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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1997

T.D. Webb and Bin Zhang

The appearance of revolutionary information technologies must elicit equivalent responses from the library profession, if for no other reason than simply to provide…

Abstract

The appearance of revolutionary information technologies must elicit equivalent responses from the library profession, if for no other reason than simply to provide services that are fast becoming desired and needed by users. Because the implications of the new technology also suggest the possible demise of libraries, it is incumbent on us to make a revolutionary response. Part of that response should be making accessible to the public the vast stores of hidden information and knowledge that lie beyond the purview of conventional publishers. Creating local online databases ‐ information dropshipping ‐ is an activity that public and academic libraries alike can implement because librarians routinely uncover little‐known caches of information and knowledge that would be of great interest to general and academic communities alike, if only they were made easily accessible. Until now, libraries have located themselves on the distribution side of information delivery, along with the wholesalers and retailers, the jobbers and bookstores. We now have a choice. We can refashion our profession and create a new domain on the production side of knowledge and information that was once reserved for publishers.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 15 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 24 July 2020

Claudel Mombeuil and Bin Zhang

To date, many firms tend to use corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication and marketing as a means to offset their irresponsible behaviors and unscrupulous…

Abstract

Purpose

To date, many firms tend to use corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication and marketing as a means to offset their irresponsible behaviors and unscrupulous business practices. Often time, they can easily get away with this in the context where the institutional settings are weak, and corporate social irresponsibility (CSIR) and corruption are widespread. The purpose of this study is to explore stakeholders’ attribution concerning CSR claims of four beverage manufacturing companies operating in America’s poorest country (Haiti) where CSIR and corruption remain widespread. This study also explores whether there are differences in demographic characteristics (e.g. gender, corporate affiliation and education) regarding stakeholders’ attribution of CSR claims of these companies.

Design/methodology/approach

Given the exploratory nature of this study, an inductive research approach (qualitative plus quantitative) and supported by an interpretive approach were used.

Findings

The overall results of this study show that internal (employees) and external stakeholders alike consider the CSR claims of these companies as “cosmetic,” with no significant difference in their affiliation. The results also show no significant differences in the age groups but significant differences in gender and level of education regarding stakeholders’ attribution of firms’ CSR claims.

Originality/value

By addressing firms’ CSR claims from the perspectives of internal and external stakeholders through means of a mixed methods approach, this study adds an important contribution to the relevant literature.

Details

Social Responsibility Journal, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-1117

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Article
Publication date: 17 December 2019

Jie Tang, Bin Zhang and Umair Akram

The purpose of this paper is to explore the facilitating and inhibitory factors on paid app downloading intentions based on an integrated valence theory, considering two…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the facilitating and inhibitory factors on paid app downloading intentions based on an integrated valence theory, considering two social environmental factors and two intermediate variables: perceived value and perceived trust.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on the integrated valence theory. After collecting users’ data, partial least square analysis is used to examine the main driving and constraining factors for users to download paid apps in Apple mobile devices.

Findings

The empirical results show that mediated through perceived value, perceived usefulness and perceived compatibility are the absolute positive factors that affect user’s willingness to purchase apps, whereas perceived cost is the main barrier for users to do so. Social environment where the users are in also plays an important role in their purchase intentions.

Practical implications

This study hopes to offer guidance to paid app developers and general app markets, and to help expand the consumer group, make the purchase experience more efficient and promote the development of paid app market.

Originality/value

The finding not only enriches the adoption theory of mobile apps from the perspective of valence theory, but also provides pricing and functional suggestions for platform suppliers and software developers of paid apps.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 32 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

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Article
Publication date: 16 March 2012

Xugang Zhang, Bin Zhang, Mingming Sun, Jianhui Li, Lei Wang and Chuanli Qin

The purpose of this paper is to obtain liquid acrylate oligomers containing carboxyl groups as excellent toughening agents for epoxy resins.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to obtain liquid acrylate oligomers containing carboxyl groups as excellent toughening agents for epoxy resins.

Design/methodology/approach

Liquid acrylate oligomers containing carboxyl groups were synthesised by the solution polymerisation of butyl acrylate (BA), acrylic acid (AA) and acrylonitrile (AN) as monomers. The liquid acrylate oligomers were used as the toughening agents for epoxy resins. The chemical structure of the oligomers was characterised by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscope. The morphology of modified epoxy networks was analysed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The mechanical and thermodynamic properties were measured by universal testing machine and dynamic mechanical analyser (DMA).

