Search results

1 – 10 of over 10000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1968

WILLIAM E. SOUDER

“Starting with basic market research information about the nature of the market place, OR simulation in effect generates further data. It helps to answer the manager's…

Abstract

“Starting with basic market research information about the nature of the market place, OR simulation in effect generates further data. It helps to answer the manager's question, 'What would happen if …?'”

Details

Management Decision, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 11 February 2019

Agneta Larsson and Anna Fredriksson

The purpose of this paper is to explore tactical planning potential within hospital departments. The study had two objectives: first, to develop a framework for tactical…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore tactical planning potential within hospital departments. The study had two objectives: first, to develop a framework for tactical capacity planning in healthcare departments by identifying and structuring essential components for healthcare capacity management; and, second, to identify context-specific requirements and functionality demands on tactical planning processes within healthcare.

Design/methodology/approach

A framework for tactical capacity planning was developed through a literature review. Additionally, an exploratory multiple-case study was performed, with cases from three Swedish hospital departments, which provide the opportunity to study framework applicability in its natural context.

Findings

Findings illustrate how an active tactical planning process can facilitate adjustments to capacity. However, the multiple-case study shows that there are contextual differences between departments, depending on available treatments and resources that affect capacity adjustments, and how the planning process activities should be structured.

Originality/value

This project develops a framework for a tactical capacity-planning process adapted to healthcare provider contexts. By developing the framework, based on the literature and tactical level planning processes within three Swedish hospital case studies, the authors bridge gaps between theory and application regarding healthcare capacity planning.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 15 August 2008

Allen S.B. Tam and John W.H. Price

Asset maintenance activities need to be prioritised as budget and planned outage time is often limited for all maintenance work to be carried out. The purpose of this…

Abstract

Purpose

Asset maintenance activities need to be prioritised as budget and planned outage time is often limited for all maintenance work to be carried out. The purpose of this paper is to develop a technique for prioritising maintenance work that maximises the return on investment under the constraints of budget and time.

Design/methodology/approach

Three indices are proposed to be used as indicators for prioritising maintenance. These indices are termed: maintenance investment index (MII), time index (TI) and budgetary index (BI). These indices permit prioritisation of asset maintenance based on the required emphasis on return on maintenance investment, time and budget respectively.

Findings

It is found that approaches to prioritising maintenance which integrate the critical dimensions in the decision making process are lacking in the literature. There is a need for such an approach to assist decision makers to ensure enterprise's objectives and targets are maximised with given budget and planned shutdown time.

Practical implications

The proposed techniques will assist engineers and mangers to develop their maintenance plan according to the enterprise needs and constraints and allowing management to make a better informed decision in maintenance.

Originality/value

This paper provides a new technique for ranking maintenance that maximises return on investment.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 12 September 2017

Terje A. Mathisen, Finn Jørgensen, Pål A. Pedersen and Georgina Santos

A substantial part of airports’ revenues relates to charges covering the costs of services supplied by the airport. Charges are imposed on carriers, which in turn pass…

Abstract

A substantial part of airports’ revenues relates to charges covering the costs of services supplied by the airport. Charges are imposed on carriers, which in turn pass them or a percentage of them, on to passengers. In the present chapter, special attention is given to regional airports characterized by low traffic volumes, enabling only one or a few carriers to serve each destination. A classic economic model is presented to analyze how the pass-on rate depends on supply and demand characteristics and market structure. Some illustrative examples assuming combinations of common specifications for market characteristics are also presented, showing pass-on rates ranging from 50% to more than 100%. Consequently, market structure and characteristics of carriers and passengers are decisive for how passengers experience changes in airport charges. The differences between the optimal charge from the perspectives of the airport and the welfare of society are specifically addressed. It is demonstrated that knowledge of the pass-on rate in the monopoly cases may be sufficient to infer how the mark-up will be affected by a change in marginal costs. Consequently, the understanding of the pass-on rate is relevant for airport owners and for decision-makers when considering the welfare of passengers and other politically stated goals.

