Search results

1 – 10 of over 85000
Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 17 January 2022

Ruiqi Wei, Roisin Vize and Susi Geiger

This study aims to explore the interactions between two different and potentially complementary boundary resources in coordinating solution networks in a digital platform…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the interactions between two different and potentially complementary boundary resources in coordinating solution networks in a digital platform context: boundary spanners (those individuals who span interorganizational boundaries) and boundary interfaces (the devices that help coordinate interfirm relationships, e.g. electronic data interchanges, algorithms or chatbots).

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted a multiple case study of three firms using digital platforms to coordinate solution networks in the information communication technology and lighting facility industries. Data were collected from 30 semi-structured interviews, which are complemented by secondary data.

Findings

As task complexity increases, smarter digital interfaces are adopted. When the intelligence level of interfaces is low or moderate, they are only used as tools by boundary spanners or to support boundary spanners’ functions. When the intelligence level of interfaces is high or very high, boundary spanners design the interfaces and let them perform tasks autonomously. They are also sometimes employed to complement interfaces’ technological limitations and customers’ limited user ability.

Research limitations/implications

The industry contexts of the cases may influence the results. Qualitative case data has limited generalizability.

Practical implications

This study offers a practical tool for solution providers to effectively deploy boundary employees and digital technologies to offer diverse customized solutions simultaneously.

Originality

This study contributes to the solution business literature by putting forward a framework of boundary resource interactions in coordinating solution networks in a digital platform context. It contributes to the boundary spanning literature by revealing the shifting functions of boundary spanners and boundary interfaces.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 24 December 2021

Lyndie Bayne

The purpose of this paper is to enhance conceptual understanding of reporting boundaries in corporate annual reports by developing a conceptual framework of the rules and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to enhance conceptual understanding of reporting boundaries in corporate annual reports by developing a conceptual framework of the rules and principles, referred to here as dimensions, underlying boundaries. A total of nine contemporary regulations/guidelines are compared in terms of the boundary dimensions identified to illustrate similarities and differences in boundary concepts.

Design/methodology/approach

To develop a conceptual framework of reporting boundary dimensions, academic and industry literature were analysed to identify boundary dimensions. Thereafter, nine contemporary regulations/guidelines were compared in terms of these dimensions. A qualitative approach was taken including document analysis and content analysis.

Findings

A total of 10 key boundary dimensions were identified through analysis of academic and industry literature. Each dimension represents a continuum along which regulations/guidelines can position themselves. Taken together, the 10 dimensions provide a comprehensive description of the chosen boundary concept.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to accounting theory by providing a holistic conceptual framework of dimensions relating to reporting boundaries, thus answering calls for more conceptual development of the boundary construct. The conceptual framework and comparison of contemporary regulations/guidelines adds to scarce literature considering financial and non-financial boundaries simultaneously, which is relevant for annual reports. From a practical perspective, the paper brings renewed visibility to boundaries with implications for preparers, users, standard setters and auditors of annual reports.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 10 December 2021

Shaohan Cai, Xiaoyan Wang, Yongchao Ma, Xinyue Zhou and Zhilin Yang

This study aims to explore the overall relationship between a boundary spanner and a partner firm, i.e. boundary spanner closeness to partner firm. Drawing on…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the overall relationship between a boundary spanner and a partner firm, i.e. boundary spanner closeness to partner firm. Drawing on consumer-service provider relationship literature and the tripartite model of affect-behavior-cognition, the authors identify three key dimensions of such closeness, namely, boundary spanners’ relational ties, customer-specific capabilities and accommodative behaviors, and examine their effects on exchange outcomes in turbulent versus stable environments.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper examines the effects of three dimensions of boundary spanner closeness on various exchange outcomes (i.e. retailers’ cooperation, satisfaction and willingness for investment) using two industries as exemplars, characterized by distinct levels of environmental turbulence – the retailing networks of a major cell phone company and a petroleum company in China.

Findings

The results indicate that the three dimensions individually and jointly affect exchange outcomes and the interplay of customer-specific capabilities and relational ties affect exchange outcomes differently across industry turbulence.

Originality/value

The existing literature lacks a comprehensive understanding of the function of boundary spanners, which serve as a key relational interorganizational governance component. By identifying three key dimensions of boundary spanner closeness and examining their effectiveness in promoting exchange outcomes, this study advances the understanding of the role of boundary spanners in interorganizational governance.

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 14 December 2021

Liang-Hung Lin and Yu-Ling Ho

By distinguishing opportunism-based and bounded rationality-based transaction costs, the study examines how firms use equity/relational governance and boundary spanners'…

Abstract

Purpose

By distinguishing opportunism-based and bounded rationality-based transaction costs, the study examines how firms use equity/relational governance and boundary spanners' guanxi to govern their exploration alliances in a transaction cost economizing way.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a survey methodology for data collection, and the sample consists of 150 exploration alliances formed by large Taiwanese information and electronic firms.

