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Article
Publication date: 3 February 2012

Andy Ballantyne, Greg Forrest, Martin Goosey, Asta Griguceviciene, Jurga Juodkazyte, Rod Kellner, Aleksandr Kosenko, Rimantas Ramanauskas, Karl Ryder, Algirdas Selskis, Rima Tarozaite and Erik Veninga

The purpose of this paper is to detail progress on the European Commission supported FP7 ASPIS project that is undertaking a multi‐faceted approach to develop novel and improved…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to detail progress on the European Commission supported FP7 ASPIS project that is undertaking a multi‐faceted approach to develop novel and improved nickel‐gold (ENIG) solderable finish chemistries and processes in order to overcome issues such as “black pad” that are known to cause reliability issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The ASPIS project has four key and discrete approaches; research into “black pad” formation mechanisms, development of new aqueous chemical deposition methods, formulation of new processes based on ionic liquids and the development of prognostic screening tools to enable early prediction of reliability issues.

Findings

Key factors influencing “black pad” formation include immersion gold bath pH value, concentration of citrate and thickness of the immersion gold layer. In addition, copper substrate preparation is also important. Work to develop new metal deposition processes using ionic liquids has also been demonstrated and may provide a viable alternative to more conventional aqueous based chemistries, thereby enabling some of the conditions that lead to “black pad” to be avoided.

Research limitations/implications

This paper summarises the work carried out in the first year of a three‐year project and so the outputs to date are relatively limited. The project is continuing for another two years, when further progress will be made. It is hoped to report this progress in a future update paper.

Originality/value

The ASPIS project has undertaken multiple approaches to the development of new high reliability nickel gold finishes and this combination of approaches should offer synergies over more discrete traditional methodologies. As well as undertaking a detailed analysis of the mechanisms causing reliability problems, radical new formulation and prognostic approaches are also being developed.

Article
Publication date: 31 May 2011

Joe Ballantyne, Andrew Curry and Andy Sumner

What are the implications of the global financial crisis and its aftermath, regionally and globally, for Africa taking a 5‐15 year view? The purpose of this paper is to outline a

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Abstract

Purpose

What are the implications of the global financial crisis and its aftermath, regionally and globally, for Africa taking a 5‐15 year view? The purpose of this paper is to outline a set of four post‐crisis global economic scenarios to 2020, and will consider their impacts across a range of low income countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The scenarios were developed using a version of the morphological scenarios approach, Field anomaly relaxation (FAR). This approach creates a backdrop of internally consistent futures for policy formation and decision making through identifying and analysing the most significant drivers of change within the global financial and political system. This was then linked to a modelling approach to identify country impacts. The work was developed and tested with stakeholders in the United Kingdom and Kenya.

Findings

Scenarios are plausible, coherent, multiple views of the future, which enable policy‐makers and managers to evaluate strategy or policy choices under conditions of uncertainty. The work creates a structured approach to reviewing outcomes for growth, poverty reduction and the Millennium Development Goals for different types of developing economies, against the background of the financial crisis.

Research limitations/implications

The work was conducted for a public sector client in the United Kingdom, with a limited budget and a limited timescale.

Practical implications

The combination of scenarios and modelling, applied to the field of development, enables greater clarity about the choices presently facing developing African nations. In particular, the economic typology used shows that for the majority of African countries, strategies which improve resilience in the face of rising energy costs and possible food shortages will also generate economic opportunities.

Originality/value

Innovatively, the scenarios were tightly connected to a “soft” model which identifies possible pathways, causal linkages and transmission variables between the scenarios and associated levels of economic growth and poverty reduction via key economic variables. This permits more granular interpretation of the scenario outcomes than conventional scenario analysis techniques.

Details

Foresight, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

Stuart Hannabuss

The management of children′s literature is a search for value andsuitability. Effective policies in library and educational work arebased firmly on knowledge of materials, and on…

Abstract

The management of children′s literature is a search for value and suitability. Effective policies in library and educational work are based firmly on knowledge of materials, and on the bibliographical and critical frame within which the materials appear and might best be selected. Boundaries, like those between quality and popular books, and between children′s and adult materials, present important challenges for selection, and implicit in this process are professional acumen and judgement. Yet also there are attitudes and systems of values, which can powerfully influence selection on grounds of morality and good taste. To guard against undue subjectivity, the knowledge frame should acknowledge the relevance of social and experiential context for all reading materials, how readers think as well as how they read, and what explicit and implicit agendas the authors have. The good professional takes all these factors on board.

