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Article
Publication date: 19 December 2019

Carlos Costa

The purpose of this paper is to analyse past tourism planning and discuss how it is going to evolve in the future.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse past tourism planning and discuss how it is going to evolve in the future.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on literature review, but it also advances a model for future tourism planning.

Findings

The paper demonstrates that there is a strong need for tourism planning to be carried out with close links between territorial planning and its economics and management.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is not based on primary data collection.

Practical implications

The paper is useful for planners, academics and practitioners. It shows how a new planning model may be put in practice in the future.

Social implications

By linking physical and economic planning, the paper has good management implications to involve people and make them benefit from tourism.

Originality/value

Most tourism models fail to associate physical and economic planning, while this paper brings an innovative perspective of doing this.

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 75 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 September 2016

Carlos Costa, Zelia Breda, Fiona Eva Bakas, Marilia Durão and Isabel Pinho

This paper aims to investigate the ways in which gender influences entrepreneurial motivations and barriers in the Brazilian tourism sector. As an economic process…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the ways in which gender influences entrepreneurial motivations and barriers in the Brazilian tourism sector. As an economic process, tourism entrepreneurship is widely spread in Brazil, with tourism development programs promoting it as a strategy to empower women, however limited research exists on how gender roles influence entrepreneurial ideals. This nationwide study aims to provide a contemporary insight into how tourism entrepreneurs in Brazil are situated within current entrepreneurship theorizing by questioning the complexity caused as gender roles influence entrepreneurial conceptualizations of what constitute motivations and barriers.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses online questionnaires aimed, for the first time, at a large variety of tourism sub-sectors in Brazil. Having nation-wide scope, the questionnaires produce knowledge on what motivates and what constrains Brazilian tourism entrepreneurs through a gender lens. Quantitative analysis using SPSS statistical software tests the statistical significance of results and is complemented by the integration of feminist economic theories into the analytical framework.

Findings

The current study’s findings highlight the invisibility of gender’s workings, as the majority of participants did not conceive gender as playing a role in their entrepreneurial experience. Entrepreneurial motivations and barriers show a departure from past literature, such as the fact that similar numbers of male and female tourism entrepreneurs perceive networking as a significant entrepreneurial barrier. This and other interesting findings prompt for alternative conceptualizations of discourses surrounding women’s involvement in tourism entrepreneurship.

Originality/value

This study consists of an original contribution to knowledge on tourism entrepreneurship in Brazil as this is the first time an empirical study has been made on a nation-wide scale regarding the role of gender in Brazilian tourism entrepreneurs’ motivations and constraints.

Details

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-6266

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 14 March 2018

Medéia Veríssimo and Carlos Costa

The purpose of this paper is to identify the best hostel practices and trends, and to evaluate and discuss how they are keeping up with the present demand created by the…

7002

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the best hostel practices and trends, and to evaluate and discuss how they are keeping up with the present demand created by the Millennials market.

Design/methodology/approach

Methodological approach is based on two complementary qualitative methods: ethnographic participant observation and netnography. Portuguese hostels are the target of this study, as they are considered some of the best in the world. First, a fieldwork was conducted in three top-rated hostels in Lisbon, aiming to immerse in hostel’s environment. Then, 300 online reviews were analysed to identify what customers value the most in those services. Data interpretation was done through a content analysis crossing supply-demand perspectives.

Findings

Results indicate that, while staying in a hostel, the Millennials want to: meet people, engage in activities and events, have local experiences, feel comfortable/at home, get good value for money and enjoy the convenience. In return, hostels play an important role in hospitality industry by pleasing the Millennials, by offering: central location, an interactive atmosphere, functional facilities, well-planned design and decoration, a set of activities and events and personal treatment.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the few to describe Millennials’ travel behaviour towards hostels’ services.

Details

Journal of Tourism Futures, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2055-5911

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 October 2020

Jorge Mota, António Moreira, Rui Costa, Silvana Serrão, Vera Pais-Magalhães and Carlos Costa

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic literature review (SLR) to identify the main firm-level performance indicators and group them in dimensions that…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic literature review (SLR) to identify the main firm-level performance indicators and group them in dimensions that support decision-making in the wine industry.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve this goal, an SLR approach was conducted in the Scopus database from 2009 to 2019. From a set of 607 articles, only 25 studies related to firm-level performance indicators were considered and, following an inductive thematic analysis and an interpretative synthesis, separated into different specific foci that include social, economic and environmental dimensions.

Findings

There is a limited number of papers identifying indicators regarding the firm-level performance of wine firms, and even fewer studies including indicators on an integrated approach to measure the different dimensions of firm performance. This paper documents that economic and environmental indicators cover 78.2% of all SLR indicators analyzed. As this group of indicators is limited to a set of sub-dimensions, this paper found that several groups of indicators are misrepresented, such as product portfolio or certifications related to marketing activities and indicators covering purchasing and supply chain activities, which play a crucial role in the competitiveness of the wine industry.

