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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1993

C.L. Hung

There are only a few dozen Canadian companies which market industrial technology in developing countries of Pacific Asia. A survey of there perceptions and strategies…

Abstract

There are only a few dozen Canadian companies which market industrial technology in developing countries of Pacific Asia. A survey of there perceptions and strategies indicates that while they believe there is no shortage of opportunities and no insurmountable market barriers in the region, it is important to have a well conceived marketing plan and be realistic in the expectations. On the whole, they are satisfied with their experience. Hopefully, this will induce more Canadian industrial companies to explore the Pacific Asia market and in turn help to realize Canada's potential in the region.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

Article
Publication date: 29 November 2018

Khar Mang Tan, Fakarudin Kamarudin, Amin Noordin Bany-Ariffin and Norhuda Abdul Rahim

The purpose of this paper is to examine the firm efficiency or technical efficiency (TE), pure technical efficiency (PTE) and scale efficiency (SE) in the selected…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the firm efficiency or technical efficiency (TE), pure technical efficiency (PTE) and scale efficiency (SE) in the selected developed and developing Asia-Pacific countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consists of a sum of 700 firms in selected developed and developing Asia-Pacific countries over the period from 2009 to 2015. The non-parametric data envelopment analysis under the production approach is used to investigate firm efficiency.

Findings

On average, this paper discovers that the firms in selected Asia-Pacific countries are moderately efficient. Scale inefficiency (SIE) is found to be the dominant source of firms’ technical inefficiency. The analysis of return to scale shows that the large firms tend to operate at decreasing return to scale level, while the small firms tend to operate at increasing return to scale level.

Practical implications

The findings from this paper provide significant insights to the policy makers and firm managers in promoting the efficient firms of Asia-Pacific countries.

Originality/value

The present paper conducts a critical analysis on return to scale in the firms sector of Asia-Pacific context, which is ignored by the past studies on firm efficiency since the analysis of return to scale is mostly emphasized on banking sector. The precise nature of SIE is important for a firm to be efficient in achieving the firm’s primary goals of profit maximization and sustaining market competitiveness.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 25 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 October 2010

Ahmed Shamiri and Zaidi Isa

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the international information transmission of return and volatility spillovers from US and Japan markets to AsiaPacific

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the international information transmission of return and volatility spillovers from US and Japan markets to AsiaPacific markets using daily stock market return data covering the period (1991‐2004).

Design/methodology/approach

This paper considers a volatility spillover model by applying a bivariate Baba, Engle, Kraft and Kroner‐Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedastic model, for each of the AsiaPacific countries against the Japan and the USA using daily returns for the period (1991‐2004). Splitting the sample into two non‐overlapping sub‐samples, the paper investigates whether the efforts for more economic, monetary and financial integration have fundamentally altered the sources and intensity of volatility spillovers to the individual stock market.

Findings

In the majority of the markets under scrutiny, we provide evidence of direct volatility spillovers, running mainly from the Japanese and US markets and pointing to more rapid information transmission during the recent years. First, the volatility of the AsiaPacific markets is becoming influenced more by the US market for the recent years. Second, for international investors to get profits from the returns of AsiaPacific securities, it is necessary to pay attention to the US market directly. Third, Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong are among the most AsiaPacific markets vulnerable to shocks from US investors due to the large ratio of portfolio holding. However, implementing global hedging strategies on AsiaPacific markets requires the information concerning the Japanese volatility behaviour.

Originality/value

This paper should be of interest to a broad practitioners and academics including those interested in modelling volatility for financial market risk management.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 26 July 2021

Wesley R. Teter and Libing Wang

The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have transformed the global outlook for international higher education. Given the rapid shift to online learning, the Tokyo Convention…

Abstract

Purpose

The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have transformed the global outlook for international higher education. Given the rapid shift to online learning, the Tokyo Convention in the Asia-Pacific entrusted to UNESCO has become an important policy framework to facilitate regional collaboration, authoritative information sharing and recognition of qualifications across diverse modes of learning. This paper examines the role of the Tokyo Convention to establish an inclusive platform for monitoring and collaborative governance of mobility and internationalization based on fair and transparent recognition policies and practices in the Asia-Pacific.

