Search results

1 – 10 of over 18000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 30 September 2021

Mian Zhang and Xiyue Ma

The overall goal of this chapter is twofold. First, the authors aim to identify indigenous phenomena that influence employee turnover and retention in the Chinese context…

Abstract

The overall goal of this chapter is twofold. First, the authors aim to identify indigenous phenomena that influence employee turnover and retention in the Chinese context. Second, the authors link these phenomena to the contextualization of job embeddedness theory. To achieve the goal, the authors begin by introducing three macro-level forces (i.e., political, economic, and cultural forces) in China that help scholars analyze contextual issues in turnover studies. The authors then provide findings in the literature research on employee retention studies published in Chinese academic journals. Next, the authors discuss six indigenous phenomena (i.e., hukou, community in China, migrant workers, state-owned companies, family benefit prioritization, and guanxi) under the three macro-level forces and offer exploratory propositions illustrating how these phenomena contribute to understanding employee retention in China. Finally, the authors offer suggestions on how contextualized turnover studies shall be conducted in China.

Details

Global Talent Retention: Understanding Employee Turnover Around the World
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-293-0

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 7 February 2020

Chen Yang and Fu Yang

The current study examines the relation of guanxi human resource management (HRM) practices with subjective evaluations of creative performance by direct supervisors, as…

Abstract

Purpose

The current study examines the relation of guanxi human resource management (HRM) practices with subjective evaluations of creative performance by direct supervisors, as well as conceptualizes the employee ambidextrous behavior as a mediator, and social comparison orientation and leader–member exchange (LMX) as moderators for understanding the relation.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey data were collected from 211 employee–supervisor dyads in China. Hierarchical regression analyses, Preacher and Hayes’ (2008) indirect effects PROCESS macro, and Preacher et al.'s (2007) moderated mediation analysis approach were conducted to test the hypothesized relationships.

Findings

Guanxi HRM practices were negatively associated with employee creative performance, mediated by the employee ambidextrous behavior. The authors also found that social comparison orientation showed a strong moderating effect, such that it amplified the indirect relationship between guanxi HRM practices and employee creative performance via ambidextrous behavior. In contrast, LMX showed a weak moderating effect, such that it attenuated this indirect relationship.

Originality/value

This study provides evidence that the extent to which employee ambidextrous behavior mediates the relationship between guanxi HRM practices and creative performance depends on LMX and social comparison orientation. It represents a promising new direction for the guanxi HRM practices and creative performance literatures.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 26 November 2020

TieCheng Yang, Yang Chen, Scarlett Zhang, Virginia Qiao, Zhenyu Wang and Shuozhu Zheng

To introduce the Securities Law of the People's Republic of China (the “Securities Law 2019”) revised on 28 December 2019, and provide a detailed analysis on its key…

Abstract

Purpose

To introduce the Securities Law of the People's Republic of China (the “Securities Law 2019”) revised on 28 December 2019, and provide a detailed analysis on its key implications to the securities regulatory regime and market activities, especially securities issuance and trading activities in China.

Design/methodology/approach

This article starts from a historical overview of the Securities Law and its several revisions and amendments, highlights the notable core revisions in the Securities Law 2019, analyzes the key legal and regulatory impacts to the securities-related activities and market players, and finally, provides an outlook to the future developments of securities regulatory regime in conformity with the Securities Law 2019.

Findings

This article concludes that the revisions made to the Securities Law 2019 cover a broad range of issues including the issuance and trading of securities, acquisition of a listed company, information disclosure, securities registration and settlement, etc. Such revisions to the Securities Law will lead to far-reaching and profound implications on the securities regulatory system and industry practice in China.

Practical implications

The Securities Law 2019 attracts broad attention from securities market players as well as relevant professionals of the industry, including securities lawyers. As this is a novel and hot topic within the industry, it is important for securities lawyers to keep on track.

Originality/value

High-level guidance from experienced lawyers in the Capital Markets and Financial Regulation practices.

Details

Journal of Investment Compliance, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1528-5812

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 31 December 2018

N. Bindu, C. Prem Sankar and K. Satheesh Kumar

This paper aims to introduce a systematic computing and analytical procedure that is applied to the co-author network to identify the temporal evolution and growth of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce a systematic computing and analytical procedure that is applied to the co-author network to identify the temporal evolution and growth of research collaborations in the area of e-governance. The empirical analysis of the temporal co-author network can trace the emerging authors and knowledge bursts over time.

