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Police Occupational Culture
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-055-2

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2021

Amanda M. Convery and Matt Kaufman

This case study highlights state-logic influence on hybrid organizations and institutionally complex environments through acts of regulation (and deregulation).

Abstract

Purpose

This case study highlights state-logic influence on hybrid organizations and institutionally complex environments through acts of regulation (and deregulation).

Design/methodology/approach

This study presents a 30-year narrative case focused on the significant social achievements of the Bonneville Power Administration within the Northwest United States. It combines the analysis of historical documentation, annual reports issued by the organization and interviews with firm management to observe the wax and wane of regulatory influence through time.

Findings

The presented case suggests two ways regulation projects state-logic influence onto hybrid organizations. First, it imposes a “floor” level of baseline social activity that must be met despite pressure from market logic stakeholders. Second, it imposes formal administrative procedures that require interaction with, and often approval from, key social stakeholders. Administrative procedures provide a series of public forums used to promote additional social resource allocation in excess of baseline regulatory mandates.

Research limitations/implications

A narrative case covering a 30-year period will by necessity have to prioritize breadth of analysis over depth. This is a limitation of the analysis presented, but it also provides an opportunity to observe the oscillating impact of state and market-logic influence through time.

Originality/value

The study findings have several implications for the growing accounting literature on institutional complexity and hybrid organization. First, the authors highlight the ways regulation shapes institutionally complex spaces and, as a result, the hybrid organizations formed within those environments. Second, the exogenous nature of regulatory mandates indicate hybrid firms could emerge as both a voluntary and an involuntary adaptation to institutionally complex environments. Finally, this study highlights opportunities to further one’s understanding how state logics influence hybrid organizations through the study of state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

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Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2019

Fernanda Gonzalez-Lopez and Guillermo Bustos

The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of the research field of business process architecture (BPA) and its design methodologies.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of the research field of business process architecture (BPA) and its design methodologies.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted using meta- and content-based perspectives.

Findings

From over 6,000 candidate studies, 89 were selected. A fifth of these primary works corresponded to BPA design methodologies. Though the BPA research field remains in an early stage of development, it bears promising growth potential. Regarding BPA design methodologies, the following aspects susceptible for further research were detected: identification and modeling of business process relationships; specification of inputs; standardization of models, notations and tool support; consideration of managerial concerns; integration of knowledge from other areas; and validation of methodological and product quality aspects.

Research limitations/implications

The main limitation of the work lies in not being fully reproducible due to the fixed number of data sources and their digital nature, together with subjective decisions in work selection, data extraction and data analysis.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge no study has yet analyzed the BPA research field by means of an SLR. This study will benefit practitioners and research groups working on this topic by allowing them to get a rigorous overview of the BPA research field with an emphasis on available BPA design methodologies, and become aware of research gaps within the BPA field to position further research.

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Business Process Management Journal, vol. 25 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2016

Ross Gordon, Nadia Zainuddin and Christopher Magee

This paper aims to demonstrate the utility of branding theory for social marketing services. Specifically, this is to our knowledge the first to investigate brand…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to demonstrate the utility of branding theory for social marketing services. Specifically, this is to our knowledge the first to investigate brand personality (BP) and brand personality appeal (BPA) in a single study as predictors for consumer attitudes and intentions to engage with a service.

Design/methodology/approach

The associations between BP and BPA and their subsequent associations with attitudes and intentions are tested in two service types, i.e. a commercial marketing service (banking) and a social marketing service (health screening). This involved a cross-sectional dual online survey administered to a sample of 395 women 50-69 years old in Queensland, Australia. This sampling criterion represented the primary target audience for the social marketing service, which was breastscreening and was maintained for the banking services sample. Multiple mediation analysis using a bootstrapping approach was conducted using Mplus 6.11.

Findings

BP and BPA perform similarly across the two service types. BP and BPA are related and have direct and indirect associations with consumer attitudes and behavioural intentions towards both commercial and social marketing services. Specifically, the BP traits of responsibility and activity were found to have significant direct and indirect relationships with attitudes and behavioural intentions towards both commercial and social marketing services. The relationships for the emotionality and simplicity traits were non-significant. The results also suggest that the attractiveness, favourability and clarity BPA traits had the strongest associations with consumer responses.

