Chinese women are often perceived as passive, submissive, lacking aggressiveness and a drive to be successful managers. Using a previously validated culturally modified…
Chinese women are often perceived as passive, submissive, lacking aggressiveness and a drive to be successful managers. Using a previously validated culturally modified Miner Sentence Completion Scale‐H (for hierarchic), this study compares the motivation to manage a sample of 156 BBA and MBA students in Hong Kong. Results indicate no significant differences between the scores of males and females on the total MSCS‐H or its components, including assertiveness and competitiveness. Gender role differences are not supported by differences in managerial motivation of Hong Kong business students.
Relationships between multinational corporations (MNCs) and developing nations are known to have benefits as well as costs, particularly for the host country. The purpose…
Relationships between multinational corporations (MNCs) and developing nations are known to have benefits as well as costs, particularly for the host country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of managers on the effects of MNCs on a developing nation. Using a sample of 1344 Arab and non‐Arab managers in Kuwait, the authors find the respondents perceive positive effects of MNCs on the business‐economic, legal‐political, and technological environments of the country. However, the effects of MNCs on the social‐cultural environment in Kuwait are perceived as negative. The authors recommend that MNCs operating in Kuwait be sensitive to these perceptions to ensure harmony in future business ventures.
Examines the construct validity of the Miner Sentence Completion Scale form‐H (MSCS‐H for hierarchic) as a measure of managerial role motivation theory in Hong Kong…
Examines the construct validity of the Miner Sentence Completion Scale form‐H (MSCS‐H for hierarchic) as a measure of managerial role motivation theory in Hong Kong. Managerial motivation or motivation to manage has been shown to be a major cause of managerial effectiveness and success in large bureaucratic organizations in the USA and elsewhere. Data were collected from a sample of Hong Kong business students. A three‐part questionnaire containing the MSCS‐H, demographic and educational background information, and objective measures relating to the MSCS‐H and its subscales was used as the research instrument. No significant influence of demographics and educational variables on levels of managerial motivation were detected. As hypothesized, the objective measures including the preference for managerial jobs and employment with a large company positively correlated with levels of motivation to manage. In addition, relevant questionnaire measures positively correlated with the underlying constructs of MSCS‐H. Overall, analyses provide further support for the construct validity of the theory’s main construct (MSCS‐H) in Hong Kong.
In recent times there has been an explosion in the number and value of mergers and acquisitions. The pressing question that is argued by both managers and academicians relates to the performance of these high value decisions. This paper examines the literature relating to the performance of mergers and acquistions with a view to throwing some light on the question. Criticisms of the existing literature are provided, as also are specific recommendations for future research such as including more longitudinal instead of cross‐sectional studies.
Business expatriates from the PRC mainland and Western countries assigned to Hong Kong were surveyed assessing their sociocultural and psychological adjustment. Despite…
Business expatriates from the PRC mainland and Western countries assigned to Hong Kong were surveyed assessing their sociocultural and psychological adjustment. Despite their common cultural heritage, the results showed that Chinese mainland business expatriates were less well adjusted to work and life in Hong Kong than their Western counterparts. Implications of these findings are discussed and future avenues for improving and extending this kind of exploratory research are examined.
Business expatriates from the Chinese mainland assigned to Hong Kong responded to a questionnaire regarding availability and usage of corporate career development activities. It was found that corporate development activities had a very low availability, indicating little interest on the part of the Chinese parent organizations to assist in the development of their expatriates’ careers. Comparing these findings with western expatriates in the territory, the Chinese expatriates were at a clear disadvantage. Nevertheless, those career development activities that were made available by the Chinese assigning organizations were well used.
This paper examined the relationships between national culture and strategic behavior in the banking industry in Jordan and U.S. The study first developed a strategic…
This paper examined the relationships between national culture and strategic behavior in the banking industry in Jordan and U.S. The study first developed a strategic posture and secondly a cultural profile for the top management of the research domain. The strategic posture suggested the readiness for strategic response from managers. The degree of readiness was correlated with the constructed cultural profile of the managers and financial performance of the banks. The study found significant relationships between certain national cultural strategic characteristics, (risk propensity, time orientation, and openness to change, uncertainty avoidance and managerial perception of control over the environment) strategic behavior and financial performance.
The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of emotional quotient (EQ) on the organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) of some Iranian hospital staff in 2015. For…
The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of emotional quotient (EQ) on the organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) of some Iranian hospital staff in 2015. For this purpose, all hospital staff in Zahedan city were studied as the statistical population.
A randomized sampling method was used, and according to the Morgan Table, the statistical population was calculated as 346. This was a descriptive survey with a correlational and causative nature. Two questionnaires, namely, Bradbury and Graves’ Emotional Quotient and Podsakoff’s Organizational Citizenship Behavior, were used to collect the required information; they were distributed among the respondents after testing their validity and reliability. The people in the studied population were classified into classes that were homogeneous in terms of their properties.
The results of testing the hypotheses indicate that all the dimensions of EQ have a direct and significant effect on the emergence of OCB among the hospital staff in Zahedan. Finally, the results indicate the effect of EQ on OCB of the hospital staff.
Hospitals should consider emotional capabilities of the staff at the beginning of the employment period, and increase their sociability by inducting an atmosphere of organizational culture based on cooperation and empathy. It is suggested that a guideline of emotional eligibility and OCB be codified, which can influence job promotion and the promotion system. On specific occasions, hospital managers can honor the staff who have made positive and effective relationships in their career, and have achieved the satisfaction of their patients and colleagues by demonstrating extra-role behaviors. Thus, employees will be encouraged to continue this behavior and also provide a model to the staff. Through pre-service or in-service training classes and job seminars on the control of negative emotions and stresses while acquiring the skills of EQ, hospitals and other organizations can create OCB in the staff. As a result, visitor satisfaction would be gained, leading to better performance of hospitals.
It is suggested that a guideline of emotional eligibility and organizational citizenship behavior has to be codified which can affect the job promotion and promotion system. In specific occasions, the hospital managers can honor and pay tribute to the people who have made positive and effective relationships in their career, and have achieved the satisfaction of their patients and colleagues by showing extra-role behaviors.