Heads of secondary school mathematics department were surveyed to assess their perceptions of how they influence and impact students' performance in mathematics. Survey…
Heads of secondary school mathematics department were surveyed to assess their perceptions of how they influence and impact students' performance in mathematics. Survey results showed both agreement and discrepancy between what department heads perceived as actual and optimal activities to enhance instructional improvement, influence student achievement, and implement initiatives for change. The report concludes with a description of the pre‐service and in‐service programs.
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of participating in an eight‐week physical training (ie. balance or weight training) on psychosocial outcomes for independently living healthy older adults. Eighteen older adults (65 years old or older) voluntarily participated in this study. Participants were randomly and evenly distributed in three different groups such as balance, weight or control group; six participants in each. Fear of falling and social activity levels were statistically tested by evaluating questionnaires validated in previous studies. Psychological factors improved in all groups after eight weeks (P < 0.05). Social interaction levels did not improve in any of the three groups, although all participants exhibited improvements in being physically independent (P < 0.05). Results suggested that being physically active as well as being socially active could result in being less fearful of falls, more confident of leaving residency, being more independent, and being more active.