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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1983

Y. KAGAWA, T. YAMABUCHI and S. KITAGAMI

The boundary element method is a useful method for the analysis of field problems involving unbounded regions. Therefore, the method can be used advantageously in…

Abstract

The boundary element method is a useful method for the analysis of field problems involving unbounded regions. Therefore, the method can be used advantageously in combination with the finite element method. This is sometimes called a combination method and it is suitable as a picture‐frame technique. Although this technique attains good accuracy, the matrix of the discretized equation is not banded, since it is a dense matrix. In this paper, we propose an infinite boundary element which divides the unbounded region radially. By the use of this element, the bandwidth of the discretized system matrix does not increase beyond that of the finite element region and its original matrix structure is maintained. The infinite boundary element can also be applied to homogeneous unbounded field problems, for which the Green's function of the mirror image is difficult to use. To illustrate the validity of the proposed technique, some numerical calculations are demonstrated and the results are compared with those of the usual combination method and the method using the hybrid‐type infinite element.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Qiao Wang, Wei Zhou, Yonggang Cheng, Gang Ma and Xiaolin Chang

Domain integrals, known as volume potentials in 3D elasticity problems, exist in many boundary-type methods, such as the boundary element method (BEM) for inhomogeneous…

Abstract

Purpose

Domain integrals, known as volume potentials in 3D elasticity problems, exist in many boundary-type methods, such as the boundary element method (BEM) for inhomogeneous partial differential equations. The purpose of this paper is to develop an accurate and reliable technique to effectively evaluate the volume potentials in 3D elasticity problems.

Design/methodology/approach

An adaptive background cell-based domain integration method is proposed for treatment of volume potentials in 3D elasticity problems. The background cells are constructed from the information of the boundary elements based on an oct-tree structure, and the domain integrals are evaluated over the cells rather than volume elements. The cells that contain the boundary elements can be subdivided into smaller sub-cells adaptively according to the sizes and levels of the boundary elements. The fast multipole method (FMM) is further applied in the proposed method to reduce the time complexity of large-scale computation.

Findings

The method is a boundary-only discretization method, and it can be applied in the BEM easily. Much computational time is saved by coupling with the FMM. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method..

Originality/value

Boundary elements are used to create adaptive background cells, and domain integrals are evaluated over the cells rather than volume elements. Large-scale computation is made possible by coupling with the FMM.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

A. Savini

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic…

Abstract

Gives introductory remarks about chapter 1 of this group of 31 papers, from ISEF 1999 Proceedings, in the methodologies for field analysis, in the electromagnetic community. Observes that computer package implementation theory contributes to clarification. Discusses the areas covered by some of the papers ‐ such as artificial intelligence using fuzzy logic. Includes applications such as permanent magnets and looks at eddy current problems. States the finite element method is currently the most popular method used for field computation. Closes by pointing out the amalgam of topics.

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COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1982

Yukio KAGAWA, Tadakuni MURAI and Shinji KITAGAMI

A technique combining finite elements and boundary elements is promising for unbounded field problems. A hypothetical boundary is assumed in the unbounded domain, and the…

Abstract

A technique combining finite elements and boundary elements is promising for unbounded field problems. A hypothetical boundary is assumed in the unbounded domain, and the usual finite element method is applied to the inner region, while the boundary element method is applied to the outer infinite region. On the coupling boundary, therefore, both potential and flux must be compatible. In the finite element method, the flux is defined as the derivative of the potential for which a trial function is defined. In the boundary element method, on the other hand, the same polynomial function is chosen for the potential and the flux. Thus, the compatibility cannot be satisfied unless a special device is considered. In the present paper, several compatibility conditions are discussed concerning the total flux or energy flow continuity across the coupling boundary. Some numerical examples of Poisson and Helmholtz problems are demonstrated.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1995

L.R. Hill and T.N. Farris

The spectral boundary element method for solving two‐dimensionaltransient heat conduction problems is developed. This method is combined withthe fast Fourier transform (FFT

Abstract

The spectral boundary element method for solving two‐dimensional transient heat conduction problems is developed. This method is combined with the fast Fourier transform (FFT) to convert the solution between the time and frequency domains. The fundamental solutions in the frequency domain, required for the present method, are discussed. The resulting line integrations in the frequency domain are discretized using constant boundary elements and used in a Fortran boundary element program. Three examples are used to illustrate the accuracy and effectiveness of the method in both the frequency and time domains. First, the frequency domain solution procedure is verified using the steady‐state example of a semi‐infinite half space with a heat flux applied to a patch of the surface. This spectral boundary element method is then applied to the problem of a circular hole in an infinite solid subjected to a time‐varying heat flux, and solutions in both the frequency and time domains are presented. Finally, the method is used to solve the circular hole problem with a convection boundary condition. The accurary of these results leads to the conclusion that the spectral boundary element method in conjunction with the FFT is a viable option for transient problems. In addition, this spectral approach naturally produces frequence domain information which is itself of interest.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 5 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1994

Michael M. Grigor’ev

The paper gives the description of boundary element method(BEM) with subdomains for the solution ofconvection—diffusion equations with variable coefficients and…

