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Article
Publication date: 28 December 2020

Rodrigo Castilla, Alex Pacheco, Ivan Robles, Andy Reyes and Ricardo Inquilla

The use of information and communication technologies has become essential in organizations, as it is considered a key factor for modernization; however, many public or…

Abstract

Purpose

The use of information and communication technologies has become essential in organizations, as it is considered a key factor for modernization; however, many public or private institutions do not start with the process of digitizing their services. The purpose of this paper is to seek to manage the digital identity through a mobile application on Android that is intuitive and simple to access information in a public entity in the Province of Cañete.

Design/methodology/approach

In this regard, for the development of the mobile application, it was divided into three phases: analysis and design, where the functional and nonfunctional requirements are collected, the interface and the client–server architecture are designed; development, where the predesigned interfaces are encoded with their respective documentation; finally, software testing, to detect possible errors, unexpected crushes and behavior of the functionalities at user level.

Findings

Thus, it was possible to implement a directory of mobile services for citizens to facilitate access to data, content and public information such as files and location of municipal premises.

Originality/value

The application provides a new means of digital communication to provide access to institutional information and monitoring of procedures as digital banking, education and medicine.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 December 2020

Laura Montes Reula, Miguel Cañete Lairla, Jorge Navarro López, Carmelo Pelegrín Valero, José Galindo Ortiz de Landázuri, Pedro Marijuán Fernández and F. Javier Olivera Pueyo

The purpose of this paper was to detect the most significant factors associated with each living alternative to improve socialization and mental health of the elderly. The…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to detect the most significant factors associated with each living alternative to improve socialization and mental health of the elderly. The measurements included affective evaluation, cognitive assessment, anxiety level, physical functionality, quality of life and social relationships. Individuals in home nursing residences were older and had worse affective status, functionality, cognitive state and quality of life. Social relationships in community people were better than in the institutionalized condition, particularly for less aged people.

Design/methodology/approach

Comparative descriptive study realized in 200 people older than 70 years in home nursing placement versus community dwelling conditions.

Findings

Multivariate analysis and logistic regression indicated that greater disability and poorer quality of social relationships were the main factors influencing the institutionalization process. Specifically, the Sociotype Questionnaire appeared as an efficient tool concerning the detection of social isolation effects as well as an acceptable integrator of prosocial information about home nursing placement.

Originality/value

The Geriatric Sociotype survey has shown usefulness in the evaluation of the social network of elderly people, both from the point of view of assessment and prognosis. In this sense it is considered that one of the main contributions of this study is to have included the qualitative evaluation of social relations, and to observe the differences according to the place of residence.

Details

Working with Older People, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 December 2020

Julio Ore, Alex Pacheco, Edwin Roque, Andy Reyes and Liz Pacheco

People who suffer from phobias try to avoid a specific object or feared situation by creating a great obstacle that causes serious consequences in their daily life; the…

Abstract

Purpose

People who suffer from phobias try to avoid a specific object or feared situation by creating a great obstacle that causes serious consequences in their daily life; the most effective way to deal with a phobia is through exposure therapy, which according to one of the most important principles of psychology states that to overcome a fear you have to face it. The purpose of this paper is to develop a mobile application based on augmented reality (AR) for the treatment of spider phobia (Araneae).

Design/methodology/approach

The application development methodology was divided into two phases: design where sketches were made according to functional requirements, and the client server model was used for user queries and the development phase where the modules for the information of the phobia; and visualization of the arachnid in different morphological forms was implemented through the development tools.

Findings

The findings of this study, in this sense, state that it was possible to overcome the phobia in an essential way by ceasing to perceive harmless things as dangerous, helping them to manage stress and keep them under control.

Originality/value

Allowing to face their fears in support of existing therapeutic processes through images with progressively AR, being an innovative and accessible treatment from an economic, technological and professional point of view.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2018

Francisco Coronado

The purpose of this paper is to study the living conditions in ten capital cities in Latin America to propose indicators that could help to quantify the sustainability of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the living conditions in ten capital cities in Latin America to propose indicators that could help to quantify the sustainability of those capital cities, and its impact over the competitiveness of a country.