Design/methodology/approach

The study applied social network theory to trace the author collaboration patterns in the domain of e-governance. Analysis of the co-author network using micro and macro parameters was done to trace the temporal evolution of the author collaborations.

Findings

E-governance is a multi-disciplinary research domain split over streams of management, politics, information technology and electronics. Hence, research collaborations play a significant role in its advancement. The knowledge sharing between individual authors, institutions and groups through research collaborations, resulting in extensive sharing of data, equipment and research methods, has boosted research activities and development in e-governance. In this paper, the authors systematically analyse the current scenario of research collaborations in the area of e-governance using co-author network to estimate its impact on the advancement of the field. The authors also analysed the temporal evolution of the co-author networks, which show remarkable growth of research collaborations in the domain of e-governance from the year 2000.

Research limitations/implications

The co-author network analysis is only a proxy measure for the analysis of research collaborations. The names of the authors and the university affiliations used in the article are as retrieved from the research repository of Scopus. The degree, citations and other parameters related with authors have scope only within the environment of the co-author network used in the analysis. The criteria used in the study is limited to the degree of research collaborations and the number of co-authored publications in the giant component of the co-author network.

Practical implications

Institutions, authors and governments can trace and select suitable topics and choose research groups of co-authors over the world for future research collaborations in e-governance. The knowledge about the emerging and most discussed topics gives an overview of the global research trends of e-governance.

Social implications

The study identified the evolution of creative collaborations in e-governance in the global perspective. The methodology introduced here is helpful to detect the proficient and productive author collaborations and the spectrum of related e-governance research topics associated with them. As the author collaborations can be mapped to the institutional and country-level collaborations, the information is helpful for researchers, institutions and governments to establish the best collaborations in e-governance research based on the author proficiency, collaboration patterns and research topics as per the requirements.

Originality/value

The paper introduces a novel research methodology using temporal analysis of co-author network to identify the evolution of research patterns and the associated research topics.

Details

Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6166

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 12 January 2012

Ioannis N. Lagoudis

There is significant amount of literature tackling different issues related to the port industry. The present chapter focuses on a single business unit of seaports aiming…

Abstract

There is significant amount of literature tackling different issues related to the port industry. The present chapter focuses on a single business unit of seaports aiming at the documentation of works related to container terminals.

An effort to review, collect and present the majority of the works present in the last 30 years, between 1980 and 2010, has been made in order to picture the problems dealt and methods used by the authors in the specific research field. To facilitate the reader, studies have been grouped under five categories of addressed problems (productivity and competitiveness, yard and equipment utilization, equipment scheduling, berth planning, loading/unloading) and four modelling methodologies (mathematics and operations research, management and economics, simulation, stochastic modelling).

The analysis shows that most works focus on productivity and competitiveness issues followed by yard and equipment utilisation and equipment scheduling. In reference to the methodologies used managerial and economic approaches lead, followed by mathematics and operations research.

In reference to future research, two fields have been identified where there is scope of significant contribution by the academic community: container terminal security and container terminal supply chain integration.

The present chapter provides the framework for researchers in the field of port container terminals to picture the so far works in this research area and enables the identification of gaps at both research question and methodology level for further research.

Details

Maritime Logistics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-340-8

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 15 February 2011

Hasmukh K. Gajjar and Gajendra K. Adil

Shelf space is often retailer's critical resource. Growing number of products has posed a challenge to the retailers for efficient allocation of available shelf space to…

Abstract

Purpose

Shelf space is often retailer's critical resource. Growing number of products has posed a challenge to the retailers for efficient allocation of available shelf space to them. The paper aims to consider a retail shelf space allocation problem with linear profit function and aims to develop efficient heuristics to solve this problem.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper develops three heuristics to solve a shelf space allocation problem. It compares three heuristics with existing heuristic using empirical study.

Findings

In an empirical study of 320 randomly generated instances of problems with size (products, shelves) varying from (25, 5) to (200, 50), it was found that all three new heuristics are competitive with existing heuristic. The best amongst three heuristics found solution with average objective value of 99.59 percent of upper bound in a reasonable central processing unit time.

