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Article
Publication date: 11 October 2021

Fatemeh Hamidinava, Abdolhamid Ebrahimy, Roohallah Samiee and Hosein Didehkhani

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a cloud business intelligence model for industrial SMEs. An initial model was developed to accomplish this, followed by…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a cloud business intelligence model for industrial SMEs. An initial model was developed to accomplish this, followed by validation and finalization of the cloud business intelligence model. Additionally, this research employs a mixed-techniques approach, including both qualitative and quantitative methods. This paper aims to achieve the following objectives: (1) Recognize the Cloud business intelligence concepts. (2) Identify the role of cloud BI in SMEs. (3) Identify the factors that affect the design and presenting a Cloud business intelligence model based on critical factors affecting SMEs during pandemic COVID-19. (4) Discuss the importance of Cloud BI in pandemic COVID-19 for SMEs. (5) Provide managerial implications for using Cloud BI effectively in Iran’s SMEs.

Design/methodology/approach

In the current study, an initial model was first proposed, and the cloud business intelligence model was then validated and finalized. Moreover, this study uses a mixed-methods design in which both qualitative and quantitative methods are used. The fuzzy Delphi Method has been applied for parameter validation purposes, and eventually, the Cloud business intelligence model has been presented through exploiting the interpretive structural modeling. The partial least squares method was also applied to validate the model. Data were also analyzed using the MAXQDA and Smart PLS software package.

Findings

In this research, from the elimination of synonym and frequently repeated factors and classification of final factors, six main factors, 24 subfactors and 24 identifiers were discovered from the texts of the relevant papers and interviews conducted with 19 experts in the area of BI and Cloud computing. The main factors of our research include drivers, enablers, competencies, critical success factors, SME characteristics and adoption. The subfactors of included competitors pressure, decision-making time, data access, data analysis and calculations, budget, clear view, clear missions, BI tools, data infrastructure, information merging, business key sector, data owner, business process, data resource, data quality, IT skill, organizational preparedness, innovation orientation, SME characteristics, SME activity, SME structure, BI maturity, standardization, agility, balances between BI systems and business strategies. Then, the quantitative part continued with the fuzzy Delphi technique in which two factors, decision-making time and agility, were deleted in the first round, and the second round was conducted for the rest of the factors. In that step, 24 factors were assessed based on the opinions of 19 experts. In the second round, none of the factors were removed, and thus the Delphi analysis was concluded. Next, data analysis was carried out by building the structural self-interaction matrix to present the model. According to the results, adoptability is a first-level or dependent variable. Regarding the results of interpretive structural modeling (ISM), the variable of critical success factors is a second-level variable. Enablers, competencies and SME characteristics are the third-level and most effective variables of the model. Accordingly, the initial model of Cloud BI for SMEs is presented as follows: The results of ISM revealed the impact of SME characteristics on BI critical success factors and adoptability. Since this category was not an underlying category of BI; thus, it played the role of a moderating variable for the impact of critical success factors on adoptability in the final model.

Research limitations/implications

Since this study is limited to about 100 SMEs in the north of Iran, results should be applied cautiously to SMEs in other countries. Generalizing the study's results to other industries and geographic regions should be done with care since management perceptions, and financial condition of a business vary significantly. Additionally, the topic of business intelligence in SMEs constrained the sample from the start since not all SMEs use business intelligence systems, and others are unaware of their advantages. BI tools enable the effective management of companies of all sizes by providing analytic data and critical performance indicators. In general, SMEs used fewer business intelligence technologies than big companies. According to studies, SMEs understand the value of simplifying their information resources to make critical business choices. Additionally, they are aware of the market's abundance of business intelligence products. However, many SMEs lack the technical knowledge necessary to choose the optimal tool combination. In light of the frequently significant investment required to implement BI approaches, a viable alternative for SMEs may be to adopt cloud computing solutions that enable organizations to strengthen their systems and information technologies on a pay-per-use basis while also providing access to cutting-edge BI technologies at a reasonable price.

