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Article
Publication date: 21 January 2022

Sanjeev Verma and Ashutosh Sheel

Blockchain is widely applied in e-voting, shared economy areas and other government functioning. Fragmented findings and distributed literature need consolidation for a holistic…

1084

Abstract

Purpose

Blockchain is widely applied in e-voting, shared economy areas and other government functioning. Fragmented findings and distributed literature need consolidation for a holistic view of the research domain. The purpose of this study is to comprehensively reviews the blockchain applications for government organizations and presents the past, present and future trends of blockchain applications for government organizations.

Design/methodology/approach

Systematic review protocol instrumentalized the systematic review of research articles published from 2013 to 2021. Science mapping discerns scientific actors’ trends and performance analysis like most influential authors, documents and sources. Content analysis of selected data set unfolds the past, present and future of blockchain applications for government organizations.

Findings

Blockchain technology offers enormous potential for the transformation of government organizations and public services. The primary areas are cryptocurrency, e-voting, shared economy, smart contracts, financial and health services, tourism, logistics and water sustainability.

Research limitations/implications

This study reviewed only published research in journals and conference proceedings and excluded book reviews, book chapters and editorials from the review set. This study persuades governments and policymakers to invest in blockchain technology for transforming government organizations and public services.

Practical implications

This study highlights the importance of blockchain in government-controlled public departments, enhancing transparency and efficiency in public life.

Social implications

Blockchain technology enhances transparency, traceability and accountability of public records.

Originality/value

This study pioneers in chronologically highlighting the importance of blockchain in government-controlled public departments.

Details

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5364

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2019

Ashutosh Sheel and Vishnu Nath

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how blockchain technology can improve supply chain adaptability, alignment and agility which collectively enhance competitive advantage…

5562

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how blockchain technology can improve supply chain adaptability, alignment and agility which collectively enhance competitive advantage which in turn influences firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The conceptual framework of the present study is developed by conducting an extensive literature review on blockchain technology, supply chain adaptability, alignment, agility and competitive advantage. The sample data were collected from 397 supply chain practitioners in India to validate the conceptual model. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to ascertain the validity of the measures used and a structural model was analyzed for testing the proposed conceptual framework.

Findings

The results of the present study show that blockchain technology can improve supply chain adaptability, alignment, agility which lead to competitive advantage, which leads to better firm performance. Besides, trust generated through blockchain use also increases firm performance.

Research limitations/implications

Currently, the respondents do not have practical experience of using blockchain technology. They have responded based on their knowledge about supply chain and blockchain which they acquired from published sources. Different supply chains require different strategic choices and different information needs. But the present study assumes that all supply chain needs are identical. The present study assumes that government regulations regarding blockchain technology are favorable; however, currently, there is no legal framework to address blockchain technology. The findings of the current study indicate that companies not only should create more awareness regarding blockchain but also should actively work with IT companies that are engaged in developing blockchain-based supply chain solution. Managers, as well as IT companies and academicians, should join hands to study and develop a framework for regulating blockchain technology and suggest these to the policy actors.

Practical implications

The present study shows that supply chain practitioners are confident that blockchain technology will help improve supply chain parameters. These findings can help IT companies and their marketers for developing and promoting blockchain-based IT applications. In addition, the important implication for supply chain practitioners is that blockchain helps in creating a competitive advantage and increases firm performance.

Originality/value

The effect of IT on important supply chain variables has been studied in the past; however, there is not a single study which sheds light on how disruptive technologies such as blockchain will affect supply chain adaptability, alignment, agility and firm performance.

Abstract

Details

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5364

Book part
Publication date: 10 May 2023

Bhavna Sharma and Anurag Kumar

Purpose: Tax fraudulence is not an aberration, but it is a deliberate attempt to get rid of the tax burden. The government took enormous measures to curtail tax fraud, which seems…

Abstract

Purpose: Tax fraudulence is not an aberration, but it is a deliberate attempt to get rid of the tax burden. The government took enormous measures to curtail tax fraud, which seems dispensable. Taxation is the largest area that needs to be explored as individuals make discrete stings while filing taxes. Since compliance-focussed systems for tax collection are missing, this department is facing difficulties in providing quality data. This chapter will cover blockchain operations in the tax system to streamline the entire process and highlight the challenges.

Need of the Study: As the growth of technology is in the boom stage, research should be carried out to create more awareness regarding its usage and its possible threats. This study will spark more light on taxation by taking blockchain as the torch to improvise the vision.

Design/methodology/approach: The researcher did a comprehensive analysis of the Indian Tax Department and determined whether simplifying taxation could be possible through blockchain. The study gathered concrete facts about the various challenges faced while implementing this system.

Finding: Blockchain technology is rapidly making a roadmap in the taxation system, and there is tremendous potential to create a future vision with blockchain.

Practical Implications: This study will accentuate the function of blockchain technology that is becoming more prominent in the global technology sphere. This study will aid scholars in elaborating on the role of blockchain technology.

Details

Contemporary Studies of Risks in Emerging Technology, Part A
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80455-563-7

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 January 2021

Rajiv Kumar Sharma

As we move up in the supply chain (SC) from retailer to supplier, amplification in the fluctuation of order increased. To minimize this amplification, understanding of key…

Abstract

Purpose

As we move up in the supply chain (SC) from retailer to supplier, amplification in the fluctuation of order increased. To minimize this amplification, understanding of key decision variables which affects the SC is essential. So, in the present work the authors developed a novel approach to examine the structural dependencies among variables responsible for perfect order fulfillment (POF).

Design/methodology/approach

Interpretive structural modeling approach has been used to model the structural relationship among the key SC variables. Further, to study the driver-dependence dynamics among variables MICMAC analysis has been used. In the second phase, the influence of driver variables on the POF is investigated by using fuzzy logic.

Findings

From the results, it is observed that the variables’ delivery time, number of echelons, data accuracy and information sharing have high driving power which may help the organizations to meet challenges offered by POF. The results showed that for POF is said to be at optimum level when the number of echelons should be low and data accuracy should be high, and information sharing among all partners should also be very high.

Research limitations/implications

Research on SC is classified into three categories, i.e. operational, design and strategic. In the present study authors discussed strategic variables responsible for POF which is the main limitation of the study. The work can be extended by including operational and design variables.

Practical implications

POF in SC network is affected by various variables. The in-depth understanding of contextual association among the variables helps the managers to improve the efficiency of the SC and reduce the bullwhip effect across the downstream SC network.

Originality/value

The study presents a hybrid approach to analyze the key POF dimensions, i.e. forecasting, number of echelons, information sharing, cycle time and delivery time, critical to POF in downstream SC network by developing various case settings.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 38 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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