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Article
Publication date: 22 May 2020

Ben Brown

The purpose of this paper is to examine public perceptions of police efforts to control crime in South Korea.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine public perceptions of police efforts to control crime in South Korea.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were gathered from surveys administered to college students in the Seoul-Gyeonggi Province metropolitan area. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the impact of gender, fear of crime and perceived risk of victimization on diffuse and specific perceptions of police performance.

Findings

The respondents did not view the police favorably. Fewer than half the respondents reported that the police do a good job of controlling drunk driving, approximately a quarter reported that the police do a good job of controlling burglary and investigating homicide and roughly a fifth reported believing that the police effectively control crime. Violent victimization and fear of violent victimization had a significant negative impact on confidence in the police.

Practical implications

The data suggest that informing the public about the low risk of violent victimization and other publicity campaigns designed to reduce fear of violence may foster confidence in the police.

Originality/value

This study identifies subtle similarities and differences in the structure of public perceptions of the police between Eastern and Western nations. Additionally, the data indicate there is a need for greater specificity in measures of public perceptions of the police.

Details

Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3841

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Article
Publication date: 15 August 2016

Ben Brown, Wes Everhart and Joe Dinardo

In the development of powder bed additive manufacturing (AM) process parameters, the characterization of mechanical properties is generally performed through relatively…

Abstract

Purpose

In the development of powder bed additive manufacturing (AM) process parameters, the characterization of mechanical properties is generally performed through relatively large mechanical test samples that represent a bulk response. This provides an accurate representation of mechanical properties for equivalently sized or larger parts. However, as feature size is reduced, mechanical properties transition from a standard bulk response to a thin wall response where lower power border scans and surface roughness have a larger effect.

Design/methodology/approach

For this study, samples of wall thickness varying between 4.0 and 0.25 mm were built in 304L on the selective laser melting (SLM) platform and Ti-6Al-4V on the electron beam melting (EBM) platform. Samples were then mechanically tested, and fractography was performed for analysis.

Findings

This study experimentally identifies the threshold between bulk and thin wall mechanical properties for 304L SS on the SLM platform and Ti-6Al-4V on the EBM platform. A possible method for improving those properties and shifting the transition from bulk to thin wall response to smaller wall thicknesses by manipulation of scan pattern was investigated.

Originality/value

This study is a novel investigation into the effect of reduced wall thickness on the mechanical properties of a part produced by powder bed AM.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 22 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

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Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing, Health and Aged Care
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-808-7

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Book part
Publication date: 24 June 2013

Michael Kompf and Frances O’Connell Rust

The first part of this chapter addresses the history and development of the International Study Association of Teachers and Teaching (ISATT) and its engagement with the…

Abstract

The first part of this chapter addresses the history and development of the International Study Association of Teachers and Teaching (ISATT) and its engagement with the global educational community. We provide an account of the context and background against which ISATT developed as well as information about the founders’ orientations and the actions that led to ISATT’s birth. The second part of the chapter uses patterns of topic focus as graphic indicators of the evolution of ISATT’s research interests expressed through publication titles.

Details

From Teacher Thinking to Teachers and Teaching: The Evolution of a Research Community
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-851-8

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

Ben Brown and Wm Reed Benedict

This research updates and expands upon Decker’s article “Citizen attitudes toward the police: a review of past findings and suggestions for future policy” by summarizing…

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Abstract

This research updates and expands upon Decker’s article “Citizen attitudes toward the police: a review of past findings and suggestions for future policy” by summarizing the findings from more than 100 articles on perceptions of and attitudes toward the police. Initially, the value of research on attitudes toward the police is discussed. Then the research pertaining to the impact of individual level variables (e.g. race) and contextual level variables (e.g. neighborhood) on perceptions of the police is reviewed. Studies of juveniles’ attitudes toward the police, perceptions of police policies and practices, methodological issues and conceptual issues are also discussed. This review of the literature indicates that only four variables (age, contact with police, neighborhood, and race) have consistently been proven to affect attitudes toward the police. However, there are interactive effects between these and other variables which are not yet understood; a finding which indicates that theoretical generalizations about attitudes toward police should be made with caution.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Ben Brown, Wm Reed Benedict and William V. Wilkinson

The purpose of this research was to assess public perceptions of the police in Mexico.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research was to assess public perceptions of the police in Mexico.

