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Book part
Publication date: 29 June 2016

Rhonda N. T. Nese and Kent McIntosh

All educators will inevitably face unwanted student behavior that they need to address. A ubiquitous response to unwanted behavior is exclusionary discipline practices…

Abstract

All educators will inevitably face unwanted student behavior that they need to address. A ubiquitous response to unwanted behavior is exclusionary discipline practices, including time-out, office discipline referrals, and suspensions. However, extensive research has demonstrated that these practices are associated with negative outcomes, including increased likelihood of further unwanted behavior, decreased achievement, and racial/ethnic discipline disparities. In this chapter, we provide a preventative alternative to exclusionary practices, school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS). SWPBIS is an evidence-based framework for implementing systems to reduce unwanted behavior and increase prosocial behavior, decreasing the need for exclusionary practices.

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Instructional Practices with and without Empirical Validity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-125-8

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Book part
Publication date: 30 June 2016

Eddy S. Ng and Emma Parry

Interest in generational research has garnered a lot of attention, as the workplace is seeing multiple generations (i.e., the Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Gen Xers…

Abstract

Interest in generational research has garnered a lot of attention, as the workplace is seeing multiple generations (i.e., the Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Gen Xers, and Millennials) working side-by-side for the first time. However, it is unclear how multiple generations of workers interact with each other and affect the workplace. Although there is extant literature on generational differences, some scholars have argued that the effect sizes are small and the differences are not meaningful. The focal aim of this chapter is to present the current state of literature on generational research. We present the relevant conceptualizations and theoretical frameworks that establish generational research. We then review evidence from existing research studies to establish the areas of differences that may exist among the different generations. In our review, we identify the issues arising from generational differences that are relevant to human resource management (HRM) practices, including new workforce entrants, aging workers, the changing nature of work and organizations, and leadership development. We conclude with several directions for future research on modernizing workplace policies and practices, ensuring sustainability in current employment models, facilitating future empirical research, and integrating the effects of globalization in generational research.

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1989

Bennett J. Price

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) systems are typically designed to provide power to computers for five to thirty minutes after all utility company power has failed. In…

Abstract

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) systems are typically designed to provide power to computers for five to thirty minutes after all utility company power has failed. In addition to providing blackout and brownout protection, many UPS systems also protect against spikes, surges, sags, and noise, and some also offer many of the features found in power distribution units (PDUs). The major components or subsystems of a typical UPS system are detailed, and a sample bid specification is appended. Three sidebars discuss UPSs and air conditioning, the maintenance bypass switch (MBS), and literature for further reading.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1989

Clifford A. Lynch

Over the past eight years, the MELVYL catalog has become one of the largest public access catalogs in the world, and now plays a central role in providing access to the…

Abstract

Over the past eight years, the MELVYL catalog has become one of the largest public access catalogs in the world, and now plays a central role in providing access to the library resources of the University of California. Currently, under heavy load, the MELVYL catalog supports many hundreds of simultaneous terminal connections, servicing over a quarter of a million queries a week and displaying more than two million records a week to its user community. This article discusses the history of the network that has supported the MELVYL catalog from the early days of its prototype to the present. It also describes both the current technical and policy issues that must be addressed as the network moves into the 1990s, and the roles that the network is coming to play in integrating local automation, the union catalog, access to resource databases, and other initiatives. Sidebars discuss the TCP/IP protocol suite, internet protocol gateways, and Telenet and related inter‐operability problems.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1990

Bennett J. Price

Water can enter computer rooms from numerous sources: air conditioners; roof, floor, and wall leaks; backed‐up floor drains; fire sprinklers; and so on. While insulated…

Abstract

Water can enter computer rooms from numerous sources: air conditioners; roof, floor, and wall leaks; backed‐up floor drains; fire sprinklers; and so on. While insulated power and signal cables may not be affected by water, splices in such cables as well as computer components may be seriously affected. A wide range of water monitoring and signaling equipment is available for subfloor and ceiling installation to detect and warn of water problems.

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Library Hi Tech, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Bennett J. Price

Power and communications wiring can be brought to computers and computer terminals in a variety of ways. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses; some that are ideal…

Abstract

Power and communications wiring can be brought to computers and computer terminals in a variety of ways. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses; some that are ideal for one library may be forbidden another. Options include use of extension cords, perimeter raceway (such as conduit, wiremold, and armored cable), and interior raceway (such as underfloor duct, flat conductor cable, and power poles). Three sidebars discuss 1) the National Electrical Code; 2) volts, amps, watts, etc.; and‐3) transformers, circuit breakers, and circuits.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

Bennett J. Price

Computers need clean, reliable, electrical power. The various faults of electrical power, such as spikes, sags, outages, noise, frequency variations, and static…

Abstract

Computers need clean, reliable, electrical power. The various faults of electrical power, such as spikes, sags, outages, noise, frequency variations, and static electricity, are defined and described. Preventive measures that computer users can employ to reduce the potential of electrical problems are discussed, as are the processes for detecting, diagnosing, and curing electrical problems when they do occur. Sidebars consider: transformers; power distribution units (PDUs); surge currents/ linear and non‐linear loads; and sizing the power conditioning system. The next issue will conclude this series with an article on uninterruptible power supplies and a bibliography.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

Bennett J. Price

Fire protection has several components: prevention, containment, detection, and suppression. While building codes and inspectors generally do not require special…

Abstract

Fire protection has several components: prevention, containment, detection, and suppression. While building codes and inspectors generally do not require special construction techniques or fire protection systems for computer rooms, economic and service factors may dictate that special protection be given such facilities. This article discusses emergency planning, the various types of fire detection and suppression systems, and future options, with particular attention given to halon and possiblehalon‐replacements.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1989

Bennett J. Price

This article discusses the basics of computer‐room air conditioning, an important component of the special environment required by mainframe computers and many…

Abstract

This article discusses the basics of computer‐room air conditioning, an important component of the special environment required by mainframe computers and many mini‐computers as well. Computer room air conditioners differ in some significant ways from “comfort” air‐conditioners, which are designed for the comfort of people rather than machines. These differences make it less than ideal to use air conditioning systems designed for human comfort for computer cooling. The author describes several different types of air‐conditioners, considerations related to the construction of a computer room, and factors that determine air‐conditioning requirements.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1990

Mike Cornford, Ruth Kerns, Terry Hanstock, Edwin Fleming, Allan Bunch and Tony Joseph

With its traditional good timing and aplomb the Library Association will ensure that next year's subscription demands arrive with this year's Christmas cards. As I gently…

Abstract

With its traditional good timing and aplomb the Library Association will ensure that next year's subscription demands arrive with this year's Christmas cards. As I gently spar with my conscience over whether to maintain my record of unbroken membership I feel that it is quite in order to question whether the LA is a cost‐effective, efficiently‐run, value for money organisation.

Details

New Library World, vol. 91 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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