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Article
Publication date: 15 May 2017

Gillian King, Kathryn Parker, Sean Peacocke, C.J. Curran, Amy C. McPherson, Tom Chau, Elaine Widgett, Darcy Fehlings and Golda Milo-Manson

The purpose of this paper is to describe how an Academic Health Science Centre, providing pediatric rehabilitation services, research, and education, developed a Centres…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe how an Academic Health Science Centre, providing pediatric rehabilitation services, research, and education, developed a Centres for Leadership (CfL) initiative to integrate its academic functions and embrace the goal of being a learning organization.

Design/methodology/approach

Historical documents, tracked output information, and staff members’ insights were used to describe the ten-year evolution of the initiative, its benefits, and transformational learnings for the organization.

Findings

The evolutions concerned development of a series of CfLs, and changes over time in leadership and management structure, as well as in operations and targeted activities. Benefits included enhanced clinician engagement in research, practice-based research, and impacts on clinical practice. Transformational learnings concerned the importance of supporting stakeholder engagement, fostering a spirit of inquiry, and fostering leaderful practice. These learnings contributed to three related emergent outcomes reflecting “way stations” on the journey to enhanced evidence-informed decision making and clinical excellence: enhancements in authentic partnerships, greater innovation capacity, and greater understanding and actualization of leadership values.

Practical implications

Practical information is provided for other organizations interested in understanding how this initiative evolved, its tangible value, and its wider benefits for organizational collaboration, innovation, and leadership values. Challenges encountered and main messages for other organizations are also considered.

Originality/value

A strategy map is used to present the structures, processes, and outcomes arising from the initiative, with the goal of informing the operations of other organizations desiring to be learning organizations.

Details

Journal of Health Organization and Management, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7266

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Birk Wollenhaupt, Quang Hoa Le and Georg Herdrich

This paper aims to provide an overview of current and historical arcjet development. The reviewed arcjets are considered with respect to both design and thruster relevant…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide an overview of current and historical arcjet development. The reviewed arcjets are considered with respect to both design and thruster relevant parameters. Correspondingly, the paper enables the identification of adequate design criteria and of the probable thruster parameters.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach consists of a database for thruster relevant parameters in conjunction with relevant operational requirements (such as type of propellant) and specific design criteria (such as e.g. propellant injection systems).

Findings

The synopsis of both operational parameter and respectively assigned design allows for the derivation of development approaches for arcjets under given high level requirements such as power regime.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is a general review. However, its strength is in the synthesis of the arcjet classification, the functional evidence of design criteria and the application scenario.

Practical implications

Not only basic but also specific design criteria are analyzed and evaluated leading to a recommendation feature of the paper with respect to the overall design of adequate arcjets.

Social implications

Within the scope of the Clean Space initiative, new applications and scenarios from the operation of arcjets arise enabling EOL phases of spacecraft that fulfill respective levels of debris mitigation and, in addition, the requirements concerning the adequately adapted re-entry of spacecrafts that are at end of life.

Originality/value

The paper is a general review. However, its strength is in the synthesis of the arcjet classification, the functional evidence of design criteria and the application scenario.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 90 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1992

M. Moustafa

Various polyesteramide resins are prepared in which a stoichiometric amount of hydroxy ethyl fatty acid amides (diol) are replaced by the bifunctional nicotinic acid and…

Abstract

Various polyesteramide resins are prepared in which a stoichiometric amount of hydroxy ethyl fatty acid amides (diol) are replaced by the bifunctional nicotinic acid and aisonicotinic acid derivatives of diethanolamine and triethanolamine without affecting the resin constants. The inclusion of nicotinyl and isonicotinyl residues would expect to prevent microbial growth and may also act as corrosion inhibitor.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 21 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2008

Anna Tickle and Clark Davison

The training of future mental health professionals offers one avenue of change to improve service user and carer involvement in mental health services. This study looked…

Abstract

The training of future mental health professionals offers one avenue of change to improve service user and carer involvement in mental health services. This study looked at experiences of trainees on the University of Surrey's Clinical Psychology Doctorate programme in involving service users and carers on training placements. Twenty trainees completed a self‐report semistructured questionnaire providing qualitative data that were analysed using thematic analysis. A number of benefits of service user and carer involvement in training were identified as well as practical considerations, including factors that might facilitate or limit such involvement on training placements. It is intended that the findings will prove useful to others involved with the training of mental health professionals.

Details

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-6228

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

Omar Ali Sabbak

Reports a comprehensive field study of atmospheric ammonia(NH⊂3) concentration which was conducted in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia(one of the fastest growing cities in the world…

Abstract

Reports a comprehensive field study of atmospheric ammonia (NH⊂3) concentration which was conducted in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia (one of the fastest growing cities in the world) for the period 1984‐1987. Ammonia trends have been developed for five stations in Jiddah: daily, monthly and annual means, maximum and mean maximum reported. The average NH⊂3 concentration for 1984, 1985, 1986 and 1987 was 0.027 μl/l, 0.023 μl/l, 0.018 μl/l and 0.020 μl/l, respectively. A decrease in NH⊂3 concentration from 1984 to 1987 was observed. The four years′ average concentration was 0.022 μl/l and a maximum of 0.490 μl/l was recorded once at station 104 in 1984. The statistical significance of data and background information for air quality standards for the city are discussed. Analysis of data shows a lower mean than any international air quality standards.