Details

Library Management, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

Abstract

Details

The Canterbury Sound in Popular Music: Scene, Identity and Myth
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-490-3

Content available

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 64 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Article
Publication date: 31 May 2011

Olugbenga Adesida and Geci Karuri‐Sebina

This editorial aims to summarize the outcome of the Special Issue exploration on the theme “Is Africa the land of the future?”.

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Abstract

Purpose

This editorial aims to summarize the outcome of the Special Issue exploration on the theme “Is Africa the land of the future?”.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper contextualises and synthesizes the set of Africa‐themed foresight papers included in the journal issue.

Findings

The exploration concludes that Africa faces a range of internal and external opportunities and challenges. These are historical, geopolitical, economic, demographic, psychological, and intellectual. Key drivers and analyses identified by seven authors are briefly presented.

Research limitations/implications

The restricted number of papers that could be included in the single issue required a narrow selection from a large set of good papers and subject coverage. The issue and editorial therefore only address a few of the key drivers, in addition to some broad, foundational issues.

Practical implications

Neither mere optimism nor pessimism will determine Africa's ultimate trajectory. Concerted ownership, foresight and collective action by Africa's leaders and followers are the key to positive futures for the continent.

Originality/value

The Special Issue is a unique contemporary African foresight contribution, which aims to provide a deeper understanding of the emerging challenges and opportunities for the continent.

Details

Foresight, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2001

Mel Hudson, Andi Smart and Mike Bourne

Describes research undertaken to evaluate the appropriateness of strategic performance measurement (PM) system development processes for small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises…

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Abstract

Describes research undertaken to evaluate the appropriateness of strategic performance measurement (PM) system development processes for small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). An evaluation is undertaken of ten PM approaches found in the literature. To facilitate this evaluation a typology is presented which synthesises current theory. This evaluation resulted in the identification of a process, based on its congruency to the theoretical model, which is used for an empirical investigation. Empirical data from SMEs is collected and analysed using the typology. This indicates a discontinuity between current theory and the requirements of practitioners in small companies. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations to facilitate the development of appropriate PM processes for SMEs.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 21 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

Lu'ayy Minwer Al‐Rimawi

This is the second of two papers which examine the question of whether Arab securities regulations can be the subject matter of a methodological study in comparative securities…

Abstract

This is the second of two papers which examine the question of whether Arab securities regulations can be the subject matter of a methodological study in comparative securities regulation, especially with reference to EU regulations. Part One was published in Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance Volume Eight, Number Four. This paper addresses the specific juridical impact of Shari'a on capital markets, before looking at its impact on capital market laws of Jordan, Kuwait and Oman. In order to provide an empirical insight into existing Arab securities regulations, the paper also surveys the securities and company laws in the aforementioned countries. Such a discussion also includes a brief examination of market conditions, especially the early factors that accompanied the genesis of such Arab securities markets, notably in Kuwait. The paper concludes by addressing the question of the suitability of the Arab markets selected for this study to comparative studies in EU securities regulation, especially in the context of contemporary internationalisation of securities regulation. It explains in the process why the European experience is relevant (particularly in light of the many EU—Arab association agreements to take effect from 2010, together with EU ‘harmonisation’, ‘minimum standards’, and ‘single passport’ regulatory concepts).

Details

Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1358-1988

Article
Publication date: 29 May 2019

Evert Gummesson

The purpose of this viewpoint is to analyze and interpret the author’s career as a researcher in marketing.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this viewpoint is to analyze and interpret the author’s career as a researcher in marketing.

Design/methodology/approach

This viewpoint applies case theory (Gummesson, 2017a), in which the author is the case.

Findings

One should respect the difficulty of understanding the complex and dynamic world of marketing and not be fooled into premature generalizations and reverence to established theory.

Originality/value

The emphasis is on marketing as a revenue-generating activity through interaction in the network of complex relationships; the need for less ritualistic research methodology; and the orientation toward theory generation, decision-making, implementation and achievement of desired results.

Details

Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-750X

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

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Abstract

Details

Circuit World, vol. 40 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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