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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2004

Orie E. Barron, Donal Byard and Charles R. Enis

This study uses experimental data to compare the information generated by professional and nonprofessional investors when both groups receive access to the same financial…

Abstract

This study uses experimental data to compare the information generated by professional and nonprofessional investors when both groups receive access to the same financial disclosures. We also manipulate the disclosure level for both subject groups. Using the method developed by Barron, Kim, Lim and Stevens (1998), we then analyze the information contained in stock price forecasts that were made by the experimental subjects. Professionals on average inferred more information than nonprofessionals. The higher level of disclosure did not affect the information possessed by the professional investors. However, we find that a higher level of disclosure is associated with more private information being produced (or inferred) by nonprofessional investors. As a result, these subjects realized a significant improvement in the accuracy of their mean forecasts relative to their individual forecasts. This finding suggests that the enhanced capacity of firms to widely disclose information to all market participants via the Internet, together with the SEC's new “Fair Disclosure (FD)” regulation, has the potential to produce a significant increase in privately inferred information for on‐line nonprofessionals, potentially resulting in the aggregation of more diverse information into share prices.

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Review of Accounting and Finance, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1475-7702

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Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2010

Charles R. Enis

This chapter reports on the findings of the fourth wave of a longitudinal study of the image of accountants regarding perceptions of their instrumental and expressive…

Abstract

This chapter reports on the findings of the fourth wave of a longitudinal study of the image of accountants regarding perceptions of their instrumental and expressive traits. The four waves were conducted in 1972, 1982, 1992, and 2002. The images germane to this research were those reflected in the “looking glass” of undergraduate students, a relevant peer group of those potentially contemplating entry into the accounting profession. The accountant's stereotype has been blamed for harming the ability of the profession to attract individuals with excellent human relations and communications skills. The negative image originated when accounting was a male-dominated endeavor. Gender typing is important in forming impressions of vocational choices. Thus, this study investigates the manner in which the accountant's image has evolved as its gender composition has become balanced. My focus is on comparing the 2002 wave with the 1972 and 1992 waves. The latter comparison covers the period of the “Enron era” scandals.

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Ethics, Equity, and Regulation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-729-5

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Book part
Publication date: 14 July 2010

Charles R. Enis

I examined the association between economic, savings, and psychological factors on participation in traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) (1983–1985). The data…

Abstract

I examined the association between economic, savings, and psychological factors on participation in traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) (1983–1985). The data were panels of tax returns representing households qualifying for the maximum IRA contribution and whose only sources of income were employment and investments. Along with traditional economic variables, my regressions included psychological factors such as framing effects based on adaptive expectations. Although both economic and psychological constructs were important in explaining savings behavior, the latter were shown as more salient. Households having less favorable than expected withholding positions increased IRA participation, a finding corroborating prior research. Savings propensity (SAVE) and past participation were the most important factors linked to IRAs. Unexpected investment income was significantly related to IRA participation, providing evidence that deductible IRA contributions represent new savings rather than reshuffled old savings. The policy implications of this study suggest that savings plans redesigned to encourage greater retirement savings should include tax benefits that are in temporal proximity to the desired savings behavior.

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Advances in Taxation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-140-5

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Book part
Publication date: 19 May 2010

Abstract

Details

Ethics, Equity, and Regulation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-729-5

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Book part
Publication date: 14 July 2010

Abstract

Details

Advances in Taxation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-140-5

Content available
Article
Publication date: 31 July 2018

Ahmed ElBassoussy

This paper aims to explore the international response to the discovery and development of gas fields in the East Mediterranean basin.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the international response to the discovery and development of gas fields in the East Mediterranean basin.

Design/methodology/approach

The study applies key concepts into a framework and explores the strategies used by nations for developing their influence in the region.

Findings

The key nation states (the USA and Russia) and the supranational EU are notable in their divergent approaches to obtaining access to and influence regarding the gas fields.

Practical implications

The development of the strategies used by the international rivals for access to the resources available from the offshore oil fields is set to be an area for further study.

Originality/value

This paper offers insight into a developing rivalry over energy security, which will a platform for further investigation throughout the exploitation of the “New Gulf” gas fields.

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1975

Turgut Var, William W. Swart and Charles E. Gearing

Although this is a survey of research techniques, it has become increasingly apparent, as the study has progressed, that our investigation of research methods for use in…

Abstract

Although this is a survey of research techniques, it has become increasingly apparent, as the study has progressed, that our investigation of research methods for use in tourism and travel studies, without prior consideration of the nature and scopes of tourism and travel themselves, would he inadequate. At the outset it would be imperative to distinguish three interrelated terms. These are recreation, tourism, and travel.

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Book part
Publication date: 17 September 2020

Dawn Iacobucci, Marcelo L. D. S. Gabriel, Matthew J. Schneider and Kavita Miadaira Hamza

This chapter reviews marketing scholarship on environmental sustainability. The literature covers several themes of both consumer behavior and firm-level topics. Consumer…

Abstract

This chapter reviews marketing scholarship on environmental sustainability. The literature covers several themes of both consumer behavior and firm-level topics. Consumer issues include their assessment of efficacy and the extent to which they are aware and sensitive to environmental issues. Numerous interventions and marketing appeals for modifying attitudes and behaviors have been tested and are reported. Consumers and business managers have both been queried regarding attitudes of recycling and waste. Firm-level phenomena are reflected, including how brand managers can signal their green efforts to their customers, whether doing so is beneficial, all in conjunction with macro pressures or constraints from industry or governmental agencies. This chapter closes with a reflection on the research.

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Continuing to Broaden the Marketing Concept
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78754-824-4

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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2011

Audhesh K. Paswan, Charles Blankson and Francisco Guzman

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between marketing strategy types – aggressive marketing, price leadership and product specialization strategies …

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between marketing strategy types – aggressive marketing, price leadership and product specialization strategies – and the extent of relationalism in marketing channels.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected using a self‐administered survey from managers responsible for marketing and channels management in US pharmaceutical firms. The responses to the questions capturing focal constructs were measured using a five‐point Likert type scale. Data were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling procedures.

Findings

Aggressive marketing strategy and price leadership strategy are positively associated with the level of relationalism in marketing channels. In contrast, product specialization (focus) strategy is negatively associated with the level of relationalism in marketing channels.

Originality/value

The relationship between marketing strategy and the emergent relationalism among marketing channel intermediaries is critical for the firm's ability to meet objectives. This relationship has not been investigated so far and, from a managerial perspective, managing marketing channels is critical for successful implementation of marketing strategies.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 45 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1982

Johan Arndt

Initiates a reopening of Shelby Hunt's award‐winning article model addressing the nature and scope of marketing even though thought of as provocative and influential…

Abstract

Initiates a reopening of Shelby Hunt's award‐winning article model addressing the nature and scope of marketing even though thought of as provocative and influential. Discusses, first, the three dichotomies model, second the theoretical status and then, third, the three proposed dimensions and categories used are examined. Further explores Hunt's conceptual, adequacy and dimensions of his model and gives explanations and theories within. Concludes that this is a comprehensive review of the model and that it is hard to avoid being impressed by Hunt's timely and rigorous scholarly contribution, and that its strength is usefulness rather than truthfulness, because of its strong stands on important issues.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

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