Search results

1 – 10 of 70
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Chern‐Sheng Lin, Yung‐Yen Su, Hung‐Jung Shei, Chuen‐Lin Tien and An‐Tsung Lu

The purpose of this paper is to present an automatic inspection and control method for a reagent rapid test strip production system, with image processing techniques.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an automatic inspection and control method for a reagent rapid test strip production system, with image processing techniques.

Design/methodology/approach

Fluorescence, color arrangement and combination matching with the database were used to identify the responses of biochemicals. The position accuracy and insufflation consistency between the control line and test line on a reagent rapid test strip will be analyzed from the image after series processing.

Findings

The system can identify failed products and regulate production conditions to insure that the quality standard is maintained. The idea edges of the control line and test line are the boundary at which a significant change occurs in the surface reflectance and illumination of the viewer. But the change of the real boundary of the test line may be insufficient for identification.

Research limitations/implications

As the illumination of biological reagent images cannot be measured precisely in the production process, and the intensity of the background light source is difficult to control, there are always significant errors in the production process. If the environment at sampling could be precisely controlled, the accuracy of the system could be enhanced.

Originality/value

This study developed software architecture for a biological reagent production and inspection system. Future studies will focus on the implementation of testing, and improvement of the system, so that it can be applied to medical systems for the benefit of all patients.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 31 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here

Abstract

Details

Reference Reviews, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Nanouk Verhulst, Arne De Keyser, Anders Gustafsson, Poja Shams and Yves Van Vaerenbergh

The purpose of this paper is to discuss recent developments in neuroscientific methods and demonstrate its potential for the service field. This work is a call to action…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss recent developments in neuroscientific methods and demonstrate its potential for the service field. This work is a call to action for more service researchers to adopt promising and increasingly accessible neuro-tools that allow the service field to benefit from neuroscience theories and insights.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper synthesizes key literature from a variety of domains (e.g. neuroscience, consumer neuroscience and organizational neuroscience) to provide an in-depth background to start applying neuro-tools. Specifically, this paper outlines the most important neuro-tools today and discusses their theoretical and empirical value.

Findings

To date, the use of neuro-tools in the service field is limited. This is surprising given the great potential they hold to advance service research. To stimulate the use of neuro-tools in the service area, the authors provide a roadmap to enable neuroscientific service studies and conclude with a discussion on promising areas (e.g. service experience and servicescape) ripe for neuroscientific input.

Originality/value

The paper offers service researchers a starting point to understand the potential benefits of adopting the neuroscientific method and shows their complementarity with traditional service research methods like surveys, experiments and qualitative research. In addition, this paper may also help reviewers and editors to better assess the quality of neuro-studies in service.

Details

Journal of Service Management, vol. 30 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-5818

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here

Abstract

Details

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-045029-2

To view the access options for this content please click here

Abstract

Details

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-222-4

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part

Troy Camplin

Purpose – To present the connection between modern network theory and Hayek's ideas on the brain and spontaneous orders.Methodology/approach – To show that Hayek's ideas…

Abstract

Purpose – To present the connection between modern network theory and Hayek's ideas on the brain and spontaneous orders.

Methodology/approach – To show that Hayek's ideas on the brain, spontaneous order, and why socialism cannot work are confirmed by network and self-organization theory, and to use network and self-organization theory to bridge Hayek's theory of the mind to his work on spontaneous orders.

Findings – Spontaneous orders are scale-free networks, but humans evolved a preference for hierarchical networks, which are typical of tribes and firms – and socialism. However, hierarchies only work for teleological organizations, not for ateleological spontaneous orders like economies. Part of the human preference for human-organized networks comes from our “intentional stance,” which automatically sees patterns as evidence of an organizer.

Research limitations/implications – This work acts as an introduction to possible directions in spontaneous order research. New work in bridging evolutionary and cognitive psychology (which includes Hayek's work) with self-organization and network theory acts as a promising development for neuro-Hayekians.

Social implications – Understanding there is an evolutionary bias for certain kinds of networks, even though those are not appropriate for certain kinds of social orders, and understanding the nature of these networks should help us understand the true relationships among individuals, organizations, and spontaneous orders.

Originality/value of chapter – This work brings Hayek “up to date,” with network theory and self-organization, showing to what extent Hayek was talking about these concepts. Seeing the similarities and differences between hierarchical and scale-free networks helps one understand how they come about, and in what contexts.