Research limitations/implications

The linearity assumption of the profit function is based on earlier findings that marginal returns to space first increase and then decrease in an S‐shaped curve. Hence, linearity assumption for profit function is justified by the fact that retails would want to operate on linear (or approximately linear) and more strongly increasing part of the curve.

Practical implications

The proposed heuristics are applied to a case of existing retail store which gave more profit than the current allocation scheme.

Originality/value

The paper proposes new initial constructor and neighbourhood move strategy to develop efficient heuristic. Heuristics proposed in this paper are competitive with existing heuristics.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 15 September 2017

Xiaojun Yang and Wei-chiao Huang

This paper examines the impact of residents’ human capital investment inequality on the urban–rural income gap, using China’s provincial panel data from 1997 to 2013. The…

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of residents’ human capital investment inequality on the urban–rural income gap, using China’s provincial panel data from 1997 to 2013. The results show that, at the national level as well as at the regional level, residents’ overall human capital investment inequality has a positive significant impact on the urban–rural income gap. In addition, the impact of overall human capital investment inequality increased monotonically from the eastern region inward to the western region. In terms of the relative impact of each component of human capital investment inequality on the urban–rural income gap, migration investment inequality appears to have the greatest impact at the national level, whereas health investment inequality has the greatest impact on the urban–rural income gap in the eastern region, and education investment inequality exhibits the greatest impact in the central and western regions. We also investigate the impact of human capital investment inequality on the urban–rural income gap over different periods. The results show that residents’ overall human capital investment inequality had a positive impact on the urban–rural income gap in the period 1997–2008, but the impact rapidly shrunk in 2009–2013. Furthermore, the impact of residents’ health investment inequality on the urban–rural income gap shows a downward trend, and the impact of residents’ education investment inequality trended slightly upward from 1997 to 2008, and then rapidly shrunk in 2009–2013. Finally, the impact of residents’ migration investment inequality was only significant in 1997–2002.

Details

Advances in Pacific Basin Business Economics and Finance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-409-7

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 5 June 2019

Yumiao Chen and Zhongliang Yang

Breathing resistance is the main factor that influences the wearing comfort of respirators. This paper aims to demonstrate the feasibility of using the gene expression…

Abstract

Purpose

Breathing resistance is the main factor that influences the wearing comfort of respirators. This paper aims to demonstrate the feasibility of using the gene expression programming (GEP) for the purpose of predicting subjective perceptions of breathing resistances of wearing respirators via surface electromyography (sEMG) and respiratory signals (RSP) sensors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors developed a physiological signal monitoring system with a specific garment. The inputs included seven physical measures extracted from (RSP) and (sEMG) signals. The output was the subjective index of breathing resistances of wearing respirators derived from the category partitioning-100 scale with proven levels of reliability and validity. The prediction model was developed and validated using data collected from 30 subjects and 24 test combinations (12 respirator conditions × 2 motion conditions). The subjects evaluated 24 conditions of breathing resistances in repeated measures fashion.

Findings

The results show that the GEP model can provide good prediction performance (R2 = 0.71, RMSE = 0.11). This study demonstrates that subjective perceptions of breathing resistance of wearing respirators on the human body can be predicted using the GEP via sEMG and RSP in real-time, at little cost, non-invasively and automatically.

Originality/value

This is the first paper suggesting that subjective perceptions of subjective breathing resistances can be predicted from sEMG and RSP sensors using a GEP model, which will remain helpful to the scientific community to start further human-centered research work and product development using wearable biosensors and evolutionary algorithms.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Haoxiong Yang, Lijun Sun, Shulin Lan and Chen Yang

Many cities implement freight traffic restriction policy (FTRP) intending to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. At the same time, city distribution had some…

Abstract

Purpose

Many cities implement freight traffic restriction policy (FTRP) intending to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution. At the same time, city distribution had some negative effects. The purpose of this paper is therefore to study the freight group behavior under FTRP, and to provide some recommendations for the government.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper establishes a city distribution system model built by a simulation method of Agent, which includes the complex adaptability of freight individual, event of restriction policy, the influence factor of freight group behavior and its changes from the perspective of restriction policy. The rules of microscopic freight group behavior to macroscopic freight group behavior, the effects on freight group behavior exerted by restriction policy and the dynamic mechanism of freight group behavior are all studied. The model is also simulated with the traffic data of Beijing in China.