Findings

Findings of this study show that exploration alliances incur considerable transaction costs and require high-level equity control and relational governance. The positive exploration of alliance-equity ownership relationship will be weakened by boundary spanners' guanxi when guanxi serves to harmonize conflicts and mitigate opportunism-based transaction costs, thereby reducing the need for using costly equity ownership to govern exploration alliances. In contrast, the positive exploration alliance-relational governance relationship will be amplified when guanxi becomes a source of legitimacy in the Chinese guanxi institution. This relation-augmenting effect will drive more relational governance because guanxi and relational governance together allow alliance managers to obtain sufficient legitimacy in the formation of a common dominant frame, thereby mitigating bounded rationality-based transaction costs.

Originality/value

By distinguishing various moderating effects of boundary spanners' guanxi and separating transaction costs into two forms, this study contributes to the existing literature as well as advances our understanding of alliance governance decisions in the Chinese business environment.

Details

Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5794

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 21 December 2021

Cristina Mele, Tiziana Russo-Spena, MariaLuisa Marzullo and Andrea Ruggiero

How to improve healthcare for the ageing population is attracting academia attention. Emerging technologies (i.e. robots and intelligent agents) look relevant. This paper…

Abstract

Purpose

How to improve healthcare for the ageing population is attracting academia attention. Emerging technologies (i.e. robots and intelligent agents) look relevant. This paper aims to analyze the role of cognitive assistants as boundary objects in value co-creation practices. We include the perceptions of the main actors – patients, (in)formal caregivers, healthcare professionals – for a fuller network perspective to understand the potential overlap between boundary work and value co-creation practices.

Design/methodology/approach

We adopted a grounded approach to gain a contextual understanding design to effectively interpret context and meanings related to human–robot interactions. The study context concerns 21 health solutions that had embedded the Watson cognitive platform and its adoption by the youngest cohort (50–64-year-olds) of the ageing population.

Findings

The cognitive assistant acts as a boundary object by bridging actors, resources and activities. It enacts the boundary work of actors (both ageing and professional, caregivers, families) consisting of four main actions (automated dialoguing, augmented sharing, connected learning and multilayered trusting) that elicit two ageing value co-creation practices: empowering ageing actors in medical care and engaging ageing actors in a healthy lifestyle.

Originality/value

We frame the role of cognitive assistants as boundary objects enabling the boundary work of ageing actors for value co-creation. A cognitive assistant is an “object of activity” that mediates in actors' boundary work by offering novel resource interfaces and widening resource access and resourceness. The boundary work of ageing actors lies in a smarter resource integration that yields broader applications for augmented agency.

Details

Journal of Service Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-5818

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 14 December 2021

Neerja Kashive, Brijesh Sharma and Vandana Tandon Khanna

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has (triggered) lots of interest in work from home (WFH) practices. Many organizations in India are changing their work practices and adopting…

Abstract

Purpose

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has (triggered) lots of interest in work from home (WFH) practices. Many organizations in India are changing their work practices and adopting new models of getting the work done. The purpose of the study to look at the boundary-fit perspective (Ammons (2013) and two factors, namely, individual preferences (boundary control, family identity, work identity and technology stress) and environmental factors (job control, supervisor support and organizational policies). These dimensions are used and considered to create various clusters for employees working from home.

Design/methodology/approach

K-mean clustering was used to do the cluster analysis. Statistical package for social sciences 23 was used to explore different clusters based on a pattern of characteristics unique to that cluster, but each cluster differed from other clusters. Further analysis of variance test was conducted to see how these clusters differ across three chosen outcomes, namely, work-family conflict, boundary management tactics used and positive family-to-work spillover effect. The post hoc test also provided insights on how each cluster differs from others on these outcomes.

Findings

The results indicated four distinct clusters named boundary-fit family guardians, work warriors, boundary-fit fusion lovers and dividers consistent (with previous) research. These clusters also differ across at least two major outcomes like boundary management tactics and positive spillover. The high control cluster profiles like Cluster 3 (boundary-fit fusion lovers) and Cluster 4 (dividers) showed low technostress and higher use of boundary management tactics. Cluster 3 (boundary-fit fusion lovers) and Cluster 1 (boundary-fit family guardians) having high environmental influencers also showed higher positive family-to-work spillover.

Research limitations/implications

Because this study is very specific to the Indian context, a broad generalization requires further exploration in other cultural contexts. The absence of this exploration is one of the limitations of this study. On the culture continuum, countries may vary from being individualistic on one extreme to being collectivistic on the other extreme. Interaction of these two cultural extremities with the individual and the environmental dimension, as espoused in this research, can be examined further in a different cultural setting.

Originality/value

This study has extended the work of Ammons (2013) and added external influencers as a dimension to the individual preferences given by (Kossek 2016), and created the cluster for employees in the Indian context. This study has demonstrated the importance of reduced technostress, and the use of boundary management tactics (temporal and behavioral) leads to positive family-to-work spillover. It has also emphasized the relevance of organization policies and supervisor support for better outcomes in WFH.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 29 October 2021

Frédérique Le Louër and María-Luisa Rapún

The purpose of this paper is to revisit the recursive computation of closed-form expressions for the topological derivative of shape functionals in the context of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to revisit the recursive computation of closed-form expressions for the topological derivative of shape functionals in the context of time-harmonic acoustic waves scattering by sound-soft (Dirichlet condition), sound-hard (Neumann condition) and isotropic inclusions (transmission conditions).