Details

Hayek in Mind: Hayek's Philosophical Psychology
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-399-6

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Aslı Işler, Onursal Yakaboylu, Tamer Alyakut and Filiz Karaosmanoğlu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate alternatives for four stroke 10w40 motorcycle engine oils. Today, mineral and synthetic‐based lubricants are widely used but…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate alternatives for four stroke 10w40 motorcycle engine oils. Today, mineral and synthetic‐based lubricants are widely used but because of ecological aspects, which are gaining in importance nowadays and limited resources of mineral oils, environmentally‐friendly biobased lubricants are gaining in importance. Biobased lubricants are also important for using national resources rather than importing crude oils which are limited. The main consumption of lubricant market is motor oils. In this study, starting from mineral, synthetic and biobased lubricants; mineral, synthetic, biomineral and biosynthetic based four stroke motorcycle engine oils (10w40) are prepared, then lubricity properties of the motor oils are determined.

Design/methodology/approach

The lubricity tests of the samples are done in a fixed forced lubricity test rig and the motorcycle motor oil preparation are conducted according to ASTM test methods.

Findings

The results show that 5 per cent of biobased lubricants will be suitable for preparing 10w40 motor oils in both mineral and synthetic based motor oils. Also improvements in the lubricity properties with the blend with biobased lubricants are seen.

Originality/value

The paper presents biomineral and biosynthetic 10w40 motor oils as alternative candidates for motorcycle motor oils.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 64 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Z.H. Gao, J.L. Yuan and X.M. Wang

This paper aims to evaluate the effect of multiple additions of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) on the properties of bark‐phenol‐formaldehyde (BPF) adhesives, and to lay the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to evaluate the effect of multiple additions of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) on the properties of bark‐phenol‐formaldehyde (BPF) adhesives, and to lay the foundations for further studies on bark utilisation.

Design/methodology/approach

Synthetic technologies that used multiple additions of NaOH were developed for the production of BPF adhesives. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and plywood bond were used to evaluate properties of the PF and BPF adhesives.

Findings

The number of NaOH additions had an important effect on many BPF adhesive properties, such as gel time, free formaldehyde content in adhesive, thermosetting peak temperature, molecular weight distribution, as well as the wet shear strength and free formaldehyde release of the bonded plywood panels. The study determined that a two‐step process for adding NaOH offers a prospective synthetic technology for BPF adhesive production. This technology made it possible to use 28.6 per cent bark by weight and resulted in plywood with properties comparable with those of plywood bonded with a commercial PF adhesive. However, BPF adhesives prepared with more than two NaOH additions were fast‐curing.

Research limitations/implications

BPF adhesives are very complex systems with many unknown variables, such as the chemical structures of bark derivatives from phenolation and adhesive synthesis. To further improve the curing rate and adhesion of BPF, future investigations should be based on a two‐addition process or attempt to increase the amount of NaOH in the second addition.

Practical implications

The BPF adhesive prepared with two NaOH additions and 28.6 per cent bark was comparable with a commercial PF adhesive in terms of adhesive properties and plywood bond quality. These results indicate that this technology shows potential for commercial applications.

Originality/value

Synthetic technologies using multiple additions of NaOH were developed to produce BPF adhesives. The BPF with two additions of NaOH seemed to be comparable with a commercial PF adhesive.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 36 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Susan Bornsen, Jean Ostrom‐Blonigen and Kenneth D. Plowman

The purpose of this paper is to examine the history and strategies used by Synthroid producers, currently Abbott Laboratories, one of the top drug companies in the world…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the history and strategies used by Synthroid producers, currently Abbott Laboratories, one of the top drug companies in the world through the use of stakeholder theory.

Design/methodology/approach

News releases and The Wall Street Journal from similar dates were compared and contrasted for examples of Donaldson and Preston's three typologies of stakeholder theory, which include descriptive accuracy, instrumental power, and normative validity.

Findings

Illustrations of stakeholder typologies reveal that public relations messages can be used to influence stakeholders. However, the examples also illustrate that ethics may be a separate issue.

Practical implications

When consumers rely on products, such as prescription drugs, for good health and even life itself, there is a fine line between product and drug product.

Originality/value

This paper demonstrates the value of Donaldson and Preston's typology in evaluating the market health of organizations.

Details

Journal of Communication Management, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-254X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article

Karen Kennedy, Jenny Pannell and Neil Summers

Nutrition and exercise matter for everyone, including people with learning disabilities. Poor nutrition and lack of exercise can have adverse effects on emotional and…

Abstract

Nutrition and exercise matter for everyone, including people with learning disabilities. Poor nutrition and lack of exercise can have adverse effects on emotional and physical health and well‐being, which then affect the ability to cope with the demands of everyday life, including independent living and enjoyment of voluntary or paid work, college and leisure activities. Support staff need training and advice to understand this if they are to facilitate optimal quality of life.

Details

Housing, Care and Support, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-8790

1 – 10 of 70