Details

The Economics of Airport Operations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-497-2

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 February 2003

Hannu Salmela and Pekka Turunen

Increased use of market mechanisms in the delivery of public services is one of the major attempts made by governments to achieve greater efficiency, higher quality and a…

Abstract

Increased use of market mechanisms in the delivery of public services is one of the major attempts made by governments to achieve greater efficiency, higher quality and a clearer focus on customers. Information systems (ISs) can promote the adoption of market mechanisms, but they can also preserve a monopolistic and hierarchic model of service delivery. Hence, understanding the competitive implications of information technology (IT) is becoming relevant for managers in the public sector as well. Provides a brief overview of previous research on IT‐based competition and discusses its relevance for public sector management. Then continues to describe a project where six offices of one city co‐operated in developing a shared geographic information system (GIS). While this research is based on an in‐depth analysis of only one case, other researchers have reported similar experiences. It appears that effective use of market mechanisms in the public sector requires new orientation in IS planning and rethinking of the role of IS departments in public sector organisations.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 10 April 2009

Kerui Weng and Bo Qu

The purpose of this paper is to present a model to determine which roads to be built in each stage with limited budget.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a model to determine which roads to be built in each stage with limited budget.

Design/methodology/approach

A multistage network discrete expansion model with budget restriction is formulated and a heuristic algorithm is developed by the technique of comparing the original shortest paths and the sum of crossed shortest paths to avoid computing the shortest paths matrix repeatedly.

Findings

The optimal approach has a very significant effect in finding which roads to be built by the largest net benefit.

Research limitations/implications

The paper discusses a new multistage network discrete expansion problem is the main research implications.

Practical implications

The optimal choice for road building schedule of new urban district when budgets were limited.

Originality/value

The paper presents a model and an algorithm for the optimization of road building schedule based on budget restriction.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 38 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 29 May 2009

Krishna Pendakur

Lewbel and Pendakur (2009) developed the idea of implicit Marshallian demands. Implicit Marshallian demand systems allow the incorporation of both unobserved preference…

Abstract

Lewbel and Pendakur (2009) developed the idea of implicit Marshallian demands. Implicit Marshallian demand systems allow the incorporation of both unobserved preference heterogeneity and complex Engel curves into consumer demand analysis, circumventing the standard problems associated with combining rationality with either unobserved heterogeneity or high rank in demand (or both). They also developed the exact affine Stone index (EASI) implicit Marshallian demand system wherein much of the demand system is linearised and thus relatively easy to implement and estimate. This chapter offers a less technical introduction to implicit Marshallian demands in general and to the EASI demand system in particular. I show how to implement the EASI demand system, paying special attention to tricks that allow the investigator to further simplify the problem without sacrificing too much in terms of model flexibility. STATA code to implement the simplified models is included throughout the text and in an appendix.

Details

Quantifying Consumer Preferences
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-313-2

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

J. Ruiz-Huerta and A. Giménez-Montero

Over the last fifteen years, Spain has undergone a profound transformation in almost all aspects of its social organization. This change has been sharply reflected in the…

Abstract

Over the last fifteen years, Spain has undergone a profound transformation in almost all aspects of its social organization. This change has been sharply reflected in the level and composition of public expenditure, which have not always been adjusted perfectly to new social demands. This has created tension which, among other consequences, has encouraged the revision of the methods of allocation, management and control of public resources. This article describes and explores some characteristics of this process, and sets out the principal guidelines which may shape the future reform of these methods.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 September 2001

Gill Scott

Discusses the benefits of using devolved budget models in further education and the tensions that may arise from their introduction. The author’s research into caseloading…

Abstract

Discusses the benefits of using devolved budget models in further education and the tensions that may arise from their introduction. The author’s research into caseloading models in further education are the basis of the findings and discussion of the implications of decentralising power for managers and teams. The reasons for the prevailing centralised model of resource management are discussed and the benefits to the organisation, managers and teams of using decentralised, devolved budget models are outlined. The discussion covers areas of resistance and reluctance to the change and the cultural and management style prerequisites for successful implementation of devolved budgets. The view of devolution of control as an empowerment tool for managers and teams is considered and alternative views of the model are highlighted, including the uncomfortable realities it may force upon middle managers.

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 15 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2010

Abstract

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

1 – 10 of over 10000