Les pays à vocation touristique ont, pour la plupart, depuis quelques années, entrepris une action planifiée pour tirer le meilleur parti de leur chance en pareille matière.
L'Organisation Mondiale du Tourisme invitait, en 1982, tous les Etats membres et les organisations internationales et nationales à une année de réflexion sur le thème…
L'Organisation Mondiale du Tourisme invitait, en 1982, tous les Etats membres et les organisations internationales et nationales à une année de réflexion sur le thème: “pour la dignité du voyage: savoir visiter, savoir recevoir”.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the practical daily work undertaken by middle‐level managers in Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), focusing upon the micro‐processes by…
The purpose of this paper is to explore the practical daily work undertaken by middle‐level managers in Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), focusing upon the micro‐processes by which these managers enact sensemaking in their organisations.
The research took a case study approach, undertaking detailed case studies in four PCTs in England. Data collection included shadowing managers, meeting observations and interviews.
The research elucidated two categories of enactment behaviour exhibited by PCT managers: presence/absence; and the production of artefacts. Being “present” in or “absent” from meetings enacted sensemaking over and above any concrete contribution to the meeting made by the actors involved. This paper explores the factors affecting these processes, and describes the situations in which enactment of sense is most likely to occur. Producing artefacts such as meeting minutes or PowerPoint slides also enacted sense in the study sites in addition to the content of the artefact. The factors affecting this are explored.
The study has practical implications for all managers seeking to maximise their influence in their organisations. It also provides specific evidence relevant to managers working in the new Clinical Commissioning Groups currently being formed in England.
The study expands the understanding of sensemaking in organisations in two important ways. Firstly, it moves beyond discourse to explore the ways in which behaviours can enact sense. Secondly, it explores the distinction between active and unconscious sensemaking.
This paper aims to explore a range of conceptual and practical challenges faced in delivering an innovative programme targeted at staff of UK higher Education (HE) and…
This paper aims to explore a range of conceptual and practical challenges faced in delivering an innovative programme targeted at staff of UK higher Education (HE) and further education (FE) institutions. The two major foci of the programme are: on the pedagogies and organization of knowledge required to provide a true “feel” for the life world, values and ways of behaving of entrepreneurs in very different academic disciplinary contexts; and on strategically and operationally making things happen in the participant institution.
The paper is action research‐focused. Its aim is to explore the validity of a concept of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education which is truly interdisciplinary. It tests out in practice a “Mastery” model of an entrepreneurship educator in HE and FE.
The basic structure of the model is found to be appropriate as is its social constructionist view of education upon which it is founded. Importantly it values learning through practice, which may not be a total reflection of what is taught on the programme, equally with the application of programme knowledge.
The conceptual model and resultant programme are arguably unique in their total focus on behaviours in different organizational and disciplinary contexts.
Définition et analyse des objectifs généraux qu'on se propose d'atteindre à l'aide du tourisme. Les objectifs susceptibles d'être retenus lors de la prise en considération…
Définition et analyse des objectifs généraux qu'on se propose d'atteindre à l'aide du tourisme. Les objectifs susceptibles d'être retenus lors de la prise en considération d'une politique de développement sont assez nombreux, et peuvent être contradictoires. Ils peuvent émaner d'agents privés, ou des pouvoirs publics qui songeraient à construire un système de décisions raisonnées et ordonnées selon un certain choix. De tels choix sont sans doute facilités par une bonne analyse de la politique économique générale, et des divers objectifs possibles. Quelques uns parmi ces objectifs sont cités ci‐dessous sans que leur ordre implique une hiérarchie de valeur. Une telle hiérarchie est plus fonction des cas d'espèce que de conceptions doctrinales.
Describes the history of the Freshwater Biological Association and its Library. Notes that the library produces a current awareness bulletin listing over 750 freshwater ecology papers each month, an annual bibliography of papers on British freshwaters and undertakes manual and on‐line retrospective information enquiries. Concludes that these flexible national and international networks of information exchange and collaboration survive despite an ever changing spectrum of political philosophies.
WHAT SHOULD A keynote speaker say on an occasion such as this? Particularly a speaker such as myself—almost totally ignorant of every subject to be discussed in your later sessions? Have I, I wonder, quite innocently given the organisers the same impression, in agreeing to talk at this dinner, as Dr Johnson gave his friends when he said he could repeat a complete chapter of the Natural history of Iceland from the Danish of Horrebow? The chapter reads: ‘Concerning snakes, there are no snakes to be met with throughout the whole island’. But I think I can manage a few more sentences than that, and since I have not been altogether unconcerned with library planning, with research, the role of management, and with education in its broadest cultural sense I think we can find sufficient common ground to justify my appearance tonight. Indeed as head of a library staff of 1700 how could I not be concerned with library education?
Educational research today operates within the context of existing educational institutions, rarely breaking through conceptual and practical barriers to systemic change. But new educational needs, resources and technology demand change in organization and policy. In order to provide adequate educational services we need a new breed of researcher, comparable to the early operational research group, who will contribute multi‐disciplinary skills to systemic analysis and management of education as a whole. From this perspective they may formulate a metasystemic model of education containing a hierarchy of subsystems arranged according to where education occurs. An Educational Development Directorate, by providing continuous analysis of such a model, will feed back to all educational planners the probable effects of their decisions and provide them with alternatives. Such an information system should lead to optimization of resources and genuine alternatives in education.
Considers the development of an on‐line electronic learning network , “Cyberspace learning for kids” (CL4K), for children aged 5‐16 across Europe. Examines the impact of…
Considers the development of an on‐line electronic learning network , “Cyberspace learning for kids” (CL4K), for children aged 5‐16 across Europe. Examines the impact of information technology (IT) in relation to various learning environments. Focuses particular attention on schools, the incorporation of IT into the National Curriculum and the impact this has on teaching. Presents findings from an analysis of the project’s user needs, that is, those of teachers, children and parents. The main issue expressed by teachers was the lack of training received in IT skills and lack of funds available to purchase equipment necessary to be able to use IT in the classroom. A decline in general levels of communication in the classroom, at home and between pupils was another issue of concern among teachers and parents. Overall, all users perceived “Cyberspace learning for kids” to be exciting and saw the development of IT skills as an essential asset when seeking employment. The children found the use of the Internet to be a fun way of finding out information and would enjoy using it if such a resource was available in the classroom, etc. With commitment to funding for resources and training CL4K has the potential to offer a fun and stimulating means of gaining information and educating children for the future.
Les loisirs Dans ce but il me semble nécessaire de rappeler d'abord certaines nuances au sujet des loisirs, une notion qui s'explicite pour la première fois, me…
Les loisirs Dans ce but il me semble nécessaire de rappeler d'abord certaines nuances au sujet des loisirs, une notion qui s'explicite pour la première fois, me semble‐t‐il, dans le theme d'un Congrès de l'AIEST.