Practical implications

Before the implementation of Cloud BI in SMEs, condition of driver, competency and critical success factor of SMEs should also be considered. These will help to define the significant resources and skills that form the strategic edge and lead to the success of Cloud BI projects.

Originality/value

Most of the previous studies have been focused on factors such as critical success factors in cloud business intelligence and cloud computing in small and medium-sized enterprises, cloud business intelligence adoption models, the services used in cloud business intelligence, the factors involved in acceptance of cloud business intelligence, the challenges and advantages of cloud business intelligence, and drivers and barriers to cloud business intelligence. None of the studied resources proposed any comprehensive model for designing and implementing cloud business intelligence in small and medium-sized enterprises; they only investigated some of the aspects of this issue.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 3 July 2007

Mi Jin Kim, Y. (Norman) Zhou and Jae Pil Jung

This paper seeks to decrease the soldering temperature of capacitors using Sn‐Bi plated Sn‐3.5 wt%Ag solder.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to decrease the soldering temperature of capacitors using Sn‐Bi plated Sn‐3.5 wt%Ag solder.

Design/methodology/approach

Sn‐Bi layers were electroplated on Sn‐3.5 wt%Ag solder. As soldering examples, type 1608 capacitors electroplated with Sn, and printed circuit boards (PCBs) with a surface coating of electroless‐plated Ni/Au, were selected. Sn‐3.5Ag foil coupons plated with Sn‐95.7 wt%Bi were inserted as solder between the capacitors and the lands on the PCBs. The samples were reflowed at 220°C, which is below the normal reflow temperatures of around 240 ∼ 250°C used with Pb‐free solders. During heating, Bi in the plated layer diffuses into the Sn‐3.5Ag core solder resulting in a transient decrease in soldering temperature based on the concept of transient liquid phase bonding.

Findings

The joints made with the Sn‐95.7%Bi plated Sn‐3.5Ag solder at 220°C showed good appearance, and evidence of significant Bi segregation was absent in the microstructure. The shear strengths of the capacitor joints bonded with Sn‐95.7%Bi plated Sn‐3.5%Ag solder were approximately 5,000‐6,000 gf. After 1,000 thermal cycles between −40 and +125°C, the shear strengths of the joints decreased approximately 5‐10 percent from the strengths in the as‐reflowed state for all plated solders. This confirmed that the soldered joints were stable and not significantly degraded by thermal cycles.

Originality/value

Reduced temperature soldering using Sn‐Bi plated Sn‐3.5%Ag solder was applied to attach capacitors to PCBs. In a production application, the foil coupons could be replaced by pre‐solder on the PCB pads.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

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Article
Publication date: 29 June 2010

M. He, N. De Leon and V.L. Acoff

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a Pb‐free solder alternative, specifically the effect of Bi on the microstructure and tensile strength of Sn‐3.7Ag solders…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a Pb‐free solder alternative, specifically the effect of Bi on the microstructure and tensile strength of Sn‐3.7Ag solders casted under different cooling rates.

Design/methodology/approach

Sn‐3.7Ag solder paste was mechanically blended with different percentages of Bi particles (99.999 percent) to form composite solder pastes. The solder paste was cast under different cooling rates to form dog‐bone shape samples for tensile testing. The solder samples were subjected to tensile testing on an INSTRON 5543 tester with loading rate 10−3 s−1. Both the as‐cast and tensile‐tested samples were mounted, ground and polished for microstructure and fracture surface analysis. Scanning electron microscopy/Energy dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy was used to characterize the microstructure, morphology, and composition.

Findings

The tensile strength of Sn‐3.7Ag solder increased with increased Bi addition. However, elongation decreased with increased Bi addition. The tensile strength of Sn‐3.7Ag‐xBi (x=0, 1, 2, 3, 4 wt%) solders increased with increased cooling rates when Bi is lower than 3 wt%. The reason for improved strength of Sn‐3.7Ag‐xBi solders is the result of the combination of the solid solution strengthening and precipitation strengthening effects of Bi.

