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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1990

Carl Gavin and David Little

Describes the use of CASE tools in manufacturing as a means ofreducing lead times. Discusses the requirements of manufacturing throughthe 1990s, as well as two…

Abstract

Describes the use of CASE tools in manufacturing as a means of reducing lead times. Discusses the requirements of manufacturing through the 1990s, as well as two leading‐edge CASE tools. Surmises that until all issues concerning CASE in manufacturing are resolved, adequate techniques with computer support will remain more productive than more appropriate techniques with no support.

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Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

T. Wyatt

Reports on a conference staged to bring together all partiesconcerned with the specification, analysis, design and operation ofmanufacturing systems. Identifies a business…

Abstract

Reports on a conference staged to bring together all parties concerned with the specification, analysis, design and operation of manufacturing systems. Identifies a business objective approach, an “integration quotient”, and support in terms of computer‐aided software engineering as key issues. Concludes that: available systems methods can be of significant use, although further research is needed to establish the role of methods in manufacturing systems engineering, particularly in the field of integration.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2002

David C. Bell, John S. Atkinson and Victoria Mosier

Describes how HIV and AIDS are carried and spread, particularly for high‐risk groups, but adds that it is not only behavioural but also those behaviours in conjunction…

Abstract

Describes how HIV and AIDS are carried and spread, particularly for high‐risk groups, but adds that it is not only behavioural but also those behaviours in conjunction with others. Employs figures and tables for added explanation and emphasis. Chronicles some individual case studies showing different “risk” behaviours and types of “unsafe” practices. Makes clear that the use of varied types of education are of major importance in the fight against ignorance and nonchalance in the battle against AIDS.

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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 22 no. 4/5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1983

Judith B. Quinlan, David Pilachowski, Larayne J. Dallas, Carol J. Veitch, Ray Gerke and Bessie Carrington

“What above all marks out a reference book from other works is the way it is arranged: it must be deliberately designed for ease of consultation rather than for continuous…

Abstract

“What above all marks out a reference book from other works is the way it is arranged: it must be deliberately designed for ease of consultation rather than for continuous reading.” “Ease of consultation,” an essential component for reference books, as stated by Gavin Higgens in his book Printed Reference Material, is a criterion that reference librarians often consider as they use reference books to answer questions. Reference book publishers have long used various special features designed to speed access to information in these sources. Thumb indexes for dictionaries come to mind immediately when one thinks of this type of special feature. Some publishers include printed index tabs listing sections or subject categories, as in The National Directory of Addresses and Telephone Numbers, where the tabs are on a separate sheet of paper to be attached to the appropriate pages by the librarian. Margin or edge indexes in the Washington Information Directory or in the Government Reports Announcements & Index provide quick identification of sections to turn to, and are easy to use for both patrons and librarians. Color can also be used as a device to distinguish different sections of a reference tool. Literary Market Place and Magazine Industry Market Place, for example, use yellow pages to separate the main body from the quick reference directory of names and telephone numbers. Of course, these devices are not substitutions for indexes or tables of contents, but are helpful to librarians and users who want to be more self‐sufficient. The editor of this column would like reference book publishers to consider including more of these devices in their publications. Readers are invited to write to this editor with other examples of special features which promote “ease of consultation” of reference serials.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1995

John Fernie and John Woolven

Looks at Scotland′s uniqueness within the UK and, in particular,the Scottish patriotism with regard to buying “home” typegoods. Also shows that, perhaps in spite of this…

Abstract

Looks at Scotland′s uniqueness within the UK and, in particular, the Scottish patriotism with regard to buying “home” type goods. Also shows that, perhaps in spite of this, the Scots are nevertheless quite progressive in trying out new products/ideas. Evaluates how to market to the Scottish consumer through retail channels.

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International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 23 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

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Book part
Publication date: 17 May 2021

Abstract

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The Role of External Examining in Higher Education: Challenges and Best Practices
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83982-174-5

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

Margaret Barwick

Discusses the problems of determining the cost of interlibrary loan andcharging for services and describes developments in interlibrary lendingthroughout the world…

Abstract

Discusses the problems of determining the cost of interlibrary loan and charging for services and describes developments in interlibrary lending throughout the world. Highlights advances at British Library Document Supply Centre (BLDSC) and L′Institut de l′Information Scientifique et Techniques (INIST). Describes various projects, surveys and initiatives and gives visions of the future.

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Book part
Publication date: 27 April 2004

Constance E. Bagley and Gavin Clarkson

This paper focuses on two related questions at the intersection of antitrust and intellectual property law. First, under what circumstances must the holder of a patent or…

Abstract

This paper focuses on two related questions at the intersection of antitrust and intellectual property law. First, under what circumstances must the holder of a patent or a copyright or the owner of a trade secret allow others to use that intellectual property? Second, under what circumstances can the holder of an intellectual property right use that right to make it difficult for another party to succeed in a related market? These questions have vexed antitrust and intellectual property scholars alike ever since the Federal Circuit ruled in 2000 that patent holders “may enforce the statutory right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the claimed invention free from liability under the antitrust laws,” a ruling that directly contradicted the Ninth Circuit ruling that antitrust liability could be imposed for almost identical conduct, depending on the motivations of the patent holder. The various proceedings in United States v. Microsoft only added fuel to the firestorm of controversy.After briefly retracing the jurisprudential path to see how this situation arose, we propose a solution that primarily involves a variation on the real property concept of adverse possession for the intellectual property space along with a slight extension of the Essential Facilities Doctrine for industries that exhibit network effects. We examine, both for firms with and without market power, how our proposal would resolve the situations presented by large fixed asset purchases, the introduction of entirely new products, and operating systems with network effects. We also demonstrate how our proposal could be applied in the European antitrust enforcement context.

Details

Intellectual Property and Entrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-265-8

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

Kirk Moll

States that there has been a recent explosion in the publication of reference works in the field of African American studies which indicates the mature field of…

Abstract

States that there has been a recent explosion in the publication of reference works in the field of African American studies which indicates the mature field of scholarship being achieved in this area. Provides a bibliographic guide for those wishing to identify and use research tools for studying African American literature.

Details

Collection Building, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0160-4953

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Article
Publication date: 30 September 2010

Charlie Brooker, John Flynn and Clare Fox

Rates for self‐inflicted deaths (SIDs) were analysed in English and Welsh prisons. Whilst the overall reductions in SIDs are to be welcomed, the data demonstrate that…

Abstract

Rates for self‐inflicted deaths (SIDs) were analysed in English and Welsh prisons. Whilst the overall reductions in SIDs are to be welcomed, the data demonstrate that there is variation in progress with SIDs reduction across the different types of prison. SIDs is increasing in high security prisons and these findings have implications for both research and commissioning. Those that commission prison mental health services in primary care trusts must recognise the need for targeted interventions that acknowledge three major issues indicated in the literature: the likely childhood trauma experienced by mentally disordered prisoners; a better recognition of the important role played by victimisation and intimidation in SIDs; and greater investment in alcohol treatment programmes in prison. Research should be commissioned that examines these factors in relation to SID.

Details

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-6599

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