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Article
Publication date: 31 August 2010

Rifki Ismal

The paper attempts to analyze the volatility of returns and expected losses of Islamic bank financing. In particular, it takes the case of Indonesian Islamic banking industry.

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3688

Abstract

Purpose

The paper attempts to analyze the volatility of returns and expected losses of Islamic bank financing. In particular, it takes the case of Indonesian Islamic banking industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses Value at Risk (VaR) approach to compute the volatility (risk) of returns and expected losses of Islamic bank financing. In particular, it uses variance‐covariance method to calculate VaR of multi‐asset portfolios (groups of equity‐, debt‐ and service‐based financing).

Findings

First of all, equity and debt‐based financing produce sustainable returns of bank financing. Moreover, they are also very resilient during unfavorable economic conditions. Second, the performance of service‐based financing is very sensitive to the economic conditions. Lastly, VaR computation on the volatility of returns and expected losses of bank financing finds that risk of investment and expected losses are well managed.

Practical implications

The paper demands Islamic banks to keep intensifying equity‐based financing rather than only debt‐based financing and improve the banking services to support the performance of service‐based financing.

Originality/value

To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first paper to assist the volatility of returns and expected losses of the Islamic banking financing in Indonesian.

Details

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8394

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

Felix Iblher and Dominik I. Lucius

Innovative financing instruments are well‐known in Anglo‐American real estate finance markets. This study is the first to analyse the use and structure of the innovative…

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6956

Abstract

Innovative financing instruments are well‐known in Anglo‐American real estate finance markets. This study is the first to analyse the use and structure of the innovative financing instruments in Germany. Based on a survey addressed to German banks offering real estate financing, instrument‐ and bank‐type specific patterns and reimbursement schemes are examined. While the research shows that innovative instruments are not yet widely used in Germany, banks possess experience in mezzanine capital, project and joint venture financing and are optimistic regarding the future development of demand for these instruments.

Details

Property Management, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-7472

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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2015

Farihana Shahari, Roza Hazli Zakaria and Md. Saifur Rahman

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the expected outcomes, both of positive and negative returns occurred by shariá credit instruments in global Islamic banks. The…

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1028

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the expected outcomes, both of positive and negative returns occurred by shariá credit instruments in global Islamic banks. The annual panel data from 2005 to 2012 is collected from 40 Islamic banks from 12 countries and value at risk (VaR) technique is employed in the investigation process. The findings of this study indicate several outcomes: first, majority of Islamic banks use debt-based financing (DBF) and avoid asset-based financing (ABF) due to the lack of secured rate of fixed returns and collateral. Second, the ABF financing shows the positive returns. Third, interestingly, DBF financing faces higher credit risk compared to ABF even DBF secures its financing through tight policy implementation. Finally, this paper comes up with policy recommendations for the further reduction of credit risks and improvement of bankers’ confidence level in implementing the ABF financing policy.

Design/methodology/approach

VaR on panel data.

Findings

Shariá credit instruments play an important role.

Research limitations/implications

Data findings.

Originality/value

Fully original.

Details

International Journal of Managerial Finance, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1743-9132

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Book part
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Rudy Yaksick

The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate how blockchain technology – which permits the Internet-based exchange of value (digital assets) – enables supply chain finance

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate how blockchain technology – which permits the Internet-based exchange of value (digital assets) – enables supply chain finance banks to overcome the challenges they face when attempting to create win–win transactions for supply chain participants. Traditionally, buyers and suppliers linked together in a supply chain have conflicting objectives as manifested by a zero-sum payoff structure. Suppliers want their invoices to be paid quickly in order to reduce their need for working capital. In contrast, buyers want to delay payment of invoices as long as possible in order to reduce their need for working capital. In other words, suppliers want a short cash conversion cycle; buyers want a long cash conversion cycle. This conflict is eliminated by the insertion of a financial intermediary (supply chain finance bank) between the buyer and the supplier. The bank eliminates the conflict by: (1) using its balance sheet to decouple the cash conversion cycles of the buyer and supplier; and (2) providing cheaper financing to impatient suppliers and reluctant buyers (since the bank has a higher credit rating than both the supplier and the buyer).

Details

Disruptive Innovation in Business and Finance in the Digital World
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-381-5

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Article
Publication date: 27 May 2021

Zaini Ibrahim, Nury Effendi, Budiono B. and Rudi Kurniawan

This paper aims to investigate the dynamic relationship between profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing and banking-specific variables, macroeconomic variables and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the dynamic relationship between profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing and banking-specific variables, macroeconomic variables and religiosity in Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used seven variables, such as PLS financing, Islamic financing rate, risk-sharing deposits, bank size, interest rate, economic growth and level of religiosity. The data used were monthly time series during the 2009–2019 period, and they used the structural vector autoregression method plus ARDL and ECM as a robustness check mechanism.

