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1 – 10 of over 1000
Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

S. Vinodh, V. Kamala and K. Jayakrishna

– The purpose of this paper is to report a research conducted to apply fuzzy axiomatic design approach for selecting the design alternatives of an overflow valve.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to report a research conducted to apply fuzzy axiomatic design approach for selecting the design alternatives of an overflow valve.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach started with the identification of functional requirements (FRs) and design parameters (DPs) and the relationship between them to select the best design alternative. Fuzzy analytical hierarchy process was used to calculate the weightage of FRs. The independence and information axioms were being deployed to validate the selection process.

Findings

The most important FRs being identified include “improve manufacturability and adaptability”, “improve ease of operation” and “provide strength and reliability”. The most important DPs are design unification on washer and outlet valve, material selection for improving the strength and reliability and pressure change to check whether the valve is withstanding the pressure using flow analysis. The best design alternative (A1) which deals with material substitution is being implemented in the case organization. The proposed methodology also enables contemporary design engineers to effectively select the best design among a set of alternatives in a fuzzy environment.

Research limitations/implications

This paper presents the application of fuzzy axiomatic design for selecting the best design alternative of an overflow valve. The identified best design is being subjected to implementation in the case organization.

Practical implications

The industry decision makers were involved throughout the conduct of the study. Hence, the inferences derived from the study possess practical feasibility.

Originality/value

The application of the fuzzy axiomatic design approach for selecting the best design alternative of an overflow valve is the original contribution of the authors. Also, the practical feasibility of the approach is also being exemplified.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2001

Maria Cotoia and Sharon Johnson

Many approaches are available and widely used to represent and design business processes. The axiomatic approach developed by Suh has not received much attention because…

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Abstract

Many approaches are available and widely used to represent and design business processes. The axiomatic approach developed by Suh has not received much attention because it is taught primarily as a product design tool. In this paper, we share our experience in applying this approach to a product obsolescence procedure in a semiconductor‐manufacturing environment. The approach provides structure for analyzing process outcomes and the means used to achieve them, a framework that is valuable in business process design. The rules that form the foundation of the axiomatic approach allow the user to evaluate the quality of a proposed design in satisfying the problem or perceived need. We found that the axiomatic approach was an excellent tool for generating process designs and evaluating them, although some effort is required initially to understand the approach. In addition, because it is essentially a process mapping technique, turning the proposed design into reality requires organizational understanding and change.

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2002

KURT PSILANDER

The developer would find a tool very useful that systematically and reliably analyses customer taste in terms of functional requirements (FRs). Such a tool increases the…

Abstract

The developer would find a tool very useful that systematically and reliably analyses customer taste in terms of functional requirements (FRs). Such a tool increases the reliability of the procedure the entrepreneur applies to chisel out a concrete project description based on a vision of the tastes of a specific group of customers. It also ensures that future agents do not distort the developer's specified FRs when design parameters are selected for the realization of the project. Axiomatic design is one method to support such a procedure. This tool was developed for the manufacturing industry but is applied here in the housing sector. Some hypothetical examples are presented.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 1998

Ke‐Zhang Chen

Concurrent engineering can help manufacturing enterprises to achieve shorter time to market, reduced development costs, and high‐quality products. In order to realize the…

Abstract

Concurrent engineering can help manufacturing enterprises to achieve shorter time to market, reduced development costs, and high‐quality products. In order to realize the concurrent engineering, a lot of integrations are required according to parallel development technique, such as the integration of the people with different disciplines, the integration of the software of design methods and design data, and so on. This paper discusses the integration of the software of existing design methods for concurrent engineering by using axiomatic design. The results show that a very complicated software system for concurrent engineering becomes simple and consists of 26 modules corresponding to 26 design methods and one main module which contains all the junctional properties at each level. The task of the programmer for the integration becomes clear and is mainly programming for the main module.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 February 2022

Alireza Alipour, Mohammad Ali Shahi Ashtiani and Farid Shahmiri

This study aims to present a method for improving the preliminary design process of an aircraft.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to present a method for improving the preliminary design process of an aircraft.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach of this paper is using Axiomatic Design (AD) principles in the aircraft preliminary design process. The aircraft design process consists of modules and disciplines, which are loosely coupled that can disrupt designers’ ability. Consequently, designers should define suitable functional requirements (FRs) and design parameters for products to avoid or limit coupling between them. As modular architecture is commonly defined as having a one-to-one mapping from the function domain to the physical domain, the independence axiom in AD could support the modularity of the design process. Therefore, these features guide us to use AD principles at the first steps of the aircraft design process.

Findings

Reduction coupling between different FRs and consequently less repetitive activities and design iteration in the design process by using AD principles are the finding of this paper.

Practical implications

This concept could be used for the design process of every complex product.

Originality/value

Looking at the preliminary design of a Blended Wing Body unmanned aerial vehicle with respect to the AD is a new technique to achieve a modular design process.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 94 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Ke‐Zhang Chen

The extremely high and ever‐increasing annual disposal rates of solid waste have caused a big problem for environmental protection in the world. Unlike the first…

1451

Abstract

The extremely high and ever‐increasing annual disposal rates of solid waste have caused a big problem for environmental protection in the world. Unlike the first environmental revolution in the 1970s, which was aimed at cleaning up hazardous waste from contaminated sites and natural resources, the second revolution is addressing waste reduction at the source. The solution of these problems cannot rely only on legislation and must be supported by effective methods. This goal can be achieved through the design of products that promote disassembly, reusing and recycling. In order to design environmentally friendly products in concurrent engineering, this paper applies axiomatic design to develop the integrated design guidelines with Axiom 1 (independence axiom) for generating acceptable designs and an evaluation score with Axiom 2 (information axiom) for determining better or the best design from the acceptable designs.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 December 2018

Selcuk Cebi and Cengiz Kahraman

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel weighting algorithm for fuzzy information axiom (IA) and to apply it to the evaluation process of 3D printers.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel weighting algorithm for fuzzy information axiom (IA) and to apply it to the evaluation process of 3D printers.

