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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

Andrew Arnette and Barry Brewer

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of strategy and concurrent engineering (CE) in driving design for procurement (DFP) actions and results via the role of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of strategy and concurrent engineering (CE) in driving design for procurement (DFP) actions and results via the role of procurement professionals in new product development (NPD). The strategies of cost leadership, differentiation, and a hybrid approach are compared, and sequential NPD is compared to a CE approach within a DFP context.

Design/methodology/approach

ANOVA was applied to survey data collected for a series of items capturing the activities and characteristics relating to procurement for a new product design, as well as the performance of the product compared to other design events in the firm.

Findings

Several major findings were supported through the analysis. Product-level strategy played a limited role, at best, in driving the implementation of procurement activities and product performance. In contrast, high CE intensity was shown to improve procurement activity and product performance. The results were analyzed along the three dimensions of sustainability, and were especially strong for both environmental and economic-focused activities and performance.

Practical implications

Managers should work to integrate procurement early into NPD activities, ensure procurement uses strategy to drive decisions, and can use DFP initiatives from this research to implement a DFP program.

Originality/value

This research is one of the first attempts to empirically test design-for (DFX) approaches in NPD. It creates one of the first theoretical frameworks for DFX-related research.

Details

The International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 28 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-4093

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Article
Publication date: 12 April 2013

Barry Brewer, Bryan Ashenbaum and Jeffrey A. Ogden

This study aims to examine the connection between strategy‐linked outsourcing goals and measures of outsourcing performance. The strategies of growth, cost, and…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the connection between strategy‐linked outsourcing goals and measures of outsourcing performance. The strategies of growth, cost, and differentiation (core competence) are examined in terms of their relationship with goal achievement and cost performance measures.

Design/methodology/approach

Regression analysis and ANOVA were applied to survey data collected from 165 purchasing executives.

Findings

Findings support a positive relationship between goal intensity for a single strategy and achievement of goals related to that strategy. Findings also suggest that firms with high commitment to growth and cost strategies tend to achieve cost‐related performance at higher levels than firms with a lower commitment to same. Finally, the findings also suggest that firms pursuing a single or dominant strategy achieve lower levels of cost saving performance, as compared with firms pursuing a “balanced” approach that emphasizes two or three different strategies in roughly equal measure.

Research limitations/implications

This study relies on very limited performance variables, mainly cost reduction. Additional variables that addressed growth and core competence would provide additional insight on the link between outsourcing and performance.

Practical implications

Goal intensity is positively related to higher performance on desired outsourcing outcomes. Firms demonstrated greater success in their ability to pursue multiple outsourcing strategies over firms pursuing a single strategy.

Originality/value

The link between strategy and outsourcing performance had not been empirically established.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 43 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Ruth A. Schmidt, Claudio Vignali and Barry J. Davies

Based on an interview with a senior manager at Joshua Tetley &Son Ltd about the changing role of the business development manager.Summarizes the changes in the brewery…

Abstract

Based on an interview with a senior manager at Joshua Tetley & Son Ltd about the changing role of the business development manager. Summarizes the changes in the brewery industry following a report of the Monopolies and Mergers Commission in 1989 which reduced the number of public houses a brewery could own and aimed at introducing competitive forces into the brewery industry. Considers how Allied Breweries Ltd reacted to the report with reference to the area managers whose jobs have been repositioned as business development managers and whose objectives are to sell the brewery′s products by offering a parcel of benefits.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1909

It is a matter of common knowledge that beer, in its several varieties, is by no means the same thing to‐day as it was a generation or less ago; the progress of chemical…

Abstract

It is a matter of common knowledge that beer, in its several varieties, is by no means the same thing to‐day as it was a generation or less ago; the progress of chemical and biological knowledge on the one hand, and the keenness of competition on the other, have led to great alterations both in the materials used in its production and the methods by which it is produced. Exact or reliable knowledge about this, however, is far from being common; vehement assertions are made that all or almost all the changes are for the better, and also that beer is now a manufactured chemical product of deleterious nature, in which little or nothing of genuine material is used. Such statements are rendered unacceptable by the existence of self‐interest on one side and prejudice on the other. A short account of some of the facts concerned may, therefore, be of service.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

PohLean Chuah and PengKeat Lim

Student retention is important in the management of any university especially one which is not financially independent. Administrators in such institutions need to…

Abstract

Purpose

Student retention is important in the management of any university especially one which is not financially independent. Administrators in such institutions need to investigate ways to improve the retention rate in order to avoid the loss of revenue. One of the methods is to ensure that students are able to follow their study pathway and complete their study on time instead of dropping out. The purpose of this paper is to establish a system that allows the university to monitor the progression of these students and highlight the need for counselling when necessary. It is also hoped that this paper helps to improve the student retention rate using quality analysis tools and add knowledge into factual-based problem-solving methodology.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is a co-relational study based on secondary data. It is a continuous improvement method adopting the “plan-do-check-action” model. Quality analysis tools adopted are failure modes and effects analysis and process mapping, where both are the quality analysis tools commonly used in solving product design or assembly process issues in manufacturing. Using the case study of Wawasan Open University, the authors will adapt the aforesaid quality analysis tools from design and manufacturing sectors into an open distance learning education design. It is hoped that the identified process facilitates certain functions of the departments of the organisation to be more effective.