Design/methodology/approach

In August 2019, a standardized survey instrument was sent by the Secretariat of the Tokyo Convention Committee at UNESCO Bangkok to competent recognition authorities in 46 countries in the Asia-Pacific, including the eight State Parties to the Tokyo Convention that ratified the Convention as of the reporting period. In total, qualitative data from n = 27 countries/states was received and analyzed to assess implementation of the Tokyo Convention throughout the region. The research design illustrates how normative instruments such as the Tokyo Convention are monitored and assessed over time.

Findings

A multi-stakeholder approach based on collaborative governance is needed to effectively monitor implementation and implications of the Tokyo Convention for diverse higher education stakeholders in the Asia-Pacific region.

Research limitations/implications

Implications include establishing baseline data and methods for monitoring implementation of the Tokyo Convention. Based on collaborative governance theory, the paper explores potential for a multi-stakeholder approach to promote mutual accountability in the Asia-Pacific and to develop mechanisms for inclusive participation in the governance of the forthcoming Global Convention on recognition.

Originality/value

As the first systematic review of its kind, this paper includes a unique dataset and insights into UNESCO's methodology to monitor implementation of standard-setting instruments for qualifications recognition in the Asia-Pacific.

Details

International Journal of Comparative Education and Development, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2396-7404

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 January 2022

Kumaraguru Mahadevan, Arun Elias and Premaratne Samaranayake

The main purpose of this research is to investigate the supply chain performance through collaborative effectiveness, from the organisations of AsiaPacific region…

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this research is to investigate the supply chain performance through collaborative effectiveness, from the organisations of AsiaPacific region perspective, compared with that of global organisations based on collaborative supply chain practices.

Design/methodology/approach

The survey research methodology was adopted, involving the collection of survey data from 223 participants across 10 different industries and 6 geographic regions. Data included 103 organisations in the AsiaPacific region including Australia, India, China, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Thailand.

Findings

From a collaborative effectiveness perspective, the supply chain performance of AsiaPacific organisations is different when compared with that of global organisations. It was also found that global organisations are driven by sales performance, while AsiaPacific organisations are focussing mainly on the cost in terms of the number of employees, and therefore productivity. The metal industry stands out to be the best performing industry from a collaborative effectiveness perspective in the AsiaPacific region and globally.

Practical implications

The research findings can be used as a guide by industry practitioners to develop benchmarks for collaborative supply chain practices by industry and region of operations. This research has been limited to a few industries such as manufacturing, logistics, service and retail industries.

Originality/value

This research generates new knowledge on the relationship between the collaborative effectiveness and supply chain performance, from the perspectives of both AsiaPacific and global organisations, based on a collaborative effectiveness framework. The study proposes an innovative approach of assessing supply chain performance through collaborative effectiveness from the perspectives of geographical boundaries and industry types.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 August 2022

Rasidah Mohd-Rashid, Waqas Mehmood, Chai-Aun Ooi, Siti Zakiah Che Man and Chui Zi Ong

Rule of law is essential in reducing corruption in a country. This study aims to investigate the factors contributing to corruption in 41 of the most competitive countries…

Abstract

Purpose

Rule of law is essential in reducing corruption in a country. This study aims to investigate the factors contributing to corruption in 41 of the most competitive countries in the Asia-Pacific region by focusing on judicial effectiveness, property rights and government integrity. The moderating role of regulatory quality was also considered in the attempt to explain the association among rule of law and corruption.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used pooled ordinary least squares regression and generalized method of moments-dynamic panel for the robustness test on data of 41 Asia-Pacific countries spanning from 2013 to 2021.

