Search results

1 – 10 of 168
Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 5 September 2018

Yuelin Li, Ying Li, Ying Pan and Hongliang Han

The purpose of this paper is to examine information-seeking behavior (ISB) of strategic planners in enterprise across different work-task types and stages.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine information-seeking behavior (ISB) of strategic planners in enterprise across different work-task types and stages.

Design/methodology/approach

A case study was conducted in a pharmaceutical company in China, labeled as T Company. One of the authors worked in the department of strategic planning of this company as an intern. The data were collected via participant observation and unstructured in-depth interviews. Open coding was performed to analyze the data.

Findings

Four work-task stages were identified: project preparation, gathering, discovery and presentation, and strategy formulation. The results indicate that work-task types, work-task stages, and strategic planners’ work role or position affect their information needs, source selection, and seeking process. Task complexity, task familiarity, and task goal are of the most important task attributes that directly shape strategic planners’ ISB. Work role determines the extent to which strategic planners can access the information of the company. Internal information has priority, but external information is also important when internal information is not sufficient; both are equally important for strategic planning projects. Social media has been a very important channel to access, disseminate and share information. Workshops are an important approach to producing final project reports. Face-to-face discussion and information exchange play a critical role in the formulation of new strategies.

Research limitations/implications

This is a case study with data collected from only one company in China. Some of the results may not be generalizable. However, it adds new knowledge to ISB research in enterprise, informs people how to provide better information services for strategic planners, and informs MBA education for students’ better information-seeking skills.

Originality/value

Though myriad studies on ISB, little research has been done to examine strategic planners’ ISB from a business context, especially taking into account the effect of work-task types and stages.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 75 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 7 February 2017

Abimbola Olukemi Windapo and Astrette Cloete

This paper aims to examine briefing practices and whether these are related to the quality of brief documents and client satisfaction in constructed health-care facilities…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine briefing practices and whether these are related to the quality of brief documents and client satisfaction in constructed health-care facilities in South Africa. The rational for the examination stems from the view held by scholars that the briefing process is critical to the success of projects, as well as client/user satisfaction in the constructed facility, and also because of undocumented reports of client/end-user dissatisfaction in constructed health-care facilities in South Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

The research process consisted of a literature review to identify existing briefing framework and practices in use applicable to facilities. This was supported by an exploratory case study of a recently completed public hospital in East London, South Africa. Data collection for the study was undertaken by means of conducting semi-structured interviews with two groups consisting of client representatives and the technical design team on the project.

Findings

The research established that in the context of this case study, inadequate client consultation took place, not all design consultants were adequately involved in the development of the project brief, limited use was made of a specific briefing framework in developing the project brief and that despite these shortcomings in the briefing process followed, a comprehensive good quality briefing document was produced and the client was satisfied with the health-care facility constructed.

Research limitations/implications

The results of this study are generalizable with health-care facilities only. As such, research inferences and projections can only be made within this set and may not necessarily be applicable to the wider construction sector or to all projects within this sector.

Practical implications

The implications of this research are applicable to constructed health-care facilities. Practical inferences include the need to acknowledge that there is a need for a briefing framework, which should outline the involvement of all design consultants and client representatives when developing the project briefs for health-care facilities. The briefing framework is proposed for use in addressing the shortcomings in the briefing processes and practices and will also help the client in the choice of a brief process and practice which will comprehensively capture their requirements, give clear directives/information to the design consultants and will result in higher levels of end-user/patient satisfaction in the constructed health-care facility.

Social implications

Clients and allied professionals in charge of health-care facilities’ construction are encouraged to consider the implementation of a standard framework for use in the briefing process. This reflection should encourage engagement through formative legislative provision and transparent awareness campaigns.

Originality/value

This work is original insofar, as it directly addresses the alignment of briefing practices to quality of brief documents and client satisfaction in constructed health-care facilities within the context of the South African construction industry. However, similar exercises have been undertaken on briefing practices in the wider construction sector.