Findings

The results show that AA and oligomer concentrations have great influence on the morphology, mechanical and thermodynamic properties of the modified epoxy networks. When the 10 wt percent oligomer containing BA and AN and AA in the ratio of 75/20/5 is used to modify the epoxy resin, the increase in impact strength of the modified epoxy network is 291.5 percent over the unmodified epoxy network due to addition of the oligomers without a sacrifice in heat‐resistance properties. Fracture surface analysis by SEM indicates the presence of a two‐phase microstructure.

Practical implications

The modified epoxy networks can be used as high performance materials such as adhesives, sealants and matrices of composites.

Originality/value

The liquid acrylate oligomers containing carboxyl and nitrile groups which were synthesised with BA, AA and AN as monomers by the solution polymerisation are novel and can greatly increase the toughness of epoxy resins without loss of thermal resistance.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 41 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 21 November 2016

Qingkui Xi, Liju Mao, Bin Zhang, Wen Shi and Ping Bao

This study aims to describe and analyse interlibrary loans and document delivery (ILL/DD) in the Chinese Academy of Sciences and to evaluate the ILL/DD service quality of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to describe and analyse interlibrary loans and document delivery (ILL/DD) in the Chinese Academy of Sciences and to evaluate the ILL/DD service quality of one particular library.

Design/methodology/approach

ILL/DD at the Chinese Science Digital Library (CSDL) is described. The success of ILL/DD at CSDL is analysed. Finally, the service quality of one library’s ILL/DD based on LibQUAL+ is evaluated.

Findings

ILL/DD at CSDL can be improved through a multi-library union, and a modified LibQUAL+ model can be used to evaluate a library’s ILL/DD service quality.

Social implications

More patrons can access a better service, and the work efficiency of librarians can be improved.

Originality/value

This study is helpful to librarians interested in ILL/DD and resource sharing in China.

Details

Interlending & Document Supply, vol. 44 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-1615

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Article
Publication date: 15 August 2016

Behrokh Khoshnevis, Xiao Yuan, Behnam Zahiri, Jing Zhang and Bin Xia

This paper aims to report on the experiments with the Contour Crafting Automated Construction process using sulfur concrete as the choice of construction material.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to report on the experiments with the Contour Crafting Automated Construction process using sulfur concrete as the choice of construction material.

Design/methodology/approach

Several experiments have been performed at centimeter and meter scales. A finite element analysis simulation model for the behavior of sulfur concrete-based structures has been developed. Experimental results were compared with the results of simulation.

Findings

Sulfur concrete has numerous terrestrial applications and is potentially an ideal construction material for planetary construction.

Originality/value

Experimental samples of sulfur concrete were fabricated using a novel mixer/extrusion system. The mechanism was proven to be durable and stable after more than 500 h of work.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 22 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2014

Xugang Zhang, Bin Zhang, Mingming Sun, Jianhui Li, Lei Wang and Chuanli Qin

– In order to obtain functionalized core-shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) as excellent toughening agents for epoxy resins. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Abstract

Purpose

In order to obtain functionalized core-shell nanoparticles (CSNPs) as excellent toughening agents for epoxy resins. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Functionalized CSNPs containing epoxy groups on the surface were synthesized by emulsion polymerization with butyl acrylate as the core and methyl methacrylate copolymerizing with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) as the shell. CSNPs were used as toughening agents for epoxy resins and their chemical structure was characterized by FT-IR. The morphology of modified epoxy networks (MEPN) was analyzed by SEM and TEM. Both the mechanical properties and thermodynamic properties were studied.

Findings

The results show that nearly spherical CSNPs with the particle size of 50-100 nm are obtained. A certain amount of CSNPs are uniformly dispersed in epoxy resins by the grinding method and the MEPN shows the ductile fracture feature. The miscibility between CSNPs and epoxy matrix increases with the increase of GMA concentration which makes more bonds form between them. Epoxy resins toughened with 10 wt% CSNPs containing 10 wt% GMA show the best mechanical properties and the increase in tensile strength and impact strength of the MEPN is 13.5 and 59.7 percent, respectively, over the unmodified epoxy networks. And the improvement in impact strength is not accompanied with loss of thermal resistance.