Design/methodology/approach

It is proposed a linear model summing the score of ten quantifiable indicators and according with the result categorize the capitals as “sustainable city,” “weak sustainability” and “threatened sustainability.”

Findings

There is a good relationship between the sustainability of the city and the competitiveness of the country. This is the case of Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Santiago, followed by Lima, La Paz and Bogotá a similar result to the rank obtained by Mckinsey Global Institute (2011a, b). It is found that the four capitals categorized as “sustainable” have the highest potable water production, but it was not define a direct correlation between a country’s competitiveness and the development of important medium-sized cities.

Research limitations/implications

Limited availability of comparable information for the capital cities.

Practical implications

The results identified the need to improve specific services and conditions of the inhabitants.

Social implications

The capital cities concentrate the majority of the population of the countries reaching one-third of the total in four out of the ten cities evaluated.

Originality/value

The study presents selected indicators not in use to classify the cities sustainability.

Details

World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5961

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2018

Luis Felipe Zegarra

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functioning of the rural credit market of Lima from 1825 to 1865, paying special attention to the effect of information…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functioning of the rural credit market of Lima from 1825 to 1865, paying special attention to the effect of information asymmetries on the access to rural credit.

Design/methodology/approach

The article relies on primary sources for the study of the early credit market of Lima. In particular, the study relies on a sample of notarized loans for 1825–1865 and on property tax reports, collected from the National Archives of Peru, to determine the effect of information asymmetries, collateral and regional lending on access to credit. The article also analyzes the legal system of Peru during this period to determine whether property rights were well protected and so collateral could be used in the rural credit market.

Findings

A revision of the legislation shows that the legal system had some deficiencies, but allowed landlords and tenants to use their assets as collateral. Tax reports show that landlords and tenants owned valuable capital that could be used as collateral. Evidence from notarized loans shows that information asymmetries severely restricted inter-regional lending. In Lima, however, notaries played a role as financial intermediaries, providing the information about potential borrowers and allowing landlords and tenants to access credit. As a result, access to credit was significant for landlords and tenants.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the few historical studies on the role of information asymmetries in the allocation of rural credit in Latin America. It contributes to our understanding of credit markets prior to the creation of banks.

Details

Agricultural Finance Review, vol. 79 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-1466

Keywords

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 29 June 2018

Prospects for Iran to end-2018

Prospects for Iran to end-2018.

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Book part
Publication date: 19 April 2018

Eileen Sepúlveda-Valenzuela, Marcelo Careaga Butter and María Graciela Badilla-Quintana

To apply effective teaching and learning strategies, it is essential to understand the complexity of human groups, especially in educational contexts. To look for the…

Abstract

To apply effective teaching and learning strategies, it is essential to understand the complexity of human groups, especially in educational contexts. To look for the relationship between the contributions that people make, it is critical to understand the singularities of cultures when developing innovations and to foster leadership in education. This chapter presents an experience developed in Higher Education in Chile focused on the ability of preservice teachers to enhance the development of individual talents as an active teaching and learning strategy to create a society made up of integrally developed people in educational contexts. In addition, we use virtual learning environments as a vehicle to connect students between physical and virtual boundaries. This strategy is based on the Talent Management Model which was implemented in intercultural primary schools by professors and preservice teachers from the south of Chile. The virtuality dimension promoted the detection of individual traits of students and contributed to the development of a cultural identity. Additionally, it offered theoretical and practical knowledge that implied an innovation in the training of future teachers.

Details

Active Learning Strategies in Higher Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-488-0

Keywords

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Executive summary
Publication date: 25 March 2015

HUNGARY/EU: Problems with fuel from Russia will go on

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 27 February 2015

The proposals are the latest in a long line of attempts to establish a more integrated approach to energy policy within the EU and greater coordination of energy diplomacy…

Content available
Article
Publication date: 29 July 2021

Zain Anwar Ali

Abstract

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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