Design/methodology/approach

Surveys were administered to more than 300 law school students in Tampico, Tamaulipas.

Findings

Analyses of the data show that the majority of respondents view the municipal, state, and federal police forces negatively. The analyses also indicate that the federal police are viewed less negatively than the state police and the state police are viewed less negatively than the municipal police. Finally, the analyses show that there is a difference in diffuse and specific support for the police agencies, but there was not a consistent pattern of diffuse support being greater than specific support.

Research limitations/implications

Because the sample was composed of law school students, the results cannot be generalized to the Mexican populace. And the unusual findings pertaining to diffuse and specific support for the police indicate a need for additional research on this phenomenon.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that the recent police reforms in Mexico have failed to instill public confidence in the police and that the Mexican government needs to increase police reform efforts. In addition, because of the large influx of immigration from Mexico into the USA, police agencies in the USA will need to increase efforts to work with Hispanic communities in order to gain the confidence of the Mexican immigrants.

Originality/value

To date, this is the most comprehensive empirical examination of perceptions of the police forces in Mexico.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 29 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

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Abstract

Details

International Journal of Service Industry Management, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-4233

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Case study
Publication date: 1 December 2008

Laurie L. Levesque, Denise M. Rousseau and Violet T. Ho

Kevin McRider, the COO of a fledging research facility, needed to foster an environment where scientists explored the boundaries of the metals, chemicals, polymers and…

Abstract

Kevin McRider, the COO of a fledging research facility, needed to foster an environment where scientists explored the boundaries of the metals, chemicals, polymers and tools used to create innovating medical devices. The freshly-minted PhDs he hired were enthusiastic to design and conduct research projects that bridged their scientific disciplines, in a collaborative workplace, with time allocated to individual projects as well. Effectively managed, their research would help the parent corporation leapfrog over existing or near-future technology.

The problem for McRider was how to get Lintell to realize his vision of a collaborative organizational culture that promoted revolutionary scientific discoveries. His challenges included managerial behaviors that prohibited critical interaction and information sharing, as well as disruptive organizational dynamics he himself had set in motion including pressures to focus only on certain research goals and projects at the expense of creative exploration, and the violation of the psychological contracts McRider himself had created with the scientists during recruitment.

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 1544-9106

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Article
Publication date: 25 January 2021

Ana Paula Castelo Branco, Maria Teresa Bianchi and Manuel Castelo Branco

This paper aims to examine the relationship between board demographic diversity and human rights reporting for a sample of large Western European companies.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the relationship between board demographic diversity and human rights reporting for a sample of large Western European companies.

Design/methodology/approach

Grounded on resource dependence theory, the authors hypothesize that greater gender, age and nationality diversities will translate into enhanced levels of human rights reporting. The authors use ordinal logistic regression analysis to analyze the association between these types of board diversity and such reporting.

Findings

The findings suggest that the companies in the sample attribute little importance to the reporting of information pertaining to the issue of human rights. They also suggest that only the diversity of nations represented in the board of directors is significant in explaining this type of reporting.

Research limitations/implications

The sample includes only large companies from Western Europe and the analysis covers only one year.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study provides the first empirical analysis of factors influencing human rights reporting conducted on a multiple-country setting. It is also the first investigating the association between boards of directors’ demographic diversity and such reporting.

Details

PSU Research Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Yonca Hürol

THE HOME HOUSE PROJECT; THE FUTURE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Abstract

THE HOME HOUSE PROJECT; THE FUTURE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Details

Open House International, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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