Practical implications

For practitioners, it discloses the most pertinent indicators they need to improve to craft their business strategies. This framework is of added value for policymakers to customize their support programs for specific producers to develop their competitive strategies. It could be deployed in teaching programs as a tool to address the importance of aligning different types of indicators to achieve firm-level performance in the wine industry.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature identifying a framework of analysis that includes indicators of four dimensions, namely, economic, social, territorial and environmental. This framework aims to relate performance measures to corporate strategy as a management control tool. The framework intends to improve the fit between firms’ activities and their competitive context and to be flexibly adapted to various products/firms in the wine industry.

Details

International Journal of Wine Business Research, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1062

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 August 2018

Carlos Guilherme da Costa Neves, Aly Ferreira Flores Filho, Mateus Felipe Goettems and Pablo Augusto Machado Borges

The purpose of this paper is to simulate a pseudo direct drive (PDD) by using permanent magnet arrays.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to simulate a pseudo direct drive (PDD) by using permanent magnet arrays.

Design/methodology/approach

A 2D finite element model of the PDD was built. The static magnetic torque on air-gaps was obtained by Coulomb’s virtual work method using Ansys Maxwell software. To simulate the relative movement between input rotor and output rotor, two movement bands were applied.

Findings

The PDD’s torque relation was proved. The PDD simulated presents low cogging torque.

Practical implications

The manufacturing steps and materials applied in a construction of a coaxial magnetic gear, PDD’s main component, are presented.

Originality/value

The value of this paper is to present the numerical techniques applied to simulate a PDD and the manufacturing steps and materials applied in a construction of a coaxial magnetic gear.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 October 2019

Medéia Veríssimo and Carlos Costa

This paper aims to unveil the factors that contribute to a positive hostel experience by electing key features and describing their nature from a customer perspective.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to unveil the factors that contribute to a positive hostel experience by electing key features and describing their nature from a customer perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses an exploratory, empirical approach, applying netnography to collect information about guests’ experiences from the five selected top-rated hostels in Europe and Latin America. A content analysis of 500 positive reviews was conducted exploring the critical features of service experience in hostel sector. Lisbon and Rio de Janeiro were selected for this study as they are among the destinations that have received top-rated hostel awards.

Findings

The findings reveal that a hostel experience carries a more symbolic than utilitarian meaning, especially in relation to its social dimension. Results indicate that a hostel stay is positively enhanced by ten key features, namely, staff, supplementary services (e.g. social activities), facilities, location, atmosphere, guests’ interactions, cleanliness, design and decoration, value for money and safety. Staff, supplementary services and facilities were the most mentioned hostel features, which emphasizes their potential to create a favourable environment for social interactions.

Research limitations/implications

Findings are restricted to a limited sample size and geographical area. The main limitation of the study lies, though, in the lack of studies concerning the specific context of hostels within a service experience approach.

Practical implications

Some hostels renounce low-quality stigma to establish themselves as a “cool” type of tourist accommodation. Offering a stay based on good value for money and social atmosphere, these establishments are shaping the industry’s future by both redefining the contemporary hostel’s image and attending to modern travellers’ specific needs. Given the increasing importance of hostels to tourism, this study provides information to scholars and industry practitioners who are interested in understanding how service experience can be enhanced in the hospitality industry.

Originality/value

This paper is a preliminary in-depth examination of factors that positively influence a hostel stay from a customer experience perspective. Thus, it provides insights into service experience management for the tourist accommodation sector.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 31 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 August 2019

Gorete Dinis, Zélia Breda, Carlos Costa and Osvaldo Pacheco

This paper aims to conduct a review of the literature published, between 2006 and 2018, that used search engine data on tourism and hospitality research, namely, Google…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to conduct a review of the literature published, between 2006 and 2018, that used search engine data on tourism and hospitality research, namely, Google Insights for Search and Google Trends. More specifically, it intends to identify the purpose and context of the data use, ascertaining the main findings and reviewing the methodological approaches.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review of Scopus indexed research has been carried out. Given the novelty of search engine data use in tourism and hospitality research and the relatively low number of search results in Scopus, other databases were used to broaden the scope of analysis, namely, EBSCO and Google Scholar. The papers selected were subjected to content and statistical analyses.

Findings

Google Trends data use in tourism and hospitality research has increased significantly from 2012 to 2017, mainly for tourism forecasting/nowcasting; knowing the interest of users’ searches for tourist attractions or destinations; showing the relationship between the official tourism statistics and the search volume index of Google Trends; and estimating the effect of one event on tourism demand. The categories and search terms used vary with the purpose of the study; however, they mostly focus on the travel category and use the country as the search term.

