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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2022

Iskandar Waini, Umair Khan, Aurang Zaib, Anuar Ishak and Ioan Pop

This study aims to investigate the micropolar fluid flow through a moving flat plate containing CoFe2O4-TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles with the substantial influence of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the micropolar fluid flow through a moving flat plate containing CoFe2O4-TiO2 hybrid nanoparticles with the substantial influence of thermophoresis particle deposition and viscous dissipation.

Design/methodology/approach

The partial differential equations are converted to the similarity equations of a particular form through the similarity variables. Numerical outcomes are computed by applying the built-in program bvp4c in MATLAB. The process of flow, heat and mass transfers phenomena are examined for several physical aspects such as the hybrid nanoparticles, micropolar parameter, the thermophoresis particle deposition and the viscous dissipation.

Findings

The friction factor, heat and mass transfer rates are higher with an increment of 1.4%, 2.2% and 1.4%, respectively, in the presence of the hybrid nanoparticles (with 2% volume fraction). However, they are declined because of the rise of the micropolar parameter. The imposition of viscous dissipation reduces the heat transfer rate, significantly. Meanwhile, thermophoresis particle deposition boosts the mass transfer. Multiple solutions are developed for a certain range of physical parameters. Lastly, the first solution is shown to be stable and reliable physically.

Originality/value

As far as the authors have concerned, no work on thermophoresis particle deposition of hybrid nanoparticles on micropolar flow through a moving flat plate with viscous dissipation effect has been reported in the literature. Most importantly, this current study reported the stability analysis of the non-unique solutions and, therefore, fills the gap of the study and contributes to new outcomes in this particular problem.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 February 2022

Umair Khan, Aurang Zaib, Ioan Pop, Iskandar Waini and Anuar Ishak

Nanofluid research has piqued the interest of scientists due to its intriguing applications in nanoscience, biomedical and electrical engineering, medication delivery…

Abstract

Purpose

Nanofluid research has piqued the interest of scientists due to its intriguing applications in nanoscience, biomedical and electrical engineering, medication delivery, biotechnology, food processing, chemotherapy and other fields. This paper aims to inspect the behavior of the mixed convection magnetohydrodynamic flow and heat transfer induced by a nonlinear stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid with a convective boundary condition. Tiwari and Das mathematical nanofluid model is incorporated in the analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The mathematical model is initially transformed to a nondimensional form by using dimensionless variables. Then the nondimensional partial differential equations are further transformed to a set of similarity equations by using the similarity technique. These equations are solved numerically by the bvp4c function in MATLAB software.

Findings

For a certain range of the stretching/shrinking parameter, two solutions are obtained. The friction factor and the heat transfer rate escalate due to suction parameter with adding nanoparticles volume fraction by almost 27.15% and 0.153% for the upper branch solution, while the friction factor declines by almost 30.10% but the heat transfer rate augments by 0.145% for the lower branch solution. Furthermore, the behavior of the nanoparticle volume fractions on the heat transfer rate behaves differently in the presence of the mixed convection effect. The temperature of fluid augments with increasing Biot number for both solutions.

Originality/value

The present work considers the flow and heat transfer induced by a stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid using the Tiwari–Das nanofluid model with a convective boundary condition, where the effect of the buoyancy force is taken into consideration. It is shown that two solutions are found for a certain range of the shrinking strength, while the solution is unique for the stretching case. This study is important for scientists working in the growing field of nanofluids to become familiar with the flow properties and behaviors of such nanofluids.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 October 2021

Umair Khan, Aurang Zaib, Ioan Pop, Sakhinah Abu Bakar and Anuar Ishak

The boundary-layer analysis is required to reveal the fluid flow behavior in several industrial processes and enhance the products’ effectiveness. Therefore, this research…

Abstract

Purpose

The boundary-layer analysis is required to reveal the fluid flow behavior in several industrial processes and enhance the products’ effectiveness. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the buoyancy or mixed convective stagnation-point flow (SPF) and heat transfer of a micropolar fluid filled with hybrid nanoparticles over a vertical plate. The nanoparticles silver (Ag) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) are scattered into various base fluids to form a new-fangled class of (Ag-TiO2/various base fluid) hybrid nanofluid along with different shape factors.

Design/methodology/approach

The self-similarity transformations are used to reformulate the leading requisite partial differential equations into renovated non-linear dimensionless ordinary differential equations. The numerical dual solutions are gained for the transmuted requisite equations with the help of the bvp4c built-in package in MATLAB software. The results are validated by comparing them with previously available published data for a particular case of the present study.