Abstract

The paper gives the description of boundary element method (BEM) with subdomains for the solution of convection—diffusion equations with variable coefficients and Burgers’ equations. At first, the whole domain is discretized into K subdomains, in which linearization of equations by representing convective velocity by the sum of constant and variable parts is carried out. Then using fundamental solutions for convection—diffusion linear equations for each subdomain the boundary integral equation (in which the part of the convective term with the constant convective velocity is not included into the pseudo‐body force) is formulated. Only part of the convective term with the variable velocity, which is, as a rule, more than one order less than convective velocity constant part contribution, is left as the pseudo‐source. On the one hand, this does not disturb the numerical BEM—algorithm stability and, on the other hand, this leads to significant improvement in the accuracy of solution. The global matrix, similar to the case of finite element method, has block band structure whereas its width depends only on the numeration order of nodes and subdomains. It is noted, that in comparison with the direct boundary element method the number of global matrix non‐zero elements is not proportional to the square of the number of nodes, but only to the total number of nodal points. This allows us to use the BEM for the solution of problems with very fine space discretization. The proposed BEM with subdomains technique has been used for the numerical solution of one‐dimensional linear steady‐state convective—diffusion problem with variable coefficients and one‐dimensional non‐linear Burgers’ equation for which exact analytical solutions are available. It made it possible to find out the BEM correctness according to both time and space. High precision of the numerical method is noted. The good point of the BEM is the high iteration convergence, which is disturbed neither by high Reynolds numbers nor by the presence of negative velocity zones.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 4 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 17 June 2020

Tiago Oliveira, Wilber Vélez and Artur Portela

This paper is concerned with new formulations of local meshfree and finite element numerical methods, for the solution of two-dimensional problems in linear elasticity.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is concerned with new formulations of local meshfree and finite element numerical methods, for the solution of two-dimensional problems in linear elasticity.

Design/methodology/approach

In the local domain, assigned to each node of a discretization, the work theorem establishes an energy relationship between a statically admissible stress field and an independent kinematically admissible strain field. This relationship, derived as a weighted residual weak form, is expressed as an integral local form. Based on the independence of the stress and strain fields, this local form of the work theorem is kinematically formulated with a simple rigid-body displacement to be applied by local meshfree and finite element numerical methods. The main feature of this paper is the use of a linearly integrated local form that implements a quite simple algorithm with no further integration required.

Findings

The reduced integration, performed by this linearly integrated formulation, plays a key role in the behavior of local numerical methods, since it implies a reduction of the nodal stiffness which, in turn, leads to an increase of the solution accuracy and, which is most important, presents no instabilities, unlike nodal integration methods without stabilization. As a consequence of using such a convenient linearly integrated local form, the derived meshfree and finite element numerical methods become fast and accurate, which is a feature of paramount importance, as far as computational efficiency of numerical methods is concerned. Three benchmark problems were analyzed with these techniques, in order to assess the accuracy and efficiency of the new integrated local formulations of meshfree and finite element numerical methods. The results obtained in this work are in perfect agreement with those of the available analytical solutions and, furthermore, outperform the computational efficiency of other methods. Thus, the accuracy and efficiency of the local numerical methods presented in this paper make this a very reliable and robust formulation.

Originality/value

Presentation of a new local mesh-free numerical method. The method, linearly integrated along the boundary of the local domain, implements an algorithm with no further integration required. The method is absolutely reliable, with remarkably-accurate results. The method is quite robust, with extremely-fast computations.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2003

Jaroslav Mackerle

This paper gives a bibliographical review of the finite element and boundary element parallel processing techniques from the theoretical and application points of view…

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Abstract

This paper gives a bibliographical review of the finite element and boundary element parallel processing techniques from the theoretical and application points of view. Topics include: theory – domain decomposition/partitioning, load balancing, parallel solvers/algorithms, parallel mesh generation, adaptive methods, and visualization/graphics; applications – structural mechanics problems, dynamic problems, material/geometrical non‐linear problems, contact problems, fracture mechanics, field problems, coupled problems, sensitivity and optimization, and other problems; hardware and software environments – hardware environments, programming techniques, and software development and presentations. The bibliography at the end of this paper contains 850 references to papers, conference proceedings and theses/dissertations dealing with presented subjects that were published between 1996 and 2002.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2003

B.W. Clark and D.C. Anderson

The penalty boundary method (PBM) is a new method for performing finite element analysis using a regular overlapping mesh that does not have to coincide with the geometric…

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1053

Abstract

The penalty boundary method (PBM) is a new method for performing finite element analysis using a regular overlapping mesh that does not have to coincide with the geometric boundaries. The PBM uses CAD solid geometry directly to generate element matrix equations and apply boundary conditions, removing the need for a separate representation of the geometry. The preliminary results show that the PBM can significantly reduce the time and manual intervention required to prepare finite element models and perform analyses. This paper presents the PBM approach for representing the problem domain on an overlapping mesh that results in a more traditional method for applying natural boundary conditions.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 14 November 2019

Jianming Zhang, Lei Han, Yudong Zhong, Yunqiao Dong and Weicheng Lin

This paper aims to propose a boundary element analysis of two-dimensional linear elasticity problems by a new expanding element interpolation method.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a boundary element analysis of two-dimensional linear elasticity problems by a new expanding element interpolation method.

Design/methodology/approach

The expanding element is made up based on a traditional discontinuous element by adding virtual nodes along the perimeter of the element. The internal nodes of the original discontinuous element are referred to as source nodes and its shape function as raw shape function. The shape functions of the expanding element constructed on both source nodes and virtual nodes are referred as fine shape functions. Boundary variables are interpolated by the fine shape functions, while the boundary integral equations are collocated on source nodes.

Findings

The expanding element inherits the advantages of both the continuous and discontinuous elements while overcomes their disadvantages. The polynomial order of fine shape functions of the expanding elements increases by two compared with their corresponding raw shape functions, while the expanding elements still keep independence to each other as the original discontinuous elements. This feature makes the expanding elements able to naturally and accurately interpolate both continuous and discontinuous fields.

Originality/value

Numerical examples are presented to verify the proposed method. Results have demonstrated that the accuracy, efficiency and convergence rate of the expanding element method.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 37 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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