Originality/value

This study demonstrates the utility of using branding in social marketing services, which to date has been under-utilised. It also offers originality by combining BP and BPA in the same empirical inquiry, which to date has been examined separately. A new and alternative factor structure for BPA is provided, and future research is recommended to further examine BPA in this and other contexts.

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Journal of Services Marketing, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0887-6045

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Article
Publication date: 2 January 2018

Zhang Lei, Yingshan Chen, Zhiwen Liu, Wenjin Ji and Suqing Zhao

In this study, a highly sensitive and quantitative analysis method using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-labeled immunoassay is adopted for bisphenol A bisphenol…

Abstract

Purpose

In this study, a highly sensitive and quantitative analysis method using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-labeled immunoassay is adopted for bisphenol A bisphenol A (BPA) detection in water samples.

Design/methodology/approach

Primarily, an excellent SERS immuno-nanoprobe is prepared, which relays on Au/Ag core-shell nanoparticles tagged 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4MBA) and labeled with specific antibody against BPA. Second, the coating antigen of 4,4-Bis(4-hydroxyphenol) valeric acid (BVA) coupling poly-L-lysine (PLL) conjugate (BVA-PLL) is fastened on the substrate. Based on competitive immunoassay, the antibody labeled on SERS immuno-nanoprobe will bind with the free BPA and BVA-PLL competitively.

Findings

A calibration curve was obtained by plotting the intensity of SERS signal of 4MBA at 1007 cm−1 versus the concentration of BPA. The results indicated that the limit of detection (LOD) for BPA is 1 ng/mL and present a great capacity for higher sensitivity. Furthermore, the method was able to quantitatively detect BPA in water samples, which was validated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Originality/value

The method was developed based on competitive immunoassay, and the conjugate (BVA-PLL) was chosen as the coating antigen. Au/Ag core-shell nanoparticles played as the SERS active substrate and were labeled with Raman reporter. The value of this paper is supplying a wide potential for analysis of target analytes in the environmental monitoring and food safety.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1988

Through Circuit World's regular attendance at electronics‐related events worldwide, the faces of several of BPA's ‘personalities’ have over the years become very familiar…

Abstract

Through Circuit World's regular attendance at electronics‐related events worldwide, the faces of several of BPA's ‘personalities’ have over the years become very familiar. Featuring on international Conference programmes, and as guest speakers at seminars, symposia and workshops on a number of continents, the various members of the ‘team’ are very much in demand. Conference halls have been seen by the reporter to fill conspicuously for the BPA presentation, with a surreptitious trickle of delegates ‘escaping’ once the lecture is over.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 3 November 2014

Mukesh Kathalewar, Anagha Sabnis and Gulzar Waghoo

The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of triglycidyl resin (TGC) prepared from cardanol as partial replacement of conventional bis-phenol A (BPA) based…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of triglycidyl resin (TGC) prepared from cardanol as partial replacement of conventional bis-phenol A (BPA) based epoxy resin for zinc rich primers (ZRPs).

Design/methodology/approach

The synthesis of new platform chemicals that are based on renewable resources has been accepted as a strategy to contribute to sustainable development due to the anticipated depletion of fossil oil reserves and rising oil prices. We prepared a tri-functional epoxy resin from cardanol which can be used as partial replacement of BPA based epoxy. The ZRPs were prepared using 50:50 ratio of TGC:BPA epoxy, and the coatings were evaluated for mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties.

Findings

The 50 per cent replacement of BPA based epoxy by TGC resulted in at par mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties as evaluated by various methods. The successful implementation can thus contribute to sustainable development by “green chemistry” route.

Research limitations/implications

The prepared TGC resin in the current work was studied for application in ZRPs. This can also be explored for high performance coatings, adhesives and other engineering applications.

Practical implications

The TGC binder was prepared by simple two-step reaction. This can successfully be used as binder for coating application without any modifications.