Design/methodology/approach

The elliptic boundary value problems in the singularly perturbed domains are equivalently reduced to couples of boundary integral equations with unknown densities given by boundary traces. In the case of circular or spherical holes, the spectral Fourier and Mie series expansions of the potential operators are used to derive the first-order term in the asymptotic expansion of the boundary traces for the solution to the two- and three-dimensional perturbed problems.

Findings

As the shape gradients of shape functionals are expressed in terms of boundary integrals involving the boundary traces of the state and the associated adjoint field, then the topological gradient formulae follow readily.

Originality/value

The authors exhibit singular perturbation asymptotics that can be reused in the derivation of the topological gradient function in the iterated numerical solution of any shape optimization or imaging problem relying on time-harmonic acoustic waves propagation. When coupled with converging Gauss−Newton iterations for the search of optimal boundary parametrizations, it generates fully automatic algorithms.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

S.G. Ahmed

The paper aims to introduce a new algorithm based on the boundary integral method developed to solve moving boundary phase change problem subject to all possible cases of…

Downloads
1164

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to introduce a new algorithm based on the boundary integral method developed to solve moving boundary phase change problem subject to all possible cases of cyclic boundary temperature.

Design/methodology/approach

In the present paper, the phase change problem with periodic boundary temperature, which may be above or below the phase change temperature, is analyzed. The analysis is based on applying the boundary integral method in a new numerical algorithm. There are two main topics of the analysis herein. The first one is to study the direct effect of the cyclic boundary temperature on the movement of the moving boundary for various Stefan numbers. The second one is check that the proposed method covers all possible cases of cyclic boundary temperature with respect to the phase change temperature.

Findings

When using the proposed method, it is found an easy mathematical manipulation and the results can be improved when fine time step size used.

Originality/value

The proposed method is a very new method, which can be applied to any case of moving boundary phase change problem subject to any case of cyclic boundary temperature. Also the proposed method takes into consideration different parameters that affect directly on the evolution of the moving boundary such as Stefan number, etc.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 23 March 2010

D.W. Marshall, S.J. Newman and C.B. Williams

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect a variety of different boundary layers have on a wing in ground‐effect.

Downloads
1064

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect a variety of different boundary layers have on a wing in ground‐effect.

Design/methodology/approach

Experiments were carried out in the University of Southampton's 3′×2′ wind tunnel. A variable length splitter plate was designed and manufactured in order to generate four boundary‐layer thicknesses at a selected measurement position. A single element inverted GA(W)‐1 aerofoil was then introduced to the flow at varying heights above the plate. Laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) and surface static pressure measurements (both on the aerofoil surface and on the splitter plate) were recorded.

Findings

The flow beneath the wing is found to be affected considerably by the presence of the boundary layer. As the boundary‐layer thickness is increased, the under‐wing pressure is observed to increase, hence resulting in decreased suction. Further, the LDA results indicate a modification to the wake profile. In particular, at low wing heights, the wake is observed to become entrained in the boundary layer, to differing degrees dependant on the boundary layer present and the wing height.

Research limitations/implications

The acquisition of force values from the tests will have allowed further understanding of the “real world” implications of the presence of the boundary‐layer thicknesses on a wing in ground‐effect but this is not possible in the test facility used.

Practical implications

The aerodynamics of a wing in ground‐effect are of great interest for both lifting surfaces for aircraft and downforce generation in motorsport applications. The implications of this paper enhance the importance of understanding the boundary conditions present when wind tunnel testing for these applications.

Originality/value

Although the influence of the boundary layer on low ground clearance objects has been well documented, the methods used here, in particular the use of the pressure tapped splitter plate and LDA, allow a further insight into the explanations behind this influence.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 82 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Click here to view access options
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Matthew R. Kuhn

An algorithm is presented for creating a flexible boundary to analyse three‐dimensional assemblies of spheres. It can be used to study localization phenomena in…

Abstract

An algorithm is presented for creating a flexible boundary to analyse three‐dimensional assemblies of spheres. It can be used to study localization phenomena in particulate materials. The boundary is composed of adjoining triangular plate elements which are connected at their corners to the centres of neighbouring spheres. The applied external boundary stresses create traction forces on the plates, which are distributed among the plates’ particles. The boundary performed favourably in tests on a large assembly of particles when only contact and rotational damping were used. Plane strain compression tests on assemblies with flexible and periodic boundaries revealed a lower strength with the former. This result could be due to the greater restraint on particle movements produced by periodic boundaries or to the early development of a column buckling failure pattern of the assembly with flexible boundaries. No shear bands were observed in the assembly.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 85000