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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

M. Shamsul Haque

During recent decades, there has been a significant transition or “reinvention” in the mode of state governance in both developed and developing nations. In line with this…

Abstract

During recent decades, there has been a significant transition or “reinvention” in the mode of state governance in both developed and developing nations. In line with this global trend, most Southeast Asian countries have restructured the traditional state-centric mode of governance or the so-called “developmental state” in favor of market-led neoliberal reforms and policies, often under external pressure or persuasion. This new mode of state governance favoring global market forces has serious implications for economic sovereignty and self-reliant development in the region. In this regard, this article attempts to examine major domains and directions of reinvention in governance in Southeast Asian countries. It also explores the critical impacts of this recent market-driven reinvention on the economic sovereignty and self-reliance of these countries

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International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1997

Bernard Lim

Reports an investigation of transformational leadership among UK managers. Podsakoff et al.’s (1990) measure of transformational leadership was administered to 25 managers…

Abstract

Reports an investigation of transformational leadership among UK managers. Podsakoff et al.’s (1990) measure of transformational leadership was administered to 25 managers within one organization, and the results correlated with superior and subordinate ratings of the managers’ effectiveness. Findings indicate that effective managers employ a transformational leadership approach akin to Kouzes and Posner’s model. Discusses limitations of the present research and areas for further research.

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Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 18 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1995

Bernard Lim

Examines organizational culture and organizational performance viaa discussion of the models of culture and the empirical researchconducted to investigate the causal…

Abstract

Examines organizational culture and organizational performance via a discussion of the models of culture and the empirical research conducted to investigate the causal relationship between them. Despite claims of a causal relationship, the culture‐performance link remains unclear. There is a need to improve on the application of the concepts involved. Methodological issues as well as the influence of moderator variables are suggested for consideration in future research.

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Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2020

Jeanne Ho, Trivina Kang and Imran Shaari

The purpose of this paper is to examine leading from the middle, which is consistent with calls to distribute leadership, while expanding the direction of influence, from…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine leading from the middle, which is consistent with calls to distribute leadership, while expanding the direction of influence, from the normal top-down to include a bottom-up or lateral direction. The paper proposes that the position of the vice-principal enables the role incumbent to lead from the middle as a boundary spanner. The research question was what leadership from the middle looks like for vice-principals.

Design/methodology/approach

The study consisted of interviews of 28 vice-principals and 10 principals. A mixed case and theme-oriented strategy was adapted, with member checking with each vice-principal.

Findings

The findings indicate that in leading from the middle, vice-principals play boundary spanning roles of connecting, translating and brokering: (1) connecting between organisational levels, (2) translating between vision/direction and actualisation, (3) connecting between middle managers and (4) brokering and translating between the ministry and the school.

Originality/value

Leading from the middle is a nascent concept which is worth exploring, given the complexity of educational systems with multiple ecological levels, and the need for leadership to create coherence between the levels.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 59 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

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Book part
Publication date: 13 July 2016

Matthew E. Brashears and Laura Aufderheide Brashears

Balance Theory has accumulated an impressive record of empirical confirmation at both the micro- and macro-levels. Yet, it is unclear why humans consistently prefer…

Abstract

Purpose

Balance Theory has accumulated an impressive record of empirical confirmation at both the micro- and macro-levels. Yet, it is unclear why humans consistently prefer balanced relations when imbalance offers the opportunity to reap material rewards. We argue that balance is preferred because it functions as a “compression heuristic,” allowing networks to be more easily encoded in, and recalled from, memory.

Methodology/approach

We present the results of a novel randomized laboratory experiment using nearly 300 subjects. We evaluate the independent and joint effects of degree of balance/imbalance and presence/absence of kin compression heuristics on network recall.

Findings

We find that memory for relationship valence is more accurate for balanced, rather than imbalanced, networks and that relationship existence and relationship valence are separable cognitive elements. We also use comparisons between kin and non-kin networks to suggest that humans are implicitly aware of the conditions under which imbalanced networks will be most durable.

Research limitations/implications

We show that the tension/strain postulated to generate mental and behavioral responses to increase balance likely stems from cognitive limitations. More broadly, this connects balance theory to models of human cognition and evolution and suggests that human general processing ability may have evolved in response to social, rather than physical, challenges.

Details

Advances in Group Processes
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-041-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

Mark P. Bauman

Outlines the role of the conservatism inherent in generally accepted accounting principles in Ohlson’s (1995) and Feltham and Ohlson’s (1995) valuation models and compares…

Abstract

Outlines the role of the conservatism inherent in generally accepted accounting principles in Ohlson’s (1995) and Feltham and Ohlson’s (1995) valuation models and compares it with other research findings. Identifies potential sources of conservatism (e.g. expensing advertising costs, providing for deferred tax etc.), develops a mathematical model and applies it to 1980‐1994 US data to examine their relative importance. Finds that intensity of R&D and age of fixed assets are the most significant and goes on to compare the effectiveness of the Feltham/Ohlson conservatism parameter in capturing this information. Shows that their linear information models seems to capture different aspects of the relationship between book and market values and calls for further research.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 25 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2021

Tze-Yin Lim, Bibiana Lim, Choi-Meng Leong and Andrea Le

This study explores the disposition behaviour of late adolescents towards unfinished food. Specifically, this paper identifies and discusses the manner (the how's) and the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study explores the disposition behaviour of late adolescents towards unfinished food. Specifically, this paper identifies and discusses the manner (the how's) and the reasons (the why's) of food disposition.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted a taxonomy of decisions pertaining to consumer disposition processes. A generic qualitative approach based on personal interviews and focus group discussions was used to collect data from late adolescents. Data was subsequently analysed using content and thematic analyses.

