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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

Felix T.S. Chan and Bing Jiang

Manufacturing systems design is a complex task and is crucial to the future of a company. Computer simulation provides an efficient and visual method for system designers…

Abstract

Manufacturing systems design is a complex task and is crucial to the future of a company. Computer simulation provides an efficient and visual method for system designers. The popularity of simulation is owing to its ability to model systems in a fast and cost‐effective way, its flexibility and its ability to model the time dynamic behavior of systems. This paper demonstrates the use of computer simulation as a tool for assisting managers and engineers in the design and analysis of a new manufacturing system by presenting a case study. The case study is a study of proposed instrument panel/crashpad production and assembly work‐cells in an automotive industry. The emphasis on the case study was to evaluate alternative designs, predict system performance, detect any potential problems, experiment with system parameters and determine the sensitivity of the system to these parameters. The case study results show that computer simulation can be a useful decision‐making support tool for the analysis of the system performance and the selection of the design alternatives before the system is actually implemented.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 10 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 22 August 2008

Abstract

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Circuit World, vol. 34 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 17 April 2007

Chung‐Ching Chiu, Chih‐Hung Tsai and Yi‐Chan Chung

In the early industrial age which with high intensity of machine and labor, using financial measurement index was good enough to tie in company’s mechanization and…

Abstract

In the early industrial age which with high intensity of machine and labor, using financial measurement index was good enough to tie in company’s mechanization and philosophy of management and been in efficiency. But being comply with “New Economic age,” a new economic environment is full of knowledge and information, the enterprise competition had changed from tangible assets, plants to intangible innovation ability of knowledge. As recognizing the new tendency by enterprise, they value gradually the growth and influence from learning. Practice of organization learning not only needs firm structure and be in coordination with both hardware and software, but also needs an affect measurement model to offer enterprise to estimate learning performance. It’s a good instrument of financial performance measure mold in the past years, But it’s for measuring the past, couldn’t formulate enterprise trend to future, hard to estimate investment for future, such as development of products, organization learning, knowledge management etc, as which intangible assets and knowledge ability just the key factors of being win around competition environment in the future. In 1992, Kaplan and Norton brought up Balance Scorecard (BSC) on Harvard Business Review, as an instrument helping enterprise to measure performance, which is being considered to be a most influence management instrument. It added non‐financial index such as customer, internal process and learning growth besides traditional financial index, as offering enterprise an index to measure and manage intangible assets and intellectual property. As being aware of organization learning is hard to be ignored in the new economic age, this research is based on learning and growth of BSC, and citing one national material company try to let the most difficult measurement performance of organization learning, to be estimate through BSC, analyze of factor and individual case, to discuss the company how to make the related strategy and vision of organization learning to develop learning and growth of the structure of BSC, subject the matter of out put factors to be discussed, and measure the outcomes as a result of research. The research affect offers (1) the base implement procedure of carrying out BSC; (2) the reference of formulating measurement index while enterprise using BSC to estimate performance of organization learning; (3) the possibility bottleneck maybe forcing while carrying out BSC, to be an improvement or preventive for enterprise.

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Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2019

Hua Liu, Weidong Zhu, Huiyue Dong and Yinglin Ke

To gain accurate support for large aircraft structures by ball joints in aircraft digital assembly, this paper aims to propose a novel approach based on visual servoing…

Abstract

Purpose

To gain accurate support for large aircraft structures by ball joints in aircraft digital assembly, this paper aims to propose a novel approach based on visual servoing such that the positioner’s ball-socket can automatically and adaptively approach the ball-head fixed on the aircraft structures.

Design/methodology/approach

Image moments of circular marker labeled on the ball-head are selected as visual features to control the three translational degrees of freedom (DOFs) of the positioner, where the composite Jacobian matrix is full rank. Kalman–Bucy filter is adopted for its online estimation, which makes the control scheme more flexible without system calibration. A combination of proportional control with sliding mode control is proposed to improve the system stability and compensate uncertainties of the system.

Findings

The ball-socket can accurately and smoothly reach its desired position in a finite time (50 s). Positional deviations between the spherical centers of ball-head and ball-socket in the X-Y plane can be controlled within 0.05 mm which meets the design requirement.

