Search results1 – 10 of over 1000
This paper maps utopian theories of technological change. The focus is on debates surrounding emerging industrial technologies which contribute to making the relationship…
This paper maps utopian theories of technological change. The focus is on debates surrounding emerging industrial technologies which contribute to making the relationship between humans and machines more symbiotic and entangled, such as robotics, automation and artificial intelligence. The aim is to provide a map to navigate complex debates on the potential for technology to be used for emancipatory purposes and to plot the grounds for tactical engagements.
The paper proposes a two-way axis to map theories into to a six-category typology. Axis one contains the parameters humanist–assemblage. Humanists draw on the idea of a human essence of creative labour-power, and treat machines as alienated and exploitative form of this essence. Assemblage theorists draw on posthumanism and poststructuralism, maintaining that humans always exist within assemblages which also contain non-human forces. Axis two contains the parameters utopian/optimist; tactical/processual; and dystopian/pessimist, depending on the construed potential for using new technologies for empowering ends.
The growing social role of robots portends unknown, and maybe radical, changes, but there is no single human perspective from which this shift is conceived. Approaches cluster in six distinct sets, each with different paradigmatic assumptions.
Mapping the categories is useful pedagogically, and makes other political interventions possible, for example interventions between groups and social movements whose practice-based ontologies differ vastly.
Bringing different approaches into contact and mapping differences in ways which make them more comparable, can help to identify the points of disagreement and the empirical or axiomatic grounds for these. It might facilitate the future identification of criteria to choose among the approaches.
There are three themes in this short paper. First, a brief historical context; second, the semantics of ‘dangerousness’ and ‘risk’; third, some issues that emerge from recent inquiries into homicides committed by persons known to the psychiatric service.
This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor-Managed Firms marks the third volume in this series to be produced by Elsevier. The two previous volumes, Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival, edited by Virginie Perotin and Andrew Robinson, published in 2004, and The Determinants of the Incidence and the Effects of Participatory Organizations, edited by Takao Kato and Jeffrey Pliskin and published in 2003, marked the re-launching of the series. (The series began in 1985. Six volumes appeared during 1985–1995 when the series was published by JAI and was co-edited by Jan Svejnar and Derek C. Jones.)
This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms is the tenth in the series. The series began in 1985 and until 1998 six volumes appeared. Then the series was published by JAI and Jan Svejnar and I were co-editors. The series was re-launched in 2003 when volume 7 (edited by Takao Kato and Jeffrey Pliskin) appeared as the first volume to be published by Elsevier. Subsequent volumes, both published by Elsevier, were edited by Virginie Perotin and Andrew Robinson (volume 8, 2004) and by Panu Kalmi and Mark Klinedinst (volume 9, 2006.)
This volume of Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Labor Managed Firms consists of nine original papers grouped together under the title of “Employee Participation, Firm Performance and Survival.” The first four papers explore the growing area of empirical studies of participatory and labor-managed firms’ survival. The second group of three papers offers a number of new approaches and insights into the performance effects of participatory firms, while the final group of papers provides a broad-ranging synthesis and assessment of the experience of employee ownership and participation in transition.
This paper examines the role and effectiveness of worker director schemes in six employee‐owned bus companies. This form of industrial democracy, which is aimed at giving…
This paper examines the role and effectiveness of worker director schemes in six employee‐owned bus companies. This form of industrial democracy, which is aimed at giving workers and their representatives a role in the strategic direction of the employing organization, has been in abeyance in recent years. However, it now seems to be making something of a comeback. Concern about corporate governance, the spread of employee ownership and recent initiatives by the EC have combined to generate renewed interest in employee representation in the formulation of company strategy. As industrial democracy edges back on to the industrial relations agenda it is opportune to reconsider the findings of earlier literature in the light of recent developments.
The article discusses the key to ‘getting it right’ in incentive schemes. By noting key findings through case studies, it outlines the factors that contribute to a…
The article discusses the key to ‘getting it right’ in incentive schemes. By noting key findings through case studies, it outlines the factors that contribute to a successful programme, and shows how these factors have an inevitable knock‐on effect on other issues in many housing associations today.