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Book part
Publication date: 5 December 2018

Thomas Raymen

This chapter uses ethnographic data to explore the embodied aspects of parkour’s practice and how traceurs move around and navigate the city. It draws upon a blend of…

Abstract

This chapter uses ethnographic data to explore the embodied aspects of parkour’s practice and how traceurs move around and navigate the city. It draws upon a blend of non-representational theory and Lacanian psychoanalysis to explain the attraction to parkour’s intensely embodied, effective and risk-taking practice. It then looks at how the traceurs exist in the interstices of hyper-regulated urban spaces and develop an alternative cartography of the city, which is generated from their situated knowledge and the temporal rhythms and flows in the city centre’s consumer economy. It is argued that this alternative cartography constitutes a spatio-bodily transgression that violates the hyper-regulated city’s command for its subjects to be passive bodies who accept the dominant cartography of the city geared towards consumption.

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Parkour, Deviance and Leisure in the Late-Capitalist City: An Ethnography
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-812-5

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Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2004

Alexander Reilly

New and converging technologies in administration and mapping have enabled property rights to become disconnected from the facts of occupation and possession of land. By…

Abstract

New and converging technologies in administration and mapping have enabled property rights to become disconnected from the facts of occupation and possession of land. By the time native title was recognised in the Mabo decision (1992) the primary representation of land tenure was in digital cadastres1 created and controlled by Federal and State bureaucracies. Native title was immediately cast as a spatial question. The location of native title rights was determined within the confines of a map of existing legal interests in the land. In this paper, I consider how the spatial orientation of property has affected the nature and expression of native title rights in Australia.

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Aesthetics of Law and Culture: Texts, Images, Screens
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-304-4

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2020

Adèle Davanture and Daniel Derivois

Meta-analyses indicate that migrants and refugees develop more mental health problems than the general population as a result of their exposure to armed conflict, violence…

Abstract

Purpose

Meta-analyses indicate that migrants and refugees develop more mental health problems than the general population as a result of their exposure to armed conflict, violence and torture together with their experiences prior to, during and after resettlement. The purpose of this paper is to experience a tool that allows analysing how migrants and refugees represent the world and how they self-represent in the world.

Design/methodology/approach

The aim is to design a projective tool called “Self Cartography” to facilitate the production of migration stories, based on narratives.

Findings

The self-cartography tool revealed the psychological suffering generated by the brutality and violence of exile. The narratives about the pre-migratory phase appear to be more complex and more painful than the migratory and post-migratory phases.

Research limitations/implications

The preliminary interviews in the exploratory phase have raised certain methodological biases, such as the size of the map, which is currently in A2 format. It was described by some participants as being too large and a source of anxiety.

Practical implications

The purpose of this work is to conceptualise a standardised projective tool that can be used by researchers and professionals responsible for making therapeutic assessments and supporting individuals in migration situations.

Social implications

This tool aims to facilitate better social integration for migrants and refugees.

Originality/value

The self-cartography tool opens up the boundaries of narrativity in a geo-temporal space shared with the clinician. Using the world as a means to self-narrate can be thought of as an attempt to rewrite the collective and individual traumatic histories of our humanity.

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Mental Health and Social Inclusion, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-8308

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Article
Publication date: 25 July 2008

Gary Warnaby

This paper seeks to investigate the use of cartography in the representation of places and recognise its potential importance in place marketing.

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611

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to investigate the use of cartography in the representation of places and recognise its potential importance in place marketing.

Design/methodology/approach

Following a review of the relevant academic literature in the areas of cartography and place marketing, the paper considers the application of cartographic principles in the representation of places for marketing purposes.

Findings

Using models of the marketing communication process, Gilmartin's model of map design influences (incorporating map initiator, reader's needs and map symbolisation) and Gold's three emphases in the study of place promotional messages (i.e. as part of the production system, audience consumption of the media and the messages of the media), a review of various issues relating to the use of maps as a place marketing tool is presented.

Research limitations/implications

This is an exploratory investigation comprising a review of the existing literature. An agenda for further research, focusing on issues in relation to the production and consumption of maps in this context is presented.

Practical implications

Provides place marketing practitioners with some advice as to how the utility of using maps for place marketing/promotional activities may be maximised.

Originality/value

Maps are a commonly used representational mechanism for places, both historically and currently. This paper considers issues relating to the use of this important method of place representation.