Design/methodology/approach

As a decision-making tool, IA method is presented to evaluate the performance of any design. Then, weighted IA methods are investigated and a new weighting procedure is introduced to the literature. Then, the existing axiomatic design methods and the proposed new method are classified into two groups: weighting based on information content and weighting based on design ranges. The weighting based on information content approach consists of four methods including pessimistic and optimistic approaches. The philosophy of the weighting based on design ranges is to narrow design ranges in order to decrease fuzziness in the model. To prove the robustness and the performance of the proposed weighting method, the results are compared with the existing methods in the literature. Then, the new approach is applied to evaluate 3D printers.

Findings

The results of the proposed study show that the proposed weighting algorithm has better performance than the old ones for IA. Therefore, the proposed weighting algorithm should be used for the weighting tool of IA thereafter.

Originality/value

An effective weighting method compatible with the philosophy of IA method has been proposed. Furthermore, the performances of 3D printers are compared by using the proposed method.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 November 2009

Paolo Taticchi, Flavio Tonelli and Luca Cagnazzo

Performance measurement and management (PMM) is a key practice to drive modern businesses. The literature available in this field highlights a certain maturity regarding

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Abstract

Purpose

Performance measurement and management (PMM) is a key practice to drive modern businesses. The literature available in this field highlights a certain maturity regarding performance measurement systems, while few frameworks have been proposed for PMM, which is today's target. Hence this paper aims to focus on the development of a new framework for providing direction and guidance to an organization in measuring and managing its performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed framework is developed based on the strengths of the axiomatic design (AD) and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) techniques.

Findings

The framework proposed, namely “Business System Design Decomposition” (BSDD), offers a holistic approach to PMM, identifies cause‐effect relationships in business processes, measures performance versus stakeholders, and offers interlinking between performance indicators. The result is a deep understanding of the business environment and a real step forward for PMM.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed framework for PMM needs to be validated through an empirical approach or by a clinical approach utilizing a case study.

Practical implications

The paper offers to academics, managers and practitioners a framework to understand, measure and manage business performance. Moreover, the application of the framework represents a learning process for the people involved in the project.

Originality/value

Little research is available regarding holistic performance measurement and management systems and the understanding of quantitative relations between performance indicators. By combining two existing methodologies, the framework proposed adds value to the existing body of knowledge and offers good insights for addressing future research.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 September 2022

Yildiz Kose, Suleyman Muftuoglu, Emre Cevikcan and Mehmet Bulent Durmusoglu

Autonomous maintenance (AM), one of the pillars of total productive maintenance (TPM), aims to achieve performance toward zero defects and zero breakdowns. AM system…

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Abstract

Purpose

Autonomous maintenance (AM), one of the pillars of total productive maintenance (TPM), aims to achieve performance toward zero defects and zero breakdowns. AM system equipped with comprehensive lean tools provides continuous improvement during the AM activities. Despite its long duration, establishing a lean AM system with a robust guideline would provide significant benefits such as high quality and short lead time. Therefore, AM design approach should be provided in a holistic and detailed manner. This study aims to develop a framework for AM design, including preliminary, reactive, preventive and proactive steps using the axiomatic design (AD).

Design/methodology/approach

Requirements and technical parameters of the AM system are explored with AD. An extensive literature review and a real-life application are presented.

Findings

The proposed design was validated by adapting the proposed roadmap to a textile manufacturing system in Turkey. The application results justify the established AM system design with an average downtime improvement of 69.2% and the average elapsed time between two failures improvement of 65.1% for apparel department.

Originality/value

This study has the novelty of establishing an overall AM system design with all of its stages stepwise. It presents a comprehensive guideline in terms of integration of lean philosophy into AM design by generating maintenance-related use cases for lean tools. The developed approach facilitates creating and analyzing complex systems to improve maintenance implementations while reducing nonvalue-added operations.

Details

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-4166

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Nicolay Worren

The purpose of this paper is to describe an analytical approach – functional analysis – that can be used to evaluate the current design of an organization and identify…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe an analytical approach – functional analysis – that can be used to evaluate the current design of an organization and identify alternative designs that may increase the ability to realize strategic and operational goals.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach described in this paper is based on key concepts in systems theory and axiomatic design theory (Suh, 1990, 2001). A brief case example is used to illustrate the practical application of the approach.

Findings

It is shown that functional analysis can be used to map the design of an organization and identify key design challenges (e.g. related to overlapping or conflicting functions).

Research limitations/implications

The case study that is described is considered to be a pilot application of the approach as it is based on a limited number of interviews.

Practical implications

This paper should be relevant for applied researchers, management consultants, project managers and others who are analyzing the current structure of an organization and/or are involved in re-designing an organization.

Social implications

Application of the functional approach may improve design processes and thereby enhance the effectiveness of social systems, including public and private sector organizations.

Originality/value

This paper describes how key concepts in systems theory and axiomatic design theory can provide the basis for a new framework for analyzing organization designs.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

Keywords

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