Practical implications

The MEPN can be used as high-performance materials such as adhesives, sealants and matrixes of composites.

Originality/value

The functionalized CSNPs are novel and it can greatly increase the toughness of epoxy resins without loss of thermal resistance.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 20 April 2010

Wei‐Bin Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to examine global monetary economic growth with free trade. It develops a multi‐country monetary growth model with capital accumulation to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine global monetary economic growth with free trade. It develops a multi‐country monetary growth model with capital accumulation to provide some insights into complexity of economic globalization with free trade and financial markets.

Design/methodology/approach

The real aspects of the model is based on the neoclassical growth theory and monetary aspects of the model are based on the money‐in‐utility approach. The behavior of households is based on an alternative approach. The paper shows that the dynamics of the J‐country world economy can be described by 2J‐dimensional differential equations.

Findings

This paper simulates equilibrium and motion of the global economy with three, developed, newly industrializing, and developing countries and Cobb‐Douglas production functions. As the global monetary economic system is unstable, the perfectly competitive world economy may either experience unlimited growth or economic crisis. Because of the choice of the initial conditions and the parameters, the simulation demonstrates a situation of global economic declination. This paper also demonstrates, for instance, that the global economy worsens off as the developed economy reduces its propensity to save or increases its inflation policy.

Social implications

This paper also tries to provide some possible implications of our model for the recent economic crisis. A policy implication of the results is that as global economies with free trade and financial markets are possibly structurally unstable and the global economy may suffer from economic declination, government interventions, and co‐operation among countries are necessary for global sustainable development.

Originality/value

The paper offers insights into the linkage between national monetary policies and global economic growth.

Details

Journal of Financial Economic Policy, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-6385

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2011

Wei‐Bin Zhang

This study aims to examine dynamic interactions among economic growth, geography and the housing market with public goods financed by the government. A general dynamic…

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine dynamic interactions among economic growth, geography and the housing market with public goods financed by the government. A general dynamic equilibrium model of an isolated economy with economic geography, local public goods and capital accumulation is to be constructed. The economy has three sectors, supplying industrial goods, housing, and local public goods. The model synthesizes the main ideas in neoclassical growth theory, the Alonso urban model, and the Muth housing model in an alternative framework to the traditional growth theory.

Design/methodology/approach

The model is based on the neoclassical growth theory with an alternative approach to household behavior. The paper shows how to solve the dynamics of the economic system and simulate the model to demonstrate dynamic interactions among economic growth, housing market, residential distribution and public goods over time and space.

Findings

The paper simulates equilibrium and motion of the spatial economy with Cobb‐Douglas production and utility functions. The simulation demonstrates, for example, that, as the tax rate on the land income is increased, the total capital stocks and the stocks employed by the three sectors are increased, the rate of interest falls and the output of the industrial sector and the wage rate are increased, the land devoted to local public goods falls and the land rent and housing rent rise over space, the consumption level of the industrial goods and the total expenditures on the public goods are increased.

Practical implications

The paper provides some possible implications of the model for complicated consequences of government policy over time and space. In particular, the paper shows that a change in government policy not only has a macroeconomic impact over time, but also affects the economic geography of the national economy.

Originality/value

The paper offers insights into the linkage among growth, national public policies and economic geography.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 November 2011

Shao Huai Qi, Zhang Qi Bin, Han Wen Li, Xie Bei Bei, Xu Zhong Ping and Huang Gui Bai

The purpose of this paper is to report the investigation of a low temperature application process for three‐layer polyethylene coating (3LPE) at 185‐195°C to meet the…

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243

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report the investigation of a low temperature application process for three‐layer polyethylene coating (3LPE) at 185‐195°C to meet the requirement of the coating temperature for X80 longitudinally welded pipe.

Design/methodology/approach

Plant coating and laboratory tests were performed to determine the properties of 3LPE coating coated at 185‐195°C.

Findings

The properties of the 3LPE coating, which was applied by using a suitable low temperature cured epoxy powder at temperature of 185‐195°C, were nearly the same as those of a 3LPE coating that had been applied at the normal coating temperature (200‐230°C).

Originality/value

Recommended acceptance criteria for 3LPE coatings applied at 185‐195°C are proposed. The research results met the requirements for external anti‐corrosion properties for X80 longitudinally welded pipe.

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