Details

Journal of Place Management and Development, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8335

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Article
Publication date: 23 August 2019

Syed Hamad Hassan Shah, Shen Lei, Muhammad Ali, Dmitrii Doronin and Syed Talib Hussain

Over the past decade, the term prosumption (denoting simultaneous consumption and production) has exhibited a dramatic increase in frequency of use in publications in the…

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1144

Abstract

Purpose

Over the past decade, the term prosumption (denoting simultaneous consumption and production) has exhibited a dramatic increase in frequency of use in publications in the social sciences and business studies. This paper aims to explore the current state of research into prosumption, particularly related to marketing.

Design/methodology/approach

This study systematically reviews papers on prosumption extracted from the Web of Science, using two bibliometric analyses on 20 years of data: citation counts from HistCite and bibliographic coupling and cartography analysis from the visualization of similarities software VOSviewer. A total of 75 papers on prosumption were found from the period 1997-2017, and the most influential authors, articles, journals, institutions and countries among these were determined. Furthermore, bibliographic coupling and most co-occurrent keywords in the title, keywords and abstracts were found.

Findings

This study found that the USA and the UK were the most influential among prosumption publications. Ritzer was the most prominent author and Journal of Consumer Culture was the top-ranking journal. Three clusters were found using bibliographic coupling and cartography analysis: prosumer and co-creation, prosumer and user-generated content and prosumer and informational capital.

Research limitations/implications

This analysis provided a basis for conceptualizing publications on prosumption related to business and sociology in the discipline of marketing. Content analysis found that prosumption research in marketing is in early stages: little quantitative study has been conducted yet. Researchers have not yet constructed a quantitative measure for prosumption.

Practical implications

Business firms can engage prosumers to gain market share and competitive advantage, especially relative to value co-creation, with near-zero marginal cost.

Originality/value

This may be the first bibliometric analysis and systematic review of prosumption research in marketing studies. The achievements of this paper open new avenues for other prosumption researchers.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 49 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 21 September 2015

Suoling Zhu and Ping Bao

The purpose of this paper is to apply Geographic Information System (GIS) in the development and utilization of Chinese ancient local chronicles to achieve the mining and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply Geographic Information System (GIS) in the development and utilization of Chinese ancient local chronicles to achieve the mining and visualization of historical data about products distribution and dispersal in Products in Local Chronicles of Guangdong.

Design/methodology/approach

Using 1,756 records of product-related location names in Products in Local Chronicles of Guangdong of the Qing dynasty, which are recognized by a name recognition system, as attribute data; taking the spatial data of Chinese administrative geography of the Qing dynasty in 1820 and the Historical Atlas of China as spatial data; connect the attribute data with relevant spatial data based on the table connection function of Arcmap in Arcgis 8.3 to implement the data management, cartography and analysis.

Findings

The application of GIS in the development and utilization of ancient local chronicles was quite successful. With some thematic maps, knowledge about products distribution and dispersal in ancient books was vividly displayed so as to facilitate relevant researches.

Research limitations/implications

Only product-related location names inside China were analyzed, not other named entities in local chronicles; and only static visual display was achieved, not dynamic visual display. Historical maps of the world can be used to carry out the visualization of the products distribution and dispersal in the world, and even the visualization of other knowledge, such as poetries and songs scattered over many places in China. The process of products dispersal and the distribution of poetries and songs can be dynamically and visually displayed by pictures, audios, videos, multimedia, etc.

Practical implications

By using GIS in the development and utilization of Chinese ancient local chronicles, this paper explores a new way for the collation of ancient books and open up a new area for the research of digital humanities.

Originality/value

This is the first try about the application of GIS in the development and utilization of ancient local chronicles, and also the same of digital humanities research in the field of agricultural history.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2020

Maurício Ragagnin Pimentel and Melise de Lima Pereira

This study aims to: (1) describe the spatial distribution of tourism in Brazil; (2) assess Brazilian tourism growth and its location between 2007 and 2016; (3) discuss the…

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102

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to: (1) describe the spatial distribution of tourism in Brazil; (2) assess Brazilian tourism growth and its location between 2007 and 2016; (3) discuss the implications of the findings to the understanding of tourism in Brazil and (4) debate about the methodological specifics of this work.

Design/methodology/approach

Thematic cartography is used to explore and analyze tourism spatial distribution in Brazil. The proxy used was the number of jobs in the lodging industry in the years of 2007 and 2016, available at the Ministry of Labor RAIS data set. Descriptive statistics, Spearman's rank correlation and Ward's method for cluster analysis were applied in the construction procedures of this three-step process method.

Findings

The uneven distribution of tourism across the country and its concentration in specific areas of the Brazilian territory are presented in three thematic maps. Between 2007 and 2016 most of the growth in accommodation jobs has been in already established tourist destinations. There is a softening of accommodation Jobs concentration in large metropolises, and a trend that this growth takes place in more tourism specialized cities. Nevertheless, it is in small cities where tourism plays a significant role in changing local economies.