Originality/value

Google Trends has been increasingly used in research publications in tourism and hospitality, but the range of its applications and methods used has not yet been reviewed. Therefore, a systematic review of the existing literature increases awareness of its potential uses in tourism and hospitality research and facilitates a better understanding of its strengths and weaknesses as a research tool.

研究目的

本文回顾2006年至2018年发表文献使用酒店旅游相关的搜索引擎数据, 即Google Insights for Search 以及Google Trends。确切地说, 本文旨在研究数据使用目的和背景, 归纳主要研究成果和研究方法。

研究设计/方法/途径

本文采用Scopus索引, 由于旅游酒店领域使用搜索引擎数据的文献较少, Scopus搜索结果样本量较低, 本文扩展到其他数据库, 即EBSCO以及Google Scholar。选定的样本文献采用文本分析和统计分析法。

研究结果

旅游酒店领域中对Google Trends数据使用的增加主要集中在2012年到2017年, 主要研究领域有(1)旅游预测/即时预报;(2)了解用户搜索旅游景点或目的地的需求;(3)官方旅游数据和Google Trends搜索量索引之间的关系;以及(4)评估大事件对旅游需求的影响。文献归类和搜索名词根据研究目的而不同。然而, 大多数文章使用‘旅游’归类以及使用国家作为搜索关键词。

研究原创性/价值

Google Trends在酒店旅游领域研究中的使用逐渐增加, 但是据作者所知, 其应用的范畴和方法仍处在起步阶段。因此, 对现有文献的系统回顾可以提高对其在旅游酒店领域中应用的认知, 并且本文结果使其作为研究工具的优劣分析更深理解。

关键词

Google Trends, Google insights for search, 搜索引擎数据, 旅游酒店研究, 系统文献回顾

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 December 2019

Manoela Carrillo Valduga, Zélia Breda and Carlos Martins Costa

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the image of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro as a blended tourism destination (TD) image, by examining the categories of the image…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the image of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro as a blended tourism destination (TD) image, by examining the categories of the image, and whether it is positive or negative and cognitive or affective.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative approach was employed to verify the relations between the image of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro by visit, location, categories and subcategories and dimensions. Data were collected online from a “snowball” sample and were analyzed applying non-parametric hypothesis testing. Statistical analysis was performed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software version 25.0 for Windows.

Findings

Results reveal that respondents share the same image of the city of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil, a conclusion that is partially confirmed by statistical findings. The quantitative results also showed that the image is positive and “natural attractions” and “unique city attractions” are, respectively, the most mentioned subcategory and category. Cognitive attributes of the image have been more mentioned than affective ones.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the image of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro as a blended TD image has never been explored before, however, it has been assumed as being the same.

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 April 2019

Vanessa Ratten, Carlos Costa and Marcel Bogers

The purpose of this paper is to focus on emerging research avenues for artisan entrepreneurship. The key findings of the articles in the special journal issue are…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on emerging research avenues for artisan entrepreneurship. The key findings of the articles in the special journal issue are discussed in terms of potential research issues that need to be discussed in future work.

Design/methodology/approach

An overview of the main themes of artisan entrepreneurship in terms of cultural and tourism perspectives is undertaken. This helps to establish artisan entrepreneurship as a new and emerging field of entrepreneurship studies.

Findings

There is more interest in artisan entrepreneurship due to its role in revitalizing economies and placing emphasis on cultural heritage and traditions.

Originality/value

This paper will provide directions for future research on artisan, cultural and tourism entrepreneurship.

Details

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2554

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Carlos Guilherme da Costa Neves and Aly Ferreira Flores Filho

The purpose of this paper is to simulate a magnetic gear full integrated generator (MGFIG) to apply in wind power generation.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to simulate a magnetic gear full integrated generator (MGFIG) to apply in wind power generation.

Design/methodology/approach

A 2D finite element model of the MGFIG was built. The static magnetic torque on air-gaps was obtained by Maxwell stress tensor. In order to simulate the movement of both rotors in relation to the winding and modulators two movement bands were applied.

Findings

It was proved that the MGFIG magnetized with Halbach arrays is able to eliminate the cogging torque, improve the quality of the generated voltage waveform and decrease the core losses and permanent magnet eddy current losses.

Practical implications

The loss coefficients belonging to core material were found from the measured curves provided by an electrical manufacturer.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper is to improve the good characteristics of a MGFIG, such as a simple mechanical structure, good utilization of permanents magnet (PM) materials and lower manufacturing cost, by incorporating Halbach PMs arrays to decrease core and eddy current losses, improve the voltage waveform.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 35 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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