Findings

Property rights and government integrity were found to be negatively significant in explaining corruption. In contrast, the interaction between rule of law and regulatory quality had a significant positive association with corruption. The findings bring to light Asia-Pacific countries’ need for more effective control of corruption.

Practical implications

The authorities should work towards enhancing the countries’ image as corruption-free nations by creating a stable economic and political environment and preserving macroeconomic stability through strengthened rule of law.

Originality/value

Previous research looked at The Association of Southeast Asian Nations and South Asian countries, but little attention was given to Asia-Pacific countries in examining the relationship between rule of law and corruption.

Details

Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1998

Nicolino Strizzi and G.S. Kindra

Assesses five trends that will be likely to affect the nature of trade and investment in Asia Pacific in the coming decade. These include infrastructure upgrading, public…

2559

Abstract

Assesses five trends that will be likely to affect the nature of trade and investment in Asia Pacific in the coming decade. These include infrastructure upgrading, public sector reform, increased military procurements, massive capital inflows and foreign debt build‐up. States a better understanding of these trends will promote strategic entry into fast‐growing, hard‐to‐crack markets. Vastly improved corporate revenue and profits might result. Equally important, it presages long‐term gains in economic and political influence in Asia Pacific.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Middle-Power Responses to China’s BRI and America’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-023-9

Article
Publication date: 8 November 2011

Susan Forbes and Malcolm McIntosh

This study aims to examine the uptake of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Asia Pacific region and to explore the extent to which countries in the region are…

1329

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the uptake of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Asia Pacific region and to explore the extent to which countries in the region are transitioning towards a sustainable enterprise economy (SEE) and the links between the two, thereby connecting the uptake of CSR at the organisational level to the configuration and transformation of societies.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to examine the uptake of CSR in the Asia Pacific region and assess the extent to which countries are transitioning towards the SEE, this study compiles data from a selection of CSR‐related indicators that are globally harmonised and globally recognised as well as national performance indicators that not only set the operational context for organisations but also help to measure the ultimate impacts of policies, practices and activities by organisations on national conditions.

Findings

Based on the preliminary study undertaken into global national indicators in the Asia Pacific region, there is a need for more comprehensive indicators that capture key elements of a SEE. The study envisages the creation of a “Global SEE dashboard” of actual, real‐time key performance indicators that can help facilitate stewardship by societies towards the Global SEE.

Originality/value

By underscoring the needs, opportunities and challenges for CSR capacity‐building in the Asia Pacific region and for countries to transition effectively towards the SEE, this study adds value to the efforts of public and private policy makers concerned with CSR, sustainability and governance as well as practitioners and members of civil society interested in responsible global citizenship.

Details

Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8021

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 April 2010

Alexandra Ryan, Daniella Tilbury, Peter Blaze Corcoran, Osamu Abe and Ko Nomura

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the contributions of the AsiaPacific region to leading practice in sustainability in higher education (HE), as…

4220

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the contributions of the AsiaPacific region to leading practice in sustainability in higher education (HE), as prelude and orientation to this special issue collection from different countries and regions.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a critical review that includes international and regional policy contexts in sustainability and “education for sustainable development” (ESD), whilst exploring the trajectories of key initiatives across the region and considering the broader context of sustainability innovation within the HE sector.

Findings

The AsiaPacific region offers many creative initiatives and shows considerable progress in ESD and in understanding the learning dimensions of sustainability. At the same time, it mirrors global trends in that further work is needed to promote systemic change in educational arenas, particularly in terms of strategic integration within HE institutions. The AsiaPacific contributions to this collection demonstrate the need to harness national policy, to develop local and regional initiatives and to work effectively towards more profound change in HE curricula and through collaboration with external communities and stakeholders.

Originality/value

This is a distinctive collection of new initiatives from the AsiaPacific, which compensates for the comparative lack of dissemination in this area. There is considerable sustainability innovation emerging in this region which shows leading‐edge responses from within the HE sector on a number of key challenges and issues.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

Keywords

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