Originality/value

Tensile testing Bi reinforced Sn‐3.7Ag solder formed under different cooling rates is new in the paper. With the additions of Bi to Sn‐3.7Ag, the solder strength has been increased, which may be beneficial to the electronics industry and other researchers seeking a better replacement for Sn−Pb solder.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2013

Roman Koleňák and Michal Chachula

The purpose of this paper is to study Bi‐11Ag solder for higher application temperatures. The aim of the research work was to determine the soldering, thermal and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study Bi‐11Ag solder for higher application temperatures. The aim of the research work was to determine the soldering, thermal and mechanical properties of Bi‐11Ag solder.

Design/methodology/approach

To determine the melting point interval of experimental Bi‐11Ag solder, DSC analysis was performed. The contact angles were studied on a copper, nickel and silver substrate by use of a sessile drop method. Wettability tests were realised at a temperature of 380°C in a shielding atmosphere (90% N2+10% H2). Based on experience achieved with wetting angle measurements, the specimens for measurement of shear strength of Cu, Ni and Ag/Bi‐11Ag joints were fabricated. EDX analysis was used for the study of the solder interaction with the surface of the three metallic substrates.

Findings

The best wettability at soldering in a shielding atmosphere was achieved with silver. The wetting angle at 30 min attained the value of 23°. The worst wettability was observed on copper, where at 30 min the wetting angle was 55°. Average shear strength varied from 31 to 45 MPa. The highest strength was obtained with the Cu substrate whereas the lowest was with the Ni substrate. The lowest strength achieved with the Ni substrate was caused by formation of brittle intermetallic phase NiBi3. Joint formation is realised by eutectic reaction at the contact of Bi with the surface of the copper substrate. Similar joint formation by eutectic reaction occurs also at Bi interaction with the surface of the Ag substrate. At Bi interaction with the nickel substrate a new intermetallic phase (NiBi3) is formed.

Originality/value

Wettability of Bi‐11Ag solder on Cu, Ag and Ni substrates was determined at application of a shielding atmosphere (90% N2+10% H2). Wettability was determined also at application of ZnCl2‐NH4Cl flux. The shear strength of Bi‐11Ag on different substrates was determined. The mechanism of joint formation was analysed.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

David C. Chou, Hima Bindu Tripuramallu and Amy Y. Chou

This paper seeks to propose a business intelligence (BI) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) integrated framework that adds value to enterprise systems.

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to propose a business intelligence (BI) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) integrated framework that adds value to enterprise systems.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual approach is taken.

Findings

ERP systems integrate all facets of the business and make data available in real time. BI tools are capable of accessing data directly from ERP modules.

Originality/value

The value‐added system proposed allows enterprise‐wide transaction data to be collected and analyzed for organizational decision‐making processes.

Details

Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 13 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-5227

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Article
Publication date: 28 August 2021

Joye Ter Ji-Xi, Yashar Salamzadeh and Ai Ping Teoh

The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the factors influencing consumer behavioral intention (BI) to use cryptocurrency as a medium of transaction. Constructs…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the factors influencing consumer behavioral intention (BI) to use cryptocurrency as a medium of transaction. Constructs from the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology model and an added variable, perceived risk (PR), are examined to predict BI. Age and gender as moderators are retained in this model.

Design/methodology/approach

An online survey was used to gather the respondents’ responses on a five-point Likert scale. G * Power was used to calculate the required minimum sample size. A non-probability sampling technique was used to gather data from the 290 respondents based in Malaysia. The final data set was analyzed using the statistical package for the social sciences and SmartPLS software using structural equation modeling.

Findings

The results show that three of the five proposed factors (performance expectancy, effort expectancy and facilitating condition) are significant predictors of BI to adopt cryptocurrency as a medium of transaction. Interestingly, PR is not a significant predictor even though prior research studies showed otherwise. Likewise, the relationship between BI and social influence became significant only when age is added as a moderator.

Practical implications

Malaysians are still wary of cryptocurrency, even though global tech firms such as Amazon and Microsoft are already accepting Bitcoin as a payment method. This study aims to provide relevant authorities and businesses (i.e. central bank, retail merchants and cryptocurrency exchangers) insights toward understanding the factors consumers focus on if they were to use cryptocurrency as a medium of transaction.