Originality/value

A novel approach of using green and ecofriendly TGC resin as replacement of high cost BPA based epoxy was explored and can be implemented for numerous applications.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 7 June 2011

Melissa Cheung and Jan Hidders

This paper aims to present how iterative round‐trip modelling between two different business process modelling tools can be enabled on a conceptual level. Iterative…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present how iterative round‐trip modelling between two different business process modelling tools can be enabled on a conceptual level. Iterative round‐trip modelling addresses model transformations between high‐level business and executable process models, and how to maintain these transformations in change time. Currently, the development of these process models is supported by different tools. To the authors' best knowledge, no coherent collaborative tool environment exists that supports iterative round‐trip modelling.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is primarily based on a literature review of state‐of‐the‐art business to IT transformations regarding business process modelling. The architecture of integrated information systems (ARIS) and Cordys tools are used as an example case in this research. ARIS is a business process analysis (BPA) tool suited for analyzing and designing business processes, while the execution and monitoring of these processes is allowed by Cordys, a business process management suite (BPMS). The theory is used for transforming between ARIS event‐driven process chains from the business perspective and business process modelling notation in Cordys from the IT perspective.

Findings

A conceptual framework is proposed to couple a BPA and BPMS tool for round‐trip business process modelling. The framework utilizes concepts from the model‐driven architecture for structurally addressing interoperability and model transformations. Ensuring iterative development with two tools requires traceability of model transformations.

Practical implications

In many organizations, BPA and BPMS tools are used for business process modelling. These are in practice often two different worlds, while they concern around the same business processes. Maintaining multiple versions of the same process models across two tools is a considerable task, as they often are subject to design changes. Interoperability between a BPA and BPMS tool will minimize redundant activities, and reduce business to IT deployment time.

Originality/value

This research provides a theoretical base for coupling a BPA and BPMS tool regarding iterative round‐trip modelling. It provides an overview of the current state‐of‐the‐art literature of business process modelling transformations, and what is necessary for maintaining interoperability between tools. The findings indicate what is expected in tool support for iterative development in business process modelling from analysis and design to execution.

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Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Fang Hu

– The purpose of this paper is to establish a technology that is suitable for the production of the 80,000 MTPY series of epoxy resins on an industrial scale.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to establish a technology that is suitable for the production of the 80,000 MTPY series of epoxy resins on an industrial scale.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper introduces the synthesis and processing of epoxy resins, including liquid epoxy resins (DGEBA) (E-51 and E-44), brominated bisphenol A-based epoxy resins (EX-23-80A), semisolid epoxy resins based on DGEBA (E-39D) and solid epoxy resins based on DGEBA (E-21). The study analyses the theoretical raw materials of epoxy resins per tonne, and lists an example of a distributed control system (DCS) to explain that the production process of 80,000 MTPY epoxy resins can be automated.

Findings

A two-step method was used to produce either E-51 or E-44 sequentially in the pre-reactor, the reactor, the recycling kettle, refining kettle (1), the refining kettle (2) and the desensitizing kettle or the falling-film evaporator. An advancement process was adopted to manufacture EX-23-80A, E-39D and E-21 using E-51 as a raw material in the predominating kettle and the mixing kettle, the adding kettle (1) and the adding kettle (2), separately. All the processes were controlled automatically by DCS to yield the products.

Originality/value

The results support the assertion that the technology developed by the authors ' company to produce 80,000 MTPY epoxy resins results in fewer side reactions and higher yield production.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 44 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 13 July 2015

Nader Asaad Bin Taher, Vlad Krotov and Leiser Silva

– The purpose of this paper is to guide managers on business process reengineering (BPR) and automation projects in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) public sector context.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to guide managers on business process reengineering (BPR) and automation projects in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) public sector context.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper relies on a literature review and synthesis in the areas of leadership, BPR, change management, user resistance and power to propose a change management framework.

Findings

The paper argues for attention to be paid to the power relationships among various stakeholders. Stakeholder impact analysis is recommended to understand how change will impact stakeholders and shift power balances. It proposes that leadership and communication are essential for implementing change, especially given the particular cultural conditions of the UAE. Moreover, change should be a continuous process supported by communication.

Research limitations/implications

As power and authority are very important elements of the UAE culture, future research should further examine the role of power in implementing organizational change in the UAE context.

Practical implications

This paper proposes a ten-step change management framework that adopts the latest thinking on change management to the UAE context.

Originality/value

Although change management is a well-established field, the body of knowledge that concentrates on the UAE organizational context is scant. This paper translates the latest thinking on change management to the UAE context (characterized by sensitivity to power issues and stakeholder impact) and proposes a practical framework for leading change in the UAE public sector context.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

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