Originality/value

It presents and discusses Brazilian tourism spatial distribution. It assesses the whole national territory, with data broken at the country's smallest administrative level. It uses a data set that is still original in tourism literature. It considers previous research on spatial distribution and proposes a new method.

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9792

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2006

Philippe Van Berten and Jean‐Louis Ermine

For almost 20 years, knowledge management projects hit various domains. This paper aims to describe briefly a set of four well‐tried knowledge management tools allowing

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2950

Abstract

Purpose

For almost 20 years, knowledge management projects hit various domains. This paper aims to describe briefly a set of four well‐tried knowledge management tools allowing practitioners to analyse and structure, describe and represent, share and store, teach and transmit knowledge.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper focuses on selected tools now of general practice and becoming popular among the practitioners.

Findings

The paper finds that, originally out of the information science laboratories, the tools introduced here have been proved tested efficient and reliable after hundreds of real projects, no matter what type of industry and domain use them. This now common practice should open the path to new models for the knowledge economy. Dealing with complexity becomes easier as well as putting the information system at the crossing of the interactive information flows instead of keeping it out of reach of a majority of knowledge workers. Because of the massive retirement of the baby boomers, a large loss of workforce challenges the companies for the first time in history. How to evaluate and pass to the next generation its core business of knowledge is thus of critical importance.

Originality/value

This paper reminds that knowledge management is no longer a solely academic issue since tools of the next generation are now available, beefing up the growing domain of the knowledge economy.

Details

VINE, vol. 36 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-5728

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Sona Karentz Andrews and John Grozik

The interactive cartography videodisc includes a double‐sided videodisc with one side containing full map images of over 600 maps and in excess of 30,000 tiles and…

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26

Abstract

The interactive cartography videodisc includes a double‐sided videodisc with one side containing full map images of over 600 maps and in excess of 30,000 tiles and close‐up pieces of these maps. The database contains a wide assortment of map information and will be approximately eight megabytes in size. Not only does the database provide information about each map but a user can search fields in the database to isolate those maps that fit the intended criteria. The interface (approximately two megabytes) provides the link between the images and the data. It is designed to allow a high level of interaction and access through display environments. A printed directory is also being prepared with three indexes organized alphabetically by map title, subject, and region.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 21 October 2021

Bouamra Youcef, Fatma Taouche-Kheloui and Kamal Ait Tahar

The purpose of this study is experimental research of the mechanical behavior of slab reinforced by cork composite patch submitted to an eccentric progressive compressive…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is experimental research of the mechanical behavior of slab reinforced by cork composite patch submitted to an eccentric progressive compressive load applied to on impact rectangle of dimensions 28 × 23 cm2. An analytical model and numerical modeling by finite elements are performed. This study is motivated by the evaluation of the effectiveness of this type of partial reinforcement to improve strength and ductility. The results are given by load-displacement curves, tensile damages cartography and ultimate strength histogram.

Design/methodology/approach

In experimental protocol, the following two parameters have been considered: the dimensions of the patch and the eccentricity of the load. The sections of the patches are calculated so that the ratio (XP/YP) patch is proportional to the ratio (LD/lD), with a step of 6 cm longitudinally and 4 cm transversely. Several dimensions patches are considered: (6 × 4) cm2, (12 × 8) cm2 and (18 × 12) cm2. The eccentric punching loading test was performed with an eccentricity of the load (1/3) L’ and (2/3) L’ compared to the center of gravity of the slab. Taking into account the eccentricity of the load in estimating the rupture strength, the equations are developed. Thus, numerical simulations are carried, to extract tensile damages cartography.

Findings

The results show that the rupture begins with the appearance of cracks in the unreinforced area. For an eccentricity of 1/3L’, the best strength/section ratio is obtained for patch (12 × 8) cm2, whereas for an eccentricity de 2/3L’, the patch (6 × 4) cm2 gives a better resistance. The results highlight the influence of the composite on the ultimate load. The force-displacement relations are little modified in the elastic phase. The experimental results have been compared with the theoretical models showing a good correlation.

Originality/value

The strength and ductility are depended on the dimensions of the patch and the eccentricity of the load. The use of a patch to cover the most stressed area, in the event of an eccentric axial load is a very economical solution compared to the total reinforcement. The damage field shows that the evolution of cracks depends on dimensions and the position of the patch. Indeed, the eccentricity of the vertical load induces an additional bending moment that will influence the fracture surface. The rupture load and ultimate displacement increase with the surface of the patch.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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