Findings

The findings revealed five manners (the how's) of food disposition among late adolescents, namely keeping it for original purposes, leaving it for other people to dispose of, converting it for another purpose, trying to finish it and getting rid of it permanently. Additionally, there are three reasons (the why's) for food disposition among late adolescents, namely food-related factors, socio-cultural factors and personal factors.

Originality/value

Food waste has continually impacted food production, supply and consumption in a profound way. Responsible food disposition behaviour among individuals has become essential to improve food sustainability. Proper food disposition requires a behavioural change among individuals, including late adolescents, who are growing into adulthood. This study contributes to the body of knowledge of food systems by identifying how and why food is disposed of among late adolescents during their formative years. The findings can be utilised to raise awareness of food disposition behaviour and design food responsibility initiatives.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 9 March 2021

Justin Paul and Rahul Dhiman

This review has two purposes: (1) to systematically analyse the literature on export competitiveness (EC) and (2) to provide an overview of various determinants and the…

Abstract

Purpose

This review has two purposes: (1) to systematically analyse the literature on export competitiveness (EC) and (2) to provide an overview of various determinants and the methodological trends in the subject field, making it possible to develop a roadmap for future researchers.

Design/methodology/approach

The systematic literature review (SLR) method was employed in this paper. The authors have covered three decades of research articles published in Scopus listed journals between 1991 and 2020. The determinants of EC are synthesized and widely used theories, and methodologies are identified and classified. The authors have also provided directions for future research.

Findings

The key determinants identified are labour and capital productivity, labour costs, exchange and real effective exchange rate (REER), domestic gross domestic product (GDP), trade liberalization and barriers. The findings reveal that EC is now a scientific measure, since the studies in this subject field have moved towards measuring EC and its determinants.

Originality/value

There has been no comprehensive review in this area exploring the theories, context, constructs and methodologies until now. Therefore, this review provides deep insights into the topic and also offers a unified picture of the subject field.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 38 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 12 April 2019

Juanita Ryan, Pauline B. Thompson Guerin, Fatuma Hussein Elmi and Bernard Guerin

The purpose of this paper is to review all the research on Somali refugee communities’ “explanatory models” of “mental health” or psychological suffering, and also report…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review all the research on Somali refugee communities’ “explanatory models” of “mental health” or psychological suffering, and also report original research in order to allow for more contexts on their “mental health” terms to emerge.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors talked in a conversational manner with a small number (11) of Somali people (10 females and 1 male), but this was done intensively over time and on multiple occasions. They discussed their community terms for “mental health” issues but in their own contexts and with their own examples.

Findings

The results showed that Somali as a community had three main groupings of symptoms: Jinn or spirit possession; waali or “craziness”; and a group of terms for serious anxieties, rumination, worrying and thinking too much. What was new from their broader descriptions of context was that the community discourses were based on particular contexts of the person and their behavior within their life history, rather than aiming to universal categories like the DSM.

Practical implications

Both research and practice on mental health should focus less on universal diagnoses and more on describing the contexts in which the symptoms emerge and how to change those contexts, especially with refugee and other less well-understood groups.

Originality/value

The review and original results support symptom-based or contextual approaches to mental health; we should treat the “mental health” symptoms in their life contexts rather than as a disease or disorder. We can learn from how Somali describe their “mental health” symptoms rather than treat their descriptions as crude forms of the “correct” western diagnostics.

Details

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-9894

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Article
Publication date: 17 April 2009

Day‐Yang Liu, Kuo‐An Tseng and Szu‐Wei Yen

The purpose of this paper is to examine the validity of the Ohlson model and to explore the influence of intellectual capital (IC) on corporate value (V) and value…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the validity of the Ohlson model and to explore the influence of intellectual capital (IC) on corporate value (V) and value creation (VC) in order to develop a business valuation model served as the managerial criterion of IC.

Design/methodology/approach

Hypotheses are based on current research on the Ohlson model and IC. Descriptive statistics are used to find the data patterns. Information content and incremental information provided by various capital sources are validated through multiple and stepwise regression.

Findings

Corporate value is measured by both IC and financial capital (FC). The Ohlson model with FC reveals information that is significant in corporate value. Besides, FC and IC – mainly, innovation and human capital – contains a great deal of incremental information in terms of V and VC.

Research limitations/implications

In addition to financial statement, IC must be taken into account when intending to do business valuation.

Practical implications

To create higher corporate value, corporations must actively place a high premium on their IC and manage it well, particularly for innovation and human capital.

Originality/value

This paper focuses on the information technology industry in Taiwan. It, respectively, uses the share price and price and book value models to represent V and VC. It cites the more complete four aspects of IC, which are referred to as “other information”, to combine IC and the Ohlson model.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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