Findings

The results show that in the short term, PLS financing is more influenced by changes in the risk-sharing deposits and bank size variables. Meanwhile, analysis of variance decomposition illustrates that variations in PLS financing are more influenced by the dynamics of PLS financing itself than other variables. This finding also strengthens the characteristics of PLS financing that is immune to the influence of interest rates, and this result can strengthen the implementation of the PLS scheme as an alternative to the monetary channel in the dual banking system in Indonesia.

Practical implications

The immunity of PLS financing to changes in interest rates has implications for the management of Islamic banking risk management. Evaluation must be carried out by increasing the skills of the bankers in response to losses arising from moral hazard and asymmetric information.

Originality/value

This paper used empirical evidence to show the influence of internal and external factors toward PLS financing performance. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the study on determinants of PLS financing is limited, particularly in the context of Indonesia.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

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Article
Publication date: 6 April 2021

Noman Arshed and Rukhsana Kalim

This study aims to develop and estimate the Musharaka demand and supply model for full-fledged Islamic banks to explore patterns and stability of Musharaka equilibrium in…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to develop and estimate the Musharaka demand and supply model for full-fledged Islamic banks to explore patterns and stability of Musharaka equilibrium in the market.

Design/methodology/approach

This quantitative study uses a deductive approach to explore financial statement-level data of 30 Islamic banks of six countries between 2012 and 2017.

Findings

The results show that the Musharaka market is stable when Musharaka demand is purchase price elastic and supply is sale price inelastic. It indicates that the current banking industry is unable to increase supply when there is an increase in Musharaka returns. In comparison, industry demand for Musharaka is increasing at a higher rate, corresponding to a decrease in Musharaka price.

Practical Implications

This study is fundamental in estimating the market stable market returns and market quantity of Musharaka financing. If market returns and quantity deviate, market forces will push it to equilibrium.

Originality/value

The theoretical and empirical studies worked on the application and suitability of Musharaka financing. However, they failed to explain demand and supply forces in determining the level of Musharaka financing in the economy using empirical data. Without an equilibrium model, policymakers would be unable to predict the movement of the Islamic stock market index (the price of Musharaka financing) and the incidence of Musharaka financing. Further, it is not possible to apply expansionary intervention by policymakers if the stability of the market is unknown.

Details

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0817

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Book part
Publication date: 26 August 2019

Umar A. Oseni, Mohd Fairullazi Ayob and Khairuddin Abdul Rashid

This chapter provides a case study on a Sharīʿah-compliant home facility contract based on the Bai Bithaman Ājil (BBA) contract, generally used by Islamic banks in…

Abstract

This chapter provides a case study on a Sharīʿah-compliant home facility contract based on the Bai Bithaman Ājil (BBA) contract, generally used by Islamic banks in Malaysia. The study emphasises on the need to comply with the existing legal framework and execute relevant contracts in line with the Sharīʿah resolutions of the Sharīʿah Advisory Council of Bank Negara Malaysia without causing harm (ḍarar) to the customers or introducing uncertain elements or procedures (gharar) in the execution of the agreements. This chapter is based on doctrinal analysis of the relevant issues as well as a qualitative legal research through content analysis of relevant BBA agreements, case law as well as statutory provisions. The case study used in this chapter is completely anonymised. The study finds that the execution of BBA agreements in Malaysia leaves much to be desired. Even though the regulatory framework for Sharīʿah-compliant home financing in Malaysia is robust, there are some legal and Sharīʿah considerations which the stakeholders need to look into in order to project Malaysia as the main global hub of Islamic finance. This study demonstrates the need for proper Sharīʿah auditing of the practical execution of BBA agreements to avoid an incorporated element of gharar at the time of execution of the agreements, which might ultimately lead to unforeseen reputation risks for the bank. Though there are several studies on the Sharīʿah, financing and accounting aspects of the BBA home facility agreement, this study focusses on both Sharīʿah and legal issues, using the case study approach. The recommendations are expected to provide a good policy framework for the stakeholders in the Islamic financial services industry in Malaysia.