Findings

The impact of various pertaining parameters such as nanoparticle volume fraction, material parameter, shape factor and mixed convective on temperature, heat transfer, fluid motion, micro-rotation and drag force are visualized and scrutinized through tables and graphs. It is observed that dual or non-uniqueness outcomes are found for the case of buoyancy assisting flow, whereas the solution is unique in the buoyancy opposing flow case. Additionally, the fluid motion and micro-rotation profiles decelerate in the presence of nanoparticle volume fraction, while the temperature augments.

Originality/value

The mixed convective stagnation point flow conveying TiO2/Ag hybrid nanofluid with micropolar fluid with various shape factors is the significant originality of the current investigation where multiple outcomes are obtained for the assisting flow. The various base fluids such as glycerin, water and water–ethylene glycol (50%:50%) are considered in the present problem. The bifurcation values of the considered problem do not exist, probably because of various base fluids. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this work is new and original which were not previously reported.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 November 2018

Aurang Zaib, Rizwan Ul Haq, Ali J. Chamkha and Mohammad Mehdi Rashidi

The purpose of this paper is to present an inclusive study of the mixed convective flow involving micropolar fluid holding kerosene/water-based TiO2 nanoparticle towards a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an inclusive study of the mixed convective flow involving micropolar fluid holding kerosene/water-based TiO2 nanoparticle towards a vertical Riga surface with partial slip. The outcomes are confined for opposing and assisting flows.

Design/methodology/approach

Similarity equations are acquired and then worked out numerically by the Keller box technique.

Findings

Impacts of significant parameters on microrotation velocity, temperature distribution, velocity profile together with the Nusselt number and the skin friction are argued with the help of graphs. Two solutions are achieved in opposing flow, while the solution is unique in assisting flow. It is also monitored that the separation of boundary layer delays because of micropolar parameter and accelerates because of volume fraction.

Originality/value

The authors trust that all these results are new and significant for researchers.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Aurang Zaib, Mohammad Mehdi Rashidi, Ali J. Chamkha and Krishnendu Bhattacharyya

This paper aims to peruse the influence of second law analysis for electrically conducting fluid of a Casson nanofluid over a wedge. For activation energy, a modified…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to peruse the influence of second law analysis for electrically conducting fluid of a Casson nanofluid over a wedge. For activation energy, a modified Arrhenius function is used.

Design/methodology/approach

The highly non-linear governing equations are developed using similarity transformations and then computed numerically via Keller–Box method.

Findings

The influences of emerging parameters on velocity, temperature distribution and concentration of nanoparticle are explained and presented via graphs and tables. Also, the behavior of fluid flow is investigated through the coefficient of skin friction, Nusselt and Sherwood numbers. Results reveal that the velocity profile enhances due to increasing Casson parameter and magnetic parameter, whereas the temperature distribution and concentration of nanoparticle decrease with larger vales of Casson parameter. It is inspected that the concentration boundary layer increases due to activation energy and decreases due to reaction rate and temperature differences.

Originality/value

The authors believe that all the numerical results are original and significant which are used in biomedicine, industrial, electronics and transportation. The results have not been considered elsewhere.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 December 2018

Aurang Zaib, Rizwan Ul Haq, A.J. Chamkha and M.M. Rashidi

The study aims to numerically examine the impact of nanoparticles on an unsteady flow of a Williamson fluid past a permeable convectively heated shrinking sheet.

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to numerically examine the impact of nanoparticles on an unsteady flow of a Williamson fluid past a permeable convectively heated shrinking sheet.

Design/methodology/approach

In sort of the solution of the governing differential equations, suitable transformation variables are used to get the system of ODEs. The converted equations are then numerically solved via the shooting technique.

Findings

The impacts of such parameters on the velocity profile, temperature distribution and the concentration of nanoparticles are examined through graphs and tables. The results point out that multiple solutions are achieved for certain values of the suction parameter and for decelerating flow, while for accelerating flow, the solution is unique. Further, the non-Newtonian parameter reduces the fluid velocity and boosts the temperature distribution and concentration of nanoparticles in the first solution, while the reverse drift is noticed in the second solution.

Practical implications

The current results may be used in many applications such as biomedicine, industrial, electronics and solar energy.

Originality/value

The authors think that the current results are new and significant, which are used in many applications such as biomedicine, industrial, electronics and solar energy. The results have not been considered elsewhere.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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