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Article
Publication date: 3 March 2016

Syed Tipu and James Ryan

The primary objective of the current research is to extend the current debate on value-intention link by investigating the hitherto unexplored relation between the…

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1163

Abstract

Purpose

The primary objective of the current research is to extend the current debate on value-intention link by investigating the hitherto unexplored relation between the concepts of the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP) and entrepreneurial intentions (EI). In addition, this research seeks to offer specific insight into the work values and entrepreneurial intentions of United Arab Emirates (UAE) national youth in an effort to contribute to decision making and policy formation for enhancing entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach

309 UAE youth completed an Arabic version of the short form Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile (MWEP-SF) and a measure of Entrepreneurial intention.

Findings

Results confirm the value-intention link and support the view that values can direct work choices in entrepreneurship. The regression model identifies that the work ethics of Wasted Time, Leisure, and Self-reliance positively predict EI, while Centrality of work is unrelated to EI.

Originality/value

The relation between work values and EI of youth is underexplored in the context of the UAE. The current extreme underrepresentation of UAE nationals in the private sector of the UAE economy highlights a significant problem for the UAE strategy of workforce nationalization. As the current findings reveal that the UAE youth possess work values which can predict entrepreneurial intentions, the policy initiatives in the UAE may encourage Emirati nationals to more actively participate in the new venture creation and development. This will potentially facilitate the government to achieve the balance between public sector employability and self-employment contributions in the private sector.

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Management Decision, vol. 54 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2007

Andy Adcroft

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472

Abstract

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Management Decision, vol. 45 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2009

Andy Adcroft and Jon Teckman

The purpose of this paper is to introduce this special issue of Management Decision and discuss the key question “Should sport be taken seriously?”.

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3804

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce this special issue of Management Decision and discuss the key question “Should sport be taken seriously?”.

Design/methodology/approach

The themes of the special issue are discussed and each paper is introduced.

Findings

Sport should be taken seriously because it has a significance beyond the field of play. It has become a commodified activity which creates and consumes wealth and can be used as a context for management research.

Originality/value

Rarely before has sport been taken seriously in a management research context. This guest editorial and the special issue that follows it begin that debate.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Kazem Chaharbaghi, Andy Adcroft and Robert Willis

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the relationship between three concepts: organisations, transformability and the dynamics of strategy. These three concepts…

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2803

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the relationship between three concepts: organisations, transformability and the dynamics of strategy. These three concepts together with their interrelationships are central in explaining the life cycle of organisations, their survival and renewal.

Design/methodology/approach

The development of this explanation has been based on bringing together a diversity of perspectives. Each perspective provides a horizon of understanding by directing attention in a particular way. The benefits of this approach are that it avoids the pitfalls of one‐dimensionalism. This approach more accurately reflects the multi‐faceted reality within which organisations operate.

Findings

Discusses, compares and contextualises the findings and approaches of the papers in this special issue.

Originality/value

The perspectives considered represent a small sample of the diversity that exists. However, this sample as serves a starting‐point in developing a wider, more holistic debate that aims to bring theory and practice together.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2009

Nnamdi Madichie

The purpose of this paper is to show how one of the biggest phenomena of the twenty‐first century is the internationalisation of professional sports and how premier league…

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7041

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show how one of the biggest phenomena of the twenty‐first century is the internationalisation of professional sports and how premier league football epitomises this. With the influx of foreign players, managers and now owners, European League Football has become big business. This paper aims to provide a theoretical analysis of the management implications of foreign players in the English Premiership League football – renamed the Barclays Premier League to suit the needs of its major sponsors.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach adopted is purely qualitative in nature, evaluating the top Barclays Premier League teams and the impact of globalisation on their reconfigurations since the early 1990s to date. The study draws mainly from a review of the extant literature on sports and management, as well as a critical analysis of media reports.

Findings

Globalisation has emerged as a new force that has changed the way corporations are managed. Financial services, retail and information technology firms have all responded to this new wave – and so also has sports. Unfortunately while sports have the potential to teach lessons on management strategy, management researchers seem to have relegated sports to the sociology and psychology disciplines.

Practical implications

The Barclays Premier league football provides a unique environment for management decisions and processes to occur in a range of markets and at varied levels. However, the globalisation of professional sports has received relatively very little attention in the academic literature – especially in the field of business and management.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the scant literature on the management implications of football by highlighting how globalisation has affected and reconfigured professional sports using the influx of foreign players into the English football league as a point of departure.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 24 August 2010

Andy Adcroft, Jon Teckman and Robert Willis

The purpose of this paper is to consider the extent to which recent changes in the UK's higher education sector are likely to increase the level of competition and change…

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3227

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the extent to which recent changes in the UK's higher education sector are likely to increase the level of competition and change the behaviour of UK higher education institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper draws on a conceptual framework developed to understand competitive conditions and behaviours in order to provide an analytical device to guide the narrative of the paper. The paper draws on a number of national and international sources.

Findings

It is likely that competition between UK higher education institutions will intensify in the future especially in light of the introduction of student tuition fees and this will lead to further changes in behaviour.