Details

Environmental Management and Health, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-6163

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 22 September 2009

John M. de Figueiredo

This paper develops an organizing framework for research on corporate political strategy. It reviews the literature and then identifies a number of open research questions…

Abstract

This paper develops an organizing framework for research on corporate political strategy. It reviews the literature and then identifies a number of open research questions and streams for potential investigation. The paper closes by developing a theory to explain why, when, and how a firm will pursue multi-forum political action as part of its nonmarket and integrated strategy.

Details

Economic Institutions of Strategy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-487-0

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Article
Publication date: 16 July 2009

Martina Conway and Laurence Taggart

There is an ongoing debate about how specialist psychiatric services for people with learning disabilities and mental health problems should be developed. Nursing…

Abstract

There is an ongoing debate about how specialist psychiatric services for people with learning disabilities and mental health problems should be developed. Nursing personnel are the largest professional group involved with care provision, yet to date there has been little research addressing the knowledge and experiences of learning disability and mental health nurses co‐working with this population. This aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of these nurses, using qualitative methods. The findings are discussed in relation to A Vision for Change (DoHC, 2006) and in comparison with the innovative collaborative working that has occurred with the UK.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-0180

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 6 July 2011

Sujin K. Horwitz, Irwin B. Horwitz and Neal R. Barshes

Previous research has demonstrated that communication failure and interpersonal conflicts are significant impediments among health care teams to assess complex information…

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that communication failure and interpersonal conflicts are significant impediments among health care teams to assess complex information and engage in the meaningful collaboration necessary for optimizing patient care. Despite the prolific research on the role of effective teamwork in accomplishing complex tasks, such findings have been traditionally applied to business organizations and not medical contexts. This chapter, therefore, reviews and applies four theories from the fields of organizational behavior (OB) and organization development (OD) as potential means for improving team interaction in health care contexts. This study is unique in its approach as it addresses the long-standing problems that exist in team communication and cooperation in health care teams by applying well-established theories from the organizational literature. The utilization and application of the theoretical constructs discussed in this work offer valuable means by which the efficacy of team work can be greatly improved in health care organizations.

Details

Organization Development in Healthcare: Conversations on Research and Strategies
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-709-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

Dean Patton and Susan Marlow

It is agreed that within the UK there is a poor level of investment in formal training and development. This is particularly evident within the small firm sector. The…

Abstract

It is agreed that within the UK there is a poor level of investment in formal training and development. This is particularly evident within the small firm sector. The literature, which considers this issue, concludes that there are a number of reasons why small firm owners are, on the whole, reluctant to invest in such training for themselves and their employees. Such reasons include, ignorance of benefits, time issues, fear that training will enhance employee mobility and, critically, that there is little evidence to indicate that investment in training and development leads to enhanced firm performance. On the basis that there has been some debate and empirical investigation regarding why training does not take place, this paper takes an alternative stance and considers what issues and processes might underpin the decision to invest in training ‐ particularly management training. Findings are drawn from empirical research on a sample of firms where investment had been made in such training in the last 24 months; the indications being that such investment was not strategic or proactive but prompted by problems which threatened business performance.

Details

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1462-6004

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Article
Publication date: 10 August 2012

Payam Hanafizadeh, Mehdi Behboudi, Fahimeh Ahadi and Fatemeh Ghaderi Varkani

The purpose of this paper is to provide some insights regarding the adoption of internet advertising by Iranian small and medium‐sized enterprises. The recent negative…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide some insights regarding the adoption of internet advertising by Iranian small and medium‐sized enterprises. The recent negative trends leading to a lack of competitive advantage in small businesses and the advantages of internet advertising makes it imperative to study various factors affecting this area of marketing.

Design/methodology/approach

This study reviewed 59 previous related studies, resulting in a comprehensive theoretical framework which explains the advantages of internet advertising for small to medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). Via questionnaire, the paper compiles 346 Iranian experts’ opinions in order to test the validity and applicability of variables in Iran. A structural equation model and LISREL software were used to analyze the data.

Findings

A total of seven latent variables of internet advertising adoption were examined: advertising agencies, internet publishers, small and middle‐sized enterprises, government role, e‐commerce development and user types. The paper found that these constructs successfully explain internet advertising adoption by incorporating readiness and globalization stages. The small and medium‐sized enterprises were found to be the most significant for explaining internet advertising adoption.

Research limitations/implications

The sample was restricted to Iranian experts.

Originality/value

This study offers one of the first attempts to build a comprehensive theoretical model explaining internet advertising adoption. Second, this study offers a new scale for internet advertising adoption with higher content validity.

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