Details

Emerging Issues in Islamic Finance Law and Practice in Malaysia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-546-8

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Article
Publication date: 25 November 2020

Mohammad Taqiuddin Mohamad, Ahmad Azam Sulaiman and Meguellati Achour

The Government of Malaysia has developed an Islamic Interbank Money Market since January 1994 with the objective to facilitate funding for the Islamic banking sector in…

Abstract

Purpose

The Government of Malaysia has developed an Islamic Interbank Money Market since January 1994 with the objective to facilitate funding for the Islamic banking sector in the country. This platform also enables Islamic banks to obtain Sharīʿah-compliant funds from other Islamic banks. This study aims to examine the effects of interbank investment and financing risk on the financing decisions of Malaysia’s Islamic banks between 1994 and 2015. The financing decisions are used as financing measures to determine the effect of investing in the interbank market and financing risk indicators on financing.

Design/methodology/approach

The descriptive, correlation and dynamic panel analysis results are derived with the help of LIMDEP 9.0 software.

Findings

The study found a negative relationship between the interbank investment variable with the financing decisions of Islamic banks. This reflects that an increase in interbank investment leads Islamic banks to reduce their level of financing. These findings prove that the investment activities between Islamic banks had a “substitution effect” and decreased their capability of financing because of their tendency to maintain liquidity.

Originality/value

Islamic banks are confident that they will generate higher profits in the coming financial year. The economic conditions of Malaysia do not influence Islamic banksfinancing decisions, whereas Islamic banks in this study are more dependent on the balance sheet indicators.

Details

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8394

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 2 December 2020

Peni Nugraheni and Istiqomah Nur Alimin

This study aims to examine the factors that influence profit–loss sharing (PLS) financing in Indonesian Islamic banks from the perspective of Islamic banks’ employees…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the factors that influence profit–loss sharing (PLS) financing in Indonesian Islamic banks from the perspective of Islamic banks’ employees. Islamic banks have important role in influencing the amount of PLS financing distribution through their screening process.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses questionnaires in collecting data that are distributed to the employees who process or handle PLS financing in Islamic banks in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The independent variables are risk, financing screening process, analysis of financial statement and competency of the employees of Islamic banks. The data are processed using multiple regression.

Findings

This study finds that risk, the quality of financing screening process and the analysis of financial statement have positive influence on the PLS financing, whereas competency of employees of Islamic banks does not influence PLS financing.

Practical implications

The results of this study are expected to give contribution to increase the role of Islamic banks in encouraging PLS financing. The adequate screening, controlling and monitoring system in Islamic banks should be strengthened to encourage the quality of financing distributed.

Originality/value

Primary data are used in this study to know the perspective of Islamic bank employees in the financing division on the PLS financing. This study attempts to identify the perspective of employees who have direct relationship with the decision of financing in Islamic banks.

Details

PSU Research Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-1747

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 6 January 2021

Ibrahim Musa Gani and Zakaria Bahari

Malaysia is one of the fastest-growing Asian economies with a properly designed and developed Islamic financial system. This unique feature of the Malaysian economy made…

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3364

Abstract

Purpose

Malaysia is one of the fastest-growing Asian economies with a properly designed and developed Islamic financial system. This unique feature of the Malaysian economy made it an important case study, and the purpose of this study is to assess for the dynamic contribution of Islamic finance to the growth of the real economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a quarterly data set of 20 years analysed via the autoregressive distributive lag bounds test approach to cointegration.

Findings

The results in the short-run show a non-significant relationship between Islamic banking indices and the real economy. However, in the long-run, financing and deposits of Islamic banks are favourable and contribute significantly to the growth of the Malaysian economy. There was an accumulation of meaningful and wide-ranging investment over the period of the study and productivity of capital was also extra-efficient. The direction of causality is found to be bidirectional between Islamic banking deposits and Malaysian gross domestic product (GDP), but there is a weak causal effect from Islamic banking financing to GDP.

Research limitations/implications

Malaysia has a dual financial system (conventional and Islamic) and both can affect its real economy. This research is limited to Islamic banking’s effects on Malaysian economic growth. The research also limits the scope and coverage for 20 years, from 1998 to 2017 to cover the years for which data is available for all the variables used in the study.

Practical implications

The results confirm that the Islamic banking sector in Malaysia is performing well in carrying out its major function of financial intermediation, which is the pooling and channelling of funds to productive investment activities. Consequently, the fact that Malaysia excels in Islamic finance is not a fluke. It is because of the effective performance of Islamic financial institutions in the country. Furthermore, Malaysian authorities are doing their level best in promoting Islamic financial activities.

Originality/value

The study fulfills the need to uncover the relationship between the Islamic financial system and the real economy in Malaysia. It differs from other studies as it uses the most recent available data, introduces new variables and identifies the channel by which Islamic banking development transmits growth.

Details

ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0128-1976

Keywords

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