Details

Facilities, vol. 35 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 September 2004

Katherine L. Walter and Kenneth M. Price

In November 2002, with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the University of Nebraska‐Lincoln and the University of Virginia embarked on a project…

Abstract

In November 2002, with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the University of Nebraska‐Lincoln and the University of Virginia embarked on a project to create a unified finding aid to Walt Whitman manuscript collections held in many different institutions. By working collaboratively, the project team is developing a finding aid that is tailored to the needs of Whitman scholars while following a standard developed in the archival community, encoded archival description (EAD). XSLT stylesheets are used to harvest information from various repositories' finding aids and to create an integrated finding aid with links back to the original versions. Digital images of poetry manuscripts and descriptive information contribute to an ambitious thematic research collection. The authors describe the National Leadership Grant project, identify key technical issues being addressed, and discuss collaborative aspects of the project.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Sylvia Andrews

Demographers, researchers and US Census data users can join the ranks of the do‐it‐yourselfers and create customised demographic tabulations and research data, using three…

Abstract

Demographers, researchers and US Census data users can join the ranks of the do‐it‐yourselfers and create customised demographic tabulations and research data, using three new Census Bureau CDROM products now available from the Census Bureau: Public User Microdata Samples (PUMS), Census Transportation Planning Package (CTPP) and School District Data Book(SDDB). As a lead state agency for coordinating and distributing Census data, the Indiana State Data Center makes these products available to a variety of users including planners, legislators, state and local agencies, university research departments and area businesses.

Details

Online and CD-Rom Review, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1353-2642

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 May 1977

M.W. de Jong‐Hofman

This paper describes the results of an extensive search into two factors which effect, to a high degree, the efficiency of on‐line information retrieval. These two factors…

Abstract

This paper describes the results of an extensive search into two factors which effect, to a high degree, the efficiency of on‐line information retrieval. These two factors are firstly the manner by which keywords are chosen as a means of retrieval by the reviewers of the reference work and secondly the degree with which papers with comparable contents are accorded similar keywords. The influence of these two factors on the practical results of on‐line retrieval is shown by the example of two extensive searches: these searches were done manually as well as on‐line. From these two methods it is then possible to compare what is retrieved by the computer and what is in reality available.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1945

W.J. Duncan

The Concept of Stability and Types of Instability THE term stable or unstable is applied to a body or system in accordance with the nature of the ultimate consequence of…

Abstract

The Concept of Stability and Types of Instability THE term stable or unstable is applied to a body or system in accordance with the nature of the ultimate consequence of applying a disturbance. If the body or system is at rest and in equilibrium in a certain configuration, that configuration is said to be completely stable if the system ultimately comes to rest in the same configuration after the imposition of any disturbance. Frequently interest is confined to small disturbances; the term small is vague but must be interpreted as meaning that the motions of disturbance (or deviations) are so bounded that they can be described by linear differential equations. When this is so, the investigation of the stability becomes relatively easy and the actual magnitudes of the initial disturbances are not required in the discussion of the stability. The same concept of stability for small disturbances can obviously be applied to any steady motion and indeed to any regular motion. The criterion for stability is that the deviations from the basic motion consequent upon a small disturbance shall ultimately become vanishingly small.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 17 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Matthew W. Seeger, Robert R. Ulmer, Julie M. Novak and Timothy Sellnow

To examine the post 9/11 communication of the bond‐trading firm, Cantor Fitzgerald and its CEO Howard Lutnick, according to the discourse of renewal framework.

Downloads
7224

Abstract

Purpose

To examine the post 9/11 communication of the bond‐trading firm, Cantor Fitzgerald and its CEO Howard Lutnick, according to the discourse of renewal framework.

Design/methodology/approach

This case‐study of the discourse of renewal draws upon the messages and statements made by the company and its employees following the 9/11 attacks. The discourse of renewal framework emphasizes provisional responses, prospective statements, and the role of the leader as a symbol of stability in the face of a crisis.

Findings

This study provides support for viewing crisis as change‐inducing events with the potential to fundamentally alter the form, structure and direction of an organization. Renewal discourse helped the company survive an attack where over 600 employees were killed and the company offices completely destroyed. While a crisis inevitably create severe harm, it also has the potential to serve as a renewing force for the organization.

Research limitations/implications

Few examples of post‐crisis discourse of renewal have been examined in the literature and more research is needed. Work needs to identify the conditions necessary for this kind of discourse.

