and engagement. However, a recent literature review indicates that few empirical studies have considered how different types of OSNs with different information accessibility levels influence users’ beliefs and self-disclosure. By comparing two OSN platforms (OSNs with high-level information accessibility vs OSNs with low-level information accessibility), the purpose of this paper is to address this opportunity by investigating the differential impacts of the two platforms on individuals’ psychological cognition – particularly users’ social exchange beliefs – and explaining how these beliefs translate into OSN self-disclosure.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a factorial design approach in an experimental setting to examine how different levels of information accessibility (high vs low), influence the social exchange beliefs (i.e. perceived social capital bridging, perceived social capital bonding and perceived privacy risks) of OSN users and subsequently influence OSN self-disclosure.

Findings

The results show that users on OSNs with high-level information accessibility express significantly higher perceived social capital bridging and perceived privacy risks than users on OSNs with low-level information accessibility. However, users on OSNs with low-level information accessibility express higher social bonding beliefs than users on OSNs with high-level information accessibility, indicating that there are different effect mechanisms toward OSN self-disclosure.

Originality/value

The focus of this research helps unveil the complex relationships between OSN design features (e.g. information accessibility), psychological cognition (e.g. social capital bridging, social capital bonding and privacy risks) and OSN self-disclosure. First, it clarifies the relationship between information accessibility and self-disclosure by examining the mediating effect of three core social exchange beliefs. Second, it uncovers the distinct effects of high-level information-accessible OSNs and low-level information-accessible OSNs on OSN self-disclosure.

Details

Information Technology & People, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-3845

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 January 2021

Ron Chi-Wai Kwok, Alvin Chung Man Leung, Stanley Sai-chuen Hui and Clara Choi-Ki Wong

Due to lack of motivation, individuals often fail to perform regular exercise. In view of this, we developed a virtual trainer system (VTS) to encourage users to perform…

Abstract

Purpose

Due to lack of motivation, individuals often fail to perform regular exercise. In view of this, we developed a virtual trainer system (VTS) to encourage users to perform simple exercise routines regularly.

Design/methodology/approach

A design science approach is adopted to develop a VTS to motivate users to exercise. Study findings are based on a field experiment with 91 participants recruited from a university in Hong Kong.

Findings

Outcome-oriented reminders foster stronger perceived risks of health and perceived value of exercises, whereas virtual trainer attractiveness has insignificant effect. Perceived value of exercises is positively related to exercise participation, which has a positive relationship with work productivity.

Research limitations/implications

The findings answer question of how to motivate people to continue exercising.

Practical implications

Findings provide insights for fitness companies to design online exercise training for users.

Social implications

VTS can promote regular exercise and healthy life.

Originality/value

This research shows that interactive virtual agents can motivate users to exercise regularly. It contributes to the burgeoning research on the use of IT artifacts for improving exercise participation and provides practical insights into VTS designs.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 5 September 2016

Yeung Chung Lee, Kwok-chi Lau and Valerie Wing Yan Yip

The purpose of this paper is to report the design and evaluation of an inter-university collaborative project entitled “Blended learning for building student-teachers…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report the design and evaluation of an inter-university collaborative project entitled “Blended learning for building student-teachers’ capacity to learn and teach science-related interdisciplinary subjects.” The project is a response of the science education faculty of three Hong Kong tertiary institutes to the challenge of catering to the diversity of academic backgrounds among student-teachers.

Design/methodology/approach

E-learning modules have been produced covering four content domains of science. These modules are designed based on the 5E learning model and are delivered to students using the learning management system provided by Moodle. The design of the modules is iterative, based on the evaluation of three consecutive rounds of trials through student surveys, and focus group interviews with students and course lecturers.

Findings

The evaluation findings indicate positive outcomes for certain attributes such as conceptual understanding, eagerness and confidence in learning science, and metacognitive reflection on students’ own learning. There are challenges to be met in relation to instructional design to cater for the diversity of student abilities, and enhance motivation in self-directed learning.

Practical implications

The project indicates the ways to develop students’ basic science knowledge in a mixed-ability setting through the design of self-directed e-learning modules blended with their major courses and possible measures to address the limitations of such design.

Originality/value

The study represents a conscious effort for the science teacher education faculty of different universities to pull together to tackle a perennial teaching and learning problem. The findings provide important insights into possible ways to blend e-learning with face-to-face learning approaches to better cater to the needs of science learners with mixed abilities to prepare them for interdisciplinary teaching.