Originality/value

The paper offers an original approach and conceptual basis to make a contribution to a growing debate about the future of the UK higher education sector.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 23 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Andy Adcroft, Spinder Dhaliwal and Robert Willis

To consider whether the growth in management and entrepreneurship education is driven by (external) demand or (internal) academic supply.

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1104

Abstract

Purpose

To consider whether the growth in management and entrepreneurship education is driven by (external) demand or (internal) academic supply.

Design/methodology/approach

Three key elements of the intellectual context of management and entrepreneurship education are considered: the apparent causal relationship between improved management and economic performance; the privilege afforded to management as an agent of change in the context of globalisation; reforms in the public sector which define problems in terms of management rather than resources.

Findings

There is a lack of clarity as to whether the purpose of entrepreneurship education is about promoting higher levels of activity or better recognising entrepreneurial activity.

Originality/value

The paper offers an alternative perspective on entrepreneurship education through an examination of its purpose rather than its form and content.

Details

European Business Review, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

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Article
Publication date: 22 March 2011

Andy Adcroft and Jon Teckman

The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between the diversity of team composition and the outcome enjoyed by those teams in test match cricket by using…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between the diversity of team composition and the outcome enjoyed by those teams in test match cricket by using performance and competitiveness variables.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper examines 100 test matches over 13 years played by eight test match‐playing countries. It draws on 12 measures of performance and 12 measures of competitiveness across more than 130 players.

Findings

The paper finds that there is a link between diversity and outcome, but it is not always clear as to which direction that relationship lies. Team characteristics are found to be a function of member characteristics and not a simple aggregate.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of the paper are probably not generalisable outside of international test match cricket.

Practical implication

The paper provides evidence that suggests that, in developing sporting teams, consideration must be given as to which activities are more important in delivering outcomes.

Originality/value

The paper adds to the literature on team dynamics in terms of theory and sporting context.

Details

Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-678X

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Article
Publication date: 3 March 2016

Abdul Latif Alhassan and Nicholas Asare

This paper examines the effect of intellectual capital on bank productivity in an emerging market in Africa.

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1730

Abstract

Purpose

This paper examines the effect of intellectual capital on bank productivity in an emerging market in Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

The Malmquist Productivity Index is employed to estimate productivity growth of 18 banks in Ghana from 2003 to 2011 while the Value Added Intellectual Coefficient is used to measure bank intellectual capital performance. The panel-corrected standard errors estimation technique is used to estimate a panel regression model with Malmquist Productivity Index as the dependent variable. Bank market concentration and bank size are controlled for in the regression analysis.

Findings

We find productivity growth to be largely driven by efficiency changes compared to technological changes. The results from the regression analysis indicate that Value Added Intellectual Coefficient has a positive effect on the productivity of banks in Ghana. We also find human capital efficiency and capital employed efficiency as the components of Value Added Intellectual Coefficient that drive productivity growth in the banking industry. Bank size and industry concentration are also identified as significant drivers of productivity in the market.

Practical implications

The study’s findings support investments in intellectual capital as a means of improving the performance of banks in emerging markets

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to empirically examine the relationship between intellectual capital and productivity in an emerging banking market in Africa.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 54 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 3 March 2016

Anjali Chaudhry, Ling Yuan, Jia Hu and Robert A. Cooke

Writings on organizational culture suggest that cultural values and norms are influenced by factors at the organizational, industry, and societal levels. While the effects…

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2919

Abstract

Purpose

Writings on organizational culture suggest that cultural values and norms are influenced by factors at the organizational, industry, and societal levels. While the effects of societal and organizational factors have been researched extensively, those of industry factors have not received commensurate attention. This paper investigates the relative importance of industry versus organizational variables in explaining the cultural norms reported by individuals within organizations.

Design/methodology/approach

The effects of two industry characteristics, (growth rate and research and development intensity) and two sets of organizational factors (leadership behaviors and human resource practices) on the strength of constructive, passive/defensive, and aggressive/defensive organizational cultural norms were investigated.

Findings

Results of hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analysis of survey data from 3245 respondents in 424 organizations in twelve different industries revealed significant between-organization variation but no significant between-industry variation in the three types of cultural norms measured. Furthermore, while industry-level factors were unrelated to culture, significant variance in the culture measures was explained by leadership behaviors and human resource practices (use of rewards and fairness of performance appraisal).

Research limitations/implications

The strength of cultural norms and expectations within an organization evolve in response to attributes specific to the organization and do not necessarily reflect industry characteristics. The results indicate that organizations using surveys to assess their cultures may learn as much (if not more) by comparing their feedback to data on organizations across a spectrum of industries as opposed to organizations exclusively in their own industry.

Originality/value

Most of the frameworks developed to examine and describe the cultures of organizations delineate specific dimensions or types that are assumed to be relevant to all organizations regardless of the industries within which they operate. The purpose of this paper was to explore the validity of this assumption by investigating the relative impact of industry and organizational factors on organizational culture.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 54 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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