Originality/value

Most cryptocurrency research are done in developed countries (i.e. USA, UK and EU) perspective. This research addresses the lack of quantitative literature on significant factors influencing BI to use cryptocurrency in developing country context while taking a PR, age and gender into consideration.

Details

The Bottom Line, vol. 34 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0888-045X

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Article
Publication date: 15 June 2021

Mayada Abd El-Aziz Youssef and Habib Mahama

The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of business intelligence and analytics (BI&A) in mediating the relationship between enterprise resource planning (ERP…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of business intelligence and analytics (BI&A) in mediating the relationship between enterprise resource planning (ERP) and three sets of management accounting practices (MAPs): budgeting, costing and performance evaluation. It also examines the extent to which the usage of ERP affects the intensity of the application of various MAPs.

Design/methodology/approach

Structural equation modeling (SmartPLS 3) is used to analyze data collected from a cross-sectional survey of 82 firms in the UAE. The results indicate that the constructs are valid and reliable and that the model supports the research hypotheses.

Findings

The findings confirm the positive effect of the extent of using ERP systems, as a construct of modules, on the extent of applying three sets of MAPs. They also show that the extent of the use of BI&A systems partially mediates the relationship between the extent of the use of ERP systems and intensity of applying each of the three sets of MAPs.

Practical implications

The results encourage organizations to adopt BI&A to reap the full benefits of ERP.

Originality/value

In contrast to the extant research that presumes a direct influence of ERP on MAPs, this study investigates if the extent of the use of BI&A mediates the presumed relationship between the extent of the use of ERP and intensity of applying each of the three sets of MAPs.

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Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2013

Bénédicte Apouey and Jacques Silber

Traditional indices of bi-dimensional inequality and polarization were developed for cardinal variables and cannot be used to quantify dispersion in ordinal measures of…

Abstract

Traditional indices of bi-dimensional inequality and polarization were developed for cardinal variables and cannot be used to quantify dispersion in ordinal measures of socioeconomic status and health. This chapter develops two approaches to the measurement of inequality and bi-polarization using only ordinal information. An empirical illustration is given for 24 European Union countries in 2004–2006 and 2011. Results suggest that inequalities and bi-polarization in income and health are especially large in Estonia and Portugal, and that inequalities have significantly increased in recent years in Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, and the Netherlands, whereas bi-polarization significantly decreased in France, Portugal, and the United Kingdom.

Details

Health and Inequality
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-553-1

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Abstract

Details

Central Bank Policy: Theory and Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-751-6

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Book part
Publication date: 4 October 2018

Andrea Nespeca and Maria Serena Chiucchi

In order to shed light on the implications of the business intelligence (BI) for management accounting (MA) and decision making, this study investigates as to how the use…

Abstract

In order to shed light on the implications of the business intelligence (BI) for management accounting (MA) and decision making, this study investigates as to how the use of the BI affects the production, transmission, and reception of performance measures (PM).

To investigate the issue at hand, a case study of an Italian company is carried out. The case study method is deemed suitable to explore the complex, penetrating, and unpredictable relationship between BI and PM.

The case analysis shows that the use of the BI can affect the production of PM by leading the organization to frame PM into an indicator setting. Moreover, the BI can affect the transmission by introducing a new, “visual” approach for presenting PM to decision makers, which is also relevant in the reception as a mobilizing factor.

This study contributes to improving the understanding of BI implications for MA and decision making, which is still limited in the accounting academia. Additionally, this research adds to extant knowledge about the relationship between measurement and management; more specifically, it contributes to understanding the “fate” of PM.

Furthermore, the findings illustrated in this chapter can be relevant from a practical point of view: by showing the role that BI solutions can play in producing and transmitting PM, the study shows the potential contribution of the use of the BI in managing and overcoming problems arising in these phases, favoring the use of these measures.

Details

Performance Measurement and Management Control: The Relevance of Performance Measurement and Management Control Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-469-5

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