Details

Asian Association of Open Universities Journal, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1858-3431

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 6 September 2021

Charles M. Ess

Abstract

Details

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-996X

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

Chi‐fai Chan, Kwok‐fai Lau and Kitty Y. Young

Investigates the level of transfer of marketing technology to Chinavia a content analysis of leading marketing and marketing‐relatedjournals in China. Based on the…

Abstract

Investigates the level of transfer of marketing technology to China via a content analysis of leading marketing and marketing‐related journals in China. Based on the findings, suggests that parts in the transfer process should: adopt a more “international” perspective; pay more attention to the customer orientation; and make a stronger commitment in actualizing the transfer exercise.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1998

May M.L. Wong

This paper attempts to study the motives behind a Hong Kong‐Japanese joint venture between two retailers from the perspectives of firm‐specific advantages provided by both…

2114

Abstract

This paper attempts to study the motives behind a Hong Kong‐Japanese joint venture between two retailers from the perspectives of firm‐specific advantages provided by both partners of the international joint ventures (IJVs). The analysis focuses on the local partner’s motives and how the IJVs have provided the opportunity for it to overcome the increasing Japanese competition in the retail sector after the mid‐1980s. Finally, the IJVs are evaluated according to the available secondary data in terms of how much the local partner has achieved from the IJVs.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

Kin Ho Lo, Chi Tat Kwok, Hong Cheng Kuan, Weng Kin Chan and Wenji Ai

The purpose of this paper is to characterize the pitting behaviour of sigma-phase-containing duplex stainless steel and investigate the correlation between magnetic…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to characterize the pitting behaviour of sigma-phase-containing duplex stainless steel and investigate the correlation between magnetic susceptibility and pitting potentials.

Design/methodology/approach

Use an alternating current (AC) magnetic susceptometer to trace the change in magnetic susceptibility associated with sigma phase formation and systematic study of the effects of sigma precipitation on pitting parameters as obtained using the anodic potentiodynamic polarization test.

Findings

The precipitation of sigma phase impairs the general and pitting corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel. The pitting potential, the corrosion potential and the AC magnetic susceptibility have good correlations. Unlike the pitting potential and the corrosion potential, the passive current and the corrosion current do not seem to possess any trend with annealing time.

Originality/value

The correlation between AC magnetic susceptibility and pitting parameters has not been reported in the literature before.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 62 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 April 2022

Fung Chan

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the strategies employed by the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps in the proportional representation system which was used to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the strategies employed by the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps in the proportional representation system which was used to universally elect a half of the seats in the Legislative Council (LegCo) of Hong Kong before 2019. It provides the consequences of proportional representation over the political sphere development after the handover.

Design/methodology/approach

This research is based on the past election results and the interviews conducted with 18 LegCo members in 2018.

Findings

This paper examines how the political parties split their lists in order to win more seats with the past electoral outcomes. Coupled with firsthand materials from interviews with the legislators, the most significant part of this article analyzes why the pro-Beijing camp performed better than the pro-democracy camp. It supplements the gap of current literature from the perspective of campaign strategies. This article also points out the Chinese authorities' miscalculation in the 1990s which resulted in the unintentional creation of fragmented politics and filibusters before 2019.

Originality/value

This examines the development of campaign strategies of the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps, and it explains how the proportional representation caused the fragmented politics in Hong Kong.

Details

Asian Education and Development Studies, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-3162

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1998

Catherine W. Ng, Macauly P.Y. Ng and Stephanie C.K. Tse

Conducts two studies, one among working women and one among the employed physically handicapped, to assess their feelings about the recent introduction of equal…

202

Abstract

Conducts two studies, one among working women and one among the employed physically handicapped, to assess their feelings about the recent introduction of equal opportunity legislation in Hong Kong. Provides some background statistics on Hong Kong and outlines the development of anti‐discrimination legislation. Asks 78 women and 10 physically handicapped people if they thought discrimination was serious in Hong Kong and if the anti‐discrimination legislation and the Equal Opportunities Commission were effective in combating discrimination. Describes the methodology used and discusses the results. Reveals that both groups surveyed were ambivalent about discrimination, stating that legislation enforces behavioural changes but that they are only skin deep. Points out also that it is difficult to quantify discriminatory practices. Notes similarities between east and west, particularly with research suggesting that the only way forward in promoting equality is to reduce status distinctions for everyone and to make organizations much more democratic.

Details

Equal Opportunities International, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

Keywords

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