Findings

This paper provides a practical approach on the methods to improve the retention rate in a private higher education institute. Stakeholders are more willing to embrace the improvement when there is proper factual analysis to support the plans. A cross-departmental team is formed to brainstorm the various aspects of the process and the potential failure modes. In a resource-constrained environment, prioritisation is important to identify the high-impact problems. It is also important that a mechanism is available to deliver information to the area where decisions and actions can be made. The failure modes are prioritised systematically and the corresponding solutions installed. The end result is a system with the process that reduces interdepartmental inconsistency thus providing students with a clearer visibility of their study pathway so that they can complete their study on time instead of dropping out.

Research limitations/implications

This study is performed within the context of an institute. The generalisation is low. Other researchers are encouraged to explore further.

Practical implications

This paper provides some practical actions for the improvement of student retention in the university. It is hoped that other researchers will be attracted to explore further on using quality analysis tools to solve non-technical problems.

Originality/value

This paper provides a structured problem-solving method in a service-oriented organisation.

Details

Asian Association of Open Universities Journal, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2414-6994

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

B.J. Gillham

Reviews past and current methods of valuation, analyses rentalgrowth and explains the thinking behind bids made by players in thisdeveloping market. Provides sample…

Abstract

Reviews past and current methods of valuation, analyses rental growth and explains the thinking behind bids made by players in this developing market. Provides sample valuations for a variety of pub rentals. Concludes that there is scope to increase the reliability of profits method valuations.

Details

Journal of Property Valuation and Investment, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-2712

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Book part
Publication date: 7 June 2010

Heather Barry and Tom R. Tyler

Purpose – This chapter reviews the authors’ research on group procedural justice and group-serving behavior. It makes the case that fairness and unfairness can both…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter reviews the authors’ research on group procedural justice and group-serving behavior. It makes the case that fairness and unfairness can both motivate group-serving behavior; the former makes group members feel good about their identity, leading them to “reward” the group, and the latter indicates a group shortcoming, leading members to “repair” the group.

Design/methodology/approach – The chapter describes several studies published elsewhere. Correlational research with employees and students examines the relationship between group procedural fairness and group members’ positive affect, which should translate into group-serving behavior. Experimental research with students investigates whether group procedural unfairness can result in group-serving behavior (measured via self-report and observed helping). Complementary findings from other authors are briefly described and discussed in support of a developed theoretical model of group procedural justice and group-serving behavior.

Findings – Group procedural fairness was more strongly related to arousing positive affect for strongly identified group members. Separately, strongly identified group members engaged in more group-serving behavior when their group had unfair rather than fair procedures.

Research limitations/implications – Possible boundary conditions for the motivating effects of unfairness are discussed (e.g., group permeability, time frame, and anonymity of unfairness). Suggestions for future research are proposed (e.g., examine the effect of justice information on group-serving behavior when group members can also modify group procedures).

Practical implications – Better understanding the effects of group procedural unfairness should influence how organizations and societies promote group-serving behavior.

Originality/value – Research on the motivating effects of both group procedural fairness and unfairness are synthesized into one theoretical model.

Details

Fairness and Groups
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-162-7

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Book part
Publication date: 20 December 2000

Ronald Weitzer

Abstract

Details

Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-889-6

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Article
Publication date: 2 May 2017

Brady Brewer and Allen M. Featherstone

The purpose of this paper is to examine how debt affects the cost structure of a farm. Agency costs arise when stakeholders of a farm manage their farm differently to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how debt affects the cost structure of a farm. Agency costs arise when stakeholders of a farm manage their farm differently to obtain debt which results in inefficiencies. These inefficiencies cause a farm to deviate from cost minimization strategies.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses the non-parametric technique of data envelopment analysis. Through this method, a non-stochastic cost frontier is constructed where all farms must lie on or above the frontier. This allows for the analysis of how debt affects the shape of the cost frontier and for how debt affects deviations away from cost-minimizing strategy. The shadow costs of the debt constraints in the linear programming problem are used to analyze the effect of debt at the cost frontier while a series of Tobit models are estimated to examine the effect of debt on deviations away from the frontier.

Findings

The findings of this paper support the existence of agency costs associated with debt for Kansas farms. The addition of debt and capital constraints lowered the minimum cost frontier increasing the average efficient cost under variable returns to scale. However, for those farms on the frontier, the shadow cost of debt was negative meaning an increase in debt would lower the overall variable cost. The increase of debt was found to be negatively correlated to the efficiency score of the farms.

Originality/value

This paper provides value by supporting the existence of agency costs which has been disagreed upon in the literature and also providing new insights for how to analyze agency costs. Since debt was found to have a negative shadow value for those farms on the frontier but negatively correlated with efficiency scores, this suggests that agency costs affect firms differently depending on where the farm is on the cost frontier.

Details

Agricultural Finance Review, vol. 77 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-1466

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 November 2009

Philip Brown and Christine Horrocks

Reforms of the system for the accommodation and support needs of asylum seekers entering the United Kingdom (UK) during the twentieth and early twenty‐first centuries have…

Abstract

Reforms of the system for the accommodation and support needs of asylum seekers entering the United Kingdom (UK) during the twentieth and early twenty‐first centuries have meant that the support of asylum seekers has largely moved away from mainstream social work to dedicated asylum support teams. This article investigates how the workers engaged as ‘asylum support workers’ understand and make sense of their participation in the support of asylum seekers dispersed across the UK. By drawing on qualitative research with asylum support workers, this paper looks at how such workers make sense of their roles and how the ‘support’ of asylum seekers is conceived. The paper concludes that, by working in this political and controversial area of work, workers are constantly finding ways to negotiate their support role within a dominant framework of control.

Details

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-9894

Keywords

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