Practical implications

Organizations may have the opportunity to fundamentally reframe a crisis, focusing on the opportunities that arise from these events.

Originality/value

This paper explores both organizational crisis and organizational discourse from unique positions. Discourse is positioned as the means whereby crisis can become a positive force for change

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Book part
Publication date: 19 July 2014

Marco Minciullo and Matteo Pedrini

This article aims at investigating knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) between founder firms and corporate foundations (CFs), looking at mechanisms able to enhance CFs…

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims at investigating knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE) between founder firms and corporate foundations (CFs), looking at mechanisms able to enhance CFs’ orientation of effectiveness.

Methodology/approach

We analyze 50 questionnaires collected through a survey of CFs based in Italy (redemption of 42.7% of the total). We use a number of regressions to verify the change of explained variance moving from a basic model with control variables (enter method) and a model including KTE mechanisms with an impact on orientation to effectiveness (stepwise method).

Findings

The analysis produced a model which underlines the influence of knowledge transfer mechanisms in stimulating orientation to effectiveness. The adoption of specific knowledge transfer mechanisms by founder firms can have a significant influence on how CFs manage their effectiveness. Three mechanisms emerge from the study as elements with a positive impact.

Practical implication

The results apply to nonprofit or public bodies, especially if we consider partnerships or organizational networks. The individuated criteria for selecting a positive KTE could drive similar choices of other nonprofit bodies.

Social implication

The study individuates a set of practices that are potentially able to influence positively the orientation to effectiveness of CFs, and the capacity to perform their activities and respond to social needs more successfully.

Originality/value

This research considers CFs as founder firms’ subsidiaries, with a growing strategic importance. This research reveals how KTE mechanisms can foster the development of orientation to effectiveness if implying interaction, firms’ commitment, autonomy, and alignment with the firms’ strategy and CFs’ purposes.

Details

Mechanisms, Roles and Consequences of Governance: Emerging Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-706-1

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2009

XiaoHu Wang and Kuotsai Tom Liou

This study assesses the change in states’ financial condition by examining their financial data in fiscal years (FY) 2003 and 2004. It explores and explains how much the…

Abstract

This study assesses the change in states’ financial condition by examining their financial data in fiscal years (FY) 2003 and 2004. It explores and explains how much the change was, how it occurred, and whether and how closely the change might respond to states’ socioeconomic development. The study finds that states’ financial condition varied significantly from FY 2003 to FY 2004. Changes in different aspects of financial condition are interrelated, although these changes may not occur simultaneously at the same pace. The change in financial condition may result from the multi-year cumulative socioeconomic development in personal income and employment, but not in population. The impact of personal income and employment on financial condition of a government is likely long term; it may take 3-4 years for the growth in personal income and employment to benefit a government’s financial condition. The results also suggest that the cumulative improvement of personal income and employment for consecutive years prior to a fiscal year is more likely to improve the financial condition of that year than a personal income or employment increase that follows an up-and-down pattern of growth. These findings can be used to develop effective strategies to improve financial conditions in government.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Gábor Kovács

The purpose of this paper is to explore and compare the core operating values of Catholic and Buddhist entrepreneurs.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore and compare the core operating values of Catholic and Buddhist entrepreneurs.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is an empirical investigation of the value-orientations of Catholic and Buddhist entrepreneurs in Hungary. By applying qualitative content analysis, document analysis and qualitative comparative analysis, the study presents the distinctive spiritual values in business.

Findings

Regardless of their different approach, Catholic and Buddhist value-orientations are implemented in the same value-dimensions that are: the ontological conceptions, procedural aspects, and the other-directedness of business activities.

Social implications

The findings substantiate the understanding of the behavior and the motivations of spiritually value-oriented entrepreneurs, furthermore Catholic and Buddhist values may serve as inspirations of genuine ethical behavior in business. By promoting these values a more ethical, more sustainable economic framework can be established.

Originality/value

Spiritual values are studied by comparing the value-orientations of Catholic and Buddhist entrepreneurs. Furthermore, the study explores Catholic social teaching and Buddhist economics, and their practical implementation in a comparative way.

1 – 10 of 168