Findings

Theoretical results ensure that restriction of the passport is not the sole reason that may produce illegal trucks, and other measures need to be taken to solve the traffic problems. And in the long run, increasing fines has a greater effect than strengthening supervision frequency on illegal trucks reduction.

Originality/value

From city distribution perspective, this paper studied freight group behavior under FTRP. This paper also applied the Agent modeling method to build a model of urban distribution system in the FTRP.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 117 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 24 June 2021

Kuan-Yang Chen, Levent Altinay, Po-Yuan Chen and You-De Dai

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the attributes of market knowledge (depth/breadth) and particular types of (process/product) innovation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the attributes of market knowledge (depth/breadth) and particular types of (process/product) innovation. The mediating mechanism of ambidextrous (exploratory/exploitative) capabilities is also investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

Data from 153 travel agencies from two phases of data collection in Taiwan were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method.

Findings

Market knowledge depth directly and positively impacts product and process innovation. Market knowledge breadth indirectly and positively impacts product and process innovation. Ambidextrous capabilities affect process and product innovation and mediate the effect of market knowledge breadth on the two innovations.

Research limitations/implications

This study provides different theoretical views, such as dynamic capability and organizational learning, to supplement the explanation of knowledge-based theory in the relationship between market knowledge and innovation.

Practical implications

This study encourages firms to accumulate market knowledge depth and breadth and facilitate ambidextrous capabilities for innovation.

Originality/value

Seldom has research explored the relationships between the attributes of market knowledge and types of innovation simultaneously to extend the input-process-output context. This study has done so and forwards the possibility that ambidextrous capability is critical mechanism.

市场知识对产品与流程创新之影响:以旅行业为例目的

本研究探讨市场知识属性(深度/广度)与特定类型创新(流程/产品)两者间的关系, 并以双元性(探索/开发)能力作为中介变数。

研究设计/方法

本研究采用结构方程模型, 以台湾153家旅行社作为样本, 进行两阶段的资料搜集。

研究结果

市场知识深度对产品和流程创新具有直接且正向的影响。市场知识的广度对产品和流程创新具有间接且正向的影响。双元能力会影响产品和流程创新, 并中介市场知识广度对这两项创新的影响。

研究意义

本研究结合动态能力与组织学习两种理论观点, 为知识基础理论对市场知识与创新的探讨提供更完整的解释。

实践意义

本研究鼓励业者积累市场知识的深度和广度, 并提升能促进创新的双元能力。

原创性/价值

过去的研究鲜少探讨市场知识属性与创新类型间的关系。而本研究对其进行讨论, 并提出双元能力可能为市场知识属性对创新影响的关键机制。

Impactos del conocimiento de mercado en la innovación de productos y procesos: Evidencia de agencias de viajesObjetivo

este artículo examina la relación entre los atributos del conocimiento del mercado (profundidad/amplitud) y los tipos particulares de (proceso/producto) innovación. También se investiga el mecanismo mediador de las capacidades (exploratorias/explotadoras) ambidiestras.

Diseño/metodología/perspectiva

utilizando el método de modelos de ecuaciones estructurales, se han analizado los datos de 153 agencias de viajes en dos fases de recopilación de datos en Taiwán.

Resultados

la profundidad del conocimiento del mercado afecta directa y positivamente a la innovación del producto y del proceso. La amplitud del conocimiento del mercado afecta indirecta y positivamente a la innovación del producto y del proceso. Las capacidades ambidiestras afectan a la innovación del proceso y del producto, y hacen de mediador entre el efecto de la profundidad del conocimiento del mercado en las dos innovaciones.

Limitaciones/implicaciones de la investigación

este estudio proporciona distintas perspectivas teóricas tales como la capacidad dinámica y el aprendizaje organizacional para complementar la teoría, basada en el conocimiento, entre el conocimiento del mercado y la innovación.

Implicaciones practices

este estudio anima a las empresas a acumular conocimiento del mercado en profundidad y amplitud, y a facilitar capacidades ambidiestras para la innovación.

Originalidad/importancia

rara vez se han explorado simultáneamente en el mundo académico las relaciones entre los atributos del conocimiento del mercado y los tipos de innovación para extender el contexto entrada-proceso-salida. Este estudio sí lo ha hecho y, además, avanza la posibilidad de que las capacidades ambidiestras sean un mecanismo crucial.

1 – 10 of over 18000