Practical implications

The proposed approach has been integrated into the pose alignment system. It has shown great potential to be widely applied in the leading support for large aircraft structures in aircraft digital assembly.

Originality/value

An adaptive approach for accurate support of large aircraft structures is proposed, which possesses characteristics of high precision, high efficiency and excellent stability.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

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Article
Publication date: 6 April 2012

Jiangping Chen, Ren Ding, Shan Jiang and Ryan Knudson

The purpose of this study is to evaluate freely available machine translation (MT) services' performance in translating metadata records.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate freely available machine translation (MT) services' performance in translating metadata records.

Design/methodology/approach

Randomly selected metadata records were translated from English into Chinese using Google, Bing, and SYSTRAN MT systems. These translations were then evaluated using a five point scale for both fluency and adequacy. Missing count (words not translated) and incorrect count (words incorrectly translated) were also recorded.

Findings

Concerning both fluency and adequacy, Google and Bing's translations of more than 70 percent of test data received scores equal to or greater than three, representative of “non‐native Chinese” and “much coverage,” respectively. SYSTRAN scored lowest in both measures. However, these differences were not statistically significant. A Pearson correlation analysis demonstrated a strong relationship (r=0.86) between fluency and adequacy. Missing count and incorrect count strongly correlated with fluency and adequacy.

Originality/value

Most existing digital collections can be accessed in English alone. Few digital collections in the USA support multilingual information access (MLIA) that enables users of differing languages to search, browse, recognize and use information in the collections. Human translation is one solution, but it is neither time nor cost effective for most libraries. This study serves as a first step to understand the performance of current MT systems and to design effective and efficient MLIA services for digital collections.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Jingfu Lu and Min Li

The purpose of this paper is to understand the boundary-spanning behaviors of Party organizations, and the processes and constraints of these behaviors in controlling…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand the boundary-spanning behaviors of Party organizations, and the processes and constraints of these behaviors in controlling worker unrest in Chinese resource-based state-owned enterprises in the “new work-unit system” using boundary-spanning theory.

Design/methodology/approach

This case study was carried out in a resource-based state-owned enterprise in the “new work-unit system” in China. The research utilized interviews and archival documents, and then coded and analyzed the data using NVivo.

Findings

In China, Party organizations’ boundary-spanning behaviors (PBSBs) in labor relations management are identified, and classified into the behaviors of the ambassador, task coordinator, and scout. Worker unrest can be controlled by these behaviors through the mediation effect of the behaviors of agents in the “new work-unit system” but can also be provoked in the transformation of the “new work-unit system.”

Originality/value

The Communist Party plays a key role in labor relations management in China’s SOEs; however, this role has not been explored in any depth. This study builds a model to reveal the “black box” in which the PBSBs influence the agents’ behaviors and how the agents’ behaviors then influence the workers, and in this way control worker unrest.

Details

Employee Relations, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

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Article
Publication date: 28 April 2020

Jiang-Tao Wang, Shufen Zhang, Chia-Huei Wu, Jian-Jun Yu, Chang-Bin Chen and Sang-Bing Tsai

This study aims to provide a time- and price-sensitive market strategy for merchants to handle the markdown price strategy. The market demand for perishable products is…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to provide a time- and price-sensitive market strategy for merchants to handle the markdown price strategy. The market demand for perishable products is usually price – and quality (freshness) – sensitive. The proper handling of markdown-price strategies can help merchants enhance competitiveness and maximize operational performance.

Design/methodology/approach

A markdown strategy consisting of price and markdown time was developed to explore the properties of market strategies based on the dynamic quality evaluation. The strategy considers multiple price discounts and multiple markdown times. The optimal price decisions in each stage and the optimal markdown times were derived during the selling season.

Findings

The results showed the following. A retailer always raises the initial price if it wants to adopt multiple price-markdown strategies. A high initial price may lead to a high inventory at the early stage and bring the next price reduction in advance. Large price discounts can be used to reduce the inventory later. The higher the previous price, the shorter the interval between the next price reduction. The markdown strategies showed that the regular discount as a new business model is not the best pricing model for perishable products. A time- and price-sensitive strategy, however, can increase operational performance and provide new insights for perishable products.

Originality/value

The results showed the following. A retailer always raises the initial price if it wants to adopt multiple price-markdown strategies. A high initial price may lead to a high inventory at the early stage and bring the next price reduction in advance. Large price discounts can be used to reduce the inventory later. The higher the previous price, the shorter the interval between the next price reduction. The markdown strategies showed that the regular discount as a new business model is not the best pricing model for perishable products. A time- and price-sensitive strategy, however, can increase operational performance and provide new insights for perishable products.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 50 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2001

Allan K.K. Chan and Yue‐Yuan Huang

This is the third of a series of studies on Chinese brand naming using content analysis from a linguistic perspective. The first study generalized the principles guiding…

Abstract

This is the third of a series of studies on Chinese brand naming using content analysis from a linguistic perspective. The first study generalized the principles guiding Chinese brands in terms of syllable pattern, tone pattern, compounding structure and semantic preference. The second looked at specific branding rules, focusing on two entirely different products: cosmetic products and bicycles. The present study, following the same linguistic framework of analysis, analyzes three groups of closely related products: spirits, beers, soft drinks, to see how these brands are creatively and distinctively constructed. Finds that the brand naming patterns of the three drinks are basically in agreement with the general Chinese branding principles, and the differences among them directly reflect the development, the consumer markets and characteristics of each product.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 19 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 June 2016

Ying Zheng, Daying Yan and Bing Ren

This paper aims to propose an integrated framework combining the cost-reduction rationale and the institution-leveraging rationale to explain how institutional distance…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose an integrated framework combining the cost-reduction rationale and the institution-leveraging rationale to explain how institutional distance, both formal and informal, influences emerging multinational enterprises (EMNEs)’ foreign direct investment (FDI) location choice. This paper also explores the moderating role of EMNEs’ FDI experience and strategic intent on value chain positioning as a reflection of firm heterogeneities, on the link between institutional distance and location choice.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper tests the hypotheses based on a firm-level longitudinal data set of FDI by Chinese EMNEs. The unique data are manually collected from Chinese companies listed on Shenzhen and Shanghai Stock Exchanges, composed of 250 FDI entries of 122 manufacturing firms from 2006 to 2010. The conditional logit model is used to estimate the proposed main effect and moderating effect.

Findings

Cultural distance does not deter Chinese EMNEs’ entrance in general, but firms investing in low value-added manufacturing subsidiaries are more likely to choose culturally similar countries than those investing in high value-added subsidiaries such as in upstream R&D and downstream marketing. Formal institutional distance with positive direction promotes Chinese EMNEs’ entrance, and this effect is enhanced when firms have less FDI experience and have the strategic intent to invest in high value-added subsidiaries.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the current literature by identifying a holistic view of the institutional influences on FDI location choice of EMNEs and revealing how firm-level heterogeneities, particularly FDI experience and strategic intent of subsidiary value chain positioning, shape the boundary conditions of the institutional effects in different ways.

Details

Nankai Business Review International, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8749

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 October 2012

Xiao Bing, Jiang Yan and Jin Hongbin

The purpose of this paper is to present an approach which can evaluate the ability that successfully achieves command and control, both in qualitative and quantitative…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an approach which can evaluate the ability that successfully achieves command and control, both in qualitative and quantitative modes, to improve decision accuracy and speed, as well as construct an executable architecture for analyzing and verifying different decision projects.

Design/methodology/approach

By defining command and control (C2) decision architecture and decomposing C2 decision processes into measurable subfunctions, measures and metrics will be associated with each of the lowest level decomposed functions, and will be used to provide support for performance evaluation. Both Markov decision process analysis and conditional probability (CP) logic are used for modeling the decision‐making process of course of action (COA). Meanwhile, an executable architecture constructed by Petri net is applied to logic structural verification and performance evaluation.

Findings

The paper presents an idea and methodology for net‐centric command and control decision‐making process analysis.

Research limitations/implications

The paper describes and decomposes C2 decision processes for complex missions in uncertain environments.

Practical implications

The paper could be an important reference of analysis and application in net‐centric command and control of decision making.

Originality/value

The paper combines methodology with qualitative methods (decision process decomposition), quantitative method (Markov decision process analysis and CP logic), as well as structural